Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:nootropic agent
go back to main search page
Accession:CHEBI:66980 term browser browse the term
Definition:Any compound that improves mental functions such as cognition, memory, intelligence, motivation, attention, and concentration.
Synonyms:related_synonym: cognitive enhancer;   cognitive enhancers;   intelligence enhancer;   intelligence enhancers;   memory enhancer;   memory enhancers;   neuro enhancer;   neuro enhancers;   nootropic;   nootropic agents;   nootropic drug;   nootropic drugs;   nootropics;   smart drug;   smart drugs
 xref: PMID:22393531;   PMID:22647316;   PMID:22742585;   PMID:22795553;   PMID:22828638;   PMID:22837964;   Wikipedia:Nootropic


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
(aminooxy)acetic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abat 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase decreases activity EXP Aminooxyacetic Acid results in decreased activity of ABAT protein CTD PMID:3933514 NCBI chr10:6,996,688...7,092,835
Ensembl chr10:6,999,819...7,092,835
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A multiple interactions ISO [Aminooxyacetic Acid results in decreased metabolism of selenomethylselenocysteine] which results in decreased expression of CDKN1A protein CTD PMID:25321483 NCBI chr20:7,149,177...7,159,727
Ensembl chr20:7,149,217...7,159,585
JBrowse link
G Dld dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase multiple interactions EXP Aminooxyacetic Acid inhibits the reaction [S-(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl)cysteine results in decreased activity of DLD protein]; Aminooxyacetic Acid inhibits the reaction [S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)cysteine results in decreased activity of DLD protein] CTD PMID:2360207 NCBI chr 6:47,904,153...47,924,814
Ensembl chr 6:47,903,914...47,924,795
JBrowse link
G Gad2 glutamate decarboxylase 2 decreases activity EXP Aminooxyacetic Acid results in decreased activity of GAD2 protein CTD PMID:12634427 NCBI chr17:84,763,630...84,826,155
Ensembl chr17:84,763,628...84,826,155
JBrowse link
G Glud1 glutamate dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions ISO [GLUD1 protein co-treated with Ketoglutaric Acids co-treated with NADP co-treated with Aminooxyacetic Acid] affects the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride affects the abundance of Ammonia]; dipicolinic acid inhibits the reaction [[GLUD1 protein co-treated with Ketoglutaric Acids co-treated with NADP co-treated with Aminooxyacetic Acid] affects the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride affects the abundance of Ammonia]] CTD PMID:26639393 NCBI chr16:9,640,312...9,673,961
Ensembl chr16:9,640,312...9,673,957
JBrowse link
G Gpd2 glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2 multiple interactions ISO [GPD2 mutant form co-treated with Aminooxyacetic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Glucose results in increased secretion of INS1 protein]; [Potassium Chloride co-treated with Diazoxide] inhibits the reaction [[GPD2 mutant form co-treated with Aminooxyacetic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Glucose results in increased secretion of INS1 protein]] CTD PMID:10199125 PMID:10464266 NCBI chr 3:41,800,552...41,937,729
Ensembl chr 3:41,801,930...41,936,901
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions EXP Aminooxyacetic Acid inhibits the reaction [N-acetyl-S-pentachloro-1,3-butadienylcysteine results in decreased activity of GSR protein] CTD PMID:2360207 NCBI chr16:58,482,209...58,525,256
Ensembl chr16:58,482,505...58,525,661
JBrowse link
G Parp1 poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 multiple interactions ISO [Aminooxyacetic Acid results in decreased metabolism of selenomethylselenocysteine] which results in decreased expression of PARP1 protein modified form CTD PMID:25321483 NCBI chr13:92,307,593...92,339,406
Ensembl chr13:92,307,586...92,339,404
JBrowse link
G Slc6a12 solute carrier family 6 member 12 decreases activity EXP Aminooxyacetic Acid results in decreased activity of SLC6A12 protein CTD PMID:12634427 NCBI chr 4:154,585,386...154,603,750
Ensembl chr 4:154,585,500...154,603,750
JBrowse link
(R)-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Adipoq adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing increases expression EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of ADIPOQ protein CTD PMID:30256492 NCBI chr11:77,721,912...77,735,644
Ensembl chr11:77,721,912...77,735,564
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Carnitine results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:29186614 NCBI chr 6:131,713,716...131,735,319
Ensembl chr 6:131,713,720...131,733,921
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO Carnitine promotes the reaction [Paraquat deficiency inhibits the reaction [Paraquat promotes the reaction [APP protein binds to APP protein]]] CTD PMID:33290254 NCBI chr11:24,019,774...24,236,584
Ensembl chr11:24,019,778...24,236,561
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in decreased expression of BAX protein
