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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:D-penicillamine
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Accession:CHEBI:7959 term browser browse the term
Definition:An optically active form of penicillamine having D-configuration. Pharmaceutical form (L-form is toxic) of chelating agent used to treat heavy metal poisoning.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (2S)-2-amino-3-methyl-3-sulfanylbutanoic acid;   3-sulfanyl-D-valine
 related_synonym: (S)-2-amino-3-mercapto-3-methylbutanoic acid;   (S)-3,3-dimethylcysteine;   3-mercapto-D-valine;   Cuprimine;   D-Penamine;   D-beta,beta-dimethylcysteine;   Depen;   Formula=C5H11NO2S;   InChI=1S/C5H11NO2S/c1-5(2,9)3(6)4(7)8/h3,9H,6H2,1-2H3,(H,7,8)/t3-/m0/s1;   InChIKey=VVNCNSJFMMFHPL-VKHMYHEASA-N;   PA;   SMILES=CC(C)(S)[C@@H](N)C(O)=O;   penicilamina;   penicillamine;   penicillaminum
 alt_id: CHEBI:469179
 xref: Beilstein:1722375;   CAS:52-67-5;   DrugBank:DB00859;   Drug_Central:2081;   HMDB:HMDB0014997;   KEGG:C07418;   KEGG:D00496
 xref_mesh: MESH:D010396
 xref: PDBeChem:LEI;   PMID:10408968;   PMID:13793949;   PMID:16736232;   PMID:1709917;   PMID:18570451;   PMID:19904729;   PMID:21989991;   PMID:22076732;   PMID:22151785;   PMID:22169274;   PMID:22683336;   PMID:23200399;   PMID:23342748;   PMID:23375251;   PMID:2420897;   PMID:7196231;   Reaxys:1722375;   Wikipedia:Penicillamine
 cyclic_relationship: is_enantiomer_of CHEBI:50869


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D-penicillamine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ahcy adenosylhomocysteinase increases activity
multiple interactions
ISO Penicillamine results in increased activity of AHCY protein
Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of AHCY protein]
CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 3:150,587,833...150,603,057
Ensembl chr 3:150,587,833...150,603,082
JBrowse link
G Alox12 arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase, 12S type increases expression
decreases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of ALOX12 mRNA
Penicillamine results in decreased expression of ALOX12 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr10:56,851,734...56,864,049
Ensembl chr10:56,851,734...56,864,005
JBrowse link
G Alox5ap arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase activating protein increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of ALOX5AP mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr12:6,854,930...6,879,112
Ensembl chr12:6,854,920...6,879,154
JBrowse link
G Anxa1 annexin A1 decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of ANXA1 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of ANXA1 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 1:237,893,983...237,910,002
Ensembl chr 1:237,893,966...237,910,012
JBrowse link
G Anxa4 annexin A4 increases expression
decreases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of ANXA4 mRNA
Penicillamine results in decreased expression of ANXA4 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 4:118,538,775...118,595,591
Ensembl chr 4:118,538,777...118,595,580
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions
increases metabolic processing
ISO Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [[[[APP protein modified form binds to Copper] which co-treated with Ascorbic Acid] results in increased oxidation of Phosphatidylcholines] which results in increased chemical synthesis of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
Penicillamine results in increased metabolism of APP protein
CTD PMID:10940226, PMID:12963085, PMID:17964426 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine results in increased metabolism of and results in increased activity of ATF6 protein CTD PMID:19722195 NCBI chr13:89,053,457...89,242,531
Ensembl chr13:89,055,983...89,242,443
JBrowse link
G Atp7a ATPase copper transporting alpha multiple interactions ISO [Penicillamine co-treated with bathocuproine sulfonate] promotes the reaction [CLU protein binds to ATP7A protein] CTD PMID:21242307 NCBI chr  X:77,076,085...77,193,644
Ensembl chr  X:77,076,106...77,193,644
JBrowse link
G Atp7b ATPase copper transporting beta multiple interactions ISO [Penicillamine co-treated with ATP7B gene mutant form] results in decreased activity of CAT protein; [Penicillamine co-treated with bathocuproine sulfonate] promotes the reaction [CLU protein binds to ATP7B protein]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B gene mutant form results in decreased abundance of Copper]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B gene mutant form results in decreased abundance of Glutathione]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B gene mutant form results in decreased expression of CP protein]
Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Copper]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of AHCY protein]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of CPT1A protein]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of DNMT3B mRNA]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of HSPA5 protein]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of PPARA mRNA]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of SREBF1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:21242307, PMID:22945834, PMID:24368744 NCBI chr16:74,865,516...74,944,935
