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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:food additive
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Accession:CHEBI:64047 term browser browse the term
Definition:Any substance which is added to food to preserve or enhance its flavour and/or appearance.
Synonyms:related_synonym: food additives
 xref: Wikipedia:Food_additive


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
acetylcholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G KCNJ3 potassium inwardly rectifying channel subfamily J member 3 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcholine promotes the reaction [[KCNJ3 protein co-treated with KCNJ6 protein] results in increased transport of Potassium] CTD PMID:10666054 NCBI chr36:1,354,686...1,496,397
Ensembl chr36:1,354,678...1,493,766
JBrowse link
G KCNJ6 potassium inwardly rectifying channel subfamily J member 6 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcholine promotes the reaction [[KCNJ3 protein co-treated with KCNJ6 protein] results in increased transport of Potassium] CTD PMID:10666054 NCBI chr31:32,752,585...33,010,999
Ensembl chr31:32,755,899...32,934,478
JBrowse link
G MAPK14 mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcholine results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK14 protein CTD PMID:9688607 NCBI chr12:5,145,647...5,221,558
Ensembl chr12:5,146,037...5,220,603
JBrowse link
acetylsalicylic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PTGS1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 decreases activity EXP Aspirin results in decreased activity of PTGS1 protein alternative form CTD PMID:12242329 NCBI chr 9:60,195,118...60,216,847
Ensembl chr 9:60,195,124...60,216,819
JBrowse link
atropine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ACHE acetylcholinesterase multiple interactions EXP [Obidoxime Chloride co-treated with Atropine] inhibits the reaction [Sarin results in decreased activity of ACHE protein]; [Obidoxime Chloride co-treated with Atropine] inhibits the reaction [Soman results in decreased activity of ACHE protein]; [Obidoxime Chloride co-treated with Atropine] inhibits the reaction [VX results in decreased activity of ACHE protein] CTD PMID:16915560 NCBI chr 6:8,874,747...8,879,926
Ensembl chr 6:8,873,584...8,879,702
JBrowse link
calcein am term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCC1 ATP binding cassette subfamily C member 1 affects export EXP ABCC1 protein affects the export of calcein AM CTD PMID:12516967 NCBI chr 6:27,855,702...27,950,140
Ensembl chr 6:27,855,702...27,989,331
JBrowse link
carmustine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MGMT O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase decreases response to substance
multiple interactions
EXP MGMT protein mutant form results in decreased susceptibility to Carmustine; MGMT protein results in decreased susceptibility to Carmustine
MGMT protein mutant form results in decreased susceptibility to [Carmustine co-treated with O(6)-benzylguanine]
CTD PMID:14617759, PMID:15053863 NCBI chr28:38,204,611...38,427,482
Ensembl chr28:38,204,610...38,427,380
JBrowse link
D-glucitol term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MAPK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 increases phosphorylation EXP Sorbitol results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein CTD PMID:12639917 NCBI chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
Ensembl chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
JBrowse link
G MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 increases phosphorylation EXP Sorbitol results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein CTD PMID:12639917 NCBI chr 6:18,109,184...18,115,728
Ensembl chr 6:18,109,222...18,114,425
JBrowse link
D-mannitol term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLDN4 claudin 4 increases expression EXP Mannitol results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:6,492,706...6,506,750
Ensembl chr 6:6,493,513...6,494,145
JBrowse link
diclofenac term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CYP2C41 cytochrome P450 2C41 affects metabolic processing EXP CYP2C9 protein affects the metabolism of Diclofenac CTD PMID:15801540
G PTGS1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 decreases activity EXP Diclofenac results in decreased activity of PTGS1 protein alternative form CTD PMID:12242329 NCBI chr 9:60,195,118...60,216,847
Ensembl chr 9:60,195,124...60,216,819
JBrowse link
dioxygen term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CXCL8 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 multiple interactions EXP Oxygen inhibits the reaction [Hydrochloric Acid results in increased expression of CXCL8 protein] CTD PMID:18339021 NCBI chr13:62,435,035...62,438,354