2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Carnitine results in decreased expression of BAX protein]
CTD PMID:29186614 NCBI chr 1:95,940,001...95,945,407
Ensembl chr 1:95,938,808...95,945,368
JBrowse link
G Bbox1 gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase 1 multiple interactions
increases chemical synthesis
ISO Aluminum inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]; Hydrogen Peroxide inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]; Ketoglutaric Acids inhibits the reaction [Aluminum inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]]; Ketoglutaric Acids inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]] CTD PMID:21439360 NCBI chr 3:96,822,654...96,871,786
Ensembl chr 3:96,822,655...96,871,458
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Carnitine results in increased phosphorylation of BCL2 protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA] CTD PMID:23213347 PMID:29186614 NCBI chr13:22,689,783...22,853,920 JBrowse link
G Bcl2l1 Bcl2-like 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in decreased expression of BCL2L1 protein] CTD PMID:19491382 NCBI chr 3:141,253,508...141,304,582
Ensembl chr 3:141,253,523...141,303,479
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP
ISO
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA]]
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [quinone results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
CTD PMID:19491382 PMID:23213347 PMID:26562095 PMID:32478940 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Casp8 caspase 8 multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [quinone results in increased activity of CASP8 protein] CTD PMID:32478940 NCBI chr 9:60,263,863...60,312,542
Ensembl chr 9:60,264,075...60,312,542
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions EXP
ISO
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in increased expression of CASP9 mRNA]
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [quinone results in increased activity of CASP9 protein]
CTD PMID:23213347 PMID:32478940 NCBI chr 5:154,108,872...154,126,628
Ensembl chr 5:154,109,046...154,126,626
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Diethylnitrosamine results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in decreased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:16889571 PMID:19294768 PMID:23213347 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Ccn2 cellular communication network factor 2 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Sunitinib results in increased expression of CCN2 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 1:20,802,199...20,805,315
Ensembl chr 1:20,802,199...20,805,734
JBrowse link
G Cdh1 cadherin 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in decreased expression of CDH1 protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr19:34,492,371...34,561,775
Ensembl chr19:34,492,371...34,561,775
JBrowse link
G Col1a1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of COL1A1 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Sunitinib results in increased expression of COL1A1 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 PMID:28973641 NCBI chr10:79,883,622...79,900,625
Ensembl chr10:79,883,622...79,900,624
JBrowse link
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] affects the abundance of Carnitine; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Carnitine]; Dexamethasone inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Carnitine]; huang-lien-chieh-tu-tang inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Carnitine] CTD PMID:24709313 NCBI chr 7:129,098,489...129,127,620
Ensembl chr 7:129,098,786...129,127,546
JBrowse link
G Cpt1a carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A multiple interactions EXP
ISO
valproyl-coenzyme A inhibits the reaction [CPT1A protein results in increased metabolism of Carnitine]
[Doxorubicin co-treated with Carnitine] results in increased expression of CPT1A mRNA; [Genistein co-treated with Carnitine] results in increased expression of CPT1A protein; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [quinone results in decreased expression of CPT1A protein]
CTD PMID:16283381 PMID:16362726 PMID:19854160 PMID:32478940 NCBI chr 1:200,564,634...200,627,059
Ensembl chr 1:200,565,613...200,627,055
JBrowse link
G Cpt2 carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 multiple interactions ISO Carnitine promotes the reaction [[Bezafibrate results in increased activity of CPT2 protein] which results in increased abundance of Adenosine Triphosphate] CTD PMID:21816645 NCBI chr 5:122,664,677...122,682,126
Ensembl chr 5:122,664,677...122,682,095
JBrowse link
G Cybb cytochrome b-245 beta chain multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of NOX2 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of NOX2 protein] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr  X:13,360,583...13,392,517
Ensembl chr  X:13,359,430...13,392,586
JBrowse link
G Cyp17a1 cytochrome P450, family 17, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Atrazine results in decreased expression of CYP17A1 mRNA] CTD PMID:29710542 NCBI chr 1:245,535,462...245,543,148
