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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:crystal violet
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Accession:CHEBI:41688 term browser browse the term
Definition:An organic chloride salt that is the monochloride salt of crystal violet cation. It has been used in creams for the topical treatment of bacterial and fungal infections, being effective against some Gram-positive bacteria (notably Staphylococcus species) and some pathogenic fungi (including Candida species) but use declined following reports of animal carcinogenicity. It has also been used for dying wood, silk, and paper, as well as a histological stain.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: 4-{bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylene}-N,N-dimethylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-iminium chloride
 related_synonym: (4-{bis[-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylene}-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene)dimethylammonium chloride;   Adergon;   Atmonil;   Avermin;   Axuris;   Badil;   Basic Violet 3;   Basic Violet BN;   Bismuth Violet;   Blaues pyoktanin;   Brilliant Violet 5B;   C.I. 42555;   C.I. Basic violet 3;   CI 42555;   CI Basic Violet 3;   Calcozine Violet 6BN;   Calcozine Violet C;   Formula=C25H30ClN3;   Gentian violet;   Gentianaviolett;   Gentiaverm;   InChI=1S/C25H30N3.ClH/c1-26(2)22-13-7-19(8-14-22)25(20-9-15-23(16-10-20)27(3)4)21-11-17-24(18-12-21)28(5)6;/h7-18H,1-6H3;1H/q+1;/p-1;   InChIKey=ZXJXZNDDNMQXFV-UHFFFAOYSA-M;   Meroxyl;   Meroxylan;   N-(-4-{bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylene}2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene)-N-methyltrimethanaminium chloride;   N-(4-{bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylidene}cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)-N-methylmethanaminium;   Pyoktanin;   SMILES=[Cl-].CN(C)c1ccc(cc1)C(=C1C=CC(C=C1)=[N+](C)C)c1ccc(cc1)N(C)C;   Vianin;   Viocid;   aniline violet;   chlorure de methylrosanilinium;   cloruro de metilrosanilina;   hexamethyl-p-rosaniline chloride;   hexamethylpararosaniline chloride;   methylrosaniline chloride;   methylrosanilinii chloridum;   methylrosanilinium chloride
 alt_id: CHEBI:3933
 xref: CAS:548-62-9;   DrugBank:DB00406;   HMDB:HMDB0014550;   KEGG:D01046
 xref_mesh: MESH:D005840
 xref: PDBeChem:CVI;   PMID:18464526;   PMID:21095530;   PMID:21324408;   PMID:21444708;   PMID:2272286;   PMID:22889741;   PMID:23007862;   PMID:23465793;   PMID:23598113;   PMID:23664476;   PMID:23724934;   PMID:24118276;   PMID:3150994;   PMID:3151757;   PMID:434094;   PMID:6304876;   PMID:745616;   Reaxys:3580948;   Wikipedia:Crystal_violet



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crystal violet term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]; pifithrin inhibits the reaction [Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]] CTD PMID:24535435 NCBI chr 1:95,940,001...95,945,407
Ensembl chr 1:95,938,808...95,945,368
JBrowse link
G Bbc3 Bcl-2 binding component 3 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein binds to BBC3 promoter]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BBC3 mRNA]; pifithrin inhibits the reaction [Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BBC3 mRNA]] CTD PMID:24535435 NCBI chr 1:77,013,281...77,022,509
Ensembl chr 1:77,014,543...77,022,509
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator decreases expression ISO Gentian Violet results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein CTD PMID:27373978 NCBI chr13:22,689,783...22,853,920 JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet results in increased cleavage of and results in increased activity of CASP3 protein CTD PMID:26177467 PMID:27373978 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Casp7 caspase 7 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet results in increased cleavage of and results in increased activity of CASP7 protein CTD PMID:26177467 NCBI chr 1:255,437,195...255,476,737
Ensembl chr 1:255,437,172...255,476,729
JBrowse link
G Ccnd1 cyclin D1 decreases expression ISO Gentian Violet results in decreased expression of CCND1 protein CTD PMID:26177467 NCBI chr 1:200,089,002...200,098,524
Ensembl chr 1:200,089,002...200,098,602
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein binds to CDKN1A promoter]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of CDKN1A mRNA] CTD PMID:24535435 NCBI chr20:7,149,177...7,159,727
Ensembl chr20:7,149,217...7,159,585
JBrowse link
G Gstp1 glutathione S-transferase pi 1 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet inhibits the reaction [GSTP1 protein results in increased metabolism of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene-glutathione conjugate] CTD PMID:23769903 NCBI chr 1:201,337,762...201,340,230
