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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:onium betaine
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Accession:CHEBI:35281 term browser browse the term
Definition:Neutral molecules having charge-separated forms with an onium atom which bears no hydrogen atoms and that is not adjacent to the anionic atom.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: betaines
 related_synonym: onium betaines


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(R)-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Adipoq adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing increases expression EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of ADIPOQ protein CTD PMID:30256492 NCBI chr11:81,330,845...81,344,488
Ensembl chr11:81,330,293...81,344,488
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Carnitine results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:29186614 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO Carnitine promotes the reaction [Paraquat deficiency inhibits the reaction [Paraquat promotes the reaction [APP protein binds to APP protein]]] CTD PMID:33290254 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in decreased expression of BAX protein
2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Carnitine results in decreased expression of BAX protein]
CTD PMID:29186614 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bbox1 gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase 1 multiple interactions
increases chemical synthesis
ISO Aluminum inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]; Hydrogen Peroxide inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]; Ketoglutaric Acids inhibits the reaction [Aluminum inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]]; Ketoglutaric Acids inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide inhibits the reaction [BBOX1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Carnitine]] CTD PMID:21439360 NCBI chr 3:101,425,684...101,474,848
Ensembl chr 3:101,427,055...101,474,890
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Carnitine results in increased phosphorylation of BCL2 protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA] CTD PMID:23213347 PMID:29186614 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Bcl2l1 Bcl2-like 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in decreased expression of BCL2L1 protein] CTD PMID:19491382 NCBI chr 3:148,259,594...148,314,191
Ensembl chr 3:148,259,596...148,313,810
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA]] CTD PMID:19491382 PMID:23213347 PMID:26562095 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in increased expression of CASP9 mRNA] CTD PMID:23213347 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Diethylnitrosamine results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in decreased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:16889571 PMID:19294768 PMID:23213347 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Ccn2 cellular communication network factor 2 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Sunitinib results in increased expression of CCN2 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 1:21,851,657...21,854,773
Ensembl chr 1:21,851,660...21,854,773
JBrowse link
G Cdh1 cadherin 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in decreased expression of CDH1 protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr19:38,768,467...38,838,395
Ensembl chr19:38,768,467...38,838,395
JBrowse link
G Col1a1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of COL1A1 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Sunitinib results in increased expression of COL1A1 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 PMID:28973641 NCBI chr10:82,745,801...82,762,790
Ensembl chr10:82,745,801...82,762,789
JBrowse link
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] affects the abundance of Carnitine; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Carnitine]; Dexamethasone inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Carnitine]; huang-lien-chieh-tu-tang inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Carnitine] CTD PMID:24709313 NCBI chr 7:139,454,945...139,484,403
Ensembl chr 7:139,455,242...139,483,997
JBrowse link
G Cpt1a carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A multiple interactions EXP
ISO
valproyl-coenzyme A inhibits the reaction [CPT1A protein results in increased metabolism of Carnitine]
[Doxorubicin co-treated with Carnitine] results in increased expression of CPT1A mRNA; [Genistein co-treated with Carnitine] results in increased expression of CPT1A protein
CTD PMID:16283381 PMID:16362726 PMID:19854160 NCBI chr 1:218,568,157...218,629,679
Ensembl chr 1:218,569,510...218,629,678
JBrowse link
G Cpt2 carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 multiple interactions ISO Carnitine promotes the reaction [[Bezafibrate results in increased activity of CPT2 protein] which results in increased abundance of Adenosine Triphosphate] CTD PMID:21816645 NCBI chr 5:127,505,646...127,523,016
Ensembl chr 5:127,505,614...127,523,089
JBrowse link