Ensembl chr16:74,865,516...74,945,286
JBrowse link
G Bbc3 Bcl-2 binding component 3 decreases expression ISO Penicillamine results in decreased expression of BBC3 protein CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 1:78,261,491...78,267,802 JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator decreases expression ISO Penicillamine results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA; Penicillamine results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Bid BH3 interacting domain death agonist multiple interactions EXP andrographolide promotes the reaction [Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in decreased expression of and results in increased cleavage of BID protein]]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in decreased expression of and results in increased cleavage of BID protein]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [andrographolide inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in decreased expression of and results in increased cleavage of BID protein]] CTD PMID:20946909 NCBI chr 4:153,439,812...153,465,247
Ensembl chr 4:153,442,218...153,465,203
JBrowse link
G C1s complement C1s multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [C4A protein binds to C1S protein]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [C4B protein binds to C1S protein] CTD PMID:8435078 NCBI chr 4:157,143,592...157,155,592
Ensembl chr 4:157,143,592...157,155,609
JBrowse link
G C3 complement C3 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of C3 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 9:9,721,137...9,747,084
Ensembl chr 9:9,721,105...9,747,167
JBrowse link
G C4a complement C4A multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [C4A protein binds to C1S protein] CTD PMID:8435078 NCBI chr20:2,651,599...2,678,183
Ensembl chr20:2,651,599...2,678,141
JBrowse link
G C4b complement C4B (Chido blood group) multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [C4B protein binds to C1S protein] CTD PMID:8435078 NCBI chr20:4,302,344...4,316,752
Ensembl chr20:4,302,344...4,316,715
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
increases cleavage
EXP
ISO
andrographolide promotes the reaction [Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [andrographolide inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]]
Penicillamine results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein
Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
CTD PMID:12963085, PMID:19722195, PMID:20946909, PMID:22843330 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions EXP andrographolide promotes the reaction [Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in increased activity of CASP9 protein]]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in increased activity of CASP9 protein]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [andrographolide inhibits the reaction [Copper Sulfate results in increased activity of CASP9 protein]] CTD PMID:20946909 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CAT mRNA
[Penicillamine co-treated with ATP7B gene mutant form] results in decreased activity of CAT protein
CTD PMID:22843330, PMID:24368744 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Ccl3 C-C motif chemokine ligand 3 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of CCL3 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr10:70,869,516...70,871,066
Ensembl chr10:70,869,513...70,871,066
JBrowse link
G Ccl4 C-C motif chemokine ligand 4 increases expression ISO
EXP
Penicillamine results in increased expression of CCL4 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532, PMID:22843330 NCBI chr10:70,870,926...70,886,357
Ensembl chr10:70,884,531...70,886,355
JBrowse link
G Ccl5 C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of CCL5 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr10:70,739,764...70,744,303
Ensembl chr10:70,739,800...70,744,315
JBrowse link
G Ccr5 C-C motif chemokine receptor 5 increases expression
decreases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of CCR5 mRNA
Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CCR5 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 8:133,192,398...133,215,599
Ensembl chr 8:133,197,032...133,215,614
JBrowse link
G Cd14 CD14 molecule decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CD14 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of CD14 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr18:29,560,341...29,562,290
Ensembl chr18:29,560,365...29,562,153
JBrowse link
G Cd163 CD163 molecule decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CD163 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of CD163 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 4:156,752,063...156,785,467
Ensembl chr 4:156,752,082...156,785,467
JBrowse link
G Cd38 CD38 molecule increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of CD38 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr14:71,714,768...71,754,990
Ensembl chr14:71,715,269...71,754,672
JBrowse link
G Cd52 CD52 molecule decreases expression EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CD52 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 5:152,322,910...152,324,469
Ensembl chr 5:152,322,916...152,324,469
JBrowse link
