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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:astaxanthin
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Accession:CHEBI:40968 term browser browse the term
Definition:A carotenone that consists of beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione bearing two hydroxy substituents at positions 3 and 3' (the 3S,3'S diastereomer). A carotenoid pigment found mainly in animals (crustaceans, echinoderms) but also occurring in plants. It can occur free (as a red pigment), as an ester, or as a blue, brown or green chromoprotein.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (3S,3'S)-3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione
 related_synonym: (3S,3'S)-astaxanthin;   3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione;   3,3'-dihydroxy-beta-carotene-4,4'-dione;   E 161j;   Formula=C40H52O4;   InChI=1S/C40H52O4/c1-27(17-13-19-29(3)21-23-33-31(5)37(43)35(41)25-39(33,7)8)15-11-12-16-28(2)18-14-20-30(4)22-24-34-32(6)38(44)36(42)26-40(34,9)10/h11-24,35-36,41-42H,25-26H2,1-10H3/b12-11+,17-13+,18-14+,23-21+,24-22+,27-15+,28-16+,29-19+,30-20+/t35-,36-/m0/s1;   InChIKey=MQZIGYBFDRPAKN-UWFIBFSHSA-N;   SMILES=CC(\\C=C\\C=C(C)\\C=C\\C1=C(C)C(=O)[C@@H](O)CC1(C)C)=C/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C1=C(C)C(=O)[C@@H](O)CC1(C)C;   all-trans-(3S,3'S)-astaxanthin;   astaxanthine;   ovoester
 alt_id: CHEBI:2895;   CHEBI:40963
 xref: Beilstein:1917937;   CAS:472-61-7;   COMe:MOL000055;   HMDB:HMDB0002204;   KEGG:C08580;   KNApSAcK:C00000918;   LIPID_MAPS_instance:LMPR01070263
 xref_mesh: MESH:C005948
 xref: PDBeChem:AXT;   PMID:21833799;   PMID:21883294;   PMID:22119431;   PMID:22188802;   PMID:22189778;   PMID:22221991;   PMID:22267192;   PMID:22279065;   PMID:22309505;   PMID:22349894;   PMID:22406426;   PMID:22428137;   PMID:22432539;   PMID:22455145;   Reaxys:1917937;   Wikipedia:Astaxanthin


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astaxanthin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Aifm1 apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondria associated 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of AIFM1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr  X:135,304,063...135,343,062
Ensembl chr  X:135,304,066...135,343,087
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of APP mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G C1qa complement C1q A chain decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of C1QA mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 5:155,261,254...155,264,101
Ensembl chr 5:155,261,250...155,264,143
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Cntd1 cyclin N-terminal domain containing 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CNTD1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:89,199,988...89,210,369
Ensembl chr10:89,199,880...89,209,393
JBrowse link
G Cox15 cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog COX15 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX15 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:263,494,850...263,511,510
Ensembl chr 1:263,494,852...263,511,505
JBrowse link
G Cox5a cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5A multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5A mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 8:62,298,358...62,309,765
Ensembl chr 8:62,298,358...62,309,765
JBrowse link
G Cox5b cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5B multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5B mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:43,259,706...43,262,039
Ensembl chr 9:43,259,709...43,262,040
JBrowse link
G Cox6b1 cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6B1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6B1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:89,075,987...89,084,834
Ensembl chr 1:89,075,975...89,084,859
Ensembl chr 2:89,075,975...89,084,859
JBrowse link
G Cox6c cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6C mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 7:74,723,177...74,735,650
Ensembl chr 7:74,723,179...74,735,650
JBrowse link
G Ctss cathepsin S decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of CTSS mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 2:197,655,780...197,679,768
Ensembl chr 2:197,655,786...197,679,458
JBrowse link
G Cybb cytochrome b-245 beta chain multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NOX2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NOX2 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NOX2 mRNA]]
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of NOX2 mRNA
CTD PMID:23272707 NCBI chr  X:14,578,330...14,610,049
Ensembl chr  X:14,578,264...14,612,547
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP astaxanthine results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA
CTD PMID:21414371 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
G Foxo3 forkhead box O3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of FOXO3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr20:46,428,078...46,519,156
Ensembl chr20:46,428,124...46,519,144
JBrowse link
G G6pd glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase increases activity
multiple interactions
EXP astaxanthine results in increased activity of G6PD protein
[Cadmium co-treated with astaxanthine] results in decreased activity of G6PD protein
CTD PMID:28665548, PMID:29975440 NCBI chr  X:156,274,800...156,293,935
Ensembl chr  X:156,274,800...156,293,926
JBrowse link
G Gfap glial fibrillary acidic protein decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of GFAP mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr10:90,990,762...90,999,435
Ensembl chr10:90,990,762...90,999,506
JBrowse link
