Send us a Message

Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   


The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

go back to main search page
Accession:CHEBI:474014 term browser browse the term
Definition:The hemi-aminal resulting from the condensation of the erythromycin derivative (9S)-erythromycyclamine with 2-(2-methoxyethoxy)acetaldehyde. As the oxazine ring containing the hemi-aminal group is unstable under both acidic and alkaline conditions, dirithromycin functions as a more lipid-soluble prodrug for (9S)-erythromycyclamine. Administered as enteric coated tablets to protect it from acid catalysed hydrolysis in the stomach, it is used to treat respiratory tract, skin, and soft tissue infections caused by susceptible organisms.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (1R,2R,3R,6R,7S,8S,9R,10R,12R,13S,15R,17S)-3-ethyl-2,10-dihydroxy-15-[(2-methoxyethoxy)methyl]-2,6,8,10,12,17-hexamethyl-5-oxo-9-{[3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-beta-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl]oxy}-4,16-dioxa-14-azabicyclo[11.3.1]heptadec-7-yl 2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-O-methyl-alpha-L-ribo-hexopyranoside
 related_synonym: (9S)-9-deoxo-11-deoxy-9,11-(imino((1R)-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethylidene)oxy)erythromycin;   Formula=C42H78N2O14;   InChI=1S/C42H78N2O14/c1-15-29-42(10,49)37-24(4)32(43-30(56-37)21-52-17-16-50-13)22(2)19-40(8,48)36(58-39-33(45)28(44(11)12)18-23(3)53-39)25(5)34(26(6)38(47)55-29)57-31-20-41(9,51-14)35(46)27(7)54-31/h22-37,39,43,45-46,48-49H,15-21H2,1-14H3/t22-,23-,24+,25+,26-,27+,28+,29-,30-,31+,32+,33-,34+,35+,36-,37-,39+,40-,41-,42-/m1/s1;   InChIKey=WLOHNSSYAXHWNR-DWIOZXRMSA-N;   SMILES=CC[C@H]1OC(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@H]2C[C@@](C)(OC)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O2)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2O[C@H](C)C[C@@H]([C@H]2O)N(C)C)[C@](C)(O)C[C@@H](C)[C@@H]2N[C@@H](COCCOC)O[C@H]([C@H]2C)[C@]1(C)O;   dirithromycine;   dirithromycinum;   diritromicina
 xref: Beilstein:4225019;   CAS:62013-04-1;   DrugBank:DB00954;   Drug_Central:925;   KEGG:D03865;   LINCS:LSM-5636;   Patent:BE840431;   Patent:US4048306;   Wikipedia:Dirithromycin

show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19863
    role 19835
      biological role 19833
        antimicrobial agent 18223
          macrolide antibiotic 733
            dirithromycin 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19863
    subatomic particle 19861
      composite particle 19861
        hadron 19861
          baryon 19861
            nucleon 19861
              atomic nucleus 19861
                atom 19861
                  main group element atom 19807
                    p-block element atom 19807
                      carbon group element atom 19748
                        carbon atom 19744
                          organic molecular entity 19744
                            heteroorganic entity 19498
                              organochalcogen compound 19259
                                organooxygen compound 19175
                                  ester 17470
                                    carboxylic ester 16748
                                      lactone 13240
                                        macrocyclic lactone 7588
                                          macrolide 7536
                                            macrolide antibiotic 733
                                              dirithromycin 0
paths to the root