G Cybb cytochrome b-245 beta chain multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of NOX2 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of NOX2 protein] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr  X:14,578,330...14,610,049
Ensembl chr  X:14,578,264...14,612,547
JBrowse link
G Cyp17a1 cytochrome P450, family 17, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Atrazine results in decreased expression of CYP17A1 mRNA] CTD PMID:29710542 NCBI chr 1:266,422,127...266,429,947
Ensembl chr 1:266,422,132...266,428,239
JBrowse link
G Cyp2e1 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily e, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine promotes the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of CYP2E1 protein] CTD PMID:8130774 NCBI chr 1:213,511,892...213,522,195
Ensembl chr 1:213,511,874...213,535,542
JBrowse link
G Fabp3 fatty acid binding protein 3 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of FABP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:20470772 NCBI chr 5:148,528,854...148,535,597
Ensembl chr 5:148,528,725...148,535,565
JBrowse link
G Gpx1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in decreased expression of GPX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:23213347 NCBI chr 8:117,117,430...117,118,528
Ensembl chr 8:117,117,430...117,118,522
JBrowse link
G Hrk harakiri, BCL2 interacting protein multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in increased expression of HRK mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Gentamicins results in increased expression of HRK protein] CTD PMID:16239342 NCBI chr12:44,008,879...44,029,211 JBrowse link
G Hspa2 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 2 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium Chloride results in increased expression of HSPA2 protein] CTD PMID:22359436 NCBI chr 6:99,433,575...99,436,288
Ensembl chr 6:99,433,550...99,436,289
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Carnitine] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in decreased expression of IL10 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr13:47,738,933...47,743,392
Ensembl chr13:47,739,526...47,743,392
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA]]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA] CTD PMID:26562095 PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Lepr leptin receptor affects abundance ISO LEPR affects the abundance of Carnitine CTD PMID:20567778 NCBI chr 5:120,503,475...120,682,281
Ensembl chr 5:120,564,645...120,682,221
JBrowse link
G Mmp9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in decreased expression of MMP9 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr 3:161,413,410...161,421,473
Ensembl chr 3:161,413,298...161,421,520
JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP [Carboplatin co-treated with Carnitine deficiency] results in increased expression of MPO protein; Acetaminophen promotes the reaction [Carnitine deficiency results in increased activity of MPO protein] CTD PMID:18597074 PMID:18852009 NCBI chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
Ensembl chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
JBrowse link
G Mt-co1 mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [nickel chloride results in decreased expression of COX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21419151 NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
Ensembl chr MT:5,323...6,867
JBrowse link
G Mt-nd6 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 multiple interactions ISO Carnitine inhibits the reaction [nickel chloride results in decreased expression of ND6 mRNA] CTD PMID:21419151 NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
Ensembl chr MT:13,543...14,061
JBrowse link
G Mttp microsomal triglyceride transfer protein multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Stavudine results in decreased expression of MTTP mRNA] CTD PMID:18299183 NCBI chr 2:243,366,181...243,407,608
Ensembl chr 2:243,366,181...243,407,608
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Ifosfamide results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:23213347 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
G Nos3 nitric oxide synthase 3 increases expression EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of NOS3 CTD PMID:20123095 NCBI chr 4:7,321,908...7,342,404
Ensembl chr 4:7,320,668...7,342,410
JBrowse link
G Ppara peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP [pirinixic acid results in increased activity of PPARA protein] promotes the reaction [SLC22A21 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; PPARA protein promotes the reaction [Carnitine results in decreased susceptibility to Gentamicins]
Carnitine results in increased activity of PPARA protein
CTD PMID:19491382 PMID:19735737 NCBI chr 7:126,618,872...126,687,282
Ensembl chr 7:126,619,196...126,681,752
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of PPARG protein
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [[Dietary Fats co-treated with Fructose] results in decreased expression of PPARG protein]
CTD PMID:30256492 NCBI chr 4:147,274,055...147,399,383
Ensembl chr 4:147,274,107...147,399,380
JBrowse link
G Ptgis prostaglandin I2 synthase increases expression
increases response to substance
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of PTGIS mRNA
