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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:sulfated glycosaminoglycan
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Accession:CHEBI:35722 term browser browse the term
Synonyms:related_synonym: glycosaminoglycan sulfate;   glycosaminoglycan sulfates;   sulfated glycosaminoglycans



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chondroitin sulfate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Arsb arylsulfatase B decreases abundance ISO ARSB protein results in decreased abundance of Chondroitin Sulfates CTD PMID:29794138 NCBI chr 2:25,002,210...25,162,675
Ensembl chr 2:25,002,346...25,162,671
JBrowse link
G Bdkrb2 bradykinin receptor B2 multiple interactions EXP [icatibant binds to and results in decreased activity of BDKRB2 protein] which results in decreased susceptibility to Chondroitin Sulfates CTD PMID:21436127 NCBI chr 6:124,472,317...124,502,497
Ensembl chr 6:124,472,566...124,502,497
JBrowse link
G Bdnf brain-derived neurotrophic factor affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to BDNF protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 3:96,165,042...96,215,621
Ensembl chr 3:96,165,042...96,215,615
JBrowse link
G C3 complement C3 increases cleavage ISO Chondroitin Sulfates analog results in increased cleavage of C3 protein CTD PMID:18434646 NCBI chr 9:2,087,437...2,114,366
Ensembl chr 9:2,087,437...2,114,429
JBrowse link
G C5 complement C5 increases cleavage ISO Chondroitin Sulfates analog results in increased cleavage of C5 protein CTD PMID:18434646 NCBI chr 3:18,270,696...18,361,994
Ensembl chr 3:18,270,696...18,361,994
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO [Hyaluronic Acid co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with ferrous sulfate] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; [Hyaluronic Acid co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with ferrous sulfate] results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:17879260 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Casp7 caspase 7 multiple interactions ISO [Hyaluronic Acid co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with ferrous sulfate] results in increased activity of CASP7 protein]; [Hyaluronic Acid co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with ferrous sulfate] results in increased expression of CASP7 mRNA] CTD PMID:17879260 NCBI chr 1:255,437,195...255,476,737
Ensembl chr 1:255,437,172...255,476,729
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions EXP Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in decreased activity of CAT protein] CTD PMID:12736501 PMID:15089041 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 affects binding ISO Chondroitin Sulfates binds to CCL2 protein CTD PMID:16385517 NCBI chr10:67,005,424...67,007,222
Ensembl chr10:67,005,424...67,007,226
JBrowse link
G Ctsb cathepsin B multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSB protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSB protein results in increased degradation of CXCL11 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSB protein results in increased degradation of CXCL9 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSB protein results in increased cleavage of benzyloxycarbonyl-phenylalanylarginine-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr15:37,389,636...37,410,508
Ensembl chr15:37,389,629...37,410,500
JBrowse link
G Ctsk cathepsin K multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased cleavage of benzyloxycarbonyl-phenylalanylarginine-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL2 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL3 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr 2:183,058,586...183,069,551
Ensembl chr 2:183,058,569...183,069,550
JBrowse link
G Ctsl cathepsin L multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased degradation of CXCL11 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased cleavage of benzyloxycarbonyl-phenylalanylarginine-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL2 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr17:764,370...770,533
Ensembl chr17:764,309...770,548
JBrowse link
G Ctss cathepsin S multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased cleavage of benzyloxycarbonyl-phenylalanylarginine-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL2 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr 2:183,089,192...183,114,483
Ensembl chr 2:183,086,437...183,114,483
JBrowse link
G Cxcl1 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr14:17,193,364...17,195,143
Ensembl chr14:17,193,365...17,195,215
JBrowse link
G Cxcl10 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSB protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased degradation of CXCL10 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr14:15,704,772...15,706,969
Ensembl chr14:15,704,758...15,706,975
JBrowse link
G Cxcl11 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 11 multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSB protein results in increased degradation of CXCL11 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased degradation of CXCL11 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr14:15,689,432...15,692,207
Ensembl chr14:15,689,424...15,692,271
JBrowse link
G Cxcl2 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 2 multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL2 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL2 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL2 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr14:17,181,030...17,183,075
Ensembl chr14:17,181,062...17,183,075
JBrowse link
G Cxcl3 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 3 multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSK protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSL protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein]; Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [CTSS protein results in increased cleavage of CXCL1 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr14:17,270,146...17,289,458
Ensembl chr14:17,270,146...17,289,511
JBrowse link
G Cxcl9 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 9 multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [CTSB protein results in increased degradation of CXCL9 protein] CTD PMID:25833952 NCBI chr14:15,722,868...15,727,779
Ensembl chr14:15,722,908...15,728,435
JBrowse link
G F12 coagulation factor XII increases activity ISO Chondroitin Sulfates analog results in increased activity of F12 protein CTD PMID:18434646 NCBI chr17:9,207,683...9,215,530
Ensembl chr17:9,207,683...9,215,530
JBrowse link
G Fgf10 fibroblast growth factor 10 affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF10 protein; Chondroitin Sulfates analog binds to FGF10 protein CTD PMID:12221095 PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 2:50,801,897...50,875,428
Ensembl chr 2:50,800,992...50,876,866
JBrowse link
G Fgf16 fibroblast growth factor 16 affects binding EXP [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF16 protein; Chondroitin Sulfates analog binds to FGF16 protein CTD PMID:12221095 PMID:15385557 NCBI chr  X:70,816,658...70,827,270
Ensembl chr  X:70,817,433...70,878,717
JBrowse link
G Fgf18 fibroblast growth factor 18 affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF18 protein; Chondroitin Sulfates analog binds to FGF18 protein CTD PMID:12221095 PMID:15385557 NCBI chr10:17,706,011...17,737,702
Ensembl chr10:17,706,174...17,736,818
JBrowse link
G Fgf2 fibroblast growth factor 2 affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF2 protein; Chondroitin Sulfates analog binds to FGF2 protein CTD PMID:12221095 PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 2:120,236,328...120,290,673
Ensembl chr 2:120,236,328...120,291,221
JBrowse link
G Fgf23 fibroblast growth factor 23 increases activity ISO Chondroitin Sulfates analog results in increased activity of FGF23 protein CTD PMID:16081635 NCBI chr 4:159,914,393...159,922,073
Ensembl chr 4:159,914,272...159,923,821
JBrowse link
G Gdnf glial cell derived neurotrophic factor affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to GDNF protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 2:56,893,992...56,919,935
Ensembl chr 2:56,895,010...56,917,209
JBrowse link
G Hbegf heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to HBEGF protein; Chondroitin Sulfates analog binds to HBEGF protein CTD PMID:12221095 PMID:15385557 NCBI chr18:28,106,284...28,116,167
Ensembl chr18:28,105,760...28,116,441
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions ISO [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in decreased expression of NOS2 protein; [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in decreased expression of PTGES protein; [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in decreased expression of PTGS2 protein; [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in increased expression of TIMP3 mRNA; [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of Dinoprostone]; [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of Nitrites] CTD PMID:17605605 NCBI chr 3:116,577,005...116,583,386
Ensembl chr 3:116,577,010...116,583,415
JBrowse link
G Itih1 inter-alpha trypsin inhibitor, heavy chain 1 multiple interactions ISO TNFAIP6 protein promotes the reaction [ITIH1 protein binds to Chondroitin Sulfates] CTD PMID:25561734 NCBI chr16:6,122,246...6,136,363
Ensembl chr16:6,122,248...6,136,363
JBrowse link