Ensembl chr13:62,434,422...62,438,354
JBrowse link
G MMP2 matrix metallopeptidase 2 multiple interactions EXP Oxygen inhibits the reaction [Hydrochloric Acid results in increased expression of MMP2 protein] CTD PMID:18339021 NCBI chr 2:60,471,092...60,492,991
Ensembl chr 2:60,471,257...60,494,113
JBrowse link
G MMP9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 multiple interactions EXP Oxygen inhibits the reaction [Hydrochloric Acid results in increased expression of MMP9 protein] CTD PMID:18339021 NCBI chr24:33,274,260...33,281,116
Ensembl chr24:33,274,268...33,281,293
JBrowse link
glutathione term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLDN4 claudin 4 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:6,492,706...6,506,750
Ensembl chr 6:6,493,513...6,494,145
JBrowse link
G MAPK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
Ensembl chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
JBrowse link
G MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:18,109,184...18,115,728
Ensembl chr 6:18,109,222...18,114,425
JBrowse link
G MAPK8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr28:323,361...410,367
Ensembl chr28:368,513...406,401
JBrowse link
G MAPK9 mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr11:1,443,528...1,480,501
Ensembl chr11:1,443,547...1,478,119
JBrowse link
glyburide term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CFTR CF transmembrane conductance regulator decreases activity EXP Glyburide results in decreased activity of CFTR protein CTD PMID:15496164 NCBI chr14:56,290,417...56,452,919
Ensembl chr14:56,290,275...56,453,977
JBrowse link
indometacin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HEXB hexosaminidase subunit beta multiple interactions EXP Indomethacin promotes the reaction [mastoparan results in increased secretion of HEXB protein] CTD PMID:21671308 NCBI chr 2:57,221,809...57,248,432
Ensembl chr 2:57,222,186...57,248,417
JBrowse link
G PTGS1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 decreases activity EXP Indomethacin results in decreased activity of PTGS1 protein alternative form CTD PMID:12242329 NCBI chr 9:60,195,118...60,216,847
Ensembl chr 9:60,195,124...60,216,819
JBrowse link
iprodione term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AHR aryl hydrocarbon receptor multiple interactions EXP [iprodione binds to and results in increased activity of AHR protein] which results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein CTD PMID:24389113 NCBI chr14:31,743,704...31,793,484
Ensembl chr14:31,686,170...31,791,444
JBrowse link
G CYP1A1 cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 1 multiple interactions EXP [iprodione binds to and results in increased activity of AHR protein] which results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein CTD PMID:24389113 NCBI chr30:37,793,277...37,799,535
Ensembl chr30:37,793,508...37,796,866
JBrowse link
N-acetyl-L-cysteine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLDN4 claudin 4 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein]; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:6,492,706...6,506,750
Ensembl chr 6:6,493,513...6,494,145
JBrowse link
G MAPK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
Ensembl chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
JBrowse link
G MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:18,109,184...18,115,728
Ensembl chr 6:18,109,222...18,114,425
JBrowse link
G MAPK8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein]; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr28:323,361...410,367
Ensembl chr28:368,513...406,401
JBrowse link
G MAPK9 mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein]; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr11:1,443,528...1,480,501
Ensembl chr11:1,443,547...1,478,119
JBrowse link
pentane-2,3-dione term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G DHRS4 dehydrogenase/reductase 4 increases reduction EXP DHRS4 protein results in increased reduction of 2,3-pentanedione CTD PMID:17827741 NCBI chr 8:4,046,532...4,058,498
Ensembl chr 8:4,046,544...4,084,744
JBrowse link
phenacetin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CYP1A2 cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 2 affects metabolic processing EXP CYP1A2 protein affects the metabolism of Phenacetin CTD PMID:15801540 NCBI chr30:37,818,400...37,824,192
Ensembl chr30:37,799,140...37,824,135
JBrowse link
G PTGS1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 decreases activity EXP Phenacetin results in decreased activity of PTGS1 protein alternative form CTD PMID:12242329 NCBI chr 9:60,195,118...60,216,847
Ensembl chr 9:60,195,124...60,216,819
JBrowse link