G Clu clusterin multiple interactions ISO [Penicillamine co-treated with bathocuproine sulfonate] promotes the reaction [CLU protein binds to ATP7A protein]; [Penicillamine co-treated with bathocuproine sulfonate] promotes the reaction [CLU protein binds to ATP7B protein] CTD PMID:21242307 NCBI chr15:42,626,612...42,665,858
Ensembl chr15:42,640,146...42,665,857
JBrowse link
G Cp ceruloplasmin decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CP protein
Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B gene mutant form results in decreased expression of CP protein]
CTD PMID:24013775, PMID:24368744 NCBI chr 2:104,744,249...104,803,034
Ensembl chr 2:104,744,461...104,799,853
JBrowse link
G Cpt1a carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CPT1A mRNA
Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of CPT1A protein]
CTD PMID:19575532, PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 1:218,568,157...218,629,679
Ensembl chr 1:218,569,510...218,629,678
JBrowse link
G Crp C-reactive protein decreases expression ISO Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CRP protein CTD PMID:241598 NCBI chr13:91,080,448...91,081,358
Ensembl chr13:91,054,974...91,093,713
JBrowse link
G Csf2 colony stimulating factor 2 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of CSF2 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr10:39,602,089...39,604,070
Ensembl chr10:39,602,089...39,604,070
JBrowse link
G Cxcr4 C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 increases expression
decreases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of CXCR4 mRNA
Penicillamine results in decreased expression of CXCR4 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr13:45,314,952...45,318,856
Ensembl chr13:45,314,933...45,318,878
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
G Cyp2e1 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily e, polypeptide 1 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of CYP2E1 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 1:213,511,892...213,522,195
Ensembl chr 1:213,511,874...213,535,542
JBrowse link
G Ddit3 DNA-damage inducible transcript 3 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of DDIT3 mRNA; Penicillamine results in increased expression of DDIT3 protein CTD PMID:19722195, PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 7:70,578,564...70,585,074
Ensembl chr 7:70,580,198...70,585,084
JBrowse link
G Dnmt3a DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha decreases expression ISO Penicillamine results in decreased expression of DNMT3A mRNA CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 6:28,205,375...28,346,052
Ensembl chr 6:28,235,695...28,340,577
JBrowse link
G Dnmt3b DNA methyltransferase 3 beta multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of DNMT3B mRNA] CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 3:149,131,541...149,170,061
Ensembl chr 3:149,131,785...149,208,786
JBrowse link
G Dusp1 dual specificity phosphatase 1 decreases expression EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of DUSP1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr10:16,970,642...16,973,425
Ensembl chr10:16,970,626...16,973,418
JBrowse link
G Dusp6 dual specificity phosphatase 6 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of DUSP6 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 7:41,475,163...41,479,393
Ensembl chr 7:41,475,163...41,479,392
JBrowse link
G Egr1 early growth response 1 increases expression EXP
ISO
Penicillamine results in increased expression of EGR1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532, PMID:22843330 NCBI chr18:27,657,903...27,660,101
Ensembl chr18:27,657,628...27,661,429
JBrowse link
G Eif2ak3 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of EIF2AK3 protein CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 4:98,648,513...98,709,695
Ensembl chr 4:98,648,545...98,709,694
JBrowse link
G Eif2s1 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha increases phosphorylation ISO Penicillamine results in increased phosphorylation of EIF2S1 protein CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 6:102,048,372...102,073,041
Ensembl chr 6:102,048,372...102,073,041
JBrowse link
G Eln elastin affects localization ISO Penicillamine affects the localization of ELN protein CTD PMID:3954958 NCBI chr12:24,978,478...25,021,864
Ensembl chr12:24,978,483...25,021,863
JBrowse link
G Fcnb ficolin B increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of FCNB mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 3:6,617,816...6,626,193
Ensembl chr 3:6,617,751...6,626,284
JBrowse link
G Fmo1 flavin containing dimethylaniline monoxygenase 1 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of FMO1 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr13:80,712,885...80,745,095
Ensembl chr13:80,712,882...80,745,347
JBrowse link
G Fmo5 flavin containing dimethylaniline monoxygenase 5 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of FMO5 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 2:199,796,870...199,823,927
Ensembl chr 2:199,796,881...199,823,927
JBrowse link
G Fn1 fibronectin 1 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of FN1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 9:78,900,111...78,969,018
Ensembl chr 9:78,900,103...78,969,078
JBrowse link
