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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:astaxanthin
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Accession:CHEBI:40968 term browser browse the term
Definition:A carotenone that consists of beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione bearing two hydroxy substituents at positions 3 and 3' (the 3S,3'S diastereomer). A carotenoid pigment found mainly in animals (crustaceans, echinoderms) but also occurring in plants. It can occur free (as a red pigment), as an ester, or as a blue, brown or green chromoprotein.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (3S,3'S)-3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione
 related_synonym: (3S,3'S)-astaxanthin;   3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione;   3,3'-dihydroxy-beta-carotene-4,4'-dione;   E 161j;   Formula=C40H52O4;   InChI=1S/C40H52O4/c1-27(17-13-19-29(3)21-23-33-31(5)37(43)35(41)25-39(33,7)8)15-11-12-16-28(2)18-14-20-30(4)22-24-34-32(6)38(44)36(42)26-40(34,9)10/h11-24,35-36,41-42H,25-26H2,1-10H3/b12-11+,17-13+,18-14+,23-21+,24-22+,27-15+,28-16+,29-19+,30-20+/t35-,36-/m0/s1;   InChIKey=MQZIGYBFDRPAKN-UWFIBFSHSA-N;   SMILES=CC(\\C=C\\C=C(C)\\C=C\\C1=C(C)C(=O)[C@@H](O)CC1(C)C)=C/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C1=C(C)C(=O)[C@@H](O)CC1(C)C;   all-trans-(3S,3'S)-astaxanthin;   astaxanthine;   ovoester
 alt_id: CHEBI:2895;   CHEBI:40963
 xref: Beilstein:1917937;   CAS:472-61-7;   COMe:MOL000055;   HMDB:HMDB0002204;   KEGG:C08580;   KNApSAcK:C00000918;   LIPID_MAPS_instance:LMPR01070263
 xref_mesh: MESH:C005948
 xref: PDBeChem:AXT;   PMID:21833799;   PMID:21883294;   PMID:22119431;   PMID:22188802;   PMID:22189778;   PMID:22221991;   PMID:22267192;   PMID:22279065;   PMID:22309505;   PMID:22349894;   PMID:22406426;   PMID:22428137;   PMID:22432539;   PMID:22455145;   Reaxys:1917937;   Wikipedia:Astaxanthin



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astaxanthin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Aifm1 apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondria associated 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of AIFM1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr  X:127,650,223...127,689,356
Ensembl chr  X:127,650,226...127,689,256
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in decreased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:33008094 NCBI chr 6:131,713,716...131,735,319
Ensembl chr 6:131,713,720...131,733,921
JBrowse link
G Alb albumin multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [thiacloprid results in decreased expression of ALB protein] CTD PMID:34564187 NCBI chr14:17,607,397...17,622,814
Ensembl chr14:17,607,381...17,622,836
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of APP mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr11:24,019,774...24,236,584
Ensembl chr11:24,019,778...24,236,561
JBrowse link
G Arg1 arginase 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in decreased expression of ARG1 mRNA] CTD PMID:33008094 NCBI chr 1:20,475,878...20,488,422
Ensembl chr 1:20,475,968...20,488,422
JBrowse link
G Atg12 autophagy related 12 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased expression of ATG12 mRNA] CTD PMID:34439521 NCBI chr18:39,452,247...39,462,424
Ensembl chr18:39,452,191...39,462,418
JBrowse link
G Atg14 autophagy related 14 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased expression of ATG14 mRNA] CTD PMID:34439521 NCBI chr15:20,795,750...20,827,113
Ensembl chr15:20,795,750...20,827,113
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of BAX mRNA] CTD PMID:33212048 NCBI chr 1:95,940,001...95,945,407
Ensembl chr 1:95,938,808...95,945,368
JBrowse link
G Becn1 beclin 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased expression of BECN1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased expression of BECN1 protein] CTD PMID:34439521 NCBI chr10:86,231,387...86,246,742
Ensembl chr10:86,231,388...86,246,742
JBrowse link
G C1qa complement C1q A chain decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of C1QA mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 5:149,133,635...149,136,482
Ensembl chr 5:149,133,636...149,136,534
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:33212048 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions ISO
EXP
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CAT mRNA]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [thiacloprid results in decreased activity of CAT protein]
CTD PMID:16964424 PMID:34564187 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Cntd1 cyclin N-terminal domain containing 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CNTD1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:86,221,430...86,231,812 JBrowse link
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in decreased expression of COL2A1 protein] CTD PMID:36084724 NCBI chr 7:129,098,489...129,127,560
Ensembl chr 7:129,098,786...129,127,546
JBrowse link
G Cox15 cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog COX15 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX15 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:242,605,588...242,622,279
Ensembl chr 1:242,605,588...242,622,261
JBrowse link
G Cox5a cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5A multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5A mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 8:57,922,374...57,933,781
Ensembl chr 8:57,922,290...57,933,781
JBrowse link
G Cox5b cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5B multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5B mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:38,921,980...38,923,806
Ensembl chr 9:38,921,967...38,925,052
JBrowse link
G Cox6b1 cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6B1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6B1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:85,875,080...85,884,081
Ensembl chr 1:85,875,109...85,884,001
Ensembl chr 2:85,875,109...85,884,001
JBrowse link
G Cox6c cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6C mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 7:67,129,265...67,142,001
