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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:gliotoxin
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Accession:CHEBI:5385 term browser browse the term
Definition:A pyrazinoindole with a disulfide bridge spanning a dioxo-substituted pyrazine ring; mycotoxin produced by several species of fungi.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (3R,5aS,6S,10aR)-6-hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-2,3,6,10-tetrahydro-5aH-3,10a-epidithiopyrazino[1,2-a]indole-1,4-dione
 related_synonym: Aspergillin;   Formula=C13H14N2O4S2;   InChI=1S/C13H14N2O4S2/c1-14-10(18)12-5-7-3-2-4-8(17)9(7)15(12)11(19)13(14,6-16)21-20-12/h2-4,8-9,16-17H,5-6H2,1H3/t8-,9-,12+,13+/m0/s1;   InChIKey=FIVPIPIDMRVLAY-RBJBARPLSA-N;   SMILES=[H][C@@]12[C@@H](O)C=CC=C1C[C@@]13SS[C@@](CO)(N(C)C1=O)C(=O)N23
 xref: Beilstein:50675;   CAS:67-99-2;   KEGG:C10595;   KNApSAcK:C00002340
 xref_mesh: MESH:D005912
 xref: PMID:16020669;   PMID:23832115;   PMID:24368570;   PMID:24847038;   PMID:25062268;   PMID:25494483;   PMID:25766143;   PMID:25816130;   PMID:25982450;   PPDB:2793;   Reaxys:50675;   Wikipedia:Gliotoxin


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gliotoxin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Birc3 baculoviral IAP repeat-containing 3 multiple interactions ISO Gliotoxin inhibits the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased expression of BIRC3 mRNA] CTD PMID:14527959 NCBI chr 8:6,048,590...6,076,828
Ensembl chr 8:6,048,969...6,076,598
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP Gliotoxin results in increased cleavage of and results in increased activity of CASP3 protein; Mercuric Chloride inhibits the reaction [Gliotoxin results in increased activity of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:17466404, PMID:20958918 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cyp2b2 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily b, polypeptide 2 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of CYP2B2 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 1:83,103,925...83,119,578
Ensembl chr 1:83,103,925...83,119,193
JBrowse link
G Decr2 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase 2 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of DECR2 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr10:15,451,850...15,460,227
Ensembl chr10:15,431,638...15,465,413
JBrowse link
G Dnajb1 DnaJ heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member B1 increases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in increased expression of DNAJB1 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr19:24,747,178...24,750,919
Ensembl chr19:24,747,178...24,750,919
JBrowse link
G Dpys dihydropyrimidinase decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of DPYS mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 7:78,769,918...78,847,941
Ensembl chr 7:78,769,807...78,847,974
JBrowse link
G Ech1 enoyl-CoA hydratase 1 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of ECH1 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 1:87,009,798...87,015,996
Ensembl chr 1:87,009,730...87,016,005
JBrowse link
G Gadd45a growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, alpha increases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in increased expression of GADD45A mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 4:97,782,512...97,784,814
Ensembl chr 4:97,782,512...97,784,842
JBrowse link
G Gjb1 gap junction protein, beta 1 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of GJB1 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr  X:71,272,030...71,279,973
Ensembl chr  X:71,272,042...71,279,977
JBrowse link
G Gnmt glycine N-methyltransferase decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of GNMT mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 9:16,565,274...16,568,626
Ensembl chr 9:16,565,225...16,568,627
JBrowse link
G Gstm2 glutathione S-transferase mu 2 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of GSTM2 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 2:210,778,041...210,782,807
Ensembl chr 2:210,720,704...210,782,856
JBrowse link
G Hal histidine ammonia lyase decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of HAL mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 7:34,326,087...34,356,413
Ensembl chr 7:34,326,087...34,356,413
JBrowse link
G Hif1a hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha decreases expression ISO Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of HIF1A mRNA CTD PMID:20432243 NCBI chr 6:96,810,868...96,856,303
Ensembl chr 6:96,810,907...96,856,052
JBrowse link
G Hras HRas proto-oncogene, GTPase multiple interactions ISO Gliotoxin inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in increased activity of HRAS protein] CTD PMID:19739265 NCBI chr 1:214,178,404...214,181,841
Ensembl chr 1:214,178,407...214,181,686
JBrowse link
G Ifng interferon gamma decreases expression
decreases secretion
ISO Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of IFNG mRNA