G Gja1 gap junction protein, alpha 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO astaxanthine results in increased expression of GJA1 protein
2-chloro-5-nitrobenzanilide inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]
CTD PMID:16091010 NCBI chr20:37,876,650...37,889,097
Ensembl chr20:37,876,650...37,889,089
JBrowse link
G Gna13 G protein subunit alpha 13 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GNA13 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:97,647,196...97,680,030
Ensembl chr10:97,647,111...97,684,730
JBrowse link
G Gpx3 glutathione peroxidase 3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GPX3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:40,247,436...40,255,423
Ensembl chr10:40,247,436...40,255,422
JBrowse link
G Grin1 glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 1 multiple interactions EXP [mithramycin A co-treated with astaxanthine] inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]] CTD PMID:23538867 NCBI chr 3:2,507,745...2,534,664
Ensembl chr 3:2,506,896...2,534,663
JBrowse link
G Grn granulin precursor multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GRN mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:90,377,103...90,383,207
Ensembl chr10:90,376,933...90,383,205
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium results in decreased activity of GSR protein] CTD PMID:29975440 NCBI chr16:62,197,617...62,239,987
Ensembl chr16:62,197,617...62,241,361
JBrowse link
G Gstm2 glutathione S-transferase mu 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO [astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA
astaxanthine results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA
CTD PMID:24157545 NCBI chr 2:210,778,041...210,782,807
Ensembl chr 2:210,720,704...210,782,856
JBrowse link
G Hmgb1 high mobility group box 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HMGB1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr12:7,082,529...7,090,246
Ensembl chr16:37,500,017...37,502,237
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 increases expression
decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
astaxanthine results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]]
astaxanthine results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
CTD PMID:20038455, PMID:23272707, PMID:24157545 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Hoxa9 homeobox A9 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HOXA9 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424
G Idh1 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of IDH1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:71,882,108...71,911,645
Ensembl chr 9:71,882,105...71,900,044
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL1B mRNA; astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL1B protein CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL6 mRNA CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Lepr leptin receptor multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of AIFM1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of APP mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CAT mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CNTD1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX15 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5A mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5B mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6B1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6C mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of FOXO3 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GNA13 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GPX3 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GRN mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HMGB1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HOXA9 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of IDH1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of ND6 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA5 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFC2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFV2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NME2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PPP1CB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PRDX1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of RPS2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SPP1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TKT mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UBB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 5:120,503,475...120,682,281
Ensembl chr 5:120,564,645...120,682,221
JBrowse link
G Mt-nd6 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of ND6 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
Ensembl chr MT:13,543...14,061
JBrowse link
G Ndufa1 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit A1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr  X:123,803,109...123,806,760
Ensembl chr  X:124,513,269...124,516,705
Ensembl chr  X:124,513,269...124,516,705
JBrowse link
G Ndufa5 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit A5 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA5 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 4:51,590,413...51,598,771
Ensembl chr 4:51,590,413...51,598,771
JBrowse link
G Ndufc2 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit C2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:162,369,801...162,376,024
Ensembl chr 1:162,369,801...162,376,023
JBrowse link
G Ndufv2 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit V2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFV2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:113,875,718...113,900,169
Ensembl chr 9:113,875,703...113,900,190