G Gadd45a growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, alpha increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of GADD45A mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 4:97,782,512...97,784,814
Ensembl chr 4:97,782,512...97,784,842
JBrowse link
G Gatm glycine amidinotransferase increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of GATM mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 3:114,711,570...114,728,155
Ensembl chr 3:114,711,562...114,728,410
JBrowse link
G Gstm3 glutathione S-transferase mu 3 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of GSTM3 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 2:210,685,204...210,688,273
Ensembl chr 2:210,685,197...210,688,272
JBrowse link
G Gstm5 glutathione S-transferase, mu 5 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of GSTM3 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 2:210,685,338...210,688,133
Ensembl chr 2:210,685,197...210,688,272
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
decreases expression
ISO [Penicillamine co-treated with bathocuproine sulfonate] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein
Penicillamine results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
Penicillamine analog results in decreased expression of HMOX1 protein
CTD PMID:19323979, PMID:21242307, PMID:22843330 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Hp haptoglobin decreases expression ISO Penicillamine results in decreased expression of HP protein CTD PMID:241598 NCBI chr19:42,096,255...42,100,805
Ensembl chr19:42,097,995...42,100,804
JBrowse link
G Hspa1a heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1A increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of HSPA1A mRNA; Penicillamine results in increased expression of HSPA1A protein CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr20:4,875,834...4,881,751
Ensembl chr20:4,877,324...4,879,779
JBrowse link
G Hspa1l heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1 like increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of HSPA1L mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr20:4,879,998...4,965,191
Ensembl chr20:4,959,294...4,964,963
JBrowse link
G Hspa2 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 2 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of HSPA2 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 6:99,433,575...99,436,288
Ensembl chr 6:99,433,550...99,436,289
JBrowse link
G Hspa5 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 5 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of HSPA5 protein
Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of HSPA5 protein]
CTD PMID:19722195, PMID:22843330, PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 3:13,838,304...13,842,763
Ensembl chr 3:13,838,304...13,842,762
JBrowse link
G Ifng interferon gamma increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of IFNG mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 7:61,337,383...61,341,419
Ensembl chr 7:61,337,381...61,341,419
JBrowse link
G Igf1 insulin-like growth factor 1 multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [IGF1 protein results in increased activity of MTR protein] CTD PMID:14745455 NCBI chr 7:28,412,123...28,491,815
Ensembl chr 7:28,412,198...28,486,609
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL10 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr13:47,738,933...47,743,392
Ensembl chr13:47,739,526...47,743,392
JBrowse link
G Il13 interleukin 13 decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of IL13 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL13 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr10:38,982,909...38,985,466
Ensembl chr10:38,982,909...38,985,466
JBrowse link
G Il15 interleukin 15 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL15 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr19:23,542,606...23,624,366
Ensembl chr19:23,542,889...23,554,594
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il21 interleukin 21 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL21 mRNA CTD PMID:21227906 NCBI chr 2:123,965,021...123,972,356
Ensembl chr 2:123,965,021...123,972,356
JBrowse link
G Il23a interleukin 23 subunit alpha increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL23A protein CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 7:2,710,609...2,712,723
Ensembl chr 7:2,710,609...2,712,723
JBrowse link
G Il3ra interleukin 3 receptor subunit alpha increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL3RA mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr12:18,534,762...18,542,508
Ensembl chr12:18,534,767...18,540,166
JBrowse link
G Il4 interleukin 4 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL4 mRNA CTD PMID:9182889, PMID:21227906 NCBI chr10:38,963,979...38,969,531
Ensembl chr10:38,963,979...38,969,531
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 increases expression EXP
ISO
Penicillamine results in increased expression of IL6 protein CTD PMID:19575532, PMID:21227906 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Klf4 Kruppel like factor 4 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of KLF4 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 5:72,283,311...72,287,669
Ensembl chr 5:72,283,313...72,287,669
JBrowse link