G Klkb1 kallikrein B1 increases activity ISO Chondroitin Sulfates analog results in increased activity of KLKB1 protein CTD PMID:18434646 NCBI chr16:46,958,634...46,982,054
Ensembl chr16:46,958,707...46,982,053
JBrowse link
G Mdk midkine affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to MDK protein; Chondroitin Sulfates analog binds to MDK protein CTD PMID:12221095 PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 3:77,901,156...77,903,997
Ensembl chr 3:77,901,158...77,903,130
JBrowse link
G Mmp3 matrix metallopeptidase 3 multiple interactions ISO [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] results in decreased expression of MMP3 mRNA; [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] results in decreased secretion of MMP3 protein CTD PMID:20110869 NCBI chr 8:4,640,397...4,653,963
Ensembl chr 8:4,640,416...4,653,961
JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase multiple interactions EXP [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Hyaluronic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased activity of MPO protein] CTD PMID:14697411 NCBI chr10:72,594,458...72,608,862
Ensembl chr10:72,594,661...72,604,819
JBrowse link
G Nfkb1 nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 multiple interactions ISO [Hyaluronic Acid co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with ferrous sulfate] results in increased activity of NFKB1 protein] CTD PMID:17879260 NCBI chr 2:224,016,214...224,132,135
Ensembl chr 2:224,016,214...224,110,404
JBrowse link
G Nfkbia NFKB inhibitor alpha multiple interactions ISO [Hyaluronic Acid co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with ferrous sulfate] results in decreased expression of NFKBIA protein] CTD PMID:17879260 NCBI chr 6:72,858,713...72,861,941
Ensembl chr 6:72,858,712...72,861,941
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions ISO [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in decreased expression of NOS2 protein CTD PMID:17605605 NCBI chr10:63,815,308...63,851,208
Ensembl chr10:63,815,308...63,851,210
JBrowse link
G Pdgfb platelet derived growth factor subunit B multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [PDGFB protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of PDGFRB protein]; Genistein inhibits the reaction [Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [PDGFB protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of PDGFRB protein]] CTD PMID:16945567 NCBI chr 7:111,539,444...111,557,984
Ensembl chr 7:111,540,345...111,557,984
JBrowse link
G Pdgfrb platelet derived growth factor receptor beta multiple interactions ISO Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [PDGFB protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of PDGFRB protein]; Genistein inhibits the reaction [Chondroitin Sulfates promotes the reaction [PDGFB protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of PDGFRB protein]] CTD PMID:16945567 NCBI chr18:54,500,002...54,538,843
Ensembl chr18:54,499,964...54,538,843
JBrowse link
G Ptges prostaglandin E synthase multiple interactions ISO [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in decreased expression of PTGES protein CTD PMID:17605605 NCBI chr 3:14,177,892...14,189,236 JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions ISO [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in decreased expression of PTGS2 protein CTD PMID:17605605 NCBI chr13:62,164,080...62,169,770
Ensembl chr13:62,163,932...62,172,188
JBrowse link
G Ptn pleiotrophin affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to PTN protein; Chondroitin Sulfates analog binds to PTN protein CTD PMID:12221095 PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 4:65,293,731...65,375,572
Ensembl chr 4:65,293,734...65,375,456
JBrowse link
G Ptpn11 protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 11 affects binding ISO PTPN11 protein binds to Chondroitin Sulfates CTD PMID:29794138 NCBI chr12:35,365,436...35,424,925
Ensembl chr12:35,383,144...35,424,925
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO [Hyaluronic Acid co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] inhibits the reaction [[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with ferrous sulfate] results in increased activity of RELA protein] CTD PMID:17879260 NCBI chr 1:202,925,001...202,935,484
Ensembl chr 1:202,924,945...202,935,484
JBrowse link
G Timp3 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 3 multiple interactions ISO [Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with IL1B protein] results in increased expression of TIMP3 mRNA CTD PMID:17605605 NCBI chr 7:17,520,827...17,571,871
Ensembl chr 7:17,521,919...17,571,839
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions EXP
ISO
[Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Hyaluronic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased expression of TNF protein]
[Glucosamine co-treated with Chondroitin Sulfates] results in decreased expression of TNF
CTD PMID:14697411 PMID:20110869 NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Tnfaip6 TNF alpha induced protein 6 multiple interactions ISO TNFAIP6 protein promotes the reaction [ITIH1 protein binds to Chondroitin Sulfates] CTD PMID:25561734 NCBI chr 3:36,502,250...36,521,652
Ensembl chr 3:36,502,188...36,521,649
JBrowse link
G Tnfrsf11b TNF receptor superfamily member 11B multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Cholecalciferol] results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B mRNA; [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Cholecalciferol] results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B protein; [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Glucosamine co-treated with Cholecalciferol] results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B mRNA; [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Glucosamine co-treated with Cholecalciferol] results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B protein; [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Glucosamine] results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B mRNA; [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Glucosamine] results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B protein
Chondroitin Sulfates results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B protein
CTD PMID:17996099 NCBI chr 7:85,566,520...85,594,526
Ensembl chr 7:85,566,520...85,594,538
JBrowse link
G Tnfsf11 TNF superfamily member 11 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates co-treated with Glucosamine] inhibits the reaction [Cholecalciferol results in increased expression of TNFSF11 mRNA]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [Cholecalciferol results in increased expression of TNFSF11 mRNA]; Chondroitin Sulfates inhibits the reaction [Glucosamine results in increased expression of TNFSF11 mRNA]
Chondroitin Sulfates results in decreased expression of TNFSF11 mRNA
CTD PMID:17996099 NCBI chr15:53,674,990...53,705,171
Ensembl chr15:53,673,877...53,705,445
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to VEGFA protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link
dermatan sulfate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Bdnf brain-derived neurotrophic factor affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to BDNF protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 3:96,165,042...96,215,621
Ensembl chr 3:96,165,042...96,215,615
JBrowse link
G F2 coagulation factor II multiple interactions ISO [Dermatan Sulfate co-treated with SERPIND1 protein] results in decreased activity of F2 protein CTD PMID:11805133 NCBI chr 3:77,596,196...77,609,486
Ensembl chr 3:77,596,198...77,609,486
JBrowse link
G Fgf10 fibroblast growth factor 10 affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF10 protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 2:50,801,897...50,875,428
Ensembl chr 2:50,800,992...50,876,866
JBrowse link
G Fgf16 fibroblast growth factor 16 affects binding EXP [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF16 protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr  X:70,816,658...70,827,270
Ensembl chr  X:70,817,433...70,878,717
JBrowse link
G Fgf18 fibroblast growth factor 18 affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF18 protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr10:17,706,011...17,737,702
Ensembl chr10:17,706,174...17,736,818
JBrowse link
G Fgf2 fibroblast growth factor 2 affects binding
increases activity
ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to FGF2 protein
Dermatan Sulfate analog results in increased activity of FGF2 protein
CTD PMID:15385557 PMID:15563459 NCBI chr 2:120,236,328...120,290,673
Ensembl chr 2:120,236,328...120,291,221
JBrowse link
G Fgf23 fibroblast growth factor 23 increases activity ISO Dermatan Sulfate analog results in increased activity of FGF23 protein CTD PMID:16081635 NCBI chr 4:159,914,393...159,922,073
Ensembl chr 4:159,914,272...159,923,821
JBrowse link
G Fgf7 fibroblast growth factor 7 increases activity ISO Dermatan Sulfate analog results in increased activity of FGF7 protein CTD PMID:15563459 NCBI chr 3:113,280,448...113,333,279
Ensembl chr 3:113,281,283...113,332,929
JBrowse link
G Gdnf glial cell derived neurotrophic factor affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to GDNF protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 2:56,893,992...56,919,935
Ensembl chr 2:56,895,010...56,917,209
JBrowse link
G Hbegf heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to HBEGF protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr18:28,106,284...28,116,167
Ensembl chr18:28,105,760...28,116,441
JBrowse link