Ensembl chr 7:67,111,024...67,141,963
JBrowse link
G Ctss cathepsin S decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of CTSS mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 2:183,086,437...183,114,483
Ensembl chr 2:183,086,437...183,114,483
JBrowse link
G Cybb cytochrome b-245 beta chain multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of CYBB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of CYBB protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of CYBB mRNA]]
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of CYBB mRNA
CTD PMID:23272707 NCBI chr  X:13,358,101...13,392,570
Ensembl chr  X:13,359,430...13,392,586
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP astaxanthine results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA
CTD PMID:21414371 NCBI chr 8:58,096,021...58,102,130
Ensembl chr 8:58,096,077...58,102,125
JBrowse link
G Foxo3 forkhead box O3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of FOXO3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr20:45,669,708...45,764,606
Ensembl chr20:45,672,995...45,764,561
JBrowse link
G G6pd glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase increases activity
multiple interactions
EXP astaxanthine results in increased activity of G6PD protein
[Cadmium co-treated with astaxanthine] results in decreased activity of G6PD protein
CTD PMID:28665548 PMID:29975440 NCBI chr  X:152,201,081...152,220,863
Ensembl chr  X:152,201,098...152,220,801
JBrowse link
G Gfap glial fibrillary acidic protein decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of GFAP mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr10:87,852,891...87,861,631
Ensembl chr10:87,852,890...87,861,589
JBrowse link
G Gja1 gap junction protein, alpha 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO astaxanthine results in increased expression of GJA1 protein
2-chloro-5-nitrobenzanilide inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]
CTD PMID:16091010 NCBI chr20:35,756,007...35,768,481
Ensembl chr20:35,755,991...35,768,582
JBrowse link
G Gna13 G protein subunit alpha 13 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GNA13 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:94,337,939...94,370,774
Ensembl chr10:94,337,725...94,370,774
JBrowse link
G Gpt glutamic--pyruvic transaminase multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [thiacloprid results in increased expression of GPT protein] CTD PMID:34564187 NCBI chr 7:108,416,646...108,419,495
Ensembl chr 7:108,416,642...108,419,494
JBrowse link
G Gpx3 glutathione peroxidase 3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GPX3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:39,028,624...39,036,695
Ensembl chr10:39,028,570...39,037,035
JBrowse link
G Gpx4 glutathione peroxidase 4 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP
ISO
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in decreased expression of GPX4 protein]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [erastin results in decreased expression of GPX4 protein]
astaxanthine results in increased expression of GPX4 protein
CTD PMID:36084724 PMID:37648051 NCBI chr 7:9,650,186...9,652,982
Ensembl chr 7:9,650,185...9,652,982
JBrowse link
G Grin1 glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 1 multiple interactions EXP [mithramycin A co-treated with astaxanthine] inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]] CTD PMID:23538867 NCBI chr 3:8,103,680...8,130,603
Ensembl chr 3:8,103,680...8,130,603
JBrowse link
G Grn granulin precursor multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GRN mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:87,387,672...87,393,777
Ensembl chr10:87,387,638...87,393,775
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium results in decreased activity of GSR protein] CTD PMID:29975440 NCBI chr16:58,482,209...58,525,256
Ensembl chr16:58,482,505...58,525,661
JBrowse link
G Gstm2 glutathione S-transferase mu 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO [astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA
astaxanthine results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA
CTD PMID:24157545 NCBI chr 2:195,624,015...195,628,774
Ensembl chr 2:195,544,426...195,628,961
JBrowse link
G Hmgb1 high mobility group box 1 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HMGB1 mRNA]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [thiacloprid results in increased expression of HMGB1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:16964424 PMID:34564187 NCBI chr12:5,972,950...5,979,658
Ensembl chr12:5,901,586...5,978,565
Ensembl chr16:5,901,586...5,978,565
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP
ISO
astaxanthine results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]
astaxanthine results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]]
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]
CTD PMID:20038455 PMID:23272707 PMID:24157545 PMID:33008094 PMID:33212048 NCBI chr19:13,466,287...13,474,082
Ensembl chr19:13,467,244...13,474,079
JBrowse link
G Hoxa9 homeobox A9 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HOXA9 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 4:81,323,235...81,329,344
Ensembl chr 4:81,323,382...81,326,358
JBrowse link
G Idh1 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of IDH1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:66,534,146...66,563,703
Ensembl chr 9:66,534,146...66,563,708
JBrowse link
G Ifng interferon gamma increases expression ISO astaxanthine results in increased expression of IFNG protein CTD PMID:33132140 NCBI chr 7:53,903,339...53,907,375
Ensembl chr 7:53,903,337...53,907,375
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in decreased expression of IL10 mRNA]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [thiacloprid results in increased expression of IL10 protein]
CTD PMID:33008094 PMID:34564187 NCBI chr13:42,472,625...42,477,308
Ensembl chr13:42,472,839...42,477,313
JBrowse link
G Il11 interleukin 11 increases expression ISO astaxanthine results in increased expression of IL11 protein CTD PMID:33132140 NCBI chr 1:69,069,829...69,076,129
Ensembl chr 1:69,068,137...69,076,129