Ensembl chr 1:201,321,672...201,340,226
JBrowse link
G Ikbke inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit epsilon decreases expression ISO Gentian Violet results in decreased expression of IKBKE protein CTD PMID:26177467 NCBI chr13:42,712,154...42,738,470
Ensembl chr13:42,712,159...42,737,143
JBrowse link
G Kcnh2 potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 decreases activity ISO Gentian Violet results in decreased activity of KCNH2 protein CTD PMID:28551711 NCBI chr 4:10,826,834...10,859,009
Ensembl chr 4:10,826,928...10,859,008
JBrowse link
G Nox1 NADPH oxidase 1 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet inhibits the reaction [NOX1 protein results in decreased activity of TP53 protein] CTD PMID:24535435 NCBI chr  X:97,279,058...97,332,291
Ensembl chr  X:97,279,056...97,302,236
JBrowse link
G Parp1 poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 increases cleavage ISO Gentian Violet results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein CTD PMID:24535435 NCBI chr13:92,307,593...92,339,406
Ensembl chr13:92,307,586...92,339,404
JBrowse link
G Prdx3 peroxiredoxin 3 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [Thiostrepton affects the expression of PRDX3 protein modified form] CTD PMID:22761781 NCBI chr 1:260,001,642...260,014,064
Ensembl chr 1:260,001,637...260,014,111
JBrowse link
G Slc22a2 solute carrier family 22 member 2 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet inhibits the reaction [SLC22A2 protein results in increased uptake of 4-(4-dimethylaminostyryl)-1-methylpyridinium] CTD PMID:21599003 NCBI chr 1:48,121,061...48,163,268
Ensembl chr 1:48,121,061...48,163,268
JBrowse link
G Sox2 SRY-box transcription factor 2 multiple interactions ISO [Gentian Violet results in decreased phosphorylation of and affects the localization of STAT3 protein] inhibits the reaction [STAT3 protein binds to SOX2 promoter] CTD PMID:27373978 NCBI chr 2:117,536,929...117,539,338
Ensembl chr 2:117,536,929...117,539,338
JBrowse link
G Stat3 signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 multiple interactions ISO [Gentian Violet results in decreased phosphorylation of and affects the localization of STAT3 protein] inhibits the reaction [STAT3 protein binds to SOX2 promoter]; Gentian Violet results in decreased phosphorylation of and affects the localization of STAT3 protein CTD PMID:27373978 NCBI chr10:85,811,206...85,863,057
Ensembl chr10:85,811,218...85,863,057
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions ISO Gentian Violet inhibits the reaction [NOX1 protein results in decreased activity of TP53 protein]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein binds to BBC3 promoter]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein binds to CDKN1A promoter]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein binds to TP53AIP1 promoter]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BBC3 mRNA]; Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of CDKN1A mRNA]; Gentian Violet results in increased stability of and results in increased activity of TP53 protein; pifithrin inhibits the reaction [Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]]; pifithrin inhibits the reaction [Gentian Violet promotes the reaction [TP53 protein results in increased expression of BBC3 mRNA]] CTD PMID:24535435 NCBI chr10:54,300,070...54,311,525
Ensembl chr10:54,300,048...54,311,524
JBrowse link
G Txn2 thioredoxin 2 decreases expression ISO Gentian Violet results in decreased expression of TXN2 protein CTD PMID:22761781 NCBI chr 7:109,496,772...109,510,378
Ensembl chr 7:109,496,761...109,510,359
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19800
    role 19751
      biological role 19751
        antimicrobial agent 17472
          antibacterial agent 13975
            crystal violet 18
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19800
    subatomic particle 19799
      composite particle 19799
        hadron 19799
          baryon 19799
            nucleon 19799
              atomic nucleus 19799
                atom 19799
                  main group element atom 19698
                    p-block element atom 19698
                      halogen 18184
                        chlorine atom 18027
                          chlorine molecular entity 18027
                            elemental chlorine 8463
                              monoatomic chlorine 8447
                                chloride 8447
                                  chloride salt 8447
                                    organic chloride salt 918
                                      crystal violet 18
paths to the root