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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:nitrofuran antibiotic
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Accession:CHEBI:87230 term browser browse the term
Definition:A member of the class of furans in which the furan ring is substituted by a nitro group and which also has significant antibiotic properties.
Synonyms:related_synonym: nitrofuran antibiotics;   nitrofuran antimicrobial agent;   nitrofuran antimicrobial agents
 xref: AGR:IND44688035;   PMID:15776153;   PMID:16999120;   PMID:17691006;   PMID:23785991;   PMID:25437357;   Wikipedia:Nitrofuran


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furazolidone term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions
decreases phosphorylation
ISO 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in decreased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; IGF1 protein inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in decreased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:26687534 NCBI chr 6:131,713,716...131,735,319
Ensembl chr 6:131,713,720...131,733,921
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO CDKN1A protein inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased activity of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:26687534 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Ccnd1 cyclin D1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 mRNA]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 protein]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 mRNA]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 protein]
Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 mRNA; Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 protein
CTD PMID:23112108 PMID:26095818 NCBI chr 1:200,089,002...200,098,524
Ensembl chr 1:200,089,002...200,098,602
JBrowse link
G Ccnd3 cyclin D3 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 mRNA]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 protein]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 mRNA]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 protein]
Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 mRNA; Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 protein
CTD PMID:23112108 PMID:26095818 NCBI chr 9:13,394,161...13,400,341
Ensembl chr 9:13,394,169...13,489,371
JBrowse link
G Cdk6 cyclin-dependent kinase 6 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 mRNA; Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 protein
GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 mRNA]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 protein]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 mRNA]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 protein]
CTD PMID:23112108 PMID:26095818 NCBI chr 4:30,637,650...30,829,688
Ensembl chr 4:30,646,460...30,829,634
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A multiple interactions
increases expression
decreases expression
ISO CDKN1A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; CDKN1A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; CDKN1A protein inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; CDKN1A protein inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased phosphorylation of PARP1 protein]; CDKN1A protein promotes the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; CDKN1A protein promotes the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; Furazolidone promotes the reaction [Cycloheximide results in decreased expression of CDKN1A protein]
Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDKN1A mRNA
Furazolidone results in decreased expression of CDKN1A protein
CTD PMID:26687534 NCBI chr20:7,149,177...7,159,727
Ensembl chr20:7,149,217...7,159,585
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 increases activity EXP Furazolidone results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein CTD PMID:8619122 NCBI chr 8:58,096,021...58,102,130
Ensembl chr 8:58,096,077...58,102,125
JBrowse link
G Gadd45a growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, alpha multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 mRNA]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND1 protein]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 mRNA]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CCND3 protein]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 mRNA]; GADD45A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of CDK6 protein]
Furazolidone results in increased expression of GADD45A
CTD PMID:26095818 NCBI chr 4:96,154,789...96,157,091
Ensembl chr 4:96,154,789...96,157,115
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO CDKN1A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; CDKN1A protein promotes the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein] CTD PMID:26687534 NCBI chr19:13,466,287...13,474,082
Ensembl chr19:13,467,244...13,474,079
JBrowse link
G Igf1 insulin-like growth factor 1 multiple interactions ISO IGF1 protein inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in decreased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:26687534 NCBI chr 7:22,282,895...22,361,972
