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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:ginsenoside Rd
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Accession:CHEBI:67988 term browser browse the term
Definition:A ginsenoside found in Panax ginseng and Panax japonicus var. major that is (20S)-ginsenoside Rg3 in which the hydroxy group at position 20 has been converted to its beta-D-glucopyranoside.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (3beta,12beta)-20-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-12-hydroxydammar-24-en-3-yl 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside
 related_synonym: (20S)-ginsenoside Rd;   (3beta,12beta,20S)-20-[(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-3-[(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]dammar-24-en-12-ol;   2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(3beta,12beta)-20-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-12-hydroxydammara-24-en-3-yl-beta-D-glucopyranoside;   3-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-20-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol;   Formula=C48H82O18;   G-Rd;   GS-Rd;   Gypenoside VIII;   InChI=1S/C48H82O18/c1-22(2)10-9-14-48(8,66-42-39(60)36(57)33(54)26(20-50)62-42)23-11-16-47(7)31(23)24(52)18-29-45(5)15-13-30(44(3,4)28(45)12-17-46(29,47)6)64-43-40(37(58)34(55)27(21-51)63-43)65-41-38(59)35(56)32(53)25(19-49)61-41/h10,23-43,49-60H,9,11-21H2,1-8H3/t23-,24+,25+,26+,27+,28-,29+,30-,31-,32+,33+,34+,35-,36-,37-,38+,39+,40+,41-,42-,43-,45-,46+,47+,48-/m0/s1;   InChIKey=RLDVZILFNVRJTL-IWFVLDDISA-N;   SMILES=[H][C@@]1(CC[C@]2(C)[C@]1([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]1([H])[C@@]3(C)CC[C@H](O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O)C(C)(C)[C@]3([H])CC[C@@]21C)[C@](C)(CCC=C(C)C)O[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O
 xref: CAS:52705-93-8
 xref_mesh: MESH:C049863
 xref: MetaCyc:CPD-9249;   PMID:18256474;   PMID:21185898;   PMID:21219973;   PMID:21417387;   PMID:21664366;   PMID:21811848;   PMID:21872268;   PMID:21899993;   PMID:21945003;   PMID:21982435;   PMID:22061660;   PMID:22076303;   PMID:22227208;   PMID:22231470;   PMID:22233205;   PMID:22300288;   PMID:22683911;   PMID:22864746;   PMID:23073826;   PMID:23321003;   PMID:23399764;   PMID:23463404;   PMID:23568202;   PMID:23717157;   PMID:23717173;   PMID:23738998;   Reaxys:5723313



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ginsenoside Rd term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of AKT1 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 6:131,713,716...131,735,319
Ensembl chr 6:131,713,720...131,733,921
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA]; ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]; ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CASP3 protein modified form]; ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CYCS mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr11:24,019,774...24,236,584
Ensembl chr11:24,019,778...24,236,561
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of BAX mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr 1:95,940,001...95,945,407
Ensembl chr 1:95,938,808...95,945,368
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr13:22,689,783...22,853,920
Ensembl chr13:22,684,989...22,853,743
Ensembl chr13:22,684,989...22,853,743
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CASP3 protein modified form] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase increases expression EXP ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CAT protein CTD PMID:9933756 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CDKN1A mRNA
staurosporine aglycone inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CDKN1A mRNA]
CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr20:7,149,177...7,159,727
Ensembl chr20:7,149,217...7,159,585
JBrowse link
G Chat choline O-acetyltransferase increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT mRNA; ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT protein
staurosporine aglycone inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT mRNA]; staurosporine aglycone inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT protein]
CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr16:7,657,362...7,717,093
Ensembl chr16:7,657,362...7,717,093
JBrowse link
G Cycs cytochrome c, somatic multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CYCS mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr 4:79,651,894...79,653,994
Ensembl chr 4:79,651,378...79,654,054
Ensembl chr18:79,651,378...79,654,054
JBrowse link
G Lpl lipoprotein lipase decreases secretion ISO ginsenoside Rd results in decreased secretion of LPL protein CTD PMID:8988629 NCBI chr16:20,830,055...20,853,855
Ensembl chr16:20,829,465...20,855,249
JBrowse link
G Map2 microtubule-associated protein 2 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of MAP2 mRNA; ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of MAP2 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 9:67,723,422...67,981,886
Ensembl chr 9:67,723,371...67,979,809
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr11:83,957,813...84,023,629
Ensembl chr11:83,957,813...84,023,616
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 1:181,366,646...181,372,863
Ensembl chr 1:181,366,637...181,372,863
JBrowse link
G Ngf nerve growth factor increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of NGF mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 2:189,901,058...189,954,452
Ensembl chr 2:189,901,058...189,954,452
JBrowse link
G Ngfr nerve growth factor receptor increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of NGFR mRNA; ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of NGFR protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr10:80,515,287...80,533,518
Ensembl chr10:80,515,299...80,533,518
JBrowse link
