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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:EC 3.2.1.18 (exo-alpha-sialidase) inhibitor
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Accession:CHEBI:52425 term browser browse the term
Definition:An antiviral drug targeted at influenza viruses. Its mode of action consists of blocking the function of the viral neuraminidase protein (EC 3.2.1.18), thus preventing the virus from budding from the host cell.
Synonyms:related_synonym: EC 3.2.1.18 inhibitor;   EC 3.2.1.18 inhibitors;   N-acylneuraminate glycohydrolase inhibitor;   N-acylneuraminate glycohydrolase inhibitors;   Neuraminidase inhibitors;   acetylneuraminidase inhibitor;   acetylneuraminidase inhibitors;   acetylneuraminyl hydrolase inhibitor;   acetylneuraminyl hydrolase inhibitors;   alpha-neuraminidase inhibitor;   alpha-neuraminidase inhibitors;   exo-alpha-sialidase (EC 3.2.1.18) inhibitors;   exo-alpha-sialidase inhibitor;   exo-alpha-sialidase inhibitors;   neuraminidase inhibitor;   sialidase inhibitor;   sialidase inhibitors


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2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gclc glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA
Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA]
CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,471
Ensembl chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,468
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]
2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA; 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein
CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased secretion of IL1B protein] CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA] CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Mapk8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein
2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein]
CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr16:9,620,854...9,709,342
Ensembl chr16:9,625,177...9,709,347
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 affects localization
multiple interactions
ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein
NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA]; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA]; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]
CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nfkbia NFKB inhibitor alpha multiple interactions ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 affects the expression of and affects the stability of NFKBIA protein] CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr 6:76,267,227...76,270,457
Ensembl chr 6:76,267,228...76,270,457
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA
NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA]
CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr19:38,422,210...38,437,103
Ensembl chr19:38,422,164...38,437,180
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased secretion of TNF protein]; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:31029725 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
CMP-N-acetyl-beta-neuraminic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cmas cytidine monophosphate N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase affects abundance ISO CMAS protein affects the abundance of Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid CTD PMID:27380425 NCBI chr 4:176,994,129...177,012,445
Ensembl chr 4:176,994,129...177,012,444
JBrowse link
N-acetylneuraminic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cmas cytidine monophosphate N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase affects abundance ISO CMAS protein affects the abundance of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid; CMAS protein affects the abundance of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid analog CTD PMID:27380425 NCBI chr 4:176,994,129...177,012,445
Ensembl chr 4:176,994,129...177,012,444
JBrowse link
G Gne glucosamine (UDP-N-acetyl)-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase increases chemical synthesis EXP GNE protein results in increased chemical synthesis of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid CTD PMID:9305888 NCBI chr 5:59,511,738...59,553,421
Ensembl chr 5:59,512,872...59,553,416
JBrowse link
G Nans N-acetylneuraminate synthase increases chemical synthesis ISO NANS results in increased chemical synthesis of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid CTD PMID:27213289 NCBI chr 5:62,109,352...62,126,492
Ensembl chr 5:62,109,328...62,126,494
JBrowse link
oseltamivir term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ar androgen receptor multiple interactions ISO Oseltamivir binds to and results in decreased activity of AR protein; Oseltamivir binds to and results in increased activity of AR protein CTD PMID:25752796 NCBI chr  X:67,656,253...67,828,998
Ensembl chr  X:67,656,253...67,829,026
JBrowse link
G Ces1d carboxylesterase 1D affects hydrolysis ISO CES1 protein affects the hydrolysis of Oseltamivir CTD PMID:18983829 NCBI chr19:15,195,514...15,239,827
Ensembl chr19:15,033,108...15,239,821
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 decreases response to substance ISO IL6 protein results in decreased susceptibility to Oseltamivir CTD PMID:17537833 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Pgr progesterone receptor multiple interactions ISO Oseltamivir binds to and results in increased activity of PGR protein CTD PMID:25752796 NCBI chr 8:7,128,656...7,187,796
Ensembl chr 8:7,128,656...7,187,796
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19792
    role 19738
      biological role 19737
        antimicrobial agent 17329
          antimicrobial drug 6214
            antiviral drug 1827
              EC 3.2.1.18 (exo-alpha-sialidase) inhibitor 18
                (2S)-2,7-dihydroxy-5-methoxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone 0
                (2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone 0
                (2S)-6-formyl-8-methyl-7-O-methylpinocembrin 0
                (2S)-8-formyl-5-hydroxy-7-methoxy-6-methylflavanone 0
                (2S,3S)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone 0
                (5R)-5-hydroxy-7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone 0
                (E)-4,2',4'-trihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone 0
                2',4'-dihydroxy-3'-methyl-6'-methoxychalcone 0
                2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone 12
                5alpha-ergosta-7,22-dien-3beta-ol 0
                7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6,8-dimethylflavone 0
                7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6,8-dimethylisoflavone 0
                FR191512 0
                N-acetylneuraminic acid + 3
                apiin + 0
                fattiviracin A1 0
                fluvirucin A1 + 0
                ganoderone C 0
                oseltamivir + 4
                oseltamivir acid 0
                peramivir 0
                peramivir hydrate + 0
                strongylin A 0
                zanamivir 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19792
    role 19738
      application 19385
        pharmaceutical 19255
          drug 19255
            antiinfective agent 13130
              antimicrobial drug 6214
                antiviral drug 1827
                  EC 3.2.1.18 (exo-alpha-sialidase) inhibitor 18
                    (2S)-2,7-dihydroxy-5-methoxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone 0
                    (2S)-5,7-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone 0
                    (2S)-6-formyl-8-methyl-7-O-methylpinocembrin 0
                    (2S)-8-formyl-5-hydroxy-7-methoxy-6-methylflavanone 0
                    (2S,3S)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone 0
                    (5R)-5-hydroxy-7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone 0
                    (E)-4,2',4'-trihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone 0
                    2',4'-dihydroxy-3'-methyl-6'-methoxychalcone 0
                    2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3',5'-dimethylchalcone 12
                    5alpha-ergosta-7,22-dien-3beta-ol 0
                    7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6,8-dimethylflavone 0
                    7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6,8-dimethylisoflavone 0
                    FR191512 0
                    N-acetylneuraminic acid + 3
                    apiin + 0
                    fattiviracin A1 0
                    fluvirucin A1 + 0
                    ganoderone C 0
                    oseltamivir + 4
                    oseltamivir acid 0
                    peramivir 0
                    peramivir hydrate + 0
                    strongylin A 0
                    zanamivir 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.