G Mdk midkine affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to MDK protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 3:77,901,156...77,903,997
Ensembl chr 3:77,901,158...77,903,130
JBrowse link
G Pdgfra platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha decreases expression ISO Dermatan Sulfate results in decreased expression of PDGFRA mRNA CTD PMID:16945567 NCBI chr14:33,005,838...33,054,347
Ensembl chr14:33,005,839...33,054,335
JBrowse link
G Pdgfrb platelet derived growth factor receptor beta decreases expression ISO Dermatan Sulfate results in decreased expression of PDGFRB mRNA CTD PMID:16945567 NCBI chr18:54,500,002...54,538,843
Ensembl chr18:54,499,964...54,538,843
JBrowse link
G Ptn pleiotrophin affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to PTN protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 4:65,293,731...65,375,572
Ensembl chr 4:65,293,734...65,375,456
JBrowse link
G Serpind1 serpin family D member 1 multiple interactions ISO [Dermatan Sulfate co-treated with SERPIND1 protein] results in decreased activity of F2 protein CTD PMID:11805133 NCBI chr11:83,664,517...83,675,593
Ensembl chr11:83,664,518...83,675,519
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A affects binding ISO [Chondroitin Sulfates binds to Dermatan Sulfate] which binds to VEGFA protein CTD PMID:15385557 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link
heparan sulfate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ccl5 C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 multiple interactions ISO Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased degradation of [CCL5 protein binds to CCL5 protein]]; Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased degradation of CCL5 protein] CTD PMID:21963154 NCBI chr10:68,322,826...68,327,365
Ensembl chr10:68,322,829...68,327,377
JBrowse link
G Cxcl1 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 multiple interactions ISO CXCL10 protein inhibits the reaction [CXCL1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate] CTD PMID:12549928 NCBI chr14:17,193,364...17,195,143
Ensembl chr14:17,193,365...17,195,215
JBrowse link
G Cxcl10 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 multiple interactions ISO CXCL10 protein inhibits the reaction [CXCL1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate] CTD PMID:12549928 NCBI chr14:15,704,772...15,706,969
Ensembl chr14:15,704,758...15,706,975
JBrowse link
G Cxcl3 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 3 multiple interactions ISO CXCL10 protein inhibits the reaction [CXCL1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate] CTD PMID:12549928 NCBI chr14:17,270,146...17,289,458
Ensembl chr14:17,270,146...17,289,511
JBrowse link
G Fgf1 fibroblast growth factor 1 affects binding ISO FGF1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate binds to FGFR1 protein CTD PMID:12604602 NCBI chr18:30,686,555...30,772,667
Ensembl chr18:30,686,581...30,772,357
JBrowse link
G Fgf10 fibroblast growth factor 10 affects activity ISO Heparitin Sulfate affects the activity of FGF10 protein CTD PMID:12781692 PMID:12818887 NCBI chr 2:50,801,897...50,875,428
Ensembl chr 2:50,800,992...50,876,866
JBrowse link
G Fgf2 fibroblast growth factor 2 multiple interactions
affects binding
increases activity
ISO Heparitin Sulfate binds to and affects the activity of FGF2 protein
Heparitin Sulfate binds to FGF2 protein
Heparitin Sulfate analog results in increased activity of FGF2 protein
CTD PMID:12460940 PMID:15464572 PMID:15958608 NCBI chr 2:120,236,328...120,290,673
Ensembl chr 2:120,236,328...120,291,221
JBrowse link
G Fgf4 fibroblast growth factor 4 affects binding ISO Heparitin Sulfate binds to FGF4 protein CTD PMID:15769253 NCBI chr 1:200,023,937...200,027,793
Ensembl chr 1:200,024,056...200,025,466
JBrowse link
G Fgf7 fibroblast growth factor 7 affects binding ISO Heparitin Sulfate binds to FGF7 protein CTD PMID:15769253 NCBI chr 3:113,280,448...113,333,279
Ensembl chr 3:113,281,283...113,332,929
JBrowse link
G Fgf8 fibroblast growth factor 8 affects binding
increases activity
ISO Heparitin Sulfate binds to FGF8 protein alternative form
Heparitin Sulfate analog results in increased activity of FGF8 protein
CTD PMID:12460940 PMID:15769253 NCBI chr 1:244,584,477...244,590,359
Ensembl chr 1:244,584,652...244,590,359
JBrowse link
G Fgfr1 Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 affects binding
increases activity
ISO FGF1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate binds to FGFR1 protein
Heparitin Sulfate analog results in increased activity of FGFR1 protein alternative form
CTD PMID:12460940 PMID:12604602 NCBI chr16:66,492,445...66,546,731
Ensembl chr16:66,494,042...66,547,350
JBrowse link
G Fgfr2 fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 decreases activity ISO Heparitin Sulfate analog results in decreased activity of FGFR2 protein mutant form CTD PMID:16373332 NCBI chr 1:184,745,418...184,850,655
Ensembl chr 1:184,745,420...184,850,626
JBrowse link
G Fgfr3 fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 increases activity ISO Heparitin Sulfate analog results in increased activity of FGFR3 protein alternative form CTD PMID:12460940 NCBI chr14:76,987,242...77,002,671
Ensembl chr14:76,987,993...77,003,341
JBrowse link
G Fgfr4 fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 affects binding ISO Heparitin Sulfate analog binds to FGFR4 protein CTD PMID:11278860 NCBI chr17:9,461,541...9,476,268
Ensembl chr17:9,461,547...9,476,242
JBrowse link
G Gns glucosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase affects degradation ISO GNS affects the degradation of Heparitin Sulfate CTD PMID:3391615 NCBI chr 7:56,889,139...56,923,170
Ensembl chr 7:56,889,232...56,923,151
JBrowse link
G Gpc1 glypican 1 affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO GPC1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate
GPC1 protein modified form results in increased cleavage of [GPC1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate]; nitroxyl affects the reaction [GPC1 protein results in increased cleavage of [GPC1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate]]; Zinc affects the reaction [GPC1 protein results in increased cleavage of [GPC1 protein binds to Heparitin Sulfate]]
CTD PMID:12732622 NCBI chr 9:93,396,234...93,424,047
Ensembl chr 9:93,396,234...93,424,047
JBrowse link
G Hpse heparanase multiple interactions
decreases abundance
affects abundance
ISO
EXP
[Heparin results in decreased activity of HPSE protein] which affects the abundance of Heparitin Sulfate; [phosphomannopentaose sulfate results in decreased activity of HPSE protein] which affects the abundance of Heparitin Sulfate
HPSE protein results in decreased abundance of Heparitin Sulfate
HPSE protein affects the abundance of Heparitin Sulfate
CTD PMID:16899518 PMID:17121850 NCBI chr14:8,896,593...8,937,011
Ensembl chr14:8,896,593...8,937,010
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [[NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein] affects the phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:19937756 NCBI chr11:83,957,813...84,023,629
Ensembl chr11:83,957,813...84,023,616
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [[NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein] affects the phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:19937756 NCBI chr 1:181,366,646...181,372,863
Ensembl chr 1:181,366,637...181,372,863
JBrowse link
G Ndst1 N-deacetylase and N-sulfotransferase 1 multiple interactions ISO Heparitin Sulfate affects the susceptibility to [NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein]; Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [[NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein] affects the phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [[NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein] affects the phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:19937756 NCBI chr18:54,136,887...54,199,545
Ensembl chr18:54,140,779...54,178,191
JBrowse link
G Ndst2 N-deacetylase and N-sulfotransferase 2 multiple interactions ISO Heparitin Sulfate affects the susceptibility to [NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein]; Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [[NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein] affects the phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Heparitin Sulfate inhibits the reaction [[NDST1 protein co-treated with NDST2 protein] affects the phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:19937756 NCBI chr15:3,563,358...3,573,801
Ensembl chr15:3,563,358...3,573,801
JBrowse link
G Prnp prion protein affects binding ISO PRNP protein modified form binds to Heparitin Sulfate metabolite CTD PMID:18717736 NCBI chr 3:119,186,073...119,201,513
Ensembl chr 3:119,177,485...119,203,937
JBrowse link
G Timp3 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 3 multiple interactions ISO [N6L peptide binds to Heparitin Sulfate] which results in increased secretion of TIMP3 protein CTD PMID:23109338 NCBI chr 7:17,520,827...17,571,871
Ensembl chr 7:17,521,919...17,571,839
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A multiple interactions ISO Heparitin Sulfate promotes the reaction [Dipyridamole results in increased secretion of VEGFA protein] CTD PMID:20067761 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link
heparin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abcc1 ATP binding cassette subfamily C member 1 affects activity
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin affects the activity of ABCC1 protein
