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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:genotoxin
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Accession:CHEBI:50902 term browser browse the term
Definition:A role played by a chemical compound to induce direct or indirect DNA damage. Such damage can potentially lead to the formation of a malignant tumour, but DNA damage does not lead inevitably to the creation of cancerous cells.
Synonyms:related_synonym: genotoxic agent;   genotoxic agents;   genotoxins
 xref: Wikipedia:Genotoxicity


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1,4-dithiothreitol term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HSPA5 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 5 increases expression EXP Dithiothreitol metabolite results in increased expression of HSPA5 protein CTD PMID:17416481 NCBI chr 9:57,850,870...57,855,607
Ensembl chr 9:57,850,922...57,855,257
JBrowse link
carmustine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MGMT O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase decreases response to substance
multiple interactions
EXP MGMT protein mutant form results in decreased susceptibility to Carmustine; MGMT protein results in decreased susceptibility to Carmustine
MGMT protein mutant form results in decreased susceptibility to [Carmustine co-treated with O(6)-benzylguanine]
CTD PMID:14617759, PMID:15053863 NCBI chr28:38,204,611...38,427,482
Ensembl chr28:38,204,610...38,427,380
JBrowse link
cyclophosphamide term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CYP2B6 cytochrome P450 2B11 increases hydroxylation EXP CYP2B6 protein results in increased hydroxylation of Cyclophosphamide CTD PMID:16546968 NCBI chr 1:112,817,561...112,833,294
Ensembl chr 1:112,816,502...112,833,293
JBrowse link
eplerenone term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AR androgen receptor multiple interactions EXP Eplerenone binds to and results in decreased activity of AR protein CTD PMID:23242577 NCBI chr24:34,713,390...34,731,461
NCBI chr  X:51,969,785...52,167,450
Ensembl chr  X:51,969,785...52,151,912
JBrowse link
glutathione term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLDN4 claudin 4 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:6,492,706...6,506,750
Ensembl chr 6:6,493,513...6,494,145
JBrowse link
G MAPK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
Ensembl chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
JBrowse link
G MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:18,109,184...18,115,728
Ensembl chr 6:18,109,222...18,114,425
JBrowse link
G MAPK8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr28:323,361...410,367
Ensembl chr28:368,513...406,401
JBrowse link
G MAPK9 mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 multiple interactions EXP Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Sodium Chloride results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr11:1,443,528...1,480,501
Ensembl chr11:1,443,547...1,478,119
JBrowse link
hydrogen peroxide term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLDN4 claudin 4 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein]; pyrazolanthrone inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein]; U 0126 inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CLDN4 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:6,492,706...6,506,750
Ensembl chr 6:6,493,513...6,494,145
JBrowse link
G MAPK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; U 0126 inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
Ensembl chr26:31,013,607...31,132,998
JBrowse link
G MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein
Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; U 0126 inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr 6:18,109,184...18,115,728
Ensembl chr 6:18,109,222...18,114,425
JBrowse link
G MAPK8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein
Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein]; pyrazolanthrone inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein]
CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr28:323,361...410,367
Ensembl chr28:368,513...406,401
JBrowse link
G MAPK9 mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein]; pyrazolanthrone inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK9 protein] CTD PMID:23816505 NCBI chr11:1,443,528...1,480,501
Ensembl chr11:1,443,547...1,478,119
JBrowse link
G SOD2 superoxide dismutase 2 multiple interactions
decreases activity
EXP Dihydrotestosterone promotes the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased activity of SOD2 protein] CTD PMID:16682413 NCBI chr 1:48,943,472...48,955,158
Ensembl chr 1:48,836,262...48,955,706
JBrowse link