Ensembl chr 7:22,282,930...22,359,296
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO CDKN1A mutant form inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; CDKN1A protein promotes the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein] CTD PMID:26687534 NCBI chr 3:60,594,239...60,621,785
Ensembl chr 3:60,594,242...60,621,737
JBrowse link
G Parp1 poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 multiple interactions
increases cleavage
ISO CDKN1A protein inhibits the reaction [Furazolidone results in increased phosphorylation of PARP1 protein]
Furazolidone results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein
CTD PMID:26687534 NCBI chr13:92,307,593...92,339,406
Ensembl chr13:92,307,586...92,339,404
JBrowse link
nitrofurantoin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abcb11 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 11 multiple interactions
decreases activity
ISO Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [ABCB11 protein results in increased transport of Taurocholic Acid]
Nitrofurantoin results in decreased activity of ABCB11 protein
CTD PMID:24014644 NCBI chr 3:54,016,854...54,112,797
Ensembl chr 3:54,017,127...54,112,730
JBrowse link
G Abcb4 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 4 decreases activity ISO Nitrofurantoin results in decreased activity of ABCB4 protein CTD PMID:28437613 NCBI chr 4:25,150,998...25,209,489
Ensembl chr 4:25,151,953...25,209,202
JBrowse link
G Abcg2 ATP binding cassette subfamily G member 2 affects transport
increases export
affects abundance
multiple interactions
increases transport
affects response to substance
increases secretion
ISO
EXP
ABCG2 protein affects the transport of Nitrofurantoin
ABCG2 protein results in increased export of Nitrofurantoin
ABCG2 protein affects the abundance of Nitrofurantoin
chrysin inhibits the reaction [ABCG2 protein results in increased transport of Nitrofurantoin]; Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [ABCG2 protein results in increased export of bisbenzimide ethoxide trihydrochloride]
ABCG2 affects the susceptibility to Nitrofurantoin
ABCG2 results in increased secretion of Nitrofurantoin
ABCG2 protein results in increased secretion of Nitrofurantoin
chrysin inhibits the reaction [ABCG2 protein affects the transport of Nitrofurantoin]; Elacridar inhibits the reaction [ABCG2 protein affects the transport of Nitrofurantoin]
CTD PMID:15709111 PMID:15722455 PMID:17093006 PMID:17785426 PMID:18799806 More... NCBI chr 4:87,676,241...87,802,757
Ensembl chr 4:87,745,319...87,802,409
JBrowse link
G Agt angiotensinogen decreases activity EXP Nitrofurantoin results in decreased activity of AGT protein CTD PMID:1313237 NCBI chr19:52,529,139...52,549,618
Ensembl chr19:52,529,185...52,540,977
JBrowse link
G Aldoa aldolase, fructose-bisphosphate A increases expression EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of ALDOA mRNA; Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of ALDOA protein CTD PMID:11841787 NCBI chr 1:181,402,275...181,407,476
Ensembl chr 1:181,402,275...181,406,182
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase decreases activity ISO
EXP
Nitrofurantoin results in decreased activity of CAT protein CTD PMID:1313237 PMID:9000262 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Cntf ciliary neurotrophic factor multiple interactions ISO Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT1 protein]; Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT3 protein]; Rotenone promotes the reaction [Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT1 protein]]; Rotenone promotes the reaction [Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT3 protein]] CTD PMID:15748169 NCBI chr 1:209,887,854...209,889,877
Ensembl chr 1:209,887,854...209,889,877
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein] CTD PMID:18493746 NCBI chr 8:58,096,021...58,102,130
Ensembl chr 8:58,096,077...58,102,125
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a2 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 2 multiple interactions ISO Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased activity of CYP1A2 protein] CTD PMID:18493746 NCBI chr 8:58,075,367...58,082,255
Ensembl chr 8:58,075,367...58,082,312
JBrowse link
G Gclc glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of GCLC protein]; POR protein affects the reaction [Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of GCLC protein] CTD PMID:34021431 NCBI chr 8:78,629,899...78,668,547
Ensembl chr 8:78,630,127...78,668,544
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase decreases activity
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
Nitrofurantoin results in decreased activity of GSR protein
[Nitrofurantoin co-treated with GSR protein] affects the metabolism of Glucose
CTD PMID:1313237 PMID:1901343 PMID:9000262 NCBI chr16:58,482,209...58,525,256
Ensembl chr16:58,482,505...58,525,661
JBrowse link