Heparin affects the reaction [ABCC1 protein affects the transport of Doxorubicin]
CTD PMID:17352253 NCBI chr10:528,961...655,179
Ensembl chr10:531,812...655,114
JBrowse link
G Ackr3 atypical chemokine receptor 3 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of ACKR3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr 9:90,799,682...90,811,246
Ensembl chr 9:90,799,686...90,811,237
JBrowse link
G Acta2 actin alpha 2, smooth muscle multiple interactions EXP Heparin analog inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased expression of ACTA2 protein] CTD PMID:16904936 NCBI chr 1:231,746,527...231,759,307
Ensembl chr 1:231,746,548...231,759,554
JBrowse link
G Actr3 actin related protein 3 increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of ACTR3 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr13:36,800,739...36,843,837
Ensembl chr13:36,800,093...36,844,124
JBrowse link
G Adamts1 ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of ADAMTS1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr11:24,932,227...24,941,068
Ensembl chr11:24,931,761...24,941,103
JBrowse link
G Agt angiotensinogen multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [AGT protein affects the localization of Calcium] CTD PMID:21613610 NCBI chr19:52,529,139...52,549,618
Ensembl chr19:52,529,185...52,540,977
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:14966081 NCBI chr 6:131,713,716...131,735,319
Ensembl chr 6:131,713,720...131,733,921
JBrowse link
G Anxa6 annexin A6 increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of ANXA6 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr10:39,101,395...39,156,483
Ensembl chr10:39,097,109...39,156,433
JBrowse link
G Apcs amyloid P component, serum increases expression ISO Heparin results in increased expression of APCS protein CTD PMID:17162433 NCBI chr13:85,373,338...85,374,134
Ensembl chr13:85,373,220...85,374,298
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO Copper promotes the reaction [Heparin binds to APP protein]; Zinc promotes the reaction [Heparin binds to APP protein] CTD PMID:25835329 NCBI chr11:24,019,774...24,236,584
Ensembl chr11:24,019,778...24,236,561
JBrowse link
G Arhgdia Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of ARHGDIA protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr10:105,854,526...105,858,020
Ensembl chr10:105,854,533...105,858,023
JBrowse link
G Atp1b1 ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit beta 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of ATP1B1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr13:76,786,580...76,807,096
Ensembl chr13:76,786,578...76,807,459
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin results in increased expression of BAX protein
Heparin inhibits the reaction [arsenite results in increased expression of BAX protein]
CTD PMID:11787776 PMID:26677073 NCBI chr 1:95,940,001...95,945,407
Ensembl chr 1:95,938,808...95,945,368
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin results in increased expression of BCL2 protein
Heparin inhibits the reaction [arsenite results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein]
CTD PMID:11787776 PMID:15205081 PMID:15671997 PMID:26677073 NCBI chr13:22,689,783...22,853,920 JBrowse link
G Bmp6 bone morphogenetic protein 6 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [BMP6 protein results in increased expression of HAMP mRNA]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [BMP6 protein results in increased secretion of HAMP protein modified form]
Heparin results in decreased expression of BMP6 mRNA
CTD PMID:25633564 NCBI chr17:26,318,121...26,469,034
Ensembl chr17:26,318,569...26,470,365
JBrowse link
G Bmpr1a bone morphogenetic protein receptor type 1A decreases expression ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of BMPR1A mRNA CTD PMID:25633564 NCBI chr16:9,736,390...9,829,825
Ensembl chr16:9,736,630...9,780,616
JBrowse link
G C3 complement C3 decreases expression ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of C3 protein CTD PMID:7948777 PMID:10568115 NCBI chr 9:2,087,437...2,114,366
Ensembl chr 9:2,087,437...2,114,429
JBrowse link
G C5 complement C5 decreases expression ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of C5 protein CTD PMID:7948777 NCBI chr 3:18,270,696...18,361,994
Ensembl chr 3:18,270,696...18,361,994
JBrowse link
G Cacna1e calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 E multiple interactions EXP Heparin affects the reaction [Methacholine Chloride affects the reaction [CACNA1E protein results in increased transport of Barium]] CTD PMID:12663092 NCBI chr13:66,574,659...67,063,443
Ensembl chr13:66,581,920...66,894,450
JBrowse link
G Capg capping actin protein, gelsolin like increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of CAPG protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr 4:104,594,743...104,611,856
Ensembl chr 4:104,594,753...104,611,856
JBrowse link
G Casp12 caspase 12 multiple interactions ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [Paraoxon results in increased expression of CASP12 protein] CTD PMID:20079824 NCBI chr 8:2,642,296...2,669,549
Ensembl chr 8:2,642,434...2,674,037
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 decreases activity
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Heparin results in decreased activity of CASP3 protein
Heparin promotes the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; Lithium Chloride inhibits the reaction [Heparin promotes the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]]
CTD PMID:16556679 PMID:30377735 NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase increases activity ISO Heparin results in increased activity of CAT protein CTD PMID:12218949 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Ccl11 C-C motif chemokine ligand 11 affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin binds to CCL11 protein
Heparin inhibits the reaction [PLG protein affects the degradation of CCL11 protein]
CTD PMID:17384413 NCBI chr10:67,028,328...67,032,929
Ensembl chr10:67,028,328...67,032,926
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 decreases expression EXP Heparin results in decreased expression of CCL2 protein CTD PMID:11053056 NCBI chr10:67,005,424...67,007,222
Ensembl chr10:67,005,424...67,007,226
JBrowse link
G Cd40lg CD40 ligand decreases expression ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of CD40LG protein CTD PMID:16391376 NCBI chr  X:135,127,119...135,138,302
Ensembl chr  X:135,126,969...135,138,306
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of CDKN1A protein CTD PMID:10926548 NCBI chr20:7,149,177...7,159,727
Ensembl chr20:7,149,217...7,159,585
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1b cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B decreases expression
increases expression
ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of CDKN1B protein
Heparin analog results in increased expression of CDKN1B protein
CTD PMID:18057711 PMID:20201787 NCBI chr 4:167,760,067...167,765,177
Ensembl chr 4:167,760,181...167,764,982
JBrowse link
G Col18a1 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain affects binding ISO Heparin binds to COL18A1 protein alternative form CTD PMID:15604266 NCBI chr20:11,474,104...11,582,593
Ensembl chr20:11,474,104...11,582,593
JBrowse link
G Crp C-reactive protein increases expression ISO Heparin results in increased expression of CRP protein CTD PMID:16391376 NCBI chr13:85,131,635...85,175,179
Ensembl chr13:85,124,977...85,175,178
JBrowse link
G Csf3 colony stimulating factor 3 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of CSF3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr10:83,660,787...83,664,569
Ensembl chr10:83,661,207...83,663,603
JBrowse link
G Ctnnb1 catenin beta 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin promotes the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of CTNNB1 protein]; Lithium Chloride inhibits the reaction [Heparin promotes the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of CTNNB1 protein]] CTD PMID:30377735 NCBI chr 8:120,640,008...120,667,110
Ensembl chr 8:120,639,995...120,667,111
JBrowse link
G Cxcl10 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [endotoxin, Escherichia coli results in increased expression of CXCL10 mRNA] CTD PMID:31813902 NCBI chr14:15,704,772...15,706,969
Ensembl chr14:15,704,758...15,706,975
JBrowse link
G Cxcl12 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of CXCL12 mRNA; Heparin analog results in decreased expression of CXCL12 protein CTD PMID:20201787 NCBI chr 4:150,388,326...150,401,173
Ensembl chr 4:150,388,325...150,401,168
JBrowse link
G Cxcl2 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 2 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of CXCL2 mRNA]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [Ranitidine promotes the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of CXCL2 protein]] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr14:17,181,030...17,183,075
Ensembl chr14:17,181,062...17,183,075
JBrowse link
G Cxcr4 C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of CXCR4 mRNA; Heparin analog results in decreased expression of CXCR4 protein CTD PMID:20201787 NCBI chr13:40,077,976...40,081,883
Ensembl chr13:40,077,976...40,081,883
JBrowse link
G Ddah2 dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 decreases expression EXP Heparin results in decreased expression of DDAH2 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr20:3,761,460...3,764,718
Ensembl chr20:3,761,465...3,764,511
JBrowse link
G Des desmin decreases expression EXP Heparin results in decreased expression of DES protein CTD PMID:9111513 NCBI chr 9:76,850,979...76,858,695
