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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:ammonium betaine
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Accession:CHEBI:35284 term browser browse the term
Definition:Any neutral molecule having charge-separated forms with a quaternary ammonium atom which bears no hydrogen atoms and that is not adjacent to the anionic atom.
Synonyms:related_synonym: ammonium betaines


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(R)-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 increases uptake EXP SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575 JBrowse link
CAR(3:0(Me2)) term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 decreases activity EXP pivaloylcarnitine results in decreased activity of SLC22A5 protein CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575 JBrowse link
glycine betaine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] promotes the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of CAT protein]; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT protein CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
G DNMT1 DNA methyltransferase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 2:68,981,564...69,040,364
Ensembl chr 2:68,981,564...69,029,919
JBrowse link
G DNMT3A DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of DNMT3A mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT3A mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 3:113,501,972...113,609,148
Ensembl chr 3:113,528,926...113,609,139
JBrowse link
G GPX1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA; [bisphenol A co-treated with [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12]] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:31,916,269...31,917,337
Ensembl chr13:31,914,932...31,917,335
JBrowse link
G GYS1 glycogen synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in decreased expression of GYS1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 6:54,234,600...54,250,211
Ensembl chr 6:54,233,050...54,250,261
JBrowse link
G LDHA lactate dehydrogenase A multiple interactions EXP [bisphenol A co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Betaine] results in decreased methylation of LDHA promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 2:40,814,163...40,827,284
Ensembl chr 2:40,812,453...40,826,715
JBrowse link
G MTHFR methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of MTHFR mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 6:71,863,637...71,882,118
Ensembl chr 6:71,863,636...71,881,820
JBrowse link
G SI sucrase-isomaltase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SI mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr13:104,296,281...104,379,558
Ensembl chr13:104,296,283...104,379,478
JBrowse link
G SLC15A1 solute carrier family 15 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased methylation of SLC15A1 promoter]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr11:67,652,808...67,690,457
Ensembl chr11:67,652,193...67,710,933
JBrowse link
G SLC5A1 solute carrier family 5 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr14:48,566,400...48,704,145
Ensembl chr14:48,566,343...48,705,841
JBrowse link
G SOD1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:195,326,573...195,335,273
Ensembl chr13:195,326,649...195,337,749
JBrowse link
O-acetyl-L-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLC22A5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 increases uptake EXP SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Acetylcarnitine CTD PMID:16826461 NCBI chr 2:134,660,741...134,847,575 JBrowse link
phosphatidylcholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCB4 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 4 increases export
multiple interactions
EXP ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines
Itraconazole inhibits the reaction [ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines]; Verapamil inhibits the reaction [ABCB4 protein results in increased export of Phosphatidylcholines]
CTD PMID:21056966 NCBI chr 9:93,171,371...93,262,124 JBrowse link
G PDIA3 protein disulfide isomerase family A member 3 increases hydrolysis EXP PDIA3 protein results in increased hydrolysis of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:16798117 NCBI chr 1:127,786,174...127,814,096
Ensembl chr 1:127,785,772...127,814,196
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 903
    chemical entity 903
      molecular entity 901
        ion 131
          organic ion 57
            organic cation 38
              quaternary ammonium ion 16
                quaternary nitrogen compound 14
                  ammonium betaine 14
                    (11Z)-eicoseneoylcarnitine 0
                    (11Z,14Z)-eicosadienoylcarnitine 0
                    (13Z,16Z)-docosadienoylcarnitine 0
                    (2E)-7-carboxyhept-2-enoylcarnitine 0
                    (2E)-octenoylcarnitine 0
                    (2E,4Z)-decadienoylcarnitine 0
                    (5Z)-13-carboxytridec-5-enoylcarnitine 0
                    (9Z)-3-hydroxydodecenoylcarnitine 0
                    (9Z,12Z,15Z)-3-hydroxyoctadecatrienoylcarnitine 0
                    (R)-carnitinyl-CoA betaine 0
                    (S)-carnitinyl-CoA betaine 0
                    1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                    1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphonocholine + 0
                    1-O-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                    1-acyl-2-linoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine betaine + 0
                    1-acyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine betaine + 0
                    15-methylhexadecasphing-4-enine-1-phosphocholine + 0
                    2,6-dimethylheptanoyl carnitine + 0
                    2-acetyl-1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                    2-acyl-1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                    2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                    2-ethylacryloylcarnitine 0
                    3-dehydrocarnitine + 0
                    3-hydroxy-cis-5-octenoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxyarachidonoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxybutyrylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxydecanoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxydodecanoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxyeicosanoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxylinoleoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxyoctadecanoylcarnitine 0
                    3-hydroxytetradecanoylcarnitine 0
                    4-[(2S)-2-ammonio-2-carboxyethyl]-5-tert-butylisothiazol-3-olate 0
                    6-(O-phosphocholine)oxyhexanoate 0
                    6-(O-phosphocholine)oxyhexanoic acid betaine 0
                    7-methylguanosine 5'-diphosphate 0
                    D-ribosylnicotinate 0
                    N(2),N(2),N(7)-trimethylguanosine 5'-phosphate 0
                    N(7)-methylguanosine 5'-phosphate + 0
                    N(alpha)-(L-gamma-glutamyl)-hercynyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide 0
                    N(alpha)-(L-gamma-glutamyl)-hercynyl-L-selenocysteine 0
                    NDSB 221 0
                    NSDB 211 0
                    O-(11-carboxyundecanoyl)carnitine 0
                    O-(13-carboxytridecanoyl)carnitine 0
                    O-(17-carboxyheptadecanoyl)carnitine 0
                    O-(4,8-dimethylnonanoyl)carnitine 0
                    O-[(9Z)-17-carboxyheptadec-9-enoyl]carnitine 0