G Hif1a hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha increases activity EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased activity of HIF1A protein CTD PMID:11841787 NCBI chr 6:92,624,059...92,669,262
Ensembl chr 6:92,624,390...92,669,261
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 increases expression EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA CTD PMID:7626009 PMID:11841787 NCBI chr19:13,466,287...13,474,082
Ensembl chr19:13,467,244...13,474,079
JBrowse link
G Hspa8 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 8 increases expression EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of HSPA8 mRNA CTD PMID:7626009 NCBI chr 8:41,183,397...41,187,260
Ensembl chr 8:41,183,264...41,187,259
JBrowse link
G Jun Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit increases expression EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of JUN mRNA CTD PMID:7626009 PMID:11841787 NCBI chr 5:109,894,175...109,897,268
Ensembl chr 5:109,893,145...109,897,656
JBrowse link
G Lmcd1 LIM and cysteine-rich domains 1 increases expression EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of LMCD1 mRNA CTD PMID:23558518 NCBI chr 4:145,393,153...145,452,049
Ensembl chr 4:145,393,145...145,452,046
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions ISO NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of GCLC protein]; Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of and affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein; POR protein affects the reaction [Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein] CTD PMID:34021431 NCBI chr 3:60,594,239...60,621,785
Ensembl chr 3:60,594,242...60,621,737
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 increases response to substance
affects reduction
ISO NQO1 protein results in increased susceptibility to Nitrofurantoin
NQO1 protein affects the reduction of Nitrofurantoin
CTD PMID:9310146 NCBI chr19:35,295,633...35,310,528
Ensembl chr19:35,295,573...35,310,557
JBrowse link
G Orm1 orosomucoid 1 increases expression EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of ORM1 mRNA; Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of ORM1 protein CTD PMID:11841787 NCBI chr 5:76,766,637...76,776,149
Ensembl chr 5:76,772,941...76,776,154
JBrowse link
G Por cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase increases metabolic processing
multiple interactions
affects metabolic processing
ISO
EXP
POR protein results in increased metabolism of Nitrofurantoin
POR protein affects the reaction [Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of GCLC protein]; POR protein affects the reaction [Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]
diphenyleneiodonium inhibits the reaction [POR protein affects the metabolism of Nitrofurantoin]; NADP affects the reaction [POR protein affects the metabolism of Nitrofurantoin]; Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [POR protein results in increased metabolism of Misonidazole]
CTD PMID:6802140 PMID:18206659 PMID:34021431 NCBI chr12:20,951,058...20,999,198
Ensembl chr12:20,951,058...20,999,245
JBrowse link
G Stat1 signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 multiple interactions ISO Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT1 protein]; Rotenone promotes the reaction [Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT1 protein]] CTD PMID:15748169 NCBI chr 9:49,419,561...49,459,969 JBrowse link
G Stat3 signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 multiple interactions
increases activity
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT3 protein]; Rotenone promotes the reaction [Nitrofurantoin inhibits the reaction [CNTF protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of STAT3 protein]]
Nitrofurantoin results in increased activity of STAT3 protein
Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of STAT3 mRNA
CTD PMID:11841787 PMID:15748169 NCBI chr10:85,811,206...85,863,057
Ensembl chr10:85,811,218...85,863,057
JBrowse link
G Tgfb2 transforming growth factor, beta 2 increases expression EXP Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of TGFB2 mRNA CTD PMID:23558518 NCBI chr13:98,160,075...98,261,771
Ensembl chr13:98,160,087...98,261,405
JBrowse link
G Tmprss2 transmembrane serine protease 2 increases expression ISO Nitrofurantoin results in increased expression of TMPRSS2 mRNA CTD PMID:32808185 NCBI chr11:36,934,306...36,973,779
Ensembl chr11:36,934,306...36,973,715
JBrowse link
nitrofurazone term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ccne1 cyclin E1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of CCNE1 mRNA] CTD PMID:15945272 NCBI chr 1:90,781,947...90,791,188
Ensembl chr 1:90,781,949...90,791,101
JBrowse link
G Gsk3b glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta affects binding EXP Nitrofurazone binds to GSK3B protein CTD PMID:18222664 NCBI chr11:62,498,997...62,648,665
Ensembl chr11:62,504,316...62,648,646
JBrowse link
G Hras HRas proto-oncogene, GTPase multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of HRAS mRNA] CTD PMID:15945272 NCBI chr 1:196,290,127...196,299,823
