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RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome
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Accession:DOID:0080122 term browser browse the term
Definition:A mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome that is characterized by a clinical triad of psychomotor retardation, intractable epilepsy, and liver failure in infants and young children, and has_material_basis_in autosomal recessive inheritance of homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation in the nuclear gene encoding mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma on chromosome 15q26. (DO)
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Alper Syndrome;   Alper disease;   Alper's disease;   Alper's syndrome;   Alpers diffuse degeneration of cerebral gray matter with hepatic cirrhosis;   Alpers disease;   Alpers progressive infantile poliodystrophy;   Alpers syndrome;   Alpers' disease or gray-matter degeneration;   Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis;   Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Schilder;   Encephalitis Periaxialis;   Encephalitis Periaxialis Concentrica;   Encephalitis Periaxialis Diffusa;   MTDPS4A;   Myelinoclastic Diffuse Scleroses;   Myelinoclastic Diffuse Sclerosis;   PNDC;   Schilder disease;   Schilder's disease;   Schilders disease;   diffuse cerebral scleroses;   mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A;   mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A (Alpers type);   poliodystrophia cerebri;   progressive neuronal degeneration of childhood with liver disease;   progressive sclerosing poliodystrophies;   progressive sclerosing poliodystrophy;   sudanophilic cerebral sclerosis
 primary_id: MESH:D002549
 alt_id: DOID:1442;   OMIM:203700
 xref: GARD:5783;   ICD10CM:G31.81;   NCI:C35257;   ORDO:726
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.

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Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Aqp4 aquaporin 4 ISO RGD PMID:20680636 RGD:5148026 NCBI chr18:6,766,009...6,782,757
Ensembl chr18:6,765,945...6,782,996
JBrowse link
G Edar ectodysplasin-A receptor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Progressive sclerosing poliodystrophy ClinVar PMID:10431241 PMID:18231121 PMID:20236127 PMID:20979233 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr20:28,179,132...28,263,092
Ensembl chr20:28,179,140...28,263,037
JBrowse link
G Fanci FA complementation group I ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A (Alpers type)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Progressive sclerosing poliodystrophy
ClinVar PMID:15477547 PMID:16177225 PMID:17088268 PMID:17426723 PMID:17438011 PMID:17950645 PMID:17980715 PMID:18414213 PMID:18991199 PMID:19010300 PMID:20691285 PMID:21038416 PMID:21228398 PMID:21880868 PMID:23524600 PMID:23783014 PMID:24033266 PMID:25462018 PMID:25741868 PMID:26104464 PMID:26467025 PMID:27987238 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 1:141,116,565...141,172,997
Ensembl chr 1:141,120,166...141,172,483
JBrowse link
G Polg DNA polymerase gamma, catalytic subunit susceptibility ISO
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Progressive sclerosing poliodystrophy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Neuronal degeneration of childhood with liver disease, progressive
DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.P1073L (3218C>T) (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A (Alpers type)
DNA:missense mutations:cds:
PMID:632821 PMID:1582434 PMID:2067633 PMID:2725645 PMID:8884268 PMID:9500334 PMID:11431686 PMID:11571332 PMID:11897778 PMID:12073019 PMID:12210792 PMID:12297582 PMID:12565911 PMID:12707443 PMID:12825077 PMID:12872260 PMID:12975295 PMID:14467368 PMID:14557557 PMID:14635118 PMID:14694057 PMID:14745080 PMID:15122711 PMID:15181170 PMID:15258572 PMID:15349879 PMID:15351195 PMID:15477547 PMID:15534189 PMID:15689359 PMID:15800909 PMID:15824347 PMID:15913923 PMID:15917273 PMID:15929042 PMID:16024923 PMID:16080118 PMID:16130100 PMID:16177225 PMID:16368709 PMID:16401742 PMID:16545482 PMID:16621917 PMID:16634032 PMID:16638794 PMID:16639411 PMID:16715201 PMID:16857757 PMID:16919951 PMID:16929381 PMID:16940310 PMID:16943369 PMID:16957900 PMID:17067213 PMID:17088268 PMID:17280874 PMID:17426723 PMID:17436221 PMID:17438011 PMID:17452231 PMID:17502560 PMID:17538929 PMID:17846414 PMID:17894835 PMID:17923349 PMID:17950645 PMID:17980715 PMID:18156159 PMID:18195149 PMID:18195151 PMID:18294203 PMID:18321754 PMID:18414213 PMID:18487244 PMID:18500570 PMID:18546343 PMID:18546365 PMID:18585914 