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL1B mRNA; astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL1B protein
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in decreased expression of COL2A1 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in decreased expression of GPX4 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of MMP13 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of NOS2 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of P53 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of PTGS2 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [thiacloprid results in increased expression of IL1B protein]
CTD PMID:21621527 PMID:33008094 PMID:34564187 PMID:36084724 NCBI chr 3:116,577,005...116,583,386
Ensembl chr 3:116,577,010...116,583,415
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL6 mRNA
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA]
CTD PMID:21621527 PMID:33008094 NCBI chr 4:5,214,602...5,219,178
Ensembl chr 4:5,213,394...5,219,178
JBrowse link
G Ins1 insulin 1 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of INS1 protein CTD PMID:33132140 NCBI chr 1:251,244,973...251,245,540
Ensembl chr 1:251,244,973...251,245,536
JBrowse link
G Lepr leptin receptor multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of AIFM1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of APP mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CAT mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CNTD1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX15 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5A mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5B mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6B1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6C mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of FOXO3 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GNA13 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GPX3 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GRN mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HMGB1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HOXA9 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of IDH1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of ND6 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA5 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFC2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFV2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NME2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PPP1CB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PRDX1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of RPS2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SPP1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TKT mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UBB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 5:116,294,409...116,477,904
Ensembl chr 5:116,289,823...116,475,908
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:34439521 NCBI chr11:83,957,813...84,023,629
Ensembl chr11:83,957,813...84,023,616
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:34439521 NCBI chr 1:181,366,646...181,372,863
Ensembl chr 1:181,366,637...181,372,863
JBrowse link
G Mapk8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK8 protein] CTD PMID:33008094 NCBI chr16:8,638,897...8,721,960
Ensembl chr16:8,638,924...8,721,981
JBrowse link
G Mmp13 matrix metallopeptidase 13 multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of MMP13 protein] CTD PMID:36084724 NCBI chr 8:4,497,960...4,508,239
Ensembl chr 8:4,497,960...4,508,239
JBrowse link
G Mt-nd6 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of ND6 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
Ensembl chr MT:13,543...14,061
JBrowse link
G Ndufa1 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit A1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr  X:116,424,223...116,427,875
Ensembl chr  X:116,424,223...116,428,633
JBrowse link
G Ndufa5 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit A5 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA5 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 4:52,997,327...53,005,685
Ensembl chr 4:52,995,546...53,005,598
JBrowse link
G Ndufc2 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit C2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:151,711,965...151,718,188
Ensembl chr 1:151,711,901...151,718,189
JBrowse link
G Ndufv2 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit V2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFV2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:105,690,454...105,710,669
Ensembl chr 9:105,690,455...105,710,713
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 NFE2 like bZIP transcription factor 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA]
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]
CTD PMID:20038455 PMID:23272707 PMID:24157545 PMID:33008094 PMID:33212048 NCBI chr 3:60,594,239...60,621,712
Ensembl chr 3:60,594,242...60,621,737
JBrowse link
G Nme2 NME/NM23 nucleoside diphosphate kinase 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NME2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:78,898,097...78,903,514
Ensembl chr10:78,897,770...78,903,538
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of NOS2 protein]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of NOS2 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [thiacloprid results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA]
CTD PMID:33008094 PMID:34564187 PMID:36084724 NCBI chr10:63,815,308...63,851,208
Ensembl chr10:63,815,308...63,851,210
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP
ISO
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of NQO1 protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NQO1 protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:20038455 PMID:24157545 PMID:33212048 NCBI chr19:35,295,633...35,310,528
Ensembl chr19:35,295,573...35,310,557
JBrowse link
G Pah phenylalanine hydroxylase decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of PAH mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 7:21,933,179...21,998,134
Ensembl chr 7:21,933,179...21,998,130
JBrowse link
