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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:corticotropin
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Accession:CHEBI:3892 term browser browse the term
Definition:A polypeptide hormone produced and secreted by the pituitary gland comprising 39 amino acid residues coupled in a linear sequence. The N-terminal 24-amino acid segment is identical in all species and contains the adrenocorticotrophic activity. Corticotropin stimulates the cortex of the adrenal gland and boosts the synthesis of corticosteroids, mainly glucocorticoids but also sex steroids (androgens). It is used in the treatment of certain neurological disorders such as infantile spasms and multiple sclerosis, and diagnostically to investigate adrenocortical insufficiency.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: L-seryl-L-tyrosyl-L-seryl-L-methionyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-histidyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-arginyl-L-tryptophylglycyl-L-lysyl-L-prolyl-L-valylglycyl-L-lysyl-L-lysyl-L-arginyl-L-arginyl-L-prolyl-L-valyl-L-lysyl-L-valyl-L-tyrosyl-L-prolyl-L-alpha-aspartylglycyl-L-alanyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-alpha-aspartyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-seryl-L-alanyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-alanyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-leucyl-L-alpha-glutamyl-L-phenylalanine
 related_synonym: ACTH;   Adrenocorticotropic hormone;   Formula=C207H308N56O58S;   InChI=1S/C207H308N56O58S/c1-108(2)89-140(186(302)240-135(69-74-163(279)280)182(298)254-149(204(320)321)94-117-43-20-15-21-44-117)250-193(309)152-54-35-86-262(152)202(318)147(92-116-41-18-14-19-42-116)252-171(287)114(11)230-175(291)132(66-71-160(273)274)234-170(286)113(10)231-191(307)150(105-265)255-183(299)136(70-75-164(281)282)241-190(306)146(98-165(283)284)249-180(296)133(67-72-161(275)276)235-169(285)112(9)229-157(270)101-225-174(290)145(97-156(213)269)251-194(310)153-55-36-87-263(153)203(319)148(93-119-60-64-123(268)65-61-119)253-199(315)167(110(5)6)257-185(301)129(49-26-30-79-210)243-198(314)168(111(7)8)259-196(312)155-57-38-85-261(155)201(317)139(53-34-83-223-207(218)219)244-178(294)130(51-32-81-221-205(214)215)237-177(293)128(48-25-29-78-209)236-176(292)127(47-24-28-77-208)232-158(271)103-227-197(313)166(109(3)4)258-195(311)154-56-37-84-260(154)200(316)138(50-27-31-80-211)233-159(272)102-226-173(289)143(95-120-99-224-126-46-23-22-45-124(120)126)247-179(295)131(52-33-82-222-206(216)217)238-187(303)142(90-115-39-16-13-17-40-115)246-189(305)144(96-121-100-220-107-228-121)248-181(297)134(68-73-162(277)278)239-184(300)137(76-88-322-12)242-192(308)151(106-266)256-188(304)141(245-172(288)125(212)104-264)91-118-58-62-122(267)63-59-118/h13-23,39-46,58-65,99-100,107-114,125,127-155,166-168,224,264-268H,24-38,47-57,66-98,101-106,208-212H2,1-12H3,(H2,213,269)(H,220,228)(H,225,290)(H,226,289)(H,227,313)(H,229,270)(H,230,291)(H,231,307)(H,232,271)(H,233,272)(H,234,286)(H,235,285)(H,236,292)(H,237,293)(H,238,303)(H,239,300)(H,240,302)(H,241,306)(H,242,308)(H,243,314)(H,244,294)(H,245,288)(H,246,305)(H,247,295)(H,248,297)(H,249,296)(H,250,309)(H,251,310)(H,252,287)(H,253,315)(H,254,298)(H,255,299)(H,256,304)(H,257,301)(H,258,311)(H,259,312)(H,273,274)(H,275,276)(H,277,278)(H,279,280)(H,281,282)(H,283,284)(H,320,321)(H4,214,215,221)(H4,216,217,222)(H4,218,219,223)/t112-,113-,114-,125-,127-,128-,129-,130-,131-,132-,133-,134-,135-,136-,137-,138-,139-,140-,141-,142-,143-,144-,145-,146-,147-,148-,149-,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,166-,167-,168-/m0/s1;   InChIKey=IDLFZVILOHSSID-OVLDLUHVSA-N;   SMILES=CSCC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CO)NC(=O)[C@H](Cc1ccc(O)cc1)NC(=O)[C@@H](N)CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc1cnc[nH]1)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc1ccccc1)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc1c[nH]c2ccccc12)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc1ccc(O)cc1)C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc1ccccc1)C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc1ccccc1)C(O)=O;   SYSMEHFRWGKPVGKKRRPVKVYPDGAEDQLAEAFPLEF;   adrenocorticotropin;   corticotrofina;   corticotrophine;   corticotrophinum;   cortrophin
 xref: CAS:9002-60-2;   DrugBank:DB01285;   Drug_Central:4931;   KEGG:C02017;   KEGG:D00146
 xref_mesh: MESH:D000324


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corticotropin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ada adenosine deaminase increases activity ISO Adrenocorticotropic Hormone results in increased activity of ADA protein CTD PMID:8868375 NCBI chr 3:160,115,840...160,139,947
Ensembl chr 3:160,115,842...160,139,947
JBrowse link