L-1,4-dithiothreitol term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HSPA5 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 5 increases expression EXP Dithiothreitol metabolite results in increased expression of HSPA5 protein CTD PMID:17416481 NCBI chr 9:57,850,870...57,855,607
Ensembl chr 9:57,850,922...57,855,257
JBrowse link
N-nitrosodimethylamine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G GJA1 gap junction protein alpha 1 decreases expression EXP Dimethylnitrosamine results in decreased expression of GJA1 protein CTD PMID:15736408 NCBI chr 1:60,941,772...60,944,694
Ensembl chr 1:60,929,097...60,942,936
JBrowse link
propranolol term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ADRB2 adrenoceptor beta 2 multiple interactions EXP [Propranolol binds to and results in decreased activity of ADRB2 protein] which results in decreased secretion of Norepinephrine CTD PMID:2884805 NCBI chr 4:60,048,502...60,050,447
Ensembl chr 4:59,941,517...60,050,298
JBrowse link
G NPPA natriuretic peptide A increases expression EXP Propranolol results in increased expression of NPPA protein CTD PMID:2566282 NCBI chr 2:84,406,317...84,408,115
Ensembl chr 2:84,396,073...84,408,385
JBrowse link
G REN renin multiple interactions
decreases activity
EXP Propranolol inhibits the reaction [Isoproterenol results in increased activity of REN protein]
Propranolol results in decreased activity of REN protein
CTD PMID:2566282, PMID:6103674 NCBI chr38:744,540...766,998
Ensembl chr38:744,614...755,012
JBrowse link
G VIP vasoactive intestinal peptide decreases expression EXP Propranolol results in decreased expression of VIP protein CTD PMID:2566282 NCBI chr 1:42,941,655...42,950,160
Ensembl chr 1:42,941,224...42,950,700
JBrowse link
quinacrine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HEXB hexosaminidase subunit beta multiple interactions EXP Quinacrine promotes the reaction [mastoparan results in increased secretion of HEXB protein] CTD PMID:21671308 NCBI chr 2:57,221,809...57,248,432
Ensembl chr 2:57,222,186...57,248,417
JBrowse link
styrene oxide term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CYP3A12 cytochrome P-450 3A12 multiple interactions EXP CYP3A12 protein promotes the reaction [EPHX1 protein affects the hydrolysis of styrene oxide] CTD PMID:12051674
G EPHX1 epoxide hydrolase 1 multiple interactions EXP CYP3A12 protein promotes the reaction [EPHX1 protein affects the hydrolysis of styrene oxide] CTD PMID:12051674 NCBI chr 7:38,964,319...39,004,902
Ensembl chr 7:38,964,338...38,999,238
JBrowse link
succimer term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G GSR glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions EXP [monoisoamyl-2,3-dimercaptosuccinate co-treated with Succimer] inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in decreased activity of GSR protein] CTD PMID:18163546 NCBI chr16:33,633,949...33,680,411
Ensembl chr16:33,633,968...33,679,752
JBrowse link
troleandomycin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G NR1I2 nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2 increases activity EXP Troleandomycin results in increased activity of NR1I2 protein CTD PMID:27732639 NCBI chr33:23,444,367...23,456,405
Ensembl chr33:23,432,690...23,455,347
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 227
    role 227
      biological role 227
        aetiopathogenetic role 145
          genotoxin 20
            1,5-dinitronaphthalene 0
            1-naphthol + 4
            2,6-dinitrotoluene 0
            2-naphthol + 0
            4-methoxyestrone + 0
            7-epi-cylindrospermopsin 0
            MeIQx + 0
            N-(2,6-diethylphenyl)-2-chloroacetamide 0
            N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea 0
            N-hydroxy-MeIQx 0
            N-hydroxy-PhIP 0
            acridine + 1
            arsenic trichloride 0
            benzamidoxime 0
            benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dione 0
            beryllium dichloride 0
            cadmium nitrate + 0
            cadmium nitrate tetrahydrate 0
            camptothecin 0
            catechol + 0
            cisplatin 0
            cobalt(2+) sulfate heptahydrate 0
            colibactin 0
            cylindrospermopsin 0
            ebselen 0
            ethoxyquin 0
            ethyl methanesulfonate 0
            hydrogen peroxide + 6
            hydrogen sulfide + 7
            hydroxyurea 0
            imidacloprid + 0
            methyl methanesulfonate 0
            mutagen + 7
            o-anisidine 0
            p-anisidine + 0
            parathion-methyl 0
            riddelliine + 0
            riddelliine N-oxide 0
            tolylfluanid 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.