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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:ginsenoside Rd
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Accession:CHEBI:67988 term browser browse the term
Definition:A ginsenoside found in Panax ginseng and Panax japonicus var. major that is (20S)-ginsenoside Rg3 in which the hydroxy group at position 20 has been converted to its beta-D-glucopyranoside.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (3beta,12beta)-20-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-12-hydroxydammar-24-en-3-yl 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside
 related_synonym: (20S)-ginsenoside Rd;   (3beta,12beta,20S)-20-[(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-3-[(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]dammar-24-en-12-ol;   2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(3beta,12beta)-20-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-12-hydroxydammara-24-en-3-yl-beta-D-glucopyranoside;   3-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-20-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol;   Formula=C48H82O18;   G-Rd;   GS-Rd;   Gypenoside VIII;   InChI=1S/C48H82O18/c1-22(2)10-9-14-48(8,66-42-39(60)36(57)33(54)26(20-50)62-42)23-11-16-47(7)31(23)24(52)18-29-45(5)15-13-30(44(3,4)28(45)12-17-46(29,47)6)64-43-40(37(58)34(55)27(21-51)63-43)65-41-38(59)35(56)32(53)25(19-49)61-41/h10,23-43,49-60H,9,11-21H2,1-8H3/t23-,24+,25+,26+,27+,28-,29+,30-,31-,32+,33+,34+,35-,36-,37-,38+,39+,40+,41-,42-,43-,45-,46+,47+,48-/m0/s1;   InChIKey=RLDVZILFNVRJTL-IWFVLDDISA-N;   SMILES=[H][C@@]1(CC[C@]2(C)[C@]1([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]1([H])[C@@]3(C)CC[C@H](O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O)C(C)(C)[C@]3([H])CC[C@@]21C)[C@](C)(CCC=C(C)C)O[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O
 xref: CAS:52705-93-8
 xref_mesh: MESH:C049863
 xref: MetaCyc:CPD-9249;   PMID:18256474;   PMID:21185898;   PMID:21219973;   PMID:21417387;   PMID:21664366;   PMID:21811848;   PMID:21872268;   PMID:21899993;   PMID:21945003;   PMID:21982435;   PMID:22061660;   PMID:22076303;   PMID:22227208;   PMID:22231470;   PMID:22233205;   PMID:22300288;   PMID:22683911;   PMID:22864746;   PMID:23073826;   PMID:23321003;   PMID:23399764;   PMID:23463404;   PMID:23568202;   PMID:23717157;   PMID:23717173;   PMID:23738998;   Reaxys:5723313


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ginsenoside Rd term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of AKT1 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA]; ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]; ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CASP3 protein modified form]; ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CYCS mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of BAX mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CASP3 protein modified form] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase increases expression EXP ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CAT protein CTD PMID:9933756 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CDKN1A mRNA
staurosporine aglycone inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CDKN1A mRNA]
CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr20:6,348,422...6,358,864
Ensembl chr20:6,351,458...6,358,864
JBrowse link
G Chat choline O-acetyltransferase increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT mRNA; ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT protein
staurosporine aglycone inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT mRNA]; staurosporine aglycone inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of CHAT protein]
CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr16:8,576,858...8,686,131
Ensembl chr16:8,577,840...8,686,131
JBrowse link
G Cycs cytochrome c, somatic multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rd inhibits the reaction [APP protein modified form results in increased expression of CYCS mRNA] CTD PMID:26111763 NCBI chr 4:80,331,226...80,333,326
Ensembl chr 4:80,331,227...80,333,326
JBrowse link
G Lpl lipoprotein lipase decreases secretion ISO ginsenoside Rd results in decreased secretion of LPL protein CTD PMID:8988629 NCBI chr16:22,537,687...22,561,487
Ensembl chr16:22,537,056...22,561,496
JBrowse link
G Map2 microtubule-associated protein 2 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of MAP2 mRNA; ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of MAP2 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 9:73,204,753...73,462,965
Ensembl chr 9:73,319,710...73,462,972
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Ngf nerve growth factor increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of NGF mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 2:204,886,158...204,939,523
Ensembl chr 2:204,886,202...204,940,453
JBrowse link
G Ngfr nerve growth factor receptor increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of NGFR mRNA; ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of NGFR protein CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr10:83,389,828...83,408,061
Ensembl chr10:83,389,847...83,408,061
JBrowse link
G P2rx4 purinergic receptor P2X 4 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd promotes the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased activity of P2RX4 protein] CTD PMID:30545933 NCBI chr12:39,308,022...39,325,673
Ensembl chr12:39,308,025...39,325,673
JBrowse link
G P2rx7 purinergic receptor P2X 7 decreases response to substance ISO P2RX7 gene mutant form results in decreased susceptibility to ginsenoside Rd CTD PMID:30545933 NCBI chr12:39,353,613...39,396,042
Ensembl chr12:39,353,613...39,396,042
JBrowse link
G Slc18a3 solute carrier family 18 member A3 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of SLC18A3 mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr16:8,682,668...8,685,529
Ensembl chr16:8,682,669...8,685,529
JBrowse link
G Slc5a7 solute carrier family 5 member 7 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rd results in increased expression of SLC5A7 mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 9:5,294,377...5,330,822
Ensembl chr 9:5,294,381...5,330,815
JBrowse link
G Slco1b2 solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B2 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rd binds to and results in decreased activity of SLCO1B3 protein CTD PMID:25297453 NCBI chr 4:175,814,118...175,881,775
Ensembl chr 4:175,814,118...175,881,768
JBrowse link
ginsenoside Rb1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
ISO 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; Fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:19781563 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G Bmp2 bone morphogenetic protein 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of BMP2 mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of BMP2 mRNA
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 3:126,335,963...126,346,771
Ensembl chr 3:126,335,863...126,346,318
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Oxidopamine results in increased activity of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:19781563 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Fos Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of FOS mRNA] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr 6:109,300,433...109,303,299