Ensembl chr 1:245,535,462...245,541,573
JBrowse link
G Cyp2e1 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily e, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine promotes the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of CYP2E1 protein] CTD PMID:8130774 NCBI chr 1:195,840,330...195,850,728
Ensembl chr 1:195,840,058...195,864,023
JBrowse link
G Fabp3 fatty acid binding protein 3 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of FABP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:20470772 NCBI chr 5:142,651,962...142,658,707
Ensembl chr 5:142,651,956...142,658,718
JBrowse link
G Gpx1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in decreased expression of GPX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:23213347 NCBI chr 8:109,026,905...109,028,031
Ensembl chr 8:109,026,905...109,028,024
JBrowse link
G Hadha hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase trifunctional multienzyme complex subunit alpha multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [quinone results in decreased expression of HADHA protein] CTD PMID:32478940 NCBI chr 6:26,187,969...26,227,605
Ensembl chr 6:26,187,956...26,227,869
JBrowse link
G Hrk harakiri, BCL2 interacting protein multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in increased expression of HRK mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in increased expression of HRK protein] CTD PMID:16239342 NCBI chr12:38,387,484...38,409,652 JBrowse link
G Hspa2 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 2 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium Chloride results in increased expression of HSPA2 protein] CTD PMID:22359436 NCBI chr 6:95,128,504...95,131,281
Ensembl chr 6:95,128,350...95,131,287
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Carnitine] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:134,038,644...134,057,969
Ensembl chr 1:134,029,772...134,058,025
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in decreased expression of IL10 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr13:42,472,625...42,477,308
Ensembl chr13:42,472,839...42,477,313
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA]]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA] CTD PMID:26562095 PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 3:116,577,005...116,583,386
Ensembl chr 3:116,577,010...116,583,415
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 4:5,214,602...5,219,178
Ensembl chr 4:5,213,394...5,219,178
JBrowse link
G Lepr leptin receptor affects abundance ISO LEPR affects the abundance of Carnitine CTD PMID:20567778 NCBI chr 5:116,294,409...116,477,904
Ensembl chr 5:116,289,823...116,475,908
JBrowse link
G Mmp9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in decreased expression of MMP9 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 3:153,684,158...153,692,118
Ensembl chr 3:153,683,858...153,692,120
JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP [Carboplatin co-treated with Carnitine deficiency] results in increased expression of MPO protein; Acetaminophen promotes the reaction [Carnitine deficiency results in increased activity of MPO protein] CTD PMID:18597074 PMID:18852009 NCBI chr10:72,594,458...72,608,862
Ensembl chr10:72,594,661...72,604,819
JBrowse link
G Mt-co1 mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [nickel chloride results in decreased expression of COX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21419151 NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
Ensembl chr MT:5,323...6,867
JBrowse link
G Mt-nd6 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [nickel chloride results in decreased expression of ND6 mRNA] CTD PMID:21419151 Ensembl chr MT:13,543...14,061 JBrowse link
G Mttp microsomal triglyceride transfer protein multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Stavudine results in decreased expression of MTTP mRNA] CTD PMID:18299183 NCBI chr 2:226,613,090...226,654,239
Ensembl chr 2:226,613,090...226,654,239
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:23213347 NCBI chr10:63,815,308...63,851,208
Ensembl chr10:63,815,308...63,851,210
JBrowse link
G Nos3 nitric oxide synthase 3 increases expression EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of NOS3 CTD PMID:20123095 NCBI chr 4:10,793,834...10,814,170
Ensembl chr 4:10,793,834...10,814,166
JBrowse link
G Ppara peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP [pirinixic acid results in increased activity of PPARA protein] promotes the reaction [SLC22A21 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; PPARA protein promotes the reaction [Carnitine results in decreased susceptibility to Gentamicins]
Carnitine results in increased activity of PPARA protein
CTD PMID:19491382 PMID:19735737 NCBI chr 7:116,832,405...116,900,878
Ensembl chr 7:116,832,756...116,895,346
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of PPARG protein
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [[Dietary Fats co-treated with Fructose] results in decreased expression of PPARG protein]
CTD PMID:30256492 NCBI chr 4:148,423,102...148,548,471
Ensembl chr 4:148,423,194...148,548,468