G Lgals1 galectin 1 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of LGALS1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 7:120,153,184...120,156,290
Ensembl chr 7:120,153,184...120,156,289
JBrowse link
G LOC100364500 RT1 class I, locus CE11-like affects response to substance ISO HLA-A gene polymorphism affects the susceptibility to Penicillamine CTD PMID:3459889 NCBI chr20:2,704,153...2,707,111
Ensembl chr20:2,704,148...2,707,120
JBrowse link
G Loxl2 lysyl oxidase-like 2 decreases activity ISO Penicillamine results in decreased activity of LOXL2 protein CTD PMID:16023247 NCBI chr15:51,276,022...51,365,238
Ensembl chr15:51,303,909...51,365,234
JBrowse link
G Mcl1 MCL1 apoptosis regulator, BCL2 family member multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO PMAIP1 mutant form inhibits the reaction [Penicillamine results in decreased expression of MCL1 protein] CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 2:197,786,212...197,788,992 JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase decreases secretion
multiple interactions
ISO Penicillamine results in decreased secretion of MPO protein
Penicillamine promotes the reaction [[MPO protein results in increased oxidation of dibromoacetonitrile] which results in increased chemical synthesis of Cyanides]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [MPO protein results in increased oxidation of dibromoacetonitrile]
CTD PMID:6324512, PMID:25614581 NCBI chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
Ensembl chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
JBrowse link
G Mtr 5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [IGF1 protein results in increased activity of MTR protein] CTD PMID:14745455 NCBI chr17:66,210,444...66,295,014
Ensembl chr17:66,210,461...66,295,014
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
G Nr4a1 nuclear receptor subfamily 4, group A, member 1 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of NR4A1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 7:142,899,358...142,920,216
Ensembl chr 7:142,905,758...142,920,216
JBrowse link
G Parp1 poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 increases cleavage ISO Penicillamine results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr13:98,857,255...98,889,444
Ensembl chr13:98,857,177...98,889,716
JBrowse link
G Pmaip1 phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced protein 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of PMAIP1 mRNA; Penicillamine results in increased expression of PMAIP1 protein
PMAIP1 mutant form inhibits the reaction [Penicillamine results in decreased expression of MCL1 protein]
CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr18:62,159,128...62,179,635
Ensembl chr18:62,174,670...62,181,102
JBrowse link
G Ppara peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of PPARA mRNA] CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 7:126,618,872...126,687,282
Ensembl chr 7:126,619,196...126,681,752
JBrowse link
G Prl prolactin multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Danazol inhibits the reaction [Penicillamine results in increased expression of PRL] CTD PMID:4087275 NCBI chr17:39,814,236...39,824,299
Ensembl chr17:39,814,244...39,824,299
JBrowse link
G Ptger2 prostaglandin E receptor 2 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of PTGER2 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr15:19,336,029...19,349,759
Ensembl chr15:19,338,175...19,350,210
JBrowse link
G Ptgs1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of PTGS1 mRNA CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr 3:15,560,685...15,582,339
Ensembl chr 3:15,560,712...15,582,344
JBrowse link
G RT1-Db1 RT1 class II, locus Db1 increases response to substance ISO HLA-DRB1 gene polymorphism results in increased susceptibility to Penicillamine CTD PMID:6420562 NCBI chr20:4,087,621...4,097,190
Ensembl chr20:4,087,618...4,097,190
JBrowse link
G S100a4 S100 calcium-binding protein A4 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of S100A4 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 2:189,997,278...189,999,587
Ensembl chr 2:189,997,129...189,999,604
JBrowse link
G S100a6 S100 calcium binding protein A6 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of S100A6 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 2:190,007,013...190,008,512
Ensembl chr 2:190,007,216...190,008,511
JBrowse link
G S100a8 S100 calcium binding protein A8 decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of S100A8 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of S100A8 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 2:190,073,239...190,074,333
Ensembl chr 2:190,073,815...190,074,354
JBrowse link
G S100a9 S100 calcium binding protein A9 decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of S100A9 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of S100A9 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 2:190,097,436...190,100,209
Ensembl chr 2:190,097,554...190,100,276
JBrowse link
G Selenbp1 selenium binding protein 1 decreases expression EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of SELENBP1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 2:196,105,592...196,146,474
Ensembl chr 2:196,105,569...196,113,149
JBrowse link
G Slc11a1 solute carrier family 11 member 1 increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of SLC11A1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 9:81,655,590...81,666,697