Ensembl chr 9:76,850,982...76,858,699
JBrowse link
G E2f1 E2F transcription factor 1 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of E2F1 protein CTD PMID:20201787 NCBI chr 3:143,064,535...143,075,362
Ensembl chr 3:143,049,478...143,075,361
JBrowse link
G Edn1 endothelin 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
decreases secretion
ISO
EXP
Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein results in increased expression of EDN1 mRNA]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein results in increased secretion of EDN1 protein]
Heparin results in decreased expression of EDN1 mRNA
Heparin inhibits the reaction [EDN1 protein results in increased abundance of Calcium]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [EDN1 protein results in increased abundance of Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate]
Heparin results in decreased secretion of EDN1 protein
CTD PMID:1443220 PMID:7509996 PMID:8408661 NCBI chr17:22,454,924...22,460,812
Ensembl chr17:22,454,420...22,460,885
JBrowse link
G Egf epidermal growth factor decreases activity ISO Heparin results in decreased activity of EGF protein CTD PMID:12714831 NCBI chr 2:218,219,408...218,302,370
Ensembl chr 2:218,219,415...218,302,064
JBrowse link
G Egfr epidermal growth factor receptor decreases expression
increases phosphorylation
ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of EGFR mRNA; Heparin results in decreased expression of EGFR protein
Heparin results in increased phosphorylation of EGFR protein
CTD PMID:16475731 PMID:16556679 NCBI chr14:91,176,931...91,349,722
Ensembl chr14:91,177,067...91,344,382
JBrowse link
G Egln3 egl-9 family hypoxia-inducible factor 3 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of EGLN3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr 6:71,650,297...71,675,766
Ensembl chr 6:71,650,297...71,675,766
JBrowse link
G F10 coagulation factor X decreases activity ISO
EXP
Heparin results in decreased activity of F10 protein CTD PMID:8950779 NCBI chr16:76,468,834...76,488,141
Ensembl chr16:76,468,838...76,488,141
JBrowse link
G F2 coagulation factor II multiple interactions
decreases expression
increases expression
ISO F2 protein promotes the reaction [Heparin results in increased abundance of Nitric Oxide]; Heparin deficiency results in increased cleavage of and results in increased activity of F2 protein; Heparin deficiency results in increased expression of [SERPINC1 protein binds to F2 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein affects the localization of SELP protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein results in increased cleavage of F2R protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein results in increased expression of EDN1 mRNA]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein results in increased secretion of EDN1 protein]
Heparin results in increased expression of [F2 protein binds to SERPINC1 protein]
Heparin results in decreased expression of F2 protein
Heparin deficiency results in increased expression of F2 protein; Heparin results in increased expression of F2 protein
CTD PMID:7509996 PMID:7895349 PMID:8408661 PMID:9740346 PMID:11869846 More... NCBI chr 3:77,596,196...77,609,486
Ensembl chr 3:77,596,198...77,609,486
JBrowse link
G F2r coagulation factor II (thrombin) receptor multiple interactions ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein results in increased cleavage of F2R protein] CTD PMID:19468011 NCBI chr 2:26,869,343...26,885,856
Ensembl chr 2:26,868,404...26,885,870
JBrowse link
G Fas Fas cell surface death receptor increases expression ISO Heparin results in increased expression of FAS protein CTD PMID:15205081 NCBI chr 1:231,798,963...231,832,591
Ensembl chr 1:231,798,960...231,832,591
JBrowse link
G Fcgr2a Fc gamma receptor 2A affects binding ISO [Heparin binds to PF4 protein] which binds to FCGR2A protein CTD PMID:8282825 NCBI chr13:83,280,782...83,297,535
Ensembl chr13:83,280,784...83,295,967
JBrowse link
G Fga fibrinogen alpha chain increases cleavage ISO Heparin deficiency results in increased cleavage of FGA protein CTD PMID:7895349 NCBI chr 2:168,365,364...168,381,533
Ensembl chr 2:168,374,120...168,381,528
JBrowse link
G Fgf1 fibroblast growth factor 1 multiple interactions
affects binding
ISO
EXP
[Heparin analog binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to and results in increased activity of FGF1 protein; Heparin analog promotes the reaction [FGF1 protein binds to FGF1 protein]
[Heparin binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to FGF1 protein
Heparin affects the reaction [FGF1 protein binds to FGFR4 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K2 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; Heparin promotes the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased expression of FGF1 protein]
Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR1 protein binds to FGF1 protein]; Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR3 protein binds to FGF1 protein]
CTD PMID:1379594 PMID:8576258 PMID:10336501 PMID:10860838 PMID:14966081 More... NCBI chr18:30,686,555...30,772,667
Ensembl chr18:30,686,581...30,772,357
JBrowse link
G Fgf10 fibroblast growth factor 10 multiple interactions ISO Heparin promotes the reaction [FGF10 protein binds to FGFR2 protein] CTD PMID:15632068 NCBI chr 2:50,801,897...50,875,428
Ensembl chr 2:50,800,992...50,876,866
JBrowse link
G Fgf19 fibroblast growth factor 19 affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin binds to FGF19 protein
Heparin promotes the reaction [FGF19 protein binds to FGFR4 protein]
CTD PMID:10525310 PMID:14730967 NCBI chr 1:200,056,656...200,059,944
Ensembl chr 1:200,056,644...200,060,287
JBrowse link
G Fgf2 fibroblast growth factor 2 affects binding
decreases expression
multiple interactions
affects activity
ISO
EXP
Heparin binds to FGF2 protein; Heparin binds to FGFR1 protein binds to FGF2 protein
Heparin results in decreased expression of FGF2 protein
[Heparin binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to FGF2 protein
Heparin affects the reaction [FGF2 protein binds to FGFR4 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K2 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
Heparin affects the activity of FGF2 protein
Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR1 protein binds to FGF2 protein]; Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR2 protein binds to FGF2 protein]
CTD PMID:1373495 PMID:1379594 PMID:8441232 PMID:10336501 PMID:10860838 More... NCBI chr 2:120,236,328...120,290,673
Ensembl chr 2:120,236,328...120,291,221
JBrowse link
G Fgf23 fibroblast growth factor 23 increases activity ISO Heparin analog results in increased activity of FGF23 protein CTD PMID:16081635 NCBI chr 4:159,914,393...159,922,073
Ensembl chr 4:159,914,272...159,923,821
JBrowse link
G Fgf3 fibroblast growth factor 3 affects activity ISO Heparin affects the activity of FGF3 protein CTD PMID:7592624 NCBI chr 1:200,001,261...200,005,187
Ensembl chr 1:200,001,261...200,005,187
JBrowse link
G Fgf4 fibroblast growth factor 4 multiple interactions ISO Heparin binds to and results in increased activity of FGF4 protein CTD PMID:11486033 NCBI chr 1:200,023,937...200,027,793
Ensembl chr 1:200,024,056...200,025,466
JBrowse link
G Fgf5 fibroblast growth factor 5 affects activity ISO Heparin affects the activity of FGF5 protein CTD PMID:8386828 NCBI chr14:11,325,334...11,346,570
Ensembl chr14:11,325,334...11,345,997
JBrowse link
G Fgf7 fibroblast growth factor 7 affects binding EXP [Heparin binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to FGF7 protein CTD PMID:10860838 NCBI chr 3:113,280,448...113,333,279
Ensembl chr 3:113,281,283...113,332,929
JBrowse link
G Fgfr1 Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin binds to FGFR1 protein binds to FGF2 protein
Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR1 protein binds to FGF1 protein]; Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR1 protein binds to FGF2 protein]
CTD PMID:1379594 PMID:15096041 NCBI chr16:66,492,445...66,546,731
Ensembl chr16:66,494,042...66,547,350
JBrowse link
G Fgfr2 fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 multiple interactions
affects binding
affects activity
ISO
EXP
[Heparin analog binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to and results in increased activity of FGF1 protein; Heparin promotes the reaction [FGF10 protein binds to FGFR2 protein]
[Heparin binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to FGF1 protein; [Heparin binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to FGF2 protein; [Heparin binds to FGFR2 protein alternative form] which binds to FGF7 protein
Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR2 protein binds to FGF2 protein]
Heparin affects the activity of FGFR2 protein
CTD PMID:1373495 PMID:10860838 PMID:15632068 PMID:16219767 NCBI chr 1:184,745,418...184,850,655
Ensembl chr 1:184,745,420...184,850,626
JBrowse link
G Fgfr3 fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 affects activity
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin affects the activity of FGFR3 protein
Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR3 protein binds to FGF1 protein]
CTD PMID:1379594 NCBI chr14:76,987,242...77,002,671
Ensembl chr14:76,987,993...77,003,341
JBrowse link
G Fgfr4 fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Heparin analog binds to FGFR4 protein
Heparin affects the reaction [FGF1 protein binds to FGFR4 protein]; Heparin affects the reaction [FGF2 protein binds to FGFR4 protein]