G P2rx4 purinergic receptor P2X 4 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd promotes the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased activity of P2RX4 protein] CTD PMID:30545933 NCBI chr12:33,844,609...33,862,265
Ensembl chr12:33,844,396...33,862,253
JBrowse link
G P2rx7 purinergic receptor P2X 7 decreases response to substance ISO P2RX7 gene mutant form results in decreased susceptibility to ginsenoside Rd CTD PMID:30545933 NCBI chr12:33,889,709...33,934,168
Ensembl chr12:33,879,745...33,934,619
JBrowse link
G Slc18a3 solute carrier family 18 member A3 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of SLC18A3 mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr16:7,713,630...7,716,491 JBrowse link
G Slc5a7 solute carrier family 5 member 7 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of SLC5A7 mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 9:7,595,440...7,626,258
Ensembl chr 9:7,595,444...7,626,258
JBrowse link
G Slco1b2 solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B2 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd binds to and results in decreased activity of SLCO1B3 protein CTD PMID:25297453 NCBI chr 4:174,551,463...174,619,988
Ensembl chr 4:174,551,480...174,619,981
JBrowse link
ginsenoside Rb1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
ISO 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; Fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:19781563 NCBI chr 6:131,713,716...131,735,319
Ensembl chr 6:131,713,720...131,733,921
JBrowse link
G Atp6v1a ATPase H+ transporting V1 subunit A multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in decreased expression of ATP6V1A mRNA] CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr11:56,561,444...56,614,694
Ensembl chr11:56,560,974...56,614,694
JBrowse link
G Atp6v1b2 ATPase H+ transporting V1 subunit B2 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in decreased expression of ATP6V1B2 mRNA] CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr16:20,617,515...20,641,651
Ensembl chr16:20,617,518...20,641,745
JBrowse link
G Bmp2 bone morphogenetic protein 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of BMP2 mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of BMP2 mRNA
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 3:120,812,660...120,822,579
Ensembl chr 3:120,812,882...120,821,397
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Oxidopamine results in increased activity of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:19781563 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Clcn7 chloride voltage-gated channel 7 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in decreased expression of CLCN7 mRNA] CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr10:14,151,758...14,177,130
Ensembl chr10:14,151,758...14,177,130
JBrowse link
G Ctsb cathepsin B multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in decreased expression of CTSB mRNA] CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr15:37,389,636...37,410,508
Ensembl chr15:37,389,629...37,410,500
JBrowse link
G Ctsd cathepsin D multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in decreased expression of CTSD mRNA] CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr 1:197,527,467...197,539,343
Ensembl chr 1:197,527,467...197,539,488
JBrowse link
G Fos Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of FOS mRNA] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr 6:105,121,170...105,124,036
Ensembl chr 6:105,121,170...105,124,036
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; Cycloheximide inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; Cycloheximide inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; Dactinomycin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; Dactinomycin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of HMOX1 protein; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]
[astragaloside A co-treated with ginsenoside Rg1 co-treated with ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with notoginsenoside R1] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA; [astragaloside A co-treated with ginsenoside Rg1 co-treated with ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with notoginsenoside R1] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein
CTD PMID:19781563 PMID:25422538 NCBI chr19:13,466,287...13,474,082
Ensembl chr19:13,467,244...13,474,079
JBrowse link
G Igf1 insulin-like growth factor 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of IGF1 mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of IGF1 mRNA
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 7:22,282,895...22,361,972
Ensembl chr 7:22,282,930...22,359,296
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:17655881 NCBI chr 4:5,214,602...5,219,178
Ensembl chr 4:5,213,394...5,219,178
JBrowse link
G Itgam integrin subunit alpha M multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of ITGAM protein] CTD PMID:17655881 NCBI chr 1:182,659,047...182,709,501
Ensembl chr 1:182,659,000...182,709,503
JBrowse link
G Itgb2 integrin subunit beta 2 multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of ITGB2 protein] CTD PMID:17655881 NCBI chr20:11,061,394...11,097,656
Ensembl chr20:11,061,430...11,097,600
JBrowse link
G Kcne1 potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily E regulatory subunit 1 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of KCNE1 CTD PMID:24615935 NCBI chr11:31,580,951...31,594,116
Ensembl chr11:31,580,742...31,593,901
JBrowse link
G Kcnh2 potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 affects activity ISO ginsenoside Rb1 affects the activity of KCNH2 protein CTD PMID:15842772 NCBI chr 4:10,826,834...10,859,009
Ensembl chr 4:10,826,928...10,859,008
JBrowse link
G Lamp1 lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in decreased expression of LAMP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr16:76,355,982...76,380,700
Ensembl chr16:76,355,984...76,381,883
JBrowse link
