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The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

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Accession:CHEBI:5280 term browser browse the term
Definition:A monocarboxylic acid that is 4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid which is substituted on the nitrogen by a cyclopropyl group and at positions 6, 7, and 8 by fluoro, 3-methylpiperazin-1-yl, and methoxy groups, respectively. Gatifloxacin is an antibiotic of the fourth-generation fluoroquinolone family, that like other members of that family, inhibits the bacterial topoisomerase type-II enzymes.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-8-methoxy-7-(3-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid
 related_synonym: 1-Cyclopropyl-1,4-dihydro-6-fluoro-8-methoxy-7-(3-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid;   1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro- 8-methoxy-7-(3-methylpiperazin-1-yl)- 4-oxo-quinoline-3-carboxylic acid;   AM 1155;   Formula=C19H22FN3O4;   InChI=1S/C19H22FN3O4/c1-10-8-22(6-5-21-10)16-14(20)7-12-15(18(16)27-2)23(11-3-4-11)9-13(17(12)24)19(25)26/h7,9-11,21H,3-6,8H2,1-2H3,(H,25,26);   InChIKey=XUBOMFCQGDBHNK-UHFFFAOYSA-N;   SMILES=COc1c(N2CCNC(C)C2)c(F)cc2c1n(cc(C(O)=O)c2=O)C1CC1;   gatifloxacine;   gatifloxacino;   gatifloxacinum
 alt_id: CHEBI:101712
 xref: Beilstein:7445861;   CAS:112811-59-3;   DrugBank:DB01044;   Drug_Central:1280;   Gmelin:2281206;   KEGG:C07661;   KEGG:D08011;   LINCS:LSM-5139
 xref_mesh: MESH:C078049
 xref: PMID:10737746;   PMID:12190308;   PMID:12620077;   PMID:12873512;   PMID:12904069;   PMID:15125930;   PMID:15745831;   PMID:15911273;   PMID:16078842;   PMID:16337791;   PMID:16554151;   PMID:16759086;   PMID:17043111;   PMID:17043131;   PMID:17064062;   PMID:17116666;   PMID:17116668;   PMID:17157008;   PMID:17220425;   PMID:17261623;   PMID:17276057;   PMID:17296740;   PMID:17325221;   PMID:17387152;   PMID:17804222;   PMID:17933535;   PMID:17960928;   PMID:18078756;   PMID:18304818;   PMID:26963935;   PMID:7473575;   Patent:EP230295;   Patent:US4980470;   Reaxys:7445861;   Wikipedia:Gatifloxacin

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gatifloxacin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gcg glucagon increases secretion
increases expression
multiple interactions
gatifloxacin results in increased secretion of GCG protein
gatifloxacin results in increased expression of GCG mRNA
Diazoxide inhibits the reaction [gatifloxacin results in increased secretion of GCG protein]
[gatifloxacin co-treated with GCG protein] affects the secretion of INS1 protein; GCG protein affects the reaction [gatifloxacin results in decreased expression of INS2 mRNA]; GCG protein promotes the reaction [gatifloxacin affects the expression of GCGR mRNA]
gatifloxacin results in increased expression of GCG protein
CTD PMID:23200776 NCBI chr 3:47,113,914...47,122,929 JBrowse link
G Gcgr glucagon receptor multiple interactions
affects expression
EXP GCG protein promotes the reaction [gatifloxacin affects the expression of GCGR mRNA] CTD PMID:23200776 NCBI chr10:105,808,474...105,816,641 JBrowse link
G Ins2 insulin 2 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP GCG protein affects the reaction [gatifloxacin results in decreased expression of INS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:23200776 NCBI chr 1:197,843,277...197,992,522 JBrowse link
G Pcsk1 proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 1 increases expression ISO gatifloxacin results in increased expression of PCSK1 mRNA CTD PMID:23200776 NCBI chr 2:4,395,543...4,442,434 JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19762
    role 19708
      biological role 19708
        antimicrobial agent 17369
          gatifloxacin 4
            (R)-gatifloxacin 0
            (S)-gatifloxacin 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19762
    subatomic particle 19760
      composite particle 19760
        hadron 19760
          baryon 19760
            nucleon 19760
              atomic nucleus 19760
                atom 19760
                  main group element atom 19651
                    p-block element atom 19651
                      carbon group element atom 19570
                        carbon atom 19560
                          organic molecular entity 19560
                            organic group 18611
                              organic divalent group 18602
                                organodiyl group 18602
                                  carbonyl group 18519
                                    carbonyl compound 18519
                                      carboxylic acid 18195
                                        aromatic carboxylic acid 11288
                                          quinolinemonocarboxylic acid 97
                                            gatifloxacin 4
                                              (R)-gatifloxacin 0
                                              (S)-gatifloxacin 0
paths to the root