Heparin promotes the reaction [FGF19 protein binds to FGFR4 protein]; Heparin promotes the reaction [FGFR4 protein binds to FGFR4 protein]
CTD PMID:10336501 PMID:10525310 PMID:10736564 PMID:11278860 NCBI chr17:9,461,541...9,476,268
Ensembl chr17:9,461,547...9,476,242
JBrowse link
G Fos Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit increases expression
decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Heparin results in increased expression of FOS protein
Heparin results in decreased expression of FOS mRNA
Heparin inhibits the reaction [4-O-methyl-12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate results in increased expression of FOS mRNA]
CTD PMID:2099192 PMID:9083085 NCBI chr 6:105,121,170...105,124,036
Ensembl chr 6:105,121,170...105,124,036
JBrowse link
G Gata4 GATA binding protein 4 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate results in increased expression of GATA4 protein] CTD PMID:16259952 NCBI chr15:37,459,601...37,531,291
Ensembl chr15:37,459,601...37,505,636
JBrowse link
G Gns glucosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase affects degradation ISO GNS affects the degradation of Heparin CTD PMID:3391615 NCBI chr 7:56,889,139...56,923,170
Ensembl chr 7:56,889,232...56,923,151
JBrowse link
G Gpt glutamic--pyruvic transaminase multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [Diclofenac promotes the reaction [endotoxin, Escherichia coli results in increased activity of GPT protein]] CTD PMID:31813902 NCBI chr 7:108,416,646...108,419,495
Ensembl chr 7:108,416,642...108,419,494
JBrowse link
G Gzmb granzyme B multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of GZMB mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr15:30,343,361...30,346,792
Ensembl chr15:30,173,603...30,346,814
JBrowse link
G Hamp hepcidin antimicrobial peptide decreases expression
decreases secretion
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of HAMP mRNA
Heparin results in decreased secretion of HAMP protein modified form
Heparin inhibits the reaction [BMP6 protein results in increased expression of HAMP mRNA]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [BMP6 protein results in increased secretion of HAMP protein modified form]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [IL6 protein results in increased expression of HAMP mRNA]
CTD PMID:25633564 PMID:25686467 NCBI chr 1:86,170,926...86,172,865
Ensembl chr 1:86,170,901...86,172,891
JBrowse link
G Hgf hepatocyte growth factor multiple interactions
affects binding
increases expression
ISO Heparin promotes the reaction [HGF protein binds to and results in increased activity of MET protein]
HGF protein binds to Heparin
Heparin results in increased expression of HGF protein
CTD PMID:9083085 PMID:18243369 NCBI chr 4:18,673,736...18,745,582
Ensembl chr 4:18,677,101...18,745,409
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [endotoxin, Escherichia coli results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:31813902 NCBI chr19:13,466,287...13,474,082
Ensembl chr19:13,467,244...13,474,079
JBrowse link
G Hpse heparanase multiple interactions ISO [Heparin results in decreased activity of HPSE protein] which affects the abundance of Heparitin Sulfate CTD PMID:17121850 NCBI chr14:8,896,593...8,937,011
Ensembl chr14:8,896,593...8,937,010
JBrowse link
G Hrg histidine-rich glycoprotein multiple interactions ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [Zinc results in increased activity of HRG protein] CTD PMID:8690451 NCBI chr11:78,054,488...78,069,402
Ensembl chr11:78,054,498...78,069,389
JBrowse link
G Igsf10 immunoglobulin superfamily, member 10 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of IGSF10 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr 2:143,575,710...143,605,044
Ensembl chr 2:143,576,070...143,604,773
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 increases expression
increases secretion
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Heparin results in increased expression of IL6 protein
Heparin analog results in increased secretion of IL6 protein
Heparin inhibits the reaction [IL6 protein results in increased expression of HAMP mRNA]
Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA]
CTD PMID:16391376 PMID:16401727 PMID:25633564 PMID:26476401 NCBI chr 4:5,214,602...5,219,178
Ensembl chr 4:5,213,394...5,219,178
JBrowse link
G Itgam integrin subunit alpha M decreases expression
increases expression
ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of ITGAM protein
Heparin results in increased expression of ITGAM protein
CTD PMID:8595612 PMID:8993250 NCBI chr 1:182,659,047...182,709,495
Ensembl chr 1:182,659,000...182,709,503
JBrowse link
G Itgax integrin subunit alpha X decreases expression ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of ITGAX protein CTD PMID:8993250 NCBI chr 1:182,709,653...182,740,709
Ensembl chr 1:182,719,609...182,740,698
JBrowse link
G Jun Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit multiple interactions ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased activity of JUN protein] CTD PMID:1730747 NCBI chr 5:109,894,175...109,897,268
Ensembl chr 5:109,893,145...109,897,656
JBrowse link
G Klf4 Kruppel like factor 4 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of KLF4 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr 5:70,278,843...70,283,751
Ensembl chr 5:70,278,972...70,283,602
JBrowse link
G Krt18 keratin 18 increases expression ISO Heparin results in increased expression of KRT18 protein CTD PMID:15671997 NCBI chr 7:133,157,486...133,161,162
Ensembl chr 7:133,157,475...133,161,166
JBrowse link
G Ldhb lactate dehydrogenase B decreases expression EXP Heparin results in decreased expression of LDHB protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr 4:175,428,382...175,446,403
Ensembl chr 4:175,428,385...175,446,403
JBrowse link
G Lpl lipoprotein lipase multiple interactions EXP [etofibrate co-treated with Heparin] results in increased secretion of LPL protein CTD PMID:3179329 NCBI chr16:20,830,055...20,853,855
Ensembl chr16:20,829,465...20,855,249
JBrowse link
G Map2k1 mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K1 protein] CTD PMID:14966081 NCBI chr 8:64,683,449...64,754,900
Ensembl chr 8:64,683,449...64,755,147
JBrowse link
G Map2k2 mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 2 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K2 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K2 protein] CTD PMID:14966081 NCBI chr 7:8,590,729...8,610,279
Ensembl chr 7:8,580,905...8,610,243
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO
EXP
Heparin analog inhibits the reaction [Glucose results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
Heparin inhibits the reaction [sodium chlorate results in decreased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
Heparin results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein
CTD PMID:14966081 PMID:16556679 PMID:18057711 PMID:19937756 NCBI chr11:83,957,813...84,023,629
Ensembl chr11:83,957,813...84,023,616
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO
EXP
Heparin analog inhibits the reaction [Glucose results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
Heparin inhibits the reaction [sodium chlorate results in decreased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
Heparin results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein
CTD PMID:14966081 PMID:16556679 PMID:18057711 PMID:19937756 NCBI chr 1:181,366,646...181,372,863
Ensembl chr 1:181,366,637...181,372,863
JBrowse link
G Mapt microtubule-associated protein tau multiple interactions ISO Heparin promotes the reaction [MAPT protein binds to MAPT protein]; Mercuric Chloride promotes the reaction [Heparin promotes the reaction [MAPT protein binds to MAPT protein]] CTD PMID:20665688 PMID:31678113 NCBI chr10:89,138,644...89,236,137
Ensembl chr10:89,138,627...89,236,129
JBrowse link
G Mcpt4 mast cell protease 4 increases activity EXP Heparin increases activity of Mcpt4 protein RGD PMID:11896050 RGD:633287 NCBI chr15:29,501,595...29,504,216
Ensembl chr15:29,501,595...29,504,214
JBrowse link
G Met MET proto-oncogene, receptor tyrosine kinase multiple interactions ISO Heparin promotes the reaction [HGF protein binds to and results in increased activity of MET protein] CTD PMID:9083085 NCBI chr 4:45,790,456...45,898,139
Ensembl chr 4:45,790,791...45,897,876
JBrowse link
G Mif macrophage migration inhibitory factor affects binding ISO MIF protein binds to Heparin CTD PMID:26852939 NCBI chr20:12,790,919...12,791,784
Ensembl chr20:12,790,902...12,799,504
JBrowse link
G Mmp1 matrix metallopeptidase 1 decreases activity ISO Heparin results in decreased activity of MMP1 protein CTD PMID:10958381 NCBI chr 8:4,658,588...4,679,099
Ensembl chr 8:4,658,588...4,679,097
JBrowse link
G Mmp14 matrix metallopeptidase 14 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of MMP14 mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr15:27,887,795...27,897,020
Ensembl chr15:27,887,727...27,899,864
JBrowse link
G Mmp2 matrix metallopeptidase 2 decreases activity ISO Heparin results in decreased activity of MMP2 protein CTD PMID:10958381 NCBI chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
Ensembl chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
JBrowse link
G Mmp9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 decreases activity
increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin results in decreased activity of MMP9 protein
Heparin results in increased expression of MMP9 mRNA; Heparin results in increased expression of MMP9 protein
Heparin results in increased metabolism of and results in increased activity of MMP9 protein