PTGIS protein results in increased susceptibility to Carnitine
[Carnitine results in increased expression of PTGIS mRNA] which results in increased chemical synthesis of 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha
CTD PMID:19491382 NCBI chr 3:163,950,746...163,986,129 JBrowse link
G Slc22a4 solute carrier family 22 member 4 increases uptake ISO SLC22A4 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine CTD PMID:21256917 NCBI chr10:39,334,972...39,373,508 JBrowse link
G Slc22a5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 multiple interactions
decreases expression
increases transport
increases uptake
increases expression
affects uptake
affects binding
ISO
EXP
[Doxorubicin co-treated with Carnitine] results in increased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA; Amiodarone inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Atorvastatin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of pivaloylcarnitine]; Choline inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Clozapine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; grepafloxacin affects the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Ipratropium inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Lidocaine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Nifedipine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Ofloxacin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Olanzapine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine analog]; pivaloylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Propranolol inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Quetiapine Fumarate inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Spironolactone inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; talinolol inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; ziprasidone inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]
Carnitine results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA; Carnitine results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 protein
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 protein]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Tetraethylammonium]; Dithioerythritol inhibits the reaction [Omeprazole inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]]; Ofloxacin inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]; Omeprazole inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Tetraethylammonium inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine]
Carnitine deficiency results in increased expression of SLC22A5 mRNA
SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine; SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine analog
SLC22A5 protein affects the uptake of Carnitine
Carnitine binds to SLC22A5 protein
CTD PMID:12644265 PMID:15486076 PMID:16283381 PMID:16928358 PMID:18762717 PMID:18981167 PMID:19041296 PMID:19539806 PMID:19735737 PMID:20303936 PMID:20470772 PMID:21256917 PMID:21641380 PMID:22701146 PMID:30465787 PMID:31437515 NCBI chr10:39,201,101...39,228,090
Ensembl chr10:39,201,107...39,323,853
JBrowse link
G Slc22a8 solute carrier family 22 member 8 increases transport ISO SLC22A8 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine CTD PMID:15100168 NCBI chr 1:224,799,444...224,818,482
Ensembl chr 1:224,800,252...224,818,482
JBrowse link
G Slc25a20 solute carrier family 25 member 20 multiple interactions
increases transport
EXP Ampicillin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased activity of SLC25A20 protein]; Cefazolin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Cefonicid inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Cephalothin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]; Piperacillin inhibits the reaction [SLC25A20 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine] CTD PMID:18452908 PMID:23402788 NCBI chr 8:117,455,308...117,476,762
Ensembl chr 8:117,455,262...117,476,734
JBrowse link
G Slc2a4 solute carrier family 2 member 4 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Carnitine results in increased expression of SLC2A4 protein
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [[Dietary Fats co-treated with Fructose] results in decreased expression of SLC2A4 protein]
CTD PMID:30256492 NCBI chr10:56,552,921...56,558,562
Ensembl chr10:56,552,983...56,558,487
JBrowse link
G Snai1 snail family transcriptional repressor 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of SNAI1 protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr 3:164,274,710...164,279,199
Ensembl chr 3:164,274,710...164,279,378
JBrowse link
G Srebf1 sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Stavudine results in increased expression of SREBF1 mRNA] CTD PMID:18299183 NCBI chr10:46,570,996...46,593,021
Ensembl chr10:46,570,996...46,593,009
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA]]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA] CTD PMID:26562095 PMID:26581635 PMID:28973641 NCBI chr 1:82,480,875...82,497,196
Ensembl chr 1:82,480,195...82,497,199
JBrowse link
G Timp1 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [sunitinib results in increased expression of TIMP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:26581635 NCBI chr  X:1,364,771...1,369,451