G Pgd phosphogluconate dehydrogenase increases activity EXP astaxanthine results in increased activity of PGD protein CTD PMID:28665548 PMID:29975440 NCBI chr 5:159,582,746...159,598,945
Ensembl chr 5:159,561,271...159,742,778
JBrowse link
G Por cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase decreases activity
increases expression
EXP astaxanthine results in decreased activity of POR protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of POR protein
CTD PMID:21414371 NCBI chr12:20,951,058...20,999,198
Ensembl chr12:20,951,058...20,999,245
JBrowse link
G Ppp1cb protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit beta multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PPP1CB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 6:23,958,813...23,992,841
Ensembl chr 6:23,960,998...23,992,824
JBrowse link
G Prdx1 peroxiredoxin 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PRDX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 5:130,147,258...130,162,856
Ensembl chr 5:130,147,204...130,162,856
JBrowse link
G Pten phosphatase and tensin homolog multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of PTEN mRNA] CTD PMID:33212048 NCBI chr 1:230,630,443...230,697,070
Ensembl chr 1:230,630,338...230,696,838
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of PTGS2 mRNA
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA]
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of PTGS2 protein]
CTD PMID:21621527 PMID:33008094 PMID:36084724 NCBI chr13:62,163,936...62,172,193
Ensembl chr13:62,163,932...62,172,188
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein] CTD PMID:34439521 NCBI chr 1:202,925,001...202,935,484
Ensembl chr 1:202,924,945...202,935,484
JBrowse link
G Rps2 ribosomal protein S2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of RPS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:13,747,316...13,749,165
Ensembl chr10:13,747,301...13,749,163
JBrowse link
G Skap2 src kinase associated phosphoprotein 2 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of SKAP2 mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 4:80,948,832...81,100,900
Ensembl chr 4:80,950,580...81,100,891
JBrowse link
G Sod1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr11:29,456,673...29,462,249
Ensembl chr11:29,456,558...29,462,249
JBrowse link
G Sp1 Sp1 transcription factor multiple interactions EXP [mithramycin A co-treated with astaxanthine] inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of and affects the localization of SP1 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]] CTD PMID:23538867 NCBI chr 7:133,541,302...133,571,961
Ensembl chr 7:133,541,491...133,571,961
JBrowse link
G Spp1 secreted phosphoprotein 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SPP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr14:5,308,885...5,315,120
Ensembl chr14:5,308,885...5,315,162
JBrowse link
G Tgm2 transglutaminase 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 3:146,772,684...146,801,924
Ensembl chr 3:146,772,687...146,801,981
JBrowse link
G Tkt transketolase multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TKT mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr16:5,723,764...5,748,702
Ensembl chr16:5,723,762...5,748,698
JBrowse link
G Tlr2 toll-like receptor 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of TLR2 mRNA] CTD PMID:33008094 NCBI chr 2:169,200,620...169,206,819
Ensembl chr 2:169,197,419...169,206,630
JBrowse link
G Tlr4 toll-like receptor 4 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of TLR4 mRNA] CTD PMID:33008094 NCBI chr 5:80,145,867...80,159,501
Ensembl chr 5:80,145,826...80,159,628
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor decreases expression
increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of TNF protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of TNF protein
astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]
CTD PMID:21621527 PMID:33008094 PMID:33132140 NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in increased expression of TP53 protein] CTD PMID:20038455 NCBI chr10:54,300,070...54,311,525
Ensembl chr10:54,300,048...54,311,524
JBrowse link
G Trem2 triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [[Vehicle Emissions results in increased abundance of Particulate Matter] which results in increased expression of TREM2 mRNA] CTD PMID:33008094 NCBI chr 9:12,647,605...12,654,190
Ensembl chr 9:12,647,259...12,654,170
JBrowse link
G Ubb ubiquitin B multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UBB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:47,247,630...47,249,335
Ensembl chr10:47,245,637...47,249,333
JBrowse link
G Uqcrb ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 7:63,814,784...63,820,150
Ensembl chr 7:63,814,797...63,820,150
JBrowse link
G Uqcrc2 ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase core protein 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:175,167,933...175,198,499
Ensembl chr 1:175,167,894...175,199,453
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19860
    role 19832
      chemical role 19462
        antioxidant 16162
          astaxanthin 81
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19860
    subatomic particle 19858
      composite particle 19858
        hadron 19858
          baryon 19858
            nucleon 19858
              atomic nucleus 19858
                atom 19858
                  main group element atom 19804
                    main group molecular entity 19804
                      s-block molecular entity 19637
                        hydrogen molecular entity 19618
                          hydrides 19124
                            organic hydride 18697
                              organic fundamental parent 18697
                                hydrocarbon 18440
                                  terpene 14073
                                    tetraterpene 595
                                      carotene 595
                                        carotenoid 595
                                          carotenoid beta-end derivative 275
                                            beta-carotene 233
                                              astaxanthin 81
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