Ensembl chr 9:81,655,629...81,666,706
JBrowse link
G Slc28a2 solute carrier family 28 member 2 decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of SLC28A2 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of SLC28A2 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 3:114,355,003...114,647,382
Ensembl chr 3:114,355,798...114,647,382
JBrowse link
G Slc30a1 solute carrier family 30 member 1 decreases expression
increases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of SLC30A1 mRNA
Penicillamine results in increased expression of SLC30A1 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr13:110,677,810...110,681,683
Ensembl chr13:110,677,810...110,681,683
JBrowse link
G Slc31a1 solute carrier family 31 member 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO [Penicillamine results in increased expression of SLC31A1 mRNA] which results in decreased susceptibility to Oxaliplatin; [Penicillamine results in increased expression of SLC31A1 mRNA] which results in increased susceptibility to Carboplatin; [Penicillamine results in increased expression of SLC31A1 mRNA] which results in increased susceptibility to Cisplatin; Cisplatin promotes the reaction [Penicillamine results in increased expression of SLC31A1 mRNA]; Penicillamine promotes the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of SLC31A1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22914438 NCBI chr 5:78,222,504...78,249,358
Ensembl chr 5:78,222,504...78,249,358
JBrowse link
G Slc4a1 solute carrier family 4 member 1 (Diego blood group) decreases expression EXP Penicillamine results in decreased expression of SLC4A1 mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr10:90,296,144...90,312,401
Ensembl chr10:90,296,141...90,312,386
JBrowse link
G Sod1 superoxide dismutase 1 decreases activity ISO Penicillamine analog results in decreased activity of SOD1 protein CTD PMID:19323979 NCBI chr11:30,363,282...30,368,858
Ensembl chr11:30,363,280...30,368,862
JBrowse link
G Sp1 Sp1 transcription factor increases expression ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA CTD PMID:22914438 NCBI chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,635
Ensembl chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,629
JBrowse link
G Srebf1 sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 multiple interactions ISO Penicillamine promotes the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in decreased expression of SREBF1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr10:46,570,996...46,593,021
Ensembl chr10:46,570,996...46,593,009
JBrowse link
G Stx3 syntaxin 3 increases expression
decreases expression
EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of STX3 mRNA
Penicillamine results in decreased expression of STX3 mRNA
CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr 1:228,137,781...228,195,004
Ensembl chr 1:228,149,867...228,194,977
JBrowse link
G Tfrc transferrin receptor increases expression EXP Penicillamine results in increased expression of TFRC mRNA CTD PMID:19575532 NCBI chr11:71,397,423...71,419,263
Ensembl chr11:71,397,383...71,419,223
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of TNF protein
Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]
CTD PMID:19575532, PMID:22945834 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 increases expression
decreases expression
ISO Penicillamine results in increased expression of TP53 protein
Penicillamine results in decreased expression of TP53 mRNA
CTD PMID:22843330 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Xbp1 X-box binding protein 1 increases splicing ISO Penicillamine results in increased splicing of XBP1 mRNA CTD PMID:19722195 NCBI chr14:85,753,736...85,758,820
Ensembl chr14:85,753,760...85,758,145
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19816
    role 19764
      chemical role 19288
        ligand 5759
          chelator 5736
            D-penicillamine 104
              benzylpenillamine 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19816
    subatomic particle 19814
      composite particle 19814
        hadron 19814
          baryon 19814
            nucleon 19814
              atomic nucleus 19814
                atom 19814
                  main group element atom 19702
                    p-block element atom 19702
                      carbon group element atom 19608
                        carbon atom 19597
                          organic molecular entity 19597
                            organic group 18537
                              organic divalent group 18530
                                organodiyl group 18530
                                  carbonyl group 18436
                                    carbonyl compound 18436
                                      carboxylic acid 18114
                                        amino acid 14085
                                          alpha-amino acid 11550
                                            non-proteinogenic alpha-amino acid 1545
                                              penicillamine 104
                                                D-penicillamine 104
                                                  benzylpenillamine 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.