CTD PMID:10958381 PMID:14630814 PMID:16190367 NCBI chr 3:153,684,158...153,692,118
Ensembl chr 3:153,683,858...153,692,120
JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase multiple interactions ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [4-amino-TEMPO inhibits the reaction [MPO protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Hypochlorous Acid]]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [[1,6-diaminohexane binds to TEMPO] inhibits the reaction [MPO protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Hypochlorous Acid]]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Cadaverine binds to TEMPO] inhibits the reaction [MPO protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Hypochlorous Acid]]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Putrescine binds to TEMPO] inhibits the reaction [MPO protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Hypochlorous Acid]]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Spermine binds to TEMPO] inhibits the reaction [MPO protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Hypochlorous Acid]]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [[trimethylenediamine binds to TEMPO] inhibits the reaction [MPO protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Hypochlorous Acid]] CTD PMID:34085520 NCBI chr10:72,594,458...72,608,862
Ensembl chr10:72,594,661...72,604,819
JBrowse link
G Msn moesin increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of MSN protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr  X:60,996,043...61,064,011
Ensembl chr  X:60,995,951...61,065,628
JBrowse link
G Myc MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor increases expression
decreases expression
ISO
EXP
Heparin results in increased expression of MYC protein
Heparin results in decreased expression of MYC mRNA
CTD PMID:2099192 PMID:11787776 PMID:16475731 NCBI chr 7:93,593,705...93,598,633
Ensembl chr 7:93,593,705...93,598,630
JBrowse link
G Nfatc3 nuclear factor of activated T-cells 3 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate results in increased expression of NFATC3 protein] CTD PMID:16259952 NCBI chr19:33,960,643...34,035,150
Ensembl chr19:33,960,852...34,035,150
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 NFE2 like bZIP transcription factor 2 increases expression ISO Heparin analog results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr 3:60,594,239...60,621,785
Ensembl chr 3:60,594,242...60,621,737
JBrowse link
G Park7 Parkinsonism associated deglycase increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of PARK7 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr 5:161,353,718...161,376,993
Ensembl chr 5:161,353,719...161,376,970
JBrowse link
G Parp1 poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin promotes the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein] CTD PMID:30377735 NCBI chr13:92,307,593...92,339,406
Ensembl chr13:92,307,586...92,339,404
JBrowse link
G Pdgfb platelet derived growth factor subunit B affects expression EXP Heparin affects the expression of PDGFB protein CTD PMID:8441232 NCBI chr 7:111,539,444...111,557,984
Ensembl chr 7:111,540,345...111,557,984
JBrowse link
G Pdgfra platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha decreases expression ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of PDGFRA mRNA CTD PMID:16945567 NCBI chr14:33,005,838...33,054,347
Ensembl chr14:33,005,839...33,054,335
JBrowse link
G Pdhb pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 subunit beta decreases expression EXP Heparin results in decreased expression of PDHB protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr15:16,752,561...16,758,503
Ensembl chr15:16,750,980...16,758,500
JBrowse link
G Pf4 platelet factor 4 affects binding
increases secretion
ISO [Heparin binds to PF4 protein] which binds to FCGR2A protein; Heparin binds to PF4 protein
Heparin results in increased secretion of PF4 protein
CTD PMID:2437338 PMID:2709525 PMID:8282825 PMID:20162249 NCBI chr14:17,298,438...17,299,148
Ensembl chr14:17,298,308...17,299,365
JBrowse link
G Pitpna phosphatidylinositol transfer protein, alpha increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of PITPNA protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr10:60,430,712...60,473,564
Ensembl chr10:60,430,748...60,471,342
JBrowse link
G Plat plasminogen activator, tissue type increases expression ISO Heparin results in increased expression of PLAT mRNA; Heparin results in increased expression of PLAT protein CTD PMID:14630814 PMID:16190367 NCBI chr16:69,240,582...69,265,177
Ensembl chr16:69,240,585...69,268,223
JBrowse link
G Plau plasminogen activator, urokinase decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of PLAU mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr15:3,456,230...3,462,732
Ensembl chr15:3,456,232...3,462,775
JBrowse link
G Plg plasminogen multiple interactions ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [PLG protein affects the degradation of CCL11 protein] CTD PMID:17384413 NCBI chr 1:48,325,186...48,367,643
Ensembl chr 1:48,325,185...48,367,786
JBrowse link
G Ppbp pro-platelet basic protein increases secretion ISO Heparin results in increased secretion of PPBP protein CTD PMID:2437338 NCBI chr14:17,302,326...17,303,130
Ensembl chr14:17,302,326...17,303,130
JBrowse link
G Proc protein C, inactivator of coagulation factors Va and VIIIa increases activity ISO Heparin deficiency results in increased activity of PROC protein CTD PMID:7895349 NCBI chr18:23,764,367...23,774,816
Ensembl chr18:23,764,368...23,775,133
JBrowse link
G Psmb5 proteasome 20S subunit beta 5 decreases activity
decreases expression
ISO Heparin analog results in decreased activity of PSMB5 protein
Heparin analog results in decreased expression of PSMB5 mRNA
CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr15:28,072,772...28,077,367
Ensembl chr15:28,072,781...28,077,440
JBrowse link
G Psmb6 proteasome 20S subunit beta 6 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of PSMB6 mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr10:55,239,274...55,241,581
Ensembl chr10:55,239,241...55,241,586
JBrowse link
G Psmb7 proteasome 20S subunit beta 7 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of PSMB7 mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr 3:22,357,777...22,417,748
Ensembl chr 3:22,354,698...22,417,937
JBrowse link
G Psme1 proteasome activator subunit 1 increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of PSME1 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr15:29,069,012...29,071,888
Ensembl chr15:29,068,729...29,071,890
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr13:62,164,080...62,169,770
Ensembl chr13:62,163,932...62,172,188
JBrowse link
G Ptk2 protein tyrosine kinase 2 decreases phosphorylation ISO Heparin results in decreased phosphorylation of PTK2 protein CTD PMID:18674534 NCBI chr 7:105,126,725...105,331,848
Ensembl chr 7:105,126,728...105,331,783
JBrowse link
G Pxn paxillin decreases phosphorylation ISO Heparin results in decreased phosphorylation of PXN protein CTD PMID:18674534 NCBI chr12:41,060,791...41,107,962
Ensembl chr12:41,060,791...41,107,931
JBrowse link
G Rac1 Rac family small GTPase 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of RAC1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr12:11,037,028...11,057,251
Ensembl chr12:11,036,698...11,057,251
JBrowse link
G Rb1 RB transcriptional corepressor 1 multiple interactions ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of and results in decreased phosphorylation of RB1 protein CTD PMID:20201787 NCBI chr15:48,371,295...48,502,473
Ensembl chr15:48,371,296...48,502,302
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [arsenite affects the localization of RELA protein]; Heparin inhibits the reaction [TNF protein affects the localization of RELA protein] CTD PMID:10843908 PMID:26677073 NCBI chr 1:202,925,001...202,935,484
Ensembl chr 1:202,924,945...202,935,484
JBrowse link
G S100a1 S100 calcium binding protein A1 affects expression EXP Heparin affects the expression of S100A1 protein CTD PMID:12186470 NCBI chr 2:175,993,922...175,998,765
Ensembl chr 2:175,993,922...175,999,544
JBrowse link
G S100a6 S100 calcium binding protein A6 affects expression
increases expression
EXP Heparin affects the expression of S100A6 protein
Heparin results in increased expression of S100A6 protein
CTD PMID:12186470 PMID:17488504 NCBI chr 2:176,100,619...176,102,181
Ensembl chr 2:176,100,899...176,102,180
JBrowse link
G S100b S100 calcium binding protein B affects expression EXP Heparin affects the expression of S100B protein CTD PMID:12186470 NCBI chr20:12,372,866...12,381,619
Ensembl chr20:12,372,881...12,394,743
JBrowse link
G Sdc1 syndecan 1 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of SDC1 mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr 6:31,562,799...31,585,267
Ensembl chr 6:31,562,739...31,585,264
JBrowse link
G Sdc2 syndecan 2 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of SDC2 mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr 7:64,127,185...64,239,885
Ensembl chr 7:64,127,110...64,241,081
JBrowse link
G Sdc4 syndecan 4 increases expression ISO Heparin analog results in increased expression of SDC4 mRNA CTD PMID:26476401 NCBI chr 3:153,154,888...153,173,576
Ensembl chr 3:153,154,896...153,173,580
JBrowse link
G Sell selectin L decreases expression
increases expression
ISO Heparin results in decreased expression of SELL protein
Heparin results in increased expression of SELL protein
CTD PMID:8595612 PMID:8993250 NCBI chr13:76,416,969...76,436,444