Ensembl chr  X:1,364,786...1,369,384
JBrowse link
G Tjp1 tight junction protein 1 multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in decreased expression of TJP1 protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr 1:126,146,489...126,515,359
Ensembl chr 1:126,146,489...126,227,469
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases expression
multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP Carnitine deficiency results in increased expression of TNF mRNA
[Carboplatin co-treated with Carnitine deficiency] results in increased expression of TNF protein; Acetaminophen promotes the reaction [Carnitine deficiency results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]]; Carnitine inhibits the reaction [Iohexol promotes the reaction [Glycerol results in increased expression of TNF protein]]
Carnitine results in decreased expression of TNF protein
CTD PMID:18597074 PMID:18629605 PMID:18852009 PMID:26562095 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Vim vimentin multiple interactions EXP Carnitine inhibits the reaction [perfluorooctane sulfonic acid results in increased expression of VIM protein] CTD PMID:28973641 NCBI chr17:80,882,715...80,891,200
Ensembl chr17:80,882,666...80,891,212
JBrowse link
1,2-dihexadecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions ISO 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine inhibits the reaction [Asbestos, Crocidolite results in increased secretion of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:19041333 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Prnp prion protein multiple interactions
affects folding
ISO Copper affects the reaction [1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine affects the folding of PRNP protein modified form] CTD PMID:20936829 NCBI chr 3:124,515,917...124,531,320
Ensembl chr 3:124,515,978...124,531,316
JBrowse link
1-hexadecanoyl-2-(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Fech ferrochelatase affects abundance ISO FECH protein affects the abundance of 1-palmitoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine CTD PMID:29906468 NCBI chr18:59,941,992...59,975,192
Ensembl chr18:59,941,992...59,975,192
JBrowse link
1-hexadecanoyl-2-(9Z,12Z-octadecadienoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Fech ferrochelatase affects abundance ISO FECH protein affects the abundance of 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoylphosphatidylcholine CTD PMID:29906468 NCBI chr18:59,941,992...59,975,192
Ensembl chr18:59,941,992...59,975,192
JBrowse link
1-O-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Nr5a2 nuclear receptor subfamily 5, group A, member 2 multiple interactions ISO [NR5A2 gene mutant form results in increased susceptibility to Dietary Fats] which results in increased abundance of 1-oleoyl lysophosphatidylcholine CTD PMID:29515023 NCBI chr13:53,750,470...53,870,288
Ensembl chr13:53,750,473...53,870,428
JBrowse link
G Smad3 SMAD family member 3 decreases abundance ISO SMAD3 protein results in decreased abundance of 1-oleoyl lysophosphatidylcholine CTD PMID:23034213 NCBI chr 8:68,569,530...68,678,349
Ensembl chr 8:68,569,530...68,678,349
JBrowse link
1-O-palmitoyl-2-O-(5-oxovaleryl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Agtr1a angiotensin II receptor, type 1a increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of AGTR1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr17:35,907,102...35,958,136
Ensembl chr17:35,907,108...35,958,077
JBrowse link
G Alox5 arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of ALOX5 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 4:148,398,004...148,446,308
Ensembl chr 4:148,398,892...148,446,303
JBrowse link
G Ccr2 C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of CCR2 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258
G Cd68 Cd68 molecule increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of CD68 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr10:56,268,726...56,270,605
Ensembl chr10:56,268,720...56,270,640
JBrowse link
G Crp C-reactive protein increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of CRP mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr13:91,080,448...91,081,358
Ensembl chr13:91,054,974...91,093,713
JBrowse link
G Gja1 gap junction protein, alpha 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP AG 1879 inhibits the reaction [1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased phosphorylation of GJA1 protein]; resveratrol inhibits the reaction [1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased phosphorylation of GJA1 protein] CTD PMID:24079413 NCBI chr20:37,876,650...37,889,097
Ensembl chr20:37,876,650...37,889,089
JBrowse link
G Il1a interleukin 1 alpha increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of IL1A mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 3:121,824,712...121,836,122
Ensembl chr 3:121,825,412...121,836,086
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Kcnab2 potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A regulatory beta subunit 2 multiple interactions EXP [KCNAB2 protein co-treated with NADP] results in increased reduction of 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine CTD PMID:21296056 NCBI chr 5:169,570,327...169,658,875
Ensembl chr 5:169,572,517...169,658,875