JBrowse link
G Ptgis prostaglandin I2 synthase increases expression
increases response to substance
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of PTGIS mRNA
PTGIS protein results in increased susceptibility to Carnitine
[Carnitine results in increased expression of PTGIS mRNA] which results in increased chemical synthesis of 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha
CTD PMID:19491382 NCBI chr 3:155,928,564...155,964,228 JBrowse link
G Slc22a4 solute carrier family 22 member 4 increases uptake ISO SLC22A4 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine CTD PMID:21256917 NCBI chr10:38,133,333...38,179,932 JBrowse link
G Slc22a5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 multiple interactions
decreases expression
increases transport
increases uptake
increases expression
affects uptake
affects binding
ISO
EXP
[Doxorubicin co-treated with Carnitine] results in increased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA; Amiodarone inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Atorvastatin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of pivaloylcarnitine]; Choline inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Clozapine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; grepafloxacin affects the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Ipratropium inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Lidocaine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Nifedipine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Ofloxacin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Olanzapine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine analog]; pivaloylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Propranolol inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Quetiapine Fumarate inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Spironolactone inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; talinolol inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; ziprasidone inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]
Carnitine results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA; Carnitine results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 protein
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Tetraethylammonium]; Dithioerythritol inhibits the reaction [Omeprazole inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]]; Ofloxacin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Omeprazole inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Tetraethylammonium inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]
Carnitine deficiency results in increased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA
SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine; SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine analog
SLC22A5 protein affects the uptake of Carnitine
Carnitine binds to SLC22A5 protein
CTD PMID:12644265 PMID:15486076 PMID:16283381 PMID:16928358 PMID:18762717 More... NCBI chr10:38,008,303...38,035,474
Ensembl chr10:38,008,311...38,035,309
JBrowse link
G Slc22a8 solute carrier family 22 member 8 increases transport ISO SLC22A8 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine CTD PMID:15100168 NCBI chr 1:205,496,331...205,516,378
Ensembl chr 1:205,498,084...205,517,450
JBrowse link
G Slc25a20 solute carrier family 25 member 20 multiple interactions
increases transport
EXP Ampicillin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased activity of SLC25A20 protein]; Cefazolin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Cefonicid inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Cephalothin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Piperacillin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine] CTD PMID:18452908 PMID:23402788 NCBI chr 8:109,365,056...109,386,512
Ensembl chr 8:109,365,002...109,386,512
JBrowse link
G Slc2a4 solute carrier family 2 member 4 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of SLC2A4 protein
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [[Dietary Fats co-treated with Fructose] results in decreased expression of SLC2A4 protein]
CTD PMID:30256492 NCBI chr10:54,666,015...54,671,581
Ensembl chr10:54,666,015...54,671,565
JBrowse link
G Snai1 snail family transcriptional repressor 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of SNAI1 protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr 3:156,248,479...156,252,969
Ensembl chr 3:156,248,485...156,252,969
JBrowse link
G Srebf1 sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Stavudine results in increased expression of SREBF1 mRNA] CTD PMID:18299183 NCBI chr10:45,007,637...45,029,650
Ensembl chr10:45,007,637...45,029,650
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA]]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA] CTD PMID:26562095 PMID:26581635 PMID:28973641 NCBI chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,848
Ensembl chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,847
JBrowse link
G Timp1 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of TIMP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr  X:1,212,969...1,217,714
