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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:arotinoid acid
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Accession:CHEBI:75261 term browser browse the term
Definition:A retinoid that consists of benzoic acid substituted at position 4 by a 2-(5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)prop-1-en-1-yl group. It is a synthetic retinoid that acts as a selective agonist for the retinoic acid receptors (RAR).
Synonyms:exact_synonym: 4-[(1E)-2-(5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)prop-1-en-1-yl]benzoic acid
 related_synonym: AGN-191183;   Arotinoic acid;   CCRIS 3297;   Formula=C24H28O2;   InChI=1S/C24H28O2/c1-16(14-17-6-8-18(9-7-17)22(25)26)19-10-11-20-21(15-19)24(4,5)13-12-23(20,2)3/h6-11,14-15H,12-13H2,1-5H3,(H,25,26)/b16-14+;   InChIKey=FOIVPCKZDPCJJY-JQIJEIRASA-N;   Ro 13-7410;   SMILES=C\\C(=C/c1ccc(cc1)C(O)=O)c1ccc2c(c1)C(C)(C)CCC2(C)C;   TTNPB
 alt_id: CHEBI:46258
 xref: CAS:71441-28-6;   DrugBank:DB02877;   KEGG:C15634
 xref_mesh: MESH:C038864
 xref: PDBeChem:TTB;   PMID:1376755;   PMID:15109273;   PMID:19632163;   PMID:21559717;   PMID:2175182;   PMID:3378655;   Patent:CN1830950;   Reaxys:2008247


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arotinoid acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 decreases response to substance ISO AKT1 protein results in decreased susceptibility to 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid CTD PMID:16417524 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator increases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of BAX; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of BAX protein CTD PMID:16109544, PMID:16909596 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator decreases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of BCL2; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein CTD PMID:16109544, PMID:16909596 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 increases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of CASP3; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of CASP3 protein CTD PMID:16109544, PMID:16157052, PMID:16909596 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Ccna2 cyclin A2 multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased expression of CCNA2 protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid promotes the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased expression of CCNA2 protein] CTD PMID:11348869, PMID:12421932 NCBI chr 2:123,274,727...123,282,266
Ensembl chr 2:123,275,881...123,282,214
JBrowse link
G Ccnd1 cyclin D1 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of CCND1 protein
4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased expression of CCND1 protein]
CTD PMID:11348869, PMID:16273314 NCBI chr 1:218,090,750...218,100,447
Ensembl chr 1:218,090,750...218,100,325
JBrowse link
G Ccnd3 cyclin D3 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid promotes the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased expression of CCND3 protein]
4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of CCND3 protein
CTD PMID:12421932, PMID:16273314 NCBI chr 9:15,404,816...15,410,905
Ensembl chr 9:15,404,822...15,410,943
JBrowse link
G Ccne1 cyclin E1 multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid promotes the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased expression of CCNE1 protein] CTD PMID:12421932 NCBI chr 1:94,485,830...94,495,112
Ensembl chr 1:94,485,832...94,494,980
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1b cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B multiple interactions
increases stability
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in decreased expression of CDKN1B protein]
4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased stability of CDKN1B protein
CTD PMID:11348869 NCBI chr 4:168,689,043...168,694,159
Ensembl chr 4:168,689,163...168,693,964
JBrowse link
G Cdkn2b cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid promotes the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in decreased expression of CDKN2B protein] CTD PMID:12421932 NCBI chr 5:107,834,353...107,857,428
Ensembl chr 5:107,845,951...107,858,104
JBrowse link
G Cyp19a1 cytochrome P450, family 19, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 increases expression
increases activity
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of CYP19A1 mRNA
4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased activity of CYP19A1 protein
CTD PMID:16996190 NCBI chr 8:58,744,849...58,772,408
Ensembl chr 8:58,744,849...58,772,408
JBrowse link
G Cyp26a1 cytochrome P450, family 26, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of CYP26A1 mRNA
AGN 193109 inhibits the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of CYP26A1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:15589975 NCBI chr 1:256,382,861...256,386,729
Ensembl chr 1:256,382,791...256,386,729
JBrowse link
G Gja1 gap junction protein, alpha 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO astaxanthine promotes the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]; beta Carotene promotes the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]; BMS453 inhibits the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]; Ro 41-5253 inhibits the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein] CTD PMID:16091010 NCBI chr20:37,876,650...37,889,097
Ensembl chr20:37,876,650...37,889,089
JBrowse link
G Hgf hepatocyte growth factor decreases secretion
decreases expression
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased secretion of HGF protein
4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of HGF mRNA
CTD PMID:11223164 NCBI chr 4:15,435,460...15,505,377
Ensembl chr 4:15,433,295...15,505,362
JBrowse link
G Il2 interleukin 2 multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid promotes the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased secretion of IL2 protein] CTD PMID:12421932 NCBI chr 2:123,847,150...123,851,854
Ensembl chr 2:123,847,150...123,851,854
JBrowse link
G Ins2 insulin 2 multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in decreased expression of CDKN1B protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased expression of CCNA2 protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased expression of CCND1 protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of RB1 protein] CTD PMID:11348869 NCBI chr 1:215,856,967...215,858,034
Ensembl chr 1:215,856,971...215,858,034
JBrowse link
G Ivl involucrin decreases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of IVL mRNA CTD PMID:8853895 NCBI chr 2:192,761,171...192,773,346
Ensembl chr 2:192,761,538...192,763,577
JBrowse link
G Krt13 keratin 13 decreases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of KRT13 mRNA CTD PMID:8853895 NCBI chr10:88,032,130...88,036,040
Ensembl chr10:88,032,130...88,036,040
JBrowse link