Ensembl chr 6:109,300,433...109,303,299
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; Cycloheximide inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; Cycloheximide inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; Dactinomycin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; Dactinomycin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of HMOX1 protein; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]
[astragaloside A co-treated with ginsenoside Rg1 co-treated with ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with notoginsenoside R1] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA; [astragaloside A co-treated with ginsenoside Rg1 co-treated with ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with notoginsenoside R1] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein
CTD PMID:19781563, PMID:25422538 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Igf1 insulin-like growth factor 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of IGF1 mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of IGF1 mRNA
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 7:28,412,123...28,491,815
Ensembl chr 7:28,412,198...28,486,609
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:17655881 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Itgam integrin subunit alpha M multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of ITGAM protein] CTD PMID:17655881 NCBI chr 1:199,495,312...199,545,738
Ensembl chr 1:199,495,298...199,623,960
JBrowse link
G Itgb2 integrin subunit beta 2 multiple interactions EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of ITGB2 protein] CTD PMID:17655881 NCBI chr20:11,777,773...11,815,647
Ensembl chr20:11,777,783...11,815,647
JBrowse link
G Kcne1 potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily E regulatory subunit 1 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of KCNE1 CTD PMID:24615935 NCBI chr11:32,498,260...32,511,202
Ensembl chr11:32,498,261...32,508,420
JBrowse link
G Kcnh2 potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 affects activity ISO ginsenoside Rb1 affects the activity of KCNH2 protein CTD PMID:15842772 NCBI chr 4:7,355,066...7,387,282
Ensembl chr 4:7,355,574...7,387,253
JBrowse link
G Map2 microtubule-associated protein 2 increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of MAP2 mRNA CTD PMID:24599032 NCBI chr 9:73,204,753...73,462,965
Ensembl chr 9:73,319,710...73,462,972
JBrowse link
G Nfatc1 nuclear factor of activated T-cells 1 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of NFATC1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr18:77,203,517...77,322,690
Ensembl chr18:77,203,525...77,322,690
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions
affects localization
increases expression
ISO 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein]; [ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with ginsenoside 20S-protopanaxatriol] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein; fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein]; ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased activity of and results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein; Pertussis Toxin inhibits the reaction [ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein]
ginsenoside Rb1 affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein
[astragaloside A co-treated with ginsenoside Rg1 co-treated with ginsenoside Rb1 co-treated with notoginsenoside R1] affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA
CTD PMID:19781563, PMID:22780686, PMID:25422538 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G P2rx4 purinergic receptor P2X 4 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 promotes the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased activity of P2RX4 protein] CTD PMID:30545933 NCBI chr12:39,308,022...39,325,673
Ensembl chr12:39,308,025...39,325,673
JBrowse link
G Pgr progesterone receptor increases expression ISO ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of PGR protein CTD PMID:16204943 NCBI chr 8:7,128,656...7,187,796
Ensembl chr 8:7,128,656...7,187,796
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein affects the localization of RELA protein] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Runx2 RUNX family transcription factor 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of RUNX2 mRNA
ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of RUNX2 mRNA]
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 9:18,564,743...18,773,092
Ensembl chr 9:18,564,927...18,773,092
JBrowse link
G Slco1b2 solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B2 multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 binds to and results in decreased activity of SLCO1B3 protein CTD PMID:25297453 NCBI chr 4:175,814,118...175,881,775
Ensembl chr 4:175,814,118...175,881,768
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride results in decreased expression of TGFB1 mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA
CTD PMID:27470910 NCBI chr 1:82,480,875...82,497,196
Ensembl chr 1:82,480,195...82,497,199
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tnfsf11 TNF superfamily member 11 multiple interactions
decreases response to substance
ISO ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein affects the localization of RELA protein]; ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of FOS mRNA]; ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of NFATC1 mRNA]; ginsenoside Rb1 inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]
ginsenoside Rb1 results in decreased susceptibility to TNFSF11 protein
CTD PMID:22386813 NCBI chr15:60,482,527...60,512,704
Ensembl chr15:60,482,527...60,512,704
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19810
    role 19758
      application 19420
        anti-inflammatory agent 14959
          anti-inflammatory drug 13619
            ginsenoside Rd 37
              ginsenoside Rb1 22
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19810
    subatomic particle 19808
      composite particle 19808
        hadron 19808
          baryon 19808
            nucleon 19808
              atomic nucleus 19808
                atom 19808
                  main group element atom 19696
                    p-block element atom 19696
                      carbon group element atom 19599
                        carbon atom 19588
                          organic molecular entity 19588
                            heteroorganic entity 19175
                              organochalcogen compound 18886
                                organooxygen compound 18809
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 12196
                                    carbohydrate 12196
                                      monosaccharide 4034
                                        aldose 2550
                                          aldohexose 2193
                                            glucose 2155
                                              D-glucose 2155
                                                D-glucopyranose 1715
                                                  beta-D-glucose 1604
                                                    beta-D-glucoside 1411
                                                      ginsenoside Rd 37
                                                        ginsenoside Rb1 22
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