Ensembl chr  X:1,212,972...1,217,664
JBrowse link
G Tjp1 tight junction protein 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in decreased expression of TJP1 protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr 1:118,849,838...119,094,492
Ensembl chr 1:118,849,838...119,094,432
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases expression
multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP Carnitine deficiency results in increased expression of TNF mRNA
[Carboplatin co-treated with Carnitine deficiency] results in increased expression of TNF protein; Acetaminophen promotes the reaction [Carnitine deficiency results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of TNF protein]]
Carnitine results in decreased expression of TNF protein
CTD PMID:18597074 PMID:18629605 PMID:18852009 PMID:26562095 NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Vim vimentin multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of VIM protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr17:76,668,701...76,677,186
Ensembl chr17:76,668,647...76,677,187
JBrowse link
O-acetyl-L-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ache acetylcholinesterase multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Dexamethasone results in decreased activity of ACHE protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased activity of ACHE protein] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr12:19,407,359...19,413,713
Ensembl chr12:19,407,360...19,413,651
JBrowse link
G Apex1 apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of APEX1 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr15:24,144,595...24,146,785
Ensembl chr15:24,144,362...24,146,785
JBrowse link
G Atp6v1f ATPase H+ transporting V1 subunit F increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of ATP6V1F mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 4:58,067,666...58,070,628 JBrowse link
G C1qa complement C1q A chain decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of C1QA mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 5:149,133,635...149,136,482
Ensembl chr 5:149,133,636...149,136,534
JBrowse link
G C4b complement C4B (Chido blood group) decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of C4B mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr20:4,197,371...4,211,684
Ensembl chr20:4,197,366...4,211,681
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 PMID:29278859 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased activity of CASP9 protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 5:154,108,872...154,126,628
Ensembl chr 5:154,109,046...154,126,626
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in decreased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 PMID:26349760 PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in decreased abundance of Acetylcarnitine CTD PMID:24709313 NCBI chr 7:129,098,489...129,127,620
Ensembl chr 7:129,098,786...129,127,546
JBrowse link
G Ctss cathepsin S decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of CTSS mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 2:183,089,192...183,114,483
Ensembl chr 2:183,086,437...183,114,483
JBrowse link
G Cxcl14 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14 decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of CXCL14 mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr17:8,317,933...8,325,956
Ensembl chr17:8,317,933...8,324,839
JBrowse link
G Egr1 early growth response 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in increased expression of EGR1 mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 NCBI chr18:26,463,333...26,465,531
Ensembl chr18:26,462,981...26,466,766
JBrowse link
G Gfap glial fibrillary acidic protein decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of GFAP mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr10:87,852,891...87,861,631
Ensembl chr10:87,852,890...87,861,589
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions ISO Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in decreased expression of GSR protein] CTD PMID:26265018 NCBI chr16:58,482,209...58,525,256
Ensembl chr16:58,482,505...58,525,661
JBrowse link
G Gstp1 glutathione S-transferase pi 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in decreased expression of GSTP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr 1:201,337,762...201,340,230
Ensembl chr 1:201,321,672...201,340,226
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr19:13,466,287...13,474,082
Ensembl chr19:13,467,244...13,474,079
JBrowse link
G Hmox2 heme oxygenase 2 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of HMOX2 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr10:10,797,076...10,831,178
Ensembl chr10:10,797,055...10,831,148
JBrowse link
G Hspb1 heat shock protein family B (small) member 1 decreases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of HSPB1 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr12:20,794,014...20,795,675
Ensembl chr12:20,794,028...20,795,743
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 increases abundance
multiple interactions