Ensembl chr13:76,416,915...76,436,456
JBrowse link
G Selp selectin P multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [F2 protein affects the localization of SELP protein]; Heparin promotes the reaction [Adenosine Diphosphate affects the localization of SELP protein]
Heparin results in increased expression of SELP protein
CTD PMID:9740346 PMID:10544909 NCBI chr13:76,476,229...76,511,846
Ensembl chr13:76,476,295...76,511,845
JBrowse link
G Septin2 septin 2 increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of SEPTIN2 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr 9:94,018,141...94,051,386
Ensembl chr 9:94,018,208...94,051,386
JBrowse link
G Serpinc1 serpin family C member 1 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Heparin deficiency results in decreased expression of SERPINC1 protein; Heparin results in decreased expression of SERPINC1 protein
Heparin results in increased expression of [F2 protein binds to SERPINC1 protein]
Heparin deficiency results in increased expression of [SERPINC1 protein binds to F2 protein]
CTD PMID:73932 PMID:7895349 PMID:8122184 PMID:11869846 PMID:16961586 NCBI chr13:73,257,208...73,271,476
Ensembl chr13:73,257,179...73,284,293
JBrowse link
G Serpine1 serpin family E member 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [Ranitidine promotes the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of SERPINE1 protein]]; Heparin promotes the reaction [[Famotidine co-treated with Lipopolysaccharides] results in increased expression of SERPINE1 protein] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr12:19,601,272...19,611,657
Ensembl chr12:19,601,272...19,611,657
JBrowse link
G Sfrp1 secreted frizzled-related protein 1 multiple interactions EXP Heparin promotes the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased secretion of SFRP1 protein] CTD PMID:30377735 NCBI chr16:68,575,763...68,613,905
Ensembl chr16:68,575,763...68,614,286
JBrowse link
G Slc5a3 solute carrier family 5 member 3 multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of SLC5A3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr11:31,313,847...31,316,293
Ensembl chr11:31,295,476...31,318,883
JBrowse link
G Slk STE20-like kinase multiple interactions EXP Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of SLK mRNA] CTD PMID:16401727 NCBI chr 1:246,473,712...246,529,643
Ensembl chr 1:246,473,712...246,526,530
JBrowse link
G Stip1 stress-induced phosphoprotein 1 increases expression EXP Heparin results in increased expression of STIP1 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr 1:204,209,434...204,228,452
Ensembl chr 1:204,178,932...204,228,476
JBrowse link
G Tagln2 transgelin 2 decreases expression EXP Heparin results in decreased expression of TAGLN2 protein CTD PMID:17488504 NCBI chr13:84,966,980...84,973,973
Ensembl chr13:84,967,009...84,973,972
JBrowse link
G Tfrc transferrin receptor multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP
ISO
Heparin inhibits the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Ranitidine] results in increased expression of TFRC mRNA]
Heparin results in decreased expression of TFRC protein
CTD PMID:16401727 PMID:25633564 NCBI chr11:68,163,413...68,185,257
Ensembl chr11:68,163,413...68,185,257
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 decreases expression EXP Heparin results in decreased expression of TGFB1 mRNA CTD PMID:15149336 NCBI chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,848
Ensembl chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,847
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Heparin inhibits the reaction [TNF protein affects the localization of RELA protein]
Heparin results in increased expression of TNF protein
CTD PMID:10843908 PMID:17162433 NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 decreases expression ISO Heparin analog results in decreased expression of TP53 protein CTD PMID:20201787 NCBI chr10:54,300,070...54,311,525
Ensembl chr10:54,300,048...54,311,524
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A affects binding ISO Heparin binds to VEGFA protein alternative form CTD PMID:20376344 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link
keratan sulfate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G B3gnt2 UDP-GlcNAc:betaGal beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 2 increases chemical synthesis ISO B3GNT2 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Keratan Sulfate CTD PMID:12218059 NCBI chr14:96,808,473...96,833,674
Ensembl chr14:96,806,664...96,835,273
JBrowse link
G B4galt1 beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 1 increases chemical synthesis ISO B4GALT1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Keratan Sulfate CTD PMID:12218059 NCBI chr 5:55,935,614...55,982,461
Ensembl chr 5:55,935,615...55,982,461
JBrowse link
G Chst5 carbohydrate sulfotransferase 5 multiple interactions ISO CHST6 protein results in increased sulfation of and results in increased chemical synthesis of Keratan Sulfate
CHST5 protein results in increased sulfation of and results in increased chemical synthesis of Keratan Sulfate
CTD PMID:12218059 NCBI chr19:39,860,729...39,881,019
Ensembl chr19:39,860,501...39,881,064
JBrowse link
G Gns glucosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase affects degradation ISO GNS affects the degradation of Keratan Sulfate CTD PMID:3391615 NCBI chr 7:56,889,139...56,923,170
Ensembl chr 7:56,889,232...56,923,151
JBrowse link
Laurolactam term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ar androgen receptor multiple interactions ISO laurolactam binds to and results in decreased activity of AR protein CTD PMID:27633901 NCBI chr  X:63,104,771...63,273,934
Ensembl chr  X:63,104,771...63,273,925
JBrowse link
G Esr1 estrogen receptor 1 multiple interactions ISO laurolactam binds to and results in decreased activity of ESR1 protein CTD PMID:27633901 NCBI chr 1:41,106,335...41,499,104
Ensembl chr 1:41,210,475...41,495,002
JBrowse link
G Nr3c1 nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1 multiple interactions ISO laurolactam binds to and results in decreased activity of NR3C1 protein CTD PMID:27633901 NCBI chr18:31,271,681...31,393,320
Ensembl chr18:31,271,681...31,393,375
JBrowse link
G Pgr progesterone receptor multiple interactions ISO laurolactam binds to and results in decreased activity of PGR protein CTD PMID:27633901 NCBI chr 8:6,073,216...6,131,552
Ensembl chr 8:6,072,673...6,131,344
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 20056
    role 20008
      chemical role 19544
        catalyst 8101
          sulfuric acid 8047
            sulfuric acid derivative 8047
              organic sulfate 1957
                carbohydrate sulfate 1427
                  sulfated glycosaminoglycan 188
                    [4)-beta-D-GlcpA-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcpNAc6OS-(1->]n 0
                    [4)-beta-D-GlcpA-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcpNS6OS-(1->]n 0
                    chondroitin sulfate + 49
                    dermatan 6'-sulfate 0
                    dermatan sulfate 16
                    heparan sulfates + 24
                    heparin glucosamine 3-O-sulfate 0
                    heparins + 141
                    heparitins + 0
                    keratan sulfate + 8
                    keratan sulfate D-glucuronosyl-D-galactosyl-D-galactosyl-D-xylosyl-L-threonine 0
                    proteochondroitin sulfate 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 20056
    subatomic particle 20054
      composite particle 20054
        hadron 20054
          baryon 20054
            nucleon 20054
              atomic nucleus 20054
                atom 20054
                  main group element atom 19956
                    p-block element atom 19956
                      carbon group element atom 19882
                        carbon atom 19875
                          organic molecular entity 19875
                            heteroorganic entity 19561
                              organochalcogen compound 19310
                                organooxygen compound 19243
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 13928
                                    carbohydrate 13928
                                      polysaccharide 3092
                                        polysaccharide derivative 3074
                                          aminoglycan 399
                                            glycosaminoglycan 373
                                              sulfated glycosaminoglycan 188
                                                [4)-beta-D-GlcpA-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcpNAc6OS-(1->]n 0
                                                [4)-beta-D-GlcpA-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcpNS6OS-(1->]n 0
                                                chondroitin sulfate + 49
                                                dermatan 6'-sulfate 0
                                                dermatan sulfate 16
                                                heparan sulfates + 24
                                                heparin glucosamine 3-O-sulfate 0
                                                heparins + 141
                                                heparitins + 0
                                                keratan sulfate + 8
                                                keratan sulfate D-glucuronosyl-D-galactosyl-D-galactosyl-D-xylosyl-L-threonine 0
                                                proteochondroitin sulfate 0
paths to the root