Gliotoxin results in decreased secretion of IFNG protein
CTD PMID:12112629 NCBI chr 7:61,337,383...61,341,419
Ensembl chr 7:61,337,381...61,341,419
JBrowse link
G Ifrd1 interferon-related developmental regulator 1 increases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in increased expression of IFRD1 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 6:60,132,025...60,151,354
Ensembl chr 6:60,132,024...60,151,420
JBrowse link
G Junb JunB proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit increases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in increased expression of JUNB mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr19:26,092,972...26,094,756
Ensembl chr19:26,092,974...26,094,756
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP Gliotoxin results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein CTD PMID:17466404 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions EXP Gliotoxin results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein CTD PMID:17466404 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Mapk8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions EXP Gliotoxin results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK8 protein CTD PMID:17466404 NCBI chr16:9,620,854...9,709,342
Ensembl chr16:9,625,177...9,709,347
JBrowse link
G Mbl1 mannose binding lectin 1 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of MBL1 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr16:18,736,154...18,742,193
Ensembl chr16:18,736,154...18,742,193
JBrowse link
G Nfkb1 nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 multiple interactions ISO Gliotoxin inhibits the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased activity of [NFKB1 protein binds to RELA protein]] CTD PMID:14527959 NCBI chr 2:240,773,520...240,890,053
Ensembl chr 2:240,773,456...240,866,689
JBrowse link
G Ppp1r15a protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 15A increases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in increased expression of PPP1R15A mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 1:101,511,899...101,515,043
Ensembl chr 1:101,511,901...101,514,974
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO Gliotoxin inhibits the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased activity of [NFKB1 protein binds to RELA protein]] CTD PMID:14527959 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Sod2 superoxide dismutase 2 multiple interactions ISO Gliotoxin inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of SOD2 mRNA] CTD PMID:10653605 NCBI chr 1:47,914,757...47,921,587
Ensembl chr 1:47,914,759...47,921,587
JBrowse link
G Sult1b1 sulfotransferase family 1B member 1 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of SULT1B1 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr14:22,142,412...22,155,246
Ensembl chr14:22,142,364...22,155,231
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO Gliotoxin inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:10653605 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Ttpa alpha tocopherol transfer protein decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of TTPA mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr 5:34,007,926...34,029,315
Ensembl chr 5:34,007,920...34,028,452
JBrowse link
G Upb1 beta-ureidopropionase 1 decreases expression EXP Gliotoxin results in decreased expression of UPB1 mRNA CTD PMID:18346771 NCBI chr20:14,167,383...14,193,724
Ensembl chr20:14,167,586...14,193,690
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    role 19732
      biological role 19732
        immunomodulator 13689
          immunosuppressive agent 11936
            gliotoxin 29
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    subatomic particle 19782
      composite particle 19782
        hadron 19782
          baryon 19782
            nucleon 19782
              atomic nucleus 19782
                atom 19782
                  main group element atom 19670
                    p-block element atom 19670
                      carbon group element atom 19572
                        carbon atom 19561
                          organic molecular entity 19561
                            organic group 18493
                              organic divalent group 18486
                                organodiyl group 18486
                                  carbonyl group 18389
                                    carbonyl compound 18389
                                      carboxylic acid 18060
                                        carboacyl group 17346
                                          univalent carboacyl group 17346
                                            carbamoyl group 17132
                                              carboxamide 17132
                                                peptide 9391
                                                  oligopeptide 1196
                                                    dipeptide 372
                                                      gliotoxin 29
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.