phorbol 13-acetate 12-myristate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G INS insulin multiple interactions EXP 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [[Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [[Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein; [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein CTD PMID:12639917 NCBI chr18:46,324,047...46,324,933
Ensembl chr18:46,324,041...46,325,122
JBrowse link
G MAPK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [[Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein CTD PMID:12639917 NCBI chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
Ensembl chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
JBrowse link
G MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions EXP 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [[Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate co-treated with INS protein] results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein CTD PMID:12639917 NCBI chr 6:18,109,184...18,115,728
Ensembl chr 6:18,109,222...18,114,425
JBrowse link
G SLC6A9 solute carrier family 6 member 9 multiple interactions
affects localization
EXP Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate promotes the reaction [Monensin affects the localization of SLC6A9 protein]
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate affects the localization of SLC6A9 protein
CTD PMID:19473961 NCBI chr15:16,235,342...16,267,161
Ensembl chr15:16,235,482...16,267,933
JBrowse link
G SOD1 superoxide dismutase 1 affects response to substance EXP SOD1 protein affects the susceptibility to Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate CTD PMID:6333936 NCBI chr31:26,540,291...26,544,212
Ensembl chr31:26,486,274...26,662,815
JBrowse link
prochloraz term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AHR aryl hydrocarbon receptor multiple interactions EXP [2-methyl-2H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (2-methyl-4-o-tolylazophenyl)amide binds to and results in decreased activity of AHR protein] which results in decreased susceptibility to prochloraz; [prochloraz binds to and results in increased activity of AHR protein] which results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein; [salicylamide binds to and results in decreased activity of AHR protein] which results in decreased susceptibility to prochloraz CTD PMID:24389113 NCBI chr14:31,743,704...31,793,484
Ensembl chr14:31,686,170...31,791,444
JBrowse link
G CYP1A1 cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 1 multiple interactions EXP [prochloraz binds to and results in increased activity of AHR protein] which results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein CTD PMID:24389113 NCBI chr30:37,793,277...37,799,535
Ensembl chr30:37,793,508...37,796,866
JBrowse link
ritonavir term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCB1 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 multiple interactions EXP allicin inhibits the reaction [ABCB1 protein results in increased secretion of Ritonavir]; hypericin inhibits the reaction [ABCB1 protein results in increased secretion of Ritonavir]; kaempferol inhibits the reaction [ABCB1 protein results in increased secretion of Ritonavir]; Quercetin inhibits the reaction [ABCB1 protein results in increased secretion of Ritonavir] CTD PMID:15266218 NCBI chr14:13,644,891...13,852,829
Ensembl chr14:13,542,647...13,742,727
JBrowse link
G NR1I2 nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2 increases activity EXP Ritonavir results in increased activity of NR1I2 protein CTD PMID:27732639 NCBI chr33:23,444,367...23,456,405
Ensembl chr33:23,432,690...23,455,347
JBrowse link
salicylamide term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AHR aryl hydrocarbon receptor multiple interactions EXP [salicylamide binds to and results in decreased activity of AHR protein] which results in decreased susceptibility to prochloraz; [salicylamide binds to and results in decreased activity of AHR protein] which results in decreased susceptibility to Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin CTD PMID:24389113 NCBI chr14:31,743,704...31,793,484
Ensembl chr14:31,686,170...31,791,444
JBrowse link
sulindac term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PTGS2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 decreases expression EXP Sulindac results in decreased expression of PTGS2 protein CTD PMID:12857884 NCBI chr 7:19,668,079...19,674,903
Ensembl chr 7:19,668,082...19,674,903
JBrowse link
G RELA RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit decreases localization EXP Sulindac results in decreased localization of RELA protein CTD PMID:12857884 NCBI chr18:51,550,003...51,558,861
Ensembl chr18:51,550,040...51,558,875
JBrowse link