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]]
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA
CTD PMID:20038455, PMID:23272707, PMID:24157545 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nme2 NME/NM23 nucleoside diphosphate kinase 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NME2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:81,648,216...81,653,717
Ensembl chr10:81,648,216...81,653,717
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP
ISO
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of NQO1 protein
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NQO1 protein
CTD PMID:20038455, PMID:24157545 NCBI chr19:38,422,210...38,437,103
Ensembl chr19:38,422,164...38,437,180
JBrowse link
G Pah phenylalanine hydroxylase decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of PAH mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 7:28,066,639...28,129,772
Ensembl chr 7:28,066,635...28,129,769
JBrowse link
G Pgd phosphogluconate dehydrogenase increases activity EXP astaxanthine results in increased activity of PGD protein CTD PMID:28665548, PMID:29975440 NCBI chr 5:165,966,128...165,982,327 JBrowse link
G Por cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase decreases activity
increases expression
EXP astaxanthine results in decreased activity of POR protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of POR protein
CTD PMID:21414371 NCBI chr12:23,998,411...24,017,063
Ensembl chr12:23,998,411...24,046,814
JBrowse link
G Ppp1cb protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit beta multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PPP1CB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 6:23,548,507...23,581,136
Ensembl chr 6:23,549,317...23,581,052
JBrowse link
G Prdx1 peroxiredoxin 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PRDX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 5:135,536,413...135,551,986
Ensembl chr 5:135,536,413...135,551,990
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of PTGS2 mRNA CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr13:67,351,230...67,356,920
Ensembl chr13:67,351,087...67,359,335
JBrowse link
G Rps2 ribosomal protein S2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of RPS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:14,088,171...14,090,020
Ensembl chr10:14,088,319...14,089,979
JBrowse link
G Skap2 src kinase associated phosphoprotein 2 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of SKAP2 mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 4:81,816,778...81,968,832
Ensembl chr 4:81,818,569...81,968,832
JBrowse link
G Sod1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr11:30,363,282...30,368,858
Ensembl chr11:30,363,280...30,368,862
JBrowse link
G Sp1 Sp1 transcription factor multiple interactions EXP [mithramycin A co-treated with astaxanthine] inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of and affects the localization of SP1 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]] CTD PMID:23538867 NCBI chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,635
Ensembl chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,629
JBrowse link
G Spp1 secreted phosphoprotein 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SPP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr14:6,673,686...6,679,965
Ensembl chr14:6,673,686...6,679,901
JBrowse link
G Tgm2 transglutaminase 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 3:154,597,165...154,627,257
Ensembl chr 3:154,597,168...154,627,257
JBrowse link
G Tkt transketolase multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TKT mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr16:6,609,670...6,634,608
Ensembl chr16:6,609,668...6,634,595
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of TNF protein CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in increased expression of TP53 protein] CTD PMID:20038455 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Ubb ubiquitin B multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UBB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:48,880,231...48,881,896
Ensembl chr10:48,881,049...48,881,881
JBrowse link
G Uqcrb ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 7:71,264,501...71,269,869
Ensembl chr 7:71,264,514...71,269,869
Ensembl chr 1:71,264,514...71,269,869
JBrowse link
G Uqcrc2 ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase core protein 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:190,555,177...190,585,741
Ensembl chr 1:190,555,177...190,585,734
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    role 19732
      chemical role 19248
        antioxidant 14209
          astaxanthin 56
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    subatomic particle 19782
      composite particle 19782
        hadron 19782
          baryon 19782
            nucleon 19782
              atomic nucleus 19782
                atom 19782
                  main group element atom 19670
                    main group molecular entity 19670
                      s-block molecular entity 19428
                        hydrogen molecular entity 19418
                          hydrides 18685
                            organic hydride 18248
                              organic fundamental parent 18248
                                hydrocarbon 17968
                                  terpene 9593
                                    tetraterpene 415
                                      carotene 415
                                        carotenoid 415
                                          carotenoid beta-end group 246
                                            beta-carotene 211
                                              astaxanthin 56
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.