Ensembl chr 1:196,296,263...196,300,615
JBrowse link
G Ifng interferon gamma multiple interactions ISO [Nitrofurazone co-treated with Ionomycin co-treated with Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate] results in increased expression of IFNG mRNA CTD PMID:29594315 NCBI chr 7:53,903,339...53,907,375
Ensembl chr 7:53,903,337...53,907,375
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta increases expression ISO Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA CTD PMID:29594315 NCBI chr 3:116,577,005...116,583,386
Ensembl chr 3:116,577,010...116,583,415
JBrowse link
G Il2 interleukin 2 multiple interactions ISO [Nitrofurazone co-treated with Ionomycin co-treated with Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate] results in decreased expression of IL2 mRNA CTD PMID:29594315 NCBI chr 2:120,004,862...120,009,566
Ensembl chr 2:120,004,862...120,009,566
JBrowse link
G Iyd iodotyrosine deiodinase multiple interactions ISO Nitrofurazone inhibits the reaction [IYD protein results in increased metabolism of Monoiodotyrosine] CTD PMID:33352258 NCBI chr 1:40,003,999...40,019,323
Ensembl chr 1:40,004,041...40,019,319
JBrowse link
G Jun Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of JUN mRNA] CTD PMID:15945272 NCBI chr 5:109,894,175...109,897,268
Ensembl chr 5:109,893,145...109,897,656
JBrowse link
G Lhb luteinizing hormone subunit beta decreases expression EXP Nitrofurazone results in decreased expression of LHB protein CTD PMID:11548123 NCBI chr 1:95,898,269...95,901,973
Ensembl chr 1:95,900,984...95,901,972
Ensembl chr 1:95,900,984...95,901,972
JBrowse link
G Mir128-1 microRNA 128-1 increases expression EXP Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of MIR128-1 mRNA CTD PMID:32418910 NCBI chr13:39,699,449...39,699,530
Ensembl chr13:39,699,449...39,699,530
JBrowse link
G Myc MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of MYC mRNA
Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of MYC mRNA]
CTD PMID:15945272 NCBI chr 7:93,593,705...93,598,633
Ensembl chr 7:93,593,705...93,598,630
JBrowse link
G Por cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase multiple interactions EXP [Nitrofurazone co-treated with POR protein co-treated with Copper] results in increased abundance of 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine; Nitrofurazone inhibits the reaction [POR protein results in increased metabolism of Misonidazole] CTD PMID:6802140 PMID:15488632 NCBI chr12:20,951,058...20,999,198
Ensembl chr12:20,951,058...20,999,245
JBrowse link
G Prl prolactin decreases expression EXP Nitrofurazone results in decreased expression of PRL protein CTD PMID:11548123 NCBI chr17:37,859,999...37,870,062
Ensembl chr17:37,860,007...37,870,062
JBrowse link
G Tgfa transforming growth factor alpha increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of TGFA mRNA
Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of TGFA mRNA]
CTD PMID:15945272 NCBI chr 4:118,618,043...118,700,897
Ensembl chr 4:118,618,269...118,700,894
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Nitrofurazone results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:15945272 NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 increases mutagenesis ISO Nitrofurazone results in increased mutagenesis of TP53 gene CTD PMID:15488632 NCBI chr10:54,300,070...54,311,525
Ensembl chr10:54,300,048...54,311,524
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19812
    role 19761
      biological role 19761
        antimicrobial agent 17400
          nitrofuran antibiotic 47
            (Z)-2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylamide 0
            Nifurtimox 0
            furagin 0
            furazolidone 12
            nifurtoinol 0
            nitrofurantoin 24
            nitrofurazone 16
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19812
    subatomic particle 19811
      composite particle 19811
        hadron 19811
          baryon 19811
            nucleon 19811
              atomic nucleus 19811
                atom 19811
                  main group element atom 19708
                    p-block element atom 19708
                      carbon group element atom 19630
                        carbon atom 19620
                          organic molecular entity 19620
                            organic molecule 19560
                              organic cyclic compound 19351
                                organic heterocyclic compound 18582
                                  organic heteromonocyclic compound 17081
                                    furans 8599
                                      nitrofuran antibiotic 47
                                        (Z)-2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylamide 0
                                        Nifurtimox 0
                                        furagin 0
                                        furazolidone 12
                                        nifurtoinol 0
                                        nitrofurantoin 24
                                        nitrofurazone 16
paths to the root