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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:dipolar compound
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Accession:CHEBI:51151 term browser browse the term
Definition:An organic molecule that is electrically neutral carrying a positive and a negative charge in one of its major canonical descriptions. In most dipolar compounds the charges are delocalized; however the term is also applied to species where this is not the case.
Synonyms:related_synonym: dipolar compounds



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(R)-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 increases uptake EXP SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575
Ensembl chr 2:134,660,808...134,686,219
JBrowse link
CAR(3:0(Me2)) term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 decreases activity EXP pivaloylcarnitine results in decreased activity of SLC22A5 protein CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575
Ensembl chr 2:134,660,808...134,686,219
JBrowse link
glycine betaine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATF4 activating transcription factor 4 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of ATF4 mRNA]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of ATF4 protein] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 5:8,742,964...8,745,752
Ensembl chr 5:8,742,967...8,745,368
JBrowse link
G ATF6 activating transcription factor 6 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of ATF6 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 4:88,591,279...88,806,156
Ensembl chr 4:88,591,288...88,805,304
JBrowse link
G BAX BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Glyphosate] results in increased expression of BAX mRNA CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 6:54,222,341...54,228,150
Ensembl chr 6:54,222,336...54,228,140
JBrowse link
G CASP3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr15:45,744,320...45,753,252
Ensembl chr15:45,742,751...45,764,213
JBrowse link
G CASP9 caspase 9 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of CASP9 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 6:74,707,597...74,730,033
Ensembl chr 6:74,706,516...74,730,007
JBrowse link
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] promotes the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of CAT protein]; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT protein; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:29129240 PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
G CLDN1 claudin 1 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in decreased expression of CLDN1 mRNA]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in decreased expression of CLDN1 protein] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr13:127,714,857...127,730,628
Ensembl chr13:127,712,777...127,730,657
JBrowse link
G DDIT3 DNA damage inducible transcript 3 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of DDIT3 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 5:22,785,441...22,789,867
Ensembl chr 5:22,785,445...22,789,829
JBrowse link
G DNMT1 DNA methyltransferase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 2:68,981,564...69,040,364
Ensembl chr 2:68,981,566...69,029,844
JBrowse link
G DNMT3A DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of DNMT3A mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT3A mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 3:113,501,972...113,609,148
Ensembl chr 3:113,528,926...113,603,087
JBrowse link
G EIF2AK3 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 3 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of EIF2AK3 mRNA]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of EIF2AK3 protein] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 3:57,423,894...57,506,247
Ensembl chr 3:57,423,943...57,506,245
JBrowse link
G EIF2S1 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of EIF2S1 mRNA]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of EIF2S1 protein] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 7:91,085,025...91,109,835
Ensembl chr 7:91,085,335...91,109,827
JBrowse link
G ERN1 endoplasmic reticulum to nucleus signaling 1 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of ERN1 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr12:14,881,913...14,963,290
Ensembl chr12:14,881,923...14,963,284
JBrowse link
G GPX1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA; [bisphenol A co-treated with [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12]] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:31,916,269...31,917,337
Ensembl chr13:31,916,246...31,917,433
JBrowse link
G GPX2 glutathione peroxidase 2 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Glyphosate] results in increased expression of GPX2 mRNA CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 7:89,007,636...89,011,620
Ensembl chr 7:89,007,375...89,011,620
JBrowse link
G GYS1 glycogen synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in decreased expression of GYS1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 6:54,234,600...54,250,211
Ensembl chr 6:54,233,050...54,250,261
JBrowse link
G HSP90B1 heat shock protein 90 beta family member 1 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of HSP90B1 mRNA]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of HSP90B1 protein] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 5:80,511,513...80,531,016
Ensembl chr 5:80,511,506...80,530,991
JBrowse link