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein
resveratrol inhibits the reaction [1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
CTD PMID:24079413 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP resveratrol inhibits the reaction [1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:24079413 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Olr1 oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of OLR1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 4:163,239,853...163,261,937
Ensembl chr 4:163,239,849...163,261,958
JBrowse link
G Ptafr platelet-activating factor receptor affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine binds to PTAFR protein
1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]
CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 5:150,746,284...150,775,675
Ensembl chr 5:150,754,021...150,775,672
JBrowse link
G Ptgs1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of PTGS1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 3:15,560,685...15,582,339
Ensembl chr 3:15,560,712...15,582,344
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr13:67,351,230...67,356,920
Ensembl chr13:67,351,087...67,359,335
JBrowse link
G Sele selectin E increases expression
increases secretion
ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of SELE mRNA
1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased secretion of SELE protein
CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr13:82,355,234...82,365,323
Ensembl chr13:82,355,471...82,365,341
JBrowse link
G Src SRC proto-oncogene, non-receptor tyrosine kinase multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP resveratrol inhibits the reaction [1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased phosphorylation of SRC protein] CTD PMID:24079413 NCBI chr 3:153,547,807...153,595,643
Ensembl chr 3:153,580,861...153,595,642
JBrowse link
G Timp4 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 4 increases expression ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of TIMP4 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 4:147,156,948...147,163,467
Ensembl chr 4:147,156,948...147,163,467
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases expression
increases secretion
ISO 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased expression of TNF mRNA
1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine results in increased secretion of TNF protein
CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Lipg lipase G, endothelial type increases hydrolysis ISO LIPG protein results in increased hydrolysis of 1-O-hexadecyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine CTD PMID:15953354 NCBI chr18:70,903,528...70,924,434
Ensembl chr18:70,901,710...70,924,708
JBrowse link
1-stearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Lipc lipase C, hepatic type multiple interactions ISO [LIPC gene mutant form co-treated with LIPG gene mutant form] results in increased abundance of stearoyl alpha-lysolecithin CTD PMID:24777581 NCBI chr 8:77,272,582...77,398,485
Ensembl chr 8:77,272,570...77,398,248
JBrowse link
G Lipg lipase G, endothelial type multiple interactions ISO [LIPC gene mutant form co-treated with LIPG gene mutant form] results in increased abundance of stearoyl alpha-lysolecithin CTD PMID:24777581 NCBI chr18:70,903,528...70,924,434
Ensembl chr18:70,901,710...70,924,708
JBrowse link
2-acetyl-1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Agtr1a angiotensin II receptor, type 1a increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of AGTR1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr17:35,907,102...35,958,136
Ensembl chr17:35,907,108...35,958,077
JBrowse link
G Alox12 arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase, 12S type increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of ALOX12 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr10:56,851,734...56,864,049
Ensembl chr10:56,851,734...56,864,005
JBrowse link
G Alox5 arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO [sodium arsenite co-treated with Platelet Activating Factor co-treated with Arachidonic Acid] results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of ALOX5 protein; [zileuton results in decreased activity of ALOX5 protein] inhibits the reaction [Calcimycin results in increased abundance of Platelet Activating Factor]
Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of ALOX5 mRNA
CTD PMID:8387780 PMID:10779545 PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 4:148,398,004...148,446,308
Ensembl chr 4:148,398,892...148,446,303
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 multiple interactions
increases secretion
ISO Foropafant inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased secretion of CCL2 protein] CTD PMID:15149885 NCBI chr10:69,412,065...69,413,863
Ensembl chr10:69,412,017...69,413,870
JBrowse link
G Ccr2 C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of CCR2 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258
G Crp C-reactive protein increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of CRP mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr13:91,080,448...91,081,358
Ensembl chr13:91,054,974...91,093,713
JBrowse link