PMID:18716558 PMID:18783964 PMID:18828154 PMID:18991199 PMID:19010300 PMID:19103152 PMID:19125351 PMID:19189930 PMID:19195941 PMID:19251978 PMID:19275594 PMID:19307547 PMID:19344718 PMID:19364868 PMID:19478085 PMID:19501198 PMID:19538466 PMID:19566497 PMID:19578034 PMID:19629138 PMID:19752458 PMID:19762913 PMID:19766516 PMID:19813183 PMID:19815814 PMID:19837034 PMID:19862739 PMID:20138553 PMID:20142534 PMID:20153822 PMID:20176107 PMID:20185557 PMID:20227526 PMID:20301791 PMID:20385918 PMID:20434700 PMID:20438629 PMID:20513108 PMID:20576279 PMID:20601675 PMID:20691285 PMID:20701905 PMID:20803511 PMID:20818383 PMID:20837861 PMID:20837862 PMID:20843780 PMID:20883824 PMID:20981092 PMID:21038416 PMID:21138766 PMID:21228000 PMID:21228398 PMID:21235791 PMID:21236670 PMID:21259344 PMID:21276947 PMID:21282586 PMID:21301859 PMID:21305355 PMID:21357833 PMID:21455106 PMID:21515089 PMID:21550804 PMID:21647632 PMID:21654874 PMID:21670405 PMID:21686371 PMID:21696159 PMID:21704543 PMID:21824913 PMID:21856450 PMID:21880868 PMID:21953457 PMID:21956653 PMID:21993618 PMID:22000311 PMID:22006280 PMID:22114710 PMID:22166854 PMID:22176657 PMID:22189570 PMID:22237560 PMID:22277967 PMID:22334187 PMID:22342071 PMID:22357363 PMID:22470557 PMID:22494076 PMID:22552686 PMID:22616202 PMID:22647225 PMID:22711370 PMID:22727047 PMID:22778364 PMID:22863191 PMID:22931735 PMID:22933815 PMID:22987704 PMID:22995991 PMID:23066759 PMID:23077218 PMID:23084792 PMID:23208208 PMID:23212759 PMID:23248042 PMID:23250882 PMID:23251356 PMID:23299917 PMID:23324391 PMID:23426270 PMID:23430834 PMID:23446635 PMID:23446645 PMID:23448099 PMID:23524600 PMID:23545419 PMID:23665194 PMID:23719791 PMID:23783014 PMID:23804100 PMID:23808377 PMID:23811324 PMID:23873972 PMID:23921535 PMID:24033266 PMID:24091540 PMID:24099403 PMID:24122062 PMID:24259288 PMID:24265579 PMID:24272679 PMID:24288107 PMID:24331360 PMID:24508722 PMID:24642831 PMID:24725338 PMID:24841123 PMID:25025039 PMID:25065347 PMID:25118206 PMID:25203713 PMID:25281868 PMID:25286830 PMID:25356970 PMID:25462018 PMID:25466440 PMID:25488682 PMID:25585994 PMID:25660390 PMID:25713120 PMID:25741868 PMID:25771874 PMID:25850945 PMID:25914719 PMID:25940035 PMID:26050231 PMID:26077851 PMID:26095671 PMID:26104464 PMID:26169155 PMID:26337858 PMID:26357557 PMID:26467025 PMID:26468652 PMID:26557169 PMID:26607151 PMID:26735972 PMID:26755490 PMID:26942291 PMID:26942292 PMID:26968897 PMID:27016405 PMID:27119776 PMID:27185166 PMID:27271921 PMID:27290639 PMID:27345795 PMID:27381400 PMID:27422324 PMID:27450679 PMID:27538604 PMID:27538665 PMID:27822509 PMID:27826120 PMID:27838477 PMID:27854218 PMID:27987238 PMID:28128857 PMID:28130605 PMID:28154168 PMID:28206745 PMID:28284481 PMID:28337550 PMID:28471437 PMID:28480171 PMID:28492532 PMID:28634151 PMID:28771251 PMID:28776642 PMID:28812649 PMID:28815208 PMID:28837072 PMID:28865037 PMID:28901595 PMID:28958595 PMID:29029963 PMID:29190809 PMID:29272804 PMID:29278894 PMID:29302508 PMID:29341116 PMID:29358615 PMID:29423831 PMID:29474836 PMID:29482223 PMID:29574624 PMID:29588995 PMID:29644085 PMID:29712893 PMID:29915382 PMID:29920680 PMID:29950568 PMID:29992832 PMID:30021052 PMID:30167885 PMID:30255931 PMID:30290626 PMID:30311386 PMID:30373890 PMID:30423451 PMID:30831263 PMID:30843307, PMID:15689359, PMID:20142534, PMID:22237560, PMID:16896309 RGD:8694184, RGD:15039298, RGD:8694284, RGD:8694317 NCBI chr 1:141,172,117...141,188,893
Ensembl chr 1:141,172,531...141,188,031
JBrowse link
G Rlbp1 retinaldehyde binding protein 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Progressive sclerosing poliodystrophy ClinVar NCBI chr 1:141,097,789...141,111,375
Ensembl chr 1:141,097,695...141,111,400
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16035
    Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases 4728
      disease of metabolism 4728
        Metabolic Brain Diseases 576
          mitochondrial encephalomyopathy 49
            Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome 5
              Pelizaeus-Merzbacher like Brain Sclerosis 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16035
    disease of anatomical entity 15289
      nervous system disease 10903
        peripheral nervous system disease 2500
          neuropathy 2320
            neuromuscular disease 1805
              muscular disease 1223
                muscle tissue disease 830
                  myopathy 686
                    mitochondrial myopathy 91
                      mitochondrial encephalomyopathy 49
                        Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome 5
                          Pelizaeus-Merzbacher like Brain Sclerosis 0
paths to the root