                    O-acylcarnitine + 1
                    O-arachidonoylcarnitine 0
                    O-heptanoylcarnitine 0
                    O-icosanoylcarnitine 0
                    O-linoleoylcarnitine 0
                    O-methylmalonylcarnitine 0
                    O-palmitoleoylcarnitine 0
                    O-pimeloylcarnitine 0
                    O-sebacoylcarnitine 0
                    amino-acid betaine + 12
                    calcium crimson 0
                    choline sulfate 0
                    hercynylcysteine sulfoxide 0
                    hercynylselenocysteine 0
                    homostachydrine 0
                    lauramidopropyl betaine + 0
                    lauryl sulfobetaine 0
                    meldonium 0
                    perifosine 0
                    phosphatidylcholine + 2
                    phosphonocholine + 0
                    sphinganine-1-phosphocholine 0
                    sphingomyelin + 0
                    sphingosine-1-phosphocholine + 0
                    thiaminium carboxylate betaine 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 903
    subatomic particle 888
      composite particle 888
        hadron 888
          baryon 888
            nucleon 888
              atomic nucleus 888
                atom 888
                  main group element atom 857
                    main group molecular entity 855
                      s-block molecular entity 742
                        hydrogen molecular entity 728
                          hydrides 353
                            inorganic hydride 245
                              pnictogen hydride 241
                                nitrogen hydride 241
                                  ammonium 23
                                    ammonium ion derivative 23
                                      quaternary ammonium ion 16
                                        quaternary nitrogen compound 14
                                          ammonium betaine 14
                                            (11Z)-eicoseneoylcarnitine 0
                                            (11Z,14Z)-eicosadienoylcarnitine 0
                                            (13Z,16Z)-docosadienoylcarnitine 0
                                            (2E)-7-carboxyhept-2-enoylcarnitine 0
                                            (2E)-octenoylcarnitine 0
                                            (2E,4Z)-decadienoylcarnitine 0
                                            (5Z)-13-carboxytridec-5-enoylcarnitine 0
                                            (9Z)-3-hydroxydodecenoylcarnitine 0
                                            (9Z,12Z,15Z)-3-hydroxyoctadecatrienoylcarnitine 0
                                            (R)-carnitinyl-CoA betaine 0
                                            (S)-carnitinyl-CoA betaine 0
                                            1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                                            1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphonocholine + 0
                                            1-O-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                                            1-acyl-2-linoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine betaine + 0
                                            1-acyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine betaine + 0
                                            15-methylhexadecasphing-4-enine-1-phosphocholine + 0
                                            2,6-dimethylheptanoyl carnitine + 0
                                            2-acetyl-1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                                            2-acyl-1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                                            2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 0
                                            2-ethylacryloylcarnitine 0
                                            3-dehydrocarnitine + 0
                                            3-hydroxy-cis-5-octenoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxyarachidonoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxybutyrylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxydecanoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxydodecanoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxyeicosanoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxylinoleoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxyoctadecanoylcarnitine 0
                                            3-hydroxytetradecanoylcarnitine 0
                                            4-[(2S)-2-ammonio-2-carboxyethyl]-5-tert-butylisothiazol-3-olate 0
                                            6-(O-phosphocholine)oxyhexanoate 0
                                            6-(O-phosphocholine)oxyhexanoic acid betaine 0
                                            7-methylguanosine 5'-diphosphate 0
                                            D-ribosylnicotinate 0
                                            N(2),N(2),N(7)-trimethylguanosine 5'-phosphate 0
                                            N(7)-methylguanosine 5'-phosphate + 0
                                            N(alpha)-(L-gamma-glutamyl)-hercynyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide 0
                                            N(alpha)-(L-gamma-glutamyl)-hercynyl-L-selenocysteine 0
                                            NDSB 221 0
                                            NSDB 211 0
                                            O-(11-carboxyundecanoyl)carnitine 0
                                            O-(13-carboxytridecanoyl)carnitine 0
                                            O-(17-carboxyheptadecanoyl)carnitine 0
                                            O-(4,8-dimethylnonanoyl)carnitine 0
                                            O-[(9Z)-17-carboxyheptadec-9-enoyl]carnitine 0
                                            O-acylcarnitine + 1
                                            O-arachidonoylcarnitine 0
                                            O-heptanoylcarnitine 0
                                            O-icosanoylcarnitine 0
                                            O-linoleoylcarnitine 0
                                            O-methylmalonylcarnitine 0
                                            O-palmitoleoylcarnitine 0
                                            O-pimeloylcarnitine 0
                                            O-sebacoylcarnitine 0
                                            amino-acid betaine + 12
                                            calcium crimson 0
                                            choline sulfate 0
                                            hercynylcysteine sulfoxide 0
                                            hercynylselenocysteine 0
                                            homostachydrine 0
                                            lauramidopropyl betaine + 0
                                            lauryl sulfobetaine 0
                                            meldonium 0
                                            perifosine 0
                                            phosphatidylcholine + 2
                                            phosphonocholine + 0
                                            sphinganine-1-phosphocholine 0
                                            sphingomyelin + 0
                                            sphingosine-1-phosphocholine + 0
                                            thiaminium carboxylate betaine 0
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