G Calca calcitonin-related polypeptide alpha increases abundance EXP CALCA protein results in increased abundance of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone CTD PMID:12639925 NCBI chr 1:184,184,018...184,188,922
Ensembl chr 1:184,184,020...184,188,911
JBrowse link
G Cnp 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3' phosphodiesterase decreases activity EXP Adrenocorticotropic Hormone results in decreased activity of CNP protein CTD PMID:3030154 NCBI chr10:88,490,798...88,497,357
Ensembl chr10:88,490,798...88,497,356
JBrowse link
G Crh corticotropin releasing hormone multiple interactions
increases secretion
EXP Astemizole inhibits the reaction [Corticosterone inhibits the reaction [CRH protein results in increased secretion of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone]]; Corticosterone inhibits the reaction [CRH protein results in increased secretion of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone]; E 4031 inhibits the reaction [Corticosterone inhibits the reaction [CRH protein results in increased secretion of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone]]; Tetraethylammonium promotes the reaction [CRH protein results in increased secretion of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone] CTD PMID:18835572 NCBI chr 2:104,459,999...104,461,863
Ensembl chr 2:104,459,999...104,461,863
JBrowse link
G Cyp17a1 cytochrome P450, family 17, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 affects abundance ISO CYP17A1 protein affects the abundance of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone CTD PMID:18645707 NCBI chr 1:266,422,127...266,429,947
Ensembl chr 1:266,422,132...266,428,239
JBrowse link
G Gh1 growth hormone 1 multiple interactions ISO Adrenocorticotropic Hormone inhibits the reaction [INS protein results in increased secretion of GH1 protein] CTD PMID:3008584 NCBI chr10:94,486,204...94,488,181
Ensembl chr10:94,486,205...94,488,180
JBrowse link
G Htr2a 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A multiple interactions
affects expression
EXP Bupropion inhibits the reaction [Adrenocorticotropic Hormone affects the expression of HTR2A mRNA] CTD PMID:18239281 NCBI chr15:56,666,152...56,732,469
Ensembl chr15:56,666,012...56,735,382
JBrowse link
G Ins2 insulin 2 multiple interactions ISO Adrenocorticotropic Hormone inhibits the reaction [INS protein results in increased secretion of GH1 protein] CTD PMID:3008584 NCBI chr 1:215,856,967...215,858,034
Ensembl chr 1:215,856,971...215,858,034
JBrowse link
G Nr3c1 nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1 affects abundance ISO NR3C1 gene polymorphism affects the abundance of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone CTD PMID:17716631 NCBI chr18:31,728,373...32,704,022
Ensembl chr18:31,728,373...31,749,647
JBrowse link
G Ppp1r1b protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 1B multiple interactions ISO Cocaine promotes the reaction [PPP1R1B protein results in increased abundance of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone] CTD PMID:10516482 NCBI chr10:86,303,727...86,312,770
Ensembl chr10:86,303,727...86,312,762
JBrowse link
G Ucn2 urocortin 2 increases abundance ISO UCN2 protein results in increased abundance of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone CTD PMID:16330704 NCBI chr 8:117,727,216...117,728,765
Ensembl chr 8:117,727,877...117,728,764
JBrowse link

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  CHEBI ontology 19875
    role 19825
      application 19494
        pharmaceutical 19364
          diagnostic agent 727
            corticotropin 11
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19875
    subatomic particle 19873
      composite particle 19873
        hadron 19873
          baryon 19873
            nucleon 19873
              atomic nucleus 19873
                atom 19873
                  main group element atom 19763
                    p-block element atom 19763
                      carbon group element atom 19668
                        carbon atom 19657
                          organic molecular entity 19657
                            organic group 18569
                              organic divalent group 18560
                                organodiyl group 18560
                                  carbonyl group 18468
                                    carbonyl compound 18468
                                      carboxylic acid 18142
                                        carboacyl group 17404
                                          univalent carboacyl group 17404
                                            carbamoyl group 17189
                                              carboxamide 17189
                                                peptide 9408
                                                  polypeptide 186
                                                    corticotropin 11
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