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RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:Graves ophthalmopathy
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Accession:DOID:0081120 term browser browse the term
Definition:An autoimmune disease of eyes, ear, nose and throat that is characterized by upper eyelid retraction, lid lag, swelling, redness, conjunctivitis, and bulging eyes. (DO)
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Congestive Ophthalmopathies;   Congestive Ophthalmopathy;   Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathies;   Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathy;   Edematous Ophthalmopathies;   Edematous Ophthalmopathy;   Infiltrative Ophthalmopathies;   Infiltrative Ophthalmopathy;   Myopathic Ophthalmopathies;   Myopathic Ophthalmopathy;   Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathies;   Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy;   Thyroid Eye Disease
 narrow_synonym: Graves' Orbitopathy;   Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy
 primary_id: MESH:D049970
 alt_id: DOID:9000008
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.

show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
Graves ophthalmopathy term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cat catalase treatment ISO protein:decreased activity:blood:
protein:increased activity:plasma:
RGD PMID:20394549 PMID:15158621 RGD:9071200, RGD:9086875 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 ISO mRNA:increased expression:orbital fat (human) RGD PMID:18284633 RGD:8549459 NCBI chr10:67,005,424...67,007,222
Ensembl chr10:67,005,424...67,007,226
JBrowse link
G Ctla4 cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 no_association
ISO associated with Graves Disease; DNA:SNP:promoter:-318C>T (human)
protein:increased expression:serum:
RGD PMID:22663548 PMID:16893393 PMID:19734241 RGD:7421521, RGD:7421511, RGD:7421523 NCBI chr 9:62,318,874...62,325,978
Ensembl chr 9:62,319,312...62,324,963
JBrowse link
G Icam1 intercellular adhesion molecule 1 ISO DNA:polymorphism: :c.1405A>G (human) RGD PMID:14557478 RGD:8158124 NCBI chr 8:19,553,063...19,565,438
Ensembl chr 8:19,553,645...19,565,438
JBrowse link
G Ifng interferon gamma ISO RGD PMID:8444271 RGD:7794734 NCBI chr 7:53,903,339...53,907,375
Ensembl chr 7:53,903,337...53,907,375
JBrowse link
G Igf1 insulin-like growth factor 1 ISO mRNA,protein:increased expression,increased excretion:orbital tissue: RGD PMID:22159761 RGD:8548854 NCBI chr 7:22,282,895...22,361,972
Ensembl chr 7:22,282,930...22,359,296
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 ISO protein:increased expression:serum
DNA:SNP:promoter:-819C>T (human)
RGD PMID:11753760 PMID:21067483 RGD:7365083, RGD:7364859 NCBI chr13:42,472,625...42,477,308
Ensembl chr13:42,472,839...42,477,313
JBrowse link
G Il18 interleukin 18 treatment ISO RGD PMID:12689659 RGD:8655878 NCBI chr 8:50,904,630...50,932,887
Ensembl chr 8:50,906,960...50,932,887
JBrowse link
G Il1a interleukin 1 alpha ISO RGD PMID:8444271 RGD:7794734 NCBI chr 3:116,526,601...116,537,055
Ensembl chr 3:116,526,604...116,536,822
JBrowse link
G Il1rn interleukin 1 receptor antagonist susceptibility
ISO DNA:snp:exon:11100 C>T (rs315952) (human)
protein:increased expression:serum (human)
RGD PMID:19702713 PMID:12186498 RGD:8549808, RGD:7387296 NCBI chr 3:7,111,567...7,127,451
Ensembl chr 3:7,111,550...7,127,445
JBrowse link
G Il2 interleukin 2 ISO RGD PMID:2786308 RGD:8662939 NCBI chr 2:120,004,862...120,009,566
Ensembl chr 2:120,004,862...120,009,566
JBrowse link
G Il23r interleukin 23 receptor no_association
ISO DNA:SNPs: :rs10889677,rs2201841(human)
DNA:SNPs: :rs2201841,rs10889677(human)
RGD PMID:22663548 PMID:18073300 RGD:7421521, RGD:8549554 NCBI chr 4:96,580,568...96,672,540
Ensembl chr 4:96,580,714...96,674,021
JBrowse link
G Il3 interleukin 3 ISO DNA: SNP: : rs40401 RGD PMID:20332709 RGD:5686901 NCBI chr10:38,405,716...38,408,066
Ensembl chr10:38,405,716...38,408,066
JBrowse link
G Kif1a kinesin family member 1A ISO RGD PMID:26451909 RGD:12911230 NCBI chr 9:93,563,033...93,647,412
Ensembl chr 9:93,563,045...93,647,480
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ISO mRNA:increased expression:orbital fat (human) RGD PMID:14588098 RGD:8552818 NCBI chr 4:148,423,102...148,548,471
Ensembl chr 4:148,423,194...148,548,468
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:17614770 NCBI chr13:62,164,080...62,169,770
Ensembl chr13:62,163,932...62,172,188
JBrowse link
G Ptpn22 protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 22 ISO DNA:SNPs: :rs1468682, rs4729535 and rs17467232 (human) RGD PMID:17608818 RGD:7829763 NCBI chr 2:191,366,761...191,414,782
Ensembl chr 2:191,366,808...191,414,779
JBrowse link
G Scd stearoyl-CoA desaturase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:17614770 NCBI chr 1:243,269,745...243,282,878
Ensembl chr 1:243,269,747...243,282,562
JBrowse link
G Serpine1 serpin family E member 1 severity ISO associated with Graves Disease;protein:increased expression:tears (human) RGD PMID:22385289 RGD:8547756 NCBI chr12:19,601,272...19,611,657
Ensembl chr12:19,601,272...19,611,657
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor susceptibility ISO DNA:SNP:promoter:-238G>A (rs361525) (human)
DNA:SNP:promoter:-863C>A (human)
RGD PMID:15219383 PMID:16191343 PMID:8444271 RGD:7365073, RGD:12904066, RGD:7794734 NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Tshr thyroid stimulating hormone receptor severity ISO DNA:SNP:intron:rs179247 (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
PMID:31705858 PMID:22673349 PMID:20237164 RGD:8548662, RGD:8548673 NCBI chr 6:110,341,585...110,475,297
Ensembl chr 6:110,341,581...110,474,538
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 20988
    sensory system disease 7132
      autoimmune disease of eyes, ear, nose and throat 23
        Graves ophthalmopathy 21
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 20988
    disease of anatomical entity 18178
      nervous system disease 14109
        Neurologic Manifestations 10112
          sensory system disease 7132
            eye disease 3308
              eye adnexa disease 95
                orbital disease 95
                  Graves' disease 67
                    Graves ophthalmopathy 21
paths to the root