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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:dexmedetomidine
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Accession:CHEBI:4466 term browser browse the term
Definition:A medetomidine that has formula C13H16N2.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: 4-[(1S)-1-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole
 related_synonym: (+)-4-((S)-alpha,2,3-trimethylbenzyl)imidazole;   Formula=C13H16N2;   InChI=1S/C13H16N2/c1-9-5-4-6-12(10(9)2)11(3)13-7-14-8-15-13/h4-8,11H,1-3H3,(H,14,15)/t11-/m0/s1;   InChIKey=CUHVIMMYOGQXCV-NSHDSACASA-N;   MPV 1440;   SMILES=C[C@H](c1c[nH]cn1)c1cccc(C)c1C;   dexmedetomidina;   dexmedetomidinum
 xref: Beilstein:5906875;   CAS:113775-47-6;   DrugBank:DB00633;   Drug_Central:835;   KEGG:C07450;   KEGG:D00514
 xref_mesh: MESH:D020927
 xref: Patent:GB2206880;   Patent:US4910214;   Wikipedia:Dexmedetomidine
 cyclic_relationship: is_enantiomer_of CHEBI:48555


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dexmedetomidine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Adra2a adrenoceptor alpha 2A multiple interactions ISO Dexmedetomidine binds to and results in increased activity of ADRA2A protein; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Norepinephrine binds to and results in increased activity of ADRA2A protein] CTD PMID:10742289, PMID:15627480 NCBI chr 1:274,766,283...274,769,083
Ensembl chr 1:274,766,283...274,769,081
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased expression of BAX protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased expression of BAX protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Isoflurane results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein] CTD PMID:20003127 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Bcl2l1 Bcl2-like 1 multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of BCL2L1 protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of BCL2L1 protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr 3:148,259,594...148,314,191
Ensembl chr 3:148,259,596...148,313,810
JBrowse link
G Casp1 caspase 1 multiple interactions ISO Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased cleavage of CASP1 protein] CTD PMID:30102002 NCBI chr 8:2,605,743...2,614,637
Ensembl chr 8:2,604,962...2,614,631
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 increases activity
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Dexmedetomidine results in increased activity of CASP3 protein
atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Isoflurane results in increased expression of CASP3 protein]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]
CTD PMID:18724006, PMID:19352168, PMID:20003127, PMID:30597158 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp7 caspase 7 increases activity ISO Dexmedetomidine results in increased activity of CASP7 protein CTD PMID:18724006 NCBI chr 1:277,190,557...277,242,779
Ensembl chr 1:277,190,964...277,242,774
JBrowse link
G Casp8 caspase 8 increases activity ISO Dexmedetomidine results in increased activity of CASP8 protein CTD PMID:18724006 NCBI chr 9:65,614,142...65,662,624
Ensembl chr 9:65,614,142...65,662,106
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 increases activity ISO Dexmedetomidine results in increased activity of CASP9 protein CTD PMID:18724006 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 multiple interactions ISO Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of CCL2 mRNA] CTD PMID:31954762 NCBI chr10:69,412,065...69,413,863
Ensembl chr10:69,412,017...69,413,870
JBrowse link
G Cdk5r1 cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit 1 multiple interactions EXP Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Propofol results in increased expression of CDK5R1 protein] CTD PMID:31187143 NCBI chr10:67,862,054...67,863,255
Ensembl chr10:67,862,054...67,863,255
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions ISO Dexmedetomidine promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA] CTD PMID:15627480 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a2 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 2 multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of CYP1A2 protein]]; atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of CYP1A2 mRNA]]; Dexmedetomidine promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of CYP1A2 protein]; Dexmedetomidine promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of CYP1A2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16510159 NCBI chr 8:62,451,360...62,458,244
Ensembl chr 8:62,451,329...62,458,301
JBrowse link
G Dpysl2 dihydropyrimidinase-like 2 multiple interactions EXP Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Propofol results in increased phosphorylation of DPYSL2 protein] CTD PMID:31187143 NCBI chr15:43,475,640...43,581,725
Ensembl chr15:43,477,629...43,542,939
JBrowse link
G Dusp1 dual specificity phosphatase 1 multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of DUSP1 protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of DUSP1 protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr10:16,970,642...16,973,425
Ensembl chr10:16,970,626...16,973,418
JBrowse link
G Gpt glutamic--pyruvic transaminase multiple interactions EXP Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased expression of GPT protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr 7:117,759,083...117,761,932