G LDHA lactate dehydrogenase A multiple interactions EXP [bisphenol A co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Betaine] results in decreased methylation of LDHA promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 2:40,814,163...40,827,284
Ensembl chr 2:40,814,169...40,826,715
JBrowse link
G MFN1 mitofusin 1 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of MFN1 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr13:117,404,637...117,441,750
Ensembl chr13:117,404,699...117,442,481
JBrowse link
G MTHFR methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of MTHFR mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 6:71,863,637...71,882,118
Ensembl chr 6:71,863,637...71,881,820
JBrowse link
G NFE2L2 NFE2 like bZIP transcription factor 2 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr15:82,967,485...83,146,185
Ensembl chr15:82,973,656...83,146,183
JBrowse link
G NQO1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 6:17,292,962...17,302,593
Ensembl chr 6:17,292,770...17,302,590
JBrowse link
G PCNA proliferating cell nuclear antigen multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of PCNA mRNA]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of PCNA protein] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr17:14,137,746...14,142,584
Ensembl chr17:14,136,886...14,142,744
JBrowse link
G SDHA succinate dehydrogenase complex flavoprotein subunit A multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of SDHA mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr16:79,838,442...79,862,956
Ensembl chr16:79,834,044...79,862,524
JBrowse link
G SI sucrase-isomaltase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SI mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr13:104,296,281...104,379,558
Ensembl chr13:104,296,283...104,379,478
JBrowse link
G SLC15A1 solute carrier family 15 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased methylation of SLC15A1 promoter]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr11:67,652,808...67,690,457
Ensembl chr11:67,652,193...67,710,933
JBrowse link
G SLC5A1 solute carrier family 5 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr14:48,566,400...48,704,145
Ensembl chr14:48,628,224...48,705,841
JBrowse link
G SOD1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:195,326,573...195,335,273
Ensembl chr13:195,326,649...195,337,729
JBrowse link
G SOD2 superoxide dismutase 2 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of SOD2 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 1:7,679,352...7,689,564
Ensembl chr 1:7,679,352...7,689,560
JBrowse link
G UQCRB ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Glyphosate] results in decreased expression of UQCRB mRNA CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr 4:40,403,272...40,409,080
Ensembl chr 4:40,403,109...40,409,057
JBrowse link
G XBP1 X-box binding protein 1 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Glyphosate results in increased expression of XBP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:36584959 NCBI chr14:46,011,239...46,016,526
Ensembl chr14:46,008,377...46,016,526
JBrowse link
O-acetyl-L-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 increases uptake EXP SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Acetylcarnitine CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575
Ensembl chr 2:134,660,808...134,686,219
JBrowse link
phosphatidylcholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCB4 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 4 increases export
multiple interactions
EXP ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines
Itraconazole inhibits the reaction [ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines]; Verapamil inhibits the reaction [ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines]
CTD PMID:21056966 NCBI chr 9:93,171,371...93,262,124 JBrowse link
G PDIA3 protein disulfide isomerase family A member 3 increases hydrolysis EXP PDIA3 protein results in increased hydrolysis of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:16798117 NCBI chr 1:127,786,174...127,814,096
Ensembl chr 1:127,785,772...127,814,196
JBrowse link
S-adenosyl-L-methioninate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase multiple interactions EXP [S-Adenosylmethionine analog co-treated with COMT protein] results in increased methylation of catechol CTD PMID:20196537 NCBI chr14:51,384,729...51,403,997
Ensembl chr14:51,385,738...51,403,998
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 5052
    chemical entity 5080
      molecular entity 5051
        polyatomic entity 5032
          molecule 4901
            organic molecule 4874
              dipolar compound 35
                Ethenamine, N-methylene- 0
                ylide + 0
                zwitterion + 35
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 5052
    subatomic particle 5043
      composite particle 5043
        hadron 5071
          baryon 5043
            nucleon 5043
              atomic nucleus 5043
                atom 5043
                  main group element atom 5013
                    p-block element atom 5010
                      carbon group element atom 4927
                        carbon atom 4954
                          organic molecular entity 4926
                            organic molecule 4874
                              dipolar compound 35
                                Ethenamine, N-methylene- 0
                                ylide + 0
                                zwitterion + 35
paths to the root