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Term:carminic acid
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Accession:CHEBI:78310 term browser browse the term
Definition:A tetrahydroxyanthraquinone that is that is 1,3,4,6-tetrahydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone substituted by a methyl group at position 8, a carboxy group at position 7 and a 1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol moiety at position 2 via a C-glycosidic linkage. It is a natural dye isolated from several insects such as Dactylopius coccus.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (1S)-1,5-anhydro-1-(7-carboxy-1,3,4,6-tetrahydroxy-8-methyl-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracen-2-yl)-D-glucitol
 related_synonym: C.I. 75470;   C.I. Natural Red 4;   Carmine;   Carmine red;   Coccinellin;   Coccus cacti extract;   Cochineal;   Cochineal extract;   Cochineal tincture;   Formula=C22H20O13;   InChI=1S/C22H20O13/c1-4-8-5(2-6(24)9(4)22(33)34)13(25)10-11(15(8)27)16(28)12(18(30)17(10)29)21-20(32)19(31)14(26)7(3-23)35-21/h2,7,14,19-21,23-24,26,28-32H,3H2,1H3,(H,33,34)/t7-,14-,19+,20-,21-/m1/s1;   InChIKey=DGQLVPJVXFOQEV-JNVSTXMASA-N;   Natural red 4;   SMILES=C=1(C(=C2C(C3=C(C=C(O)C(C(O)=O)=C3C)C(C2=C(O)C1O)=O)=O)O)[C@H]4O[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H]4O)O)O)CO;   Sanred 1;   Sun Red 1;   Sun Red No. 1
 alt_id: CHEBI:3422
 xref: CAS:1260-17-9;   FooDB:FDB002568;   HMDB:HMDB0030658;   KEGG:C11254;   PMID:24415463;   PMID:24731378;   PMID:24733592;   PMID:29551461;   PMID:32319483;   Reaxys:1414932;   Wikipedia:Carminic_acid
 cyclic_relationship: is_conjugate_acid_of CHEBI:149531

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  CHEBI ontology 19790
    role 19738
      application 19385
        dye 1286
          histological dye 149
            carminic acid 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19790
    subatomic particle 19788
      composite particle 19788
        hadron 19788
          baryon 19788
            nucleon 19788
              atomic nucleus 19788
                atom 19788
                  main group element atom 19674
                    p-block element atom 19674
                      carbon group element atom 19572
                        carbon atom 19561
                          organic molecular entity 19561
                            organic group 18475
                              organic divalent group 18468
                                organodiyl group 18468
                                  carbonyl group 18366
                                    carbonyl compound 18366
                                      ketone 16011
                                        cyclic ketone 13487
                                          quinone 8271
                                            acenoquinone 7461
                                              anthraquinone 469
                                                hydroxyanthraquinones 460
                                                  tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 0
                                                    carminic acid 0
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.