Ensembl chr 7:117,759,083...117,761,931
JBrowse link
G Gsk3b glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased phosphorylation of GSK3B protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased phosphorylation of GSK3B protein]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Propofol results in decreased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of GSK3B protein]
Dexmedetomidine results in increased phosphorylation of GSK3B protein
CTD PMID:30597158, PMID:31187143 NCBI chr11:65,060,884...65,208,842
Ensembl chr11:65,066,235...65,209,268
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of HMOX1 protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of HMOX1 protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions ISO Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]; MIR381 mRNA affects the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]] CTD PMID:30102002, PMID:31954762 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP
ISO
Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of and results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; Dexmedetomidine promotes the reaction [prolinedithiocarbamate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of IL6 protein]]; prolinedithiocarbamate promotes the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of IL6 protein]]
Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA]
CTD PMID:29723264, PMID:31954762 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Mir381 microRNA 381 multiple interactions ISO [Dexmedetomidine co-treated with Lipopolysaccharides] results in increased expression of MIR381 mRNA; MIR381 mRNA affects the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]]; MIR381 mRNA affects the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of TNF protein]] CTD PMID:30102002 NCBI chr 6:133,876,615...133,876,675
Ensembl chr 6:133,876,586...133,876,693
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nlrp3 NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3 multiple interactions ISO Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of NLRP3 protein] CTD PMID:30102002 NCBI chr10:45,884,324...45,918,290
Ensembl chr10:45,893,018...45,918,254
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of NQO1 protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in decreased expression of NQO1 protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr19:38,422,210...38,437,103
Ensembl chr19:38,422,164...38,437,180
JBrowse link
G Prkcb protein kinase C, beta multiple interactions EXP Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lidocaine results in increased expression of PRKCB protein] CTD PMID:30240660 NCBI chr 1:192,233,569...192,575,339
Ensembl chr 1:192,233,910...192,574,831
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions EXP Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of and results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein] CTD PMID:29723264 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions EXP
ISO
Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of and results in increased secretion of TNF protein]; Dexmedetomidine promotes the reaction [prolinedithiocarbamate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF protein]]; prolinedithiocarbamate promotes the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF protein]]
Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of TNF protein]; MIR381 mRNA affects the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of TNF protein]]
CTD PMID:29723264, PMID:30102002, PMID:31954762 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions EXP atipamezole inhibits the reaction [Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased expression of TP53 protein]]; Dexmedetomidine inhibits the reaction [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 results in increased expression of TP53 protein] CTD PMID:30597158 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link

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  CHEBI ontology 19816
    role 19764
      biological role 19764
        pharmacological role 18825
          analgesic 13078
            dexmedetomidine 28
              dexmedetomidine hydrochloride 0
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  CHEBI ontology 19816
    subatomic particle 19814
      composite particle 19814
        hadron 19814
          baryon 19814
            nucleon 19814
              atomic nucleus 19814
                atom 19814
                  main group element atom 19702
                    p-block element atom 19702
                      carbon group element atom 19608
                        carbon atom 19597
                          organic molecular entity 19597
                            organic molecule 19522
                              organic cyclic compound 19320
                                organic heterocyclic compound 18432
                                  heteroarene 16467
                                    monocyclic heteroarene 13313
                                      azole 12480
                                        diazole 8135
                                          imidazoles 7663
                                            medetomidine 29
                                              dexmedetomidine 28
                                                dexmedetomidine hydrochloride 0
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.