G Krt5 keratin 5 decreases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of KRT5 mRNA CTD PMID:8853895 NCBI chr 7:143,320,142...143,324,536
Ensembl chr 7:143,316,920...143,453,546
JBrowse link
G Lrat lecithin retinol acyltransferase increases expression EXP 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of LRAT mRNA CTD PMID:12576510 NCBI chr 2:181,896,304...181,905,366
Ensembl chr 2:181,896,305...181,905,300
JBrowse link
G Nr1h4 nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group H, member 4 increases activity ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased activity of NR1H4 protein CTD PMID:17567710 NCBI chr 7:30,003,429...30,162,095
Ensembl chr 7:30,003,429...30,162,056
JBrowse link
G Nrl neural retina leucine zipper increases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of NRL mRNA; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of NRL protein CTD PMID:16854989 NCBI chr15:34,197,115...34,201,408
Ensembl chr15:34,197,193...34,198,921
JBrowse link
G Pdgfb platelet derived growth factor subunit B multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in decreased expression of CDKN1B protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased expression of CCNA2 protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased expression of CCND1 protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of RB1 protein] CTD PMID:11348869 NCBI chr 7:121,215,458...121,233,092
Ensembl chr 7:121,214,628...121,232,741
JBrowse link
G Rara retinoic acid receptor, alpha multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid binds to and results in increased activity of RARA protein CTD PMID:15589975, PMID:16178010 NCBI chr10:86,838,819...86,884,224
Ensembl chr10:86,860,685...86,884,210
JBrowse link
G Rarb retinoic acid receptor, beta multiple interactions ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid binds to and results in increased activity of RARB protein CTD PMID:15589975, PMID:16178010 NCBI chr15:9,915,223...10,262,599
Ensembl chr15:10,120,206...10,262,599
JBrowse link
G Rarg retinoic acid receptor, gamma multiple interactions
decreases response to substance
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid binds to and results in increased activity of RARG protein
RARG gene mutant form results in decreased susceptibility to 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid
CTD PMID:10748128, PMID:15589975, PMID:16178010 NCBI chr 7:143,840,739...143,863,206
Ensembl chr 7:143,839,980...143,863,186
JBrowse link
G Rb1 RB transcriptional corepressor 1 multiple interactions
decreases phosphorylation
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [[[PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] which co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of RB1 protein]; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid promotes the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased phosphorylation of RB1 protein]
4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased phosphorylation of RB1 protein
CTD PMID:11348869, PMID:12421932, PMID:16273314 NCBI chr15:55,081,582...55,209,060
Ensembl chr15:55,083,140...55,209,342
JBrowse link
G Rbp1 retinol binding protein 1 increases expression EXP 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of RBP1 mRNA CTD PMID:12576510 NCBI chr 8:106,449,321...106,470,842
Ensembl chr 8:106,449,321...106,470,842
JBrowse link
G Rxra retinoid X receptor alpha increases activity ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased activity of RXRA protein CTD PMID:21543282 NCBI chr 3:6,272,560...6,295,354
Ensembl chr 3:6,211,789...6,295,908
JBrowse link
G Scd stearoyl-CoA desaturase increases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of SCD mRNA CTD PMID:11397803 NCBI chr 1:264,159,966...264,173,061
Ensembl chr 1:264,160,129...264,172,729
JBrowse link
G Slc2a4 solute carrier family 2 member 4 increases expression EXP 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of SLC2A4 protein CTD PMID:16273324, PMID:18063688 NCBI chr10:56,552,921...56,558,562
Ensembl chr10:56,552,983...56,558,487
JBrowse link
G Sts steroid sulfatase increases activity
multiple interactions
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased activity of STS protein
4-((4-(4-ethylphenyl)-2,2-dimethyl-(2H)-thiochromen-6-yl)ethynyl)benzoic acid inhibits the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased activity of STS protein]; wortmannin inhibits the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased activity of STS protein]
CTD PMID:16178010 NCBI chr  X:45,420,418...45,428,748
Ensembl chr  X:45,420,596...45,428,750
JBrowse link
G Tbc1d4 TBC1 domain family, member 4 increases phosphorylation EXP 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased phosphorylation of TBC1D4 protein CTD PMID:18063688 NCBI chr15:85,927,978...86,105,829
Ensembl chr15:85,930,044...86,105,273
JBrowse link
G Tgm1 transglutaminase 1 decreases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in decreased expression of TGM1 mRNA CTD PMID:8853895 NCBI chr15:34,378,136...34,393,150
Ensembl chr15:34,378,148...34,392,066
JBrowse link
G Tgm2 transglutaminase 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA; 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of TGM2 protein
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin inhibits the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA]
CTD PMID:10910994, PMID:16158052 NCBI chr 3:154,597,165...154,627,257
Ensembl chr 3:154,597,168...154,627,257
JBrowse link
G Ucp1 uncoupling protein 1 increases expression ISO 4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of UCP1 mRNA CTD PMID:10600643 NCBI chr19:24,456,976...24,464,808
Ensembl chr19:24,456,976...24,464,807
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    role 19732
      biological role 19732
        aetiopathogenetic role 18936
          teratogenic agent 15853
            arotinoid acid 36
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    subatomic particle 19782
      composite particle 19782
        hadron 19782
          baryon 19782
            nucleon 19782
              atomic nucleus 19782
                atom 19782
                  main group element atom 19670
                    p-block element atom 19670
                      carbon group element atom 19572
                        carbon atom 19561
                          organic molecular entity 19561
                            organic group 18493
                              organic divalent group 18486
                                organodiyl group 18486
                                  carbonyl group 18389
                                    carbonyl compound 18389
                                      carboxylic acid 18060
                                        aromatic carboxylic acid 10889
                                          benzoic acids 10858
                                            arotinoid acid 36
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.