ISO IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Acetylcarnitine
Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Acetylcarnitine]
CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:134,038,644...134,057,969
Ensembl chr 1:134,029,772...134,058,025
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of IL1B protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 3:116,577,005...116,583,386
Ensembl chr 3:116,577,010...116,583,415
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 4:5,214,602...5,219,178
Ensembl chr 4:5,213,394...5,219,178
JBrowse link
G Mgst1 microsomal glutathione S-transferase 1 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of MGST1 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 4:171,029,666...171,044,893
Ensembl chr 4:171,029,630...171,044,892
JBrowse link
G Mt-co1 mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in decreased expression of COX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
Ensembl chr MT:5,323...6,867
JBrowse link
G Ngf nerve growth factor multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in decreased expression of NGF protein] CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 2:189,901,058...189,954,452
Ensembl chr 2:189,901,058...189,954,452
JBrowse link
G Nos1 nitric oxide synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of NOS1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr12:38,615,111...38,795,492
Ensembl chr12:38,626,714...38,710,945
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr10:63,815,308...63,851,208
Ensembl chr10:63,815,308...63,851,210
JBrowse link
G Pah phenylalanine hydroxylase decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of PAH mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 7:21,933,179...21,998,134
Ensembl chr 7:21,933,179...21,998,130
JBrowse link
G Pink1 PTEN induced kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium results in increased expression of PINK1] CTD PMID:25464205 NCBI chr 5:150,530,523...150,542,635
Ensembl chr 5:150,530,523...150,542,635
JBrowse link
G Ppargc1a PPARG coactivator 1 alpha increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of PPARGC1A protein
[Acetylcarnitine co-treated with Thioctic Acid] results in increased expression of PPARGC1A protein
CTD PMID:20414966 NCBI chr14:58,860,752...59,516,525
Ensembl chr14:58,861,144...59,512,656
JBrowse link
G Prkn parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase multiple interactions ISO Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium results in increased expression of PRKN] CTD PMID:25464205 NCBI chr 1:48,688,651...49,882,520 JBrowse link
G Psmb6 proteasome 20S subunit beta 6 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of PSMB6 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr10:55,239,274...55,241,581
Ensembl chr10:55,239,241...55,241,586
JBrowse link
G Ptma prothymosin alpha increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of PTMA mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 9:87,176,251...87,180,333
Ensembl chr 9:87,176,230...87,180,333
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of RELA protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 1:202,925,001...202,935,484
Ensembl chr 1:202,924,945...202,935,484
JBrowse link
G Rps17 ribosomal protein S17 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of RPS17 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 1:135,295,920...135,298,506
Ensembl chr 1:135,295,919...135,298,535
JBrowse link
G Skap2 src kinase associated phosphoprotein 2 decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of SKAP2 mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 4:80,948,832...81,100,900
Ensembl chr 4:80,950,580...81,100,891
JBrowse link
G Slc25a20 solute carrier family 25 member 20 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased activity of SLC25A20 protein] CTD PMID:23402788 NCBI chr 8:109,365,056...109,386,512
Ensembl chr 8:109,365,002...109,386,512
JBrowse link
G Snca synuclein alpha multiple interactions ISO [Acetylcarnitine co-treated with Thioctic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Rotenone results in increased expression of SNCA protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Rotenone results in increased expression of SNCA protein] CTD PMID:20414966 NCBI chr 4:89,696,420...89,797,240
Ensembl chr 4:89,696,420...89,796,262
JBrowse link
G Tnni3 troponin I3, cardiac type multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TNNI3 protein] CTD PMID:21034734 NCBI chr 1:69,299,900...69,303,582
Ensembl chr 1:69,299,900...69,303,580
JBrowse link
O-butanoyl-L-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of butyrylcarnitine] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:134,038,644...134,057,969
Ensembl chr 1:134,029,772...134,058,025
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19821
    role 19769
      application 19481
        pharmaceutical 19329
          drug 19329
            nootropic agent 88
              (R)-carnitine + 80
              (aminooxy)acetic acid 9
              7alpha-hydroxypregnenolone 0
              donepezil 0
              ergoloid mesylate 0
              taltirelin + 0
paths to the root