troleandomycin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G NR1I2 nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2 increases activity EXP Troleandomycin results in increased activity of NR1I2 protein CTD PMID:27732639 NCBI chr33:23,444,367...23,456,405
Ensembl chr33:23,432,690...23,455,347
JBrowse link
tropan-3alpha-yl 3-hydroxy-2-phenylpropanoate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ACHE acetylcholinesterase multiple interactions EXP [Obidoxime Chloride co-treated with Atropine] inhibits the reaction [Sarin results in decreased activity of ACHE protein]; [Obidoxime Chloride co-treated with Atropine] inhibits the reaction [Soman results in decreased activity of ACHE protein]; [Obidoxime Chloride co-treated with Atropine] inhibits the reaction [VX results in decreased activity of ACHE protein] CTD PMID:16915560 NCBI chr 6:8,874,747...8,879,926
Ensembl chr 6:8,873,584...8,879,702
JBrowse link
urea term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLDN4 claudin 4 increases expression EXP Urea results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:6,492,706...6,506,750
Ensembl chr 6:6,493,513...6,494,145
JBrowse link
G SOD2 superoxide dismutase 2 increases expression EXP Urea results in increased expression of SOD2 protein CTD PMID:22718889 NCBI chr 1:48,943,472...48,955,158
Ensembl chr 1:48,836,262...48,955,706
JBrowse link
vincristine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCB1 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 increases export
multiple interactions
affects response to substance
EXP ABCB1 protein results in increased export of Vincristine
valspodar inhibits the reaction [ABCB1 protein affects the susceptibility to Vincristine]
CTD PMID:24975508, PMID:28093773 NCBI chr14:13,644,891...13,852,829
Ensembl chr14:13,542,647...13,742,727
JBrowse link
G ABCC1 ATP binding cassette subfamily C member 1 decreases response to substance EXP ABCC1 protein results in decreased susceptibility to Vincristine CTD PMID:12516967 NCBI chr 6:27,855,702...27,950,140
Ensembl chr 6:27,855,702...27,989,331
JBrowse link
zileuton term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ALOX5 arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase decreases activity EXP zileuton results in decreased activity of ALOX5 protein CTD PMID:1618819 NCBI chr28:2,170,920...2,218,765
Ensembl chr28:2,170,920...2,219,609
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 225
    role 225
      application 192
        food additive 31
          2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol 0
          3-decanone 0
          butylated hydroxyanisole 0
          caffeine + 0
          ellagic acid + 0
          flavouring agent + 4
          flour treatment agent + 13
          foaming agent 0
          food acidity regulator + 21
          food additive carrier + 0
          food anticaking agent + 1
          food antifoaming agent + 0
          food bleaching agent + 0
          food bulking agent + 1
          food colour retention agent + 0
          food colouring + 0
          food emulsifier + 0
          food firming agent + 0
          food gelling agent + 0
          food glazing agent 0
          food humectant + 3
          food packaging gas + 3
          food preservative + 22
          food propellant + 2
          food stabiliser + 1
          food thickening agent + 1
          gamma-decalactone 0
          raising agent + 0
          tin(II) chloride (anhydrous) + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 225
    role 225
      biological role 225
        physiological role 223
          food component 223
            food additive 31
              2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol 0
              3-decanone 0
              butylated hydroxyanisole 0
              caffeine + 0
              ellagic acid + 0
              flavouring agent + 4
              flour treatment agent + 13
              foaming agent 0
              food acidity regulator + 21
              food additive carrier + 0
              food anticaking agent + 1
              food antifoaming agent + 0
              food bleaching agent + 0
              food bulking agent + 1
              food colour retention agent + 0
              food colouring + 0
              food emulsifier + 0
              food firming agent + 0
              food gelling agent + 0
              food glazing agent 0
              food humectant + 3
              food packaging gas + 3
              food preservative + 22
              food propellant + 2
              food stabiliser + 1
              food thickening agent + 1
              gamma-decalactone 0
              raising agent + 0
              tin(II) chloride (anhydrous) + 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.