G Map2 microtubule-associated protein 2 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of MAP2 mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 9:67,723,422...67,981,886
Ensembl chr 9:67,723,371...67,979,809
JBrowse link
G Nfatc1 nuclear factor of activated T-cells 1 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of NFATC1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr18:74,046,422...74,156,041
Ensembl chr18:74,046,904...74,156,028
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 NFE2 like bZIP transcription factor 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
affects localization
ISO 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein]; [ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with ginsenoside 20S-protopanaxatriol] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein; fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein]; ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased activity of and results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA
[astragaloside A co-treated with ginsenoside Rg1 co-treated with ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with notoginsenoside R1] affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein
ginsenoside Rb1 affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein
CTD PMID:19781563 PMID:22780686 PMID:25422538 NCBI chr 3:60,594,239...60,621,712
Ensembl chr 3:60,594,242...60,621,737
JBrowse link
G P2rx4 purinergic receptor P2X 4 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 promotes the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased activity of P2RX4 protein] CTD PMID:30545933 NCBI chr12:33,844,609...33,862,265
Ensembl chr12:33,844,396...33,862,253
JBrowse link
G Pgr progesterone receptor increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of PGR protein CTD PMID:16204943 NCBI chr 8:6,072,673...6,131,552
Ensembl chr 8:6,072,673...6,131,344
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein affects the localization of RELA protein] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr 1:202,925,001...202,935,484
Ensembl chr 1:202,924,945...202,935,484
JBrowse link
G Runx2 RUNX family transcription factor 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of RUNX2 mRNA
ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of RUNX2 mRNA]
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 9:16,167,504...16,492,826
Ensembl chr 9:16,167,482...16,492,167
JBrowse link
G Slco1b2 solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B2 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 binds to and results in decreased activity of SLCO1B3 protein CTD PMID:25297453 NCBI chr 4:174,551,463...174,619,988
Ensembl chr 4:174,551,480...174,619,981
JBrowse link
G Sqstm1 sequestosome 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in decreased expression of SQSTM1 protein
CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr10:34,525,517...34,536,670
Ensembl chr10:34,525,519...34,536,673
JBrowse link
G Tfeb transcription factor EB multiple interactions ISO [ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with alpha-Chlorohydrin] affects the localization of TFEB protein; ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [alpha-Chlorohydrin results in decreased expression of TFEB mRNA] CTD PMID:34812491 NCBI chr 9:13,198,890...13,254,726
Ensembl chr 9:13,198,891...13,254,714
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of TGFB1 mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,848
Ensembl chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,847
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Tnfsf11 TNF superfamily member 11 multiple interactions
decreases response to substance
ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein affects the localization of RELA protein]; ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of FOS mRNA]; ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of NFATC1 mRNA]; ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in decreased susceptibility to TNFSF11 protein
CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr15:53,673,850...53,705,325
Ensembl chr15:53,673,877...53,705,445
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
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Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19911
    role 19887
      application 19723
        anti-inflammatory agent 16521
          anti-inflammatory drug 14954
            ginsenoside Rd 45
              ginsenoside Rb1 30
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19911
    subatomic particle 19909
      composite particle 19909
        hadron 19909
          baryon 19909
            nucleon 19909
              atomic nucleus 19909
                atom 19909
                  main group element atom 19859
                    p-block element atom 19859
                      carbon group element atom 19803
                        carbon atom 19799
                          organic molecular entity 19799
                            heteroorganic entity 19545
                              organochalcogen compound 19296
                                organooxygen compound 19210
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 15284
                                    carbohydrate 15284
                                      monosaccharide 4808
                                        aldose 3218
                                          aldohexose 2869
                                            glucose 2825
                                              D-glucose 2823
                                                D-glucopyranose 1806
                                                  beta-D-glucose 1658
                                                    beta-D-glucoside 1464
                                                      ginsenoside Rd 45
                                                        ginsenoside Rb1 30
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