G Cx3cr1 C-X3-C motif chemokine receptor 1 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of CX3CR1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 8:128,740,756...128,754,514
Ensembl chr 8:128,740,756...128,754,514
JBrowse link
G Edn1 endothelin 1 multiple interactions
increases abundance
EXP Carbon Tetrachloride promotes the reaction [EDN1 protein results in increased abundance of Platelet Activating Factor]; EDNRB protein affects the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride promotes the reaction [EDN1 protein results in increased abundance of Platelet Activating Factor]]; EDNRB protein affects the reaction [EDN1 protein results in increased abundance of Platelet Activating Factor] CTD PMID:18205269 NCBI chr17:22,136,814...22,143,745
Ensembl chr17:22,137,324...22,143,324
JBrowse link
G Ednrb endothelin receptor type B multiple interactions EXP EDNRB protein affects the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride promotes the reaction [EDN1 protein results in increased abundance of Platelet Activating Factor]]; EDNRB protein affects the reaction [EDN1 protein results in increased abundance of Platelet Activating Factor] CTD PMID:18205269 NCBI chr15:88,004,775...88,036,354
Ensembl chr15:88,006,977...88,036,354
JBrowse link
G Egr1 early growth response 1 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of EGR1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr18:27,657,903...27,660,101
Ensembl chr18:27,657,628...27,661,429
JBrowse link
G Gusb glucuronidase, beta multiple interactions EXP [Platelet Activating Factor co-treated with Cytochalasin B] results in increased secretion of GUSB protein; IMMLG5521 inhibits the reaction [[Platelet Activating Factor co-treated with Cytochalasin B] results in increased secretion of GUSB protein] CTD PMID:23850278 NCBI chr12:30,202,066...30,215,583
Ensembl chr12:30,198,822...30,227,771
JBrowse link
G Il1a interleukin 1 alpha increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of IL1A mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 3:121,824,712...121,836,122
Ensembl chr 3:121,825,412...121,836,086
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Itgam integrin subunit alpha M multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Foropafant inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of ITGAM protein]; Isoproterenol promotes the reaction [Theophylline inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of ITGAM protein]]; Theophylline inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of ITGAM protein] CTD PMID:9762784 PMID:11116075 NCBI chr 1:199,495,312...199,545,738
Ensembl chr 1:199,495,298...199,623,960
JBrowse link
G Ltb4r leukotriene B4 receptor affects response to substance ISO LTB4R1 protein affects the susceptibility to Platelet Activating Factor CTD PMID:10934231 NCBI chr15:34,449,299...34,453,352
Ensembl chr15:34,452,116...34,453,171
JBrowse link
G Mmp13 matrix metallopeptidase 13 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of MMP13 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 8:5,522,739...5,533,018
Ensembl chr 8:5,522,739...5,533,018
JBrowse link
G Nceh1 neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase 1 multiple interactions ISO NCEH1 protein inhibits the reaction [[Chlorpyrifos metabolite co-treated with Cytidine Diphosphate Choline] results in increased abundance of Platelet Activating Factor] CTD PMID:18164358 NCBI chr 2:112,868,834...112,932,622
Ensembl chr 2:112,868,707...112,934,953
JBrowse link
G Nfkbia NFKB inhibitor alpha multiple interactions
increases degradation
ISO Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased degradation of NFKBIA protein]; BN 50739 inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased degradation of NFKBIA protein]; Genistein inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased degradation of NFKBIA protein]; herbimycin inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased degradation of NFKBIA protein]; pyrrolidine dithiocarbamic acid inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased degradation of NFKBIA protein]; Tosylphenylalanyl Chloromethyl Ketone inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased degradation of NFKBIA protein]; Vitamin E inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased degradation of NFKBIA protein] CTD PMID:10921504 NCBI chr 6:76,267,227...76,270,457
Ensembl chr 6:76,267,228...76,270,457
JBrowse link
G Olr1 oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of OLR1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 4:163,239,853...163,261,937
Ensembl chr 4:163,239,849...163,261,958
JBrowse link
G Pla2g7 phospholipase A2 group VII multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 co-treated with Platelet Activating Factor] results in increased expression of PLA2G7 mRNA; bepafant inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of PLA2G7 mRNA] CTD PMID:21432021 NCBI chr 9:19,935,754...19,978,013
Ensembl chr 9:19,935,768...19,978,013
JBrowse link
G Ppara peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha decreases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in decreased expression of PPARA mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 7:126,618,872...126,687,282
Ensembl chr 7:126,619,196...126,681,752
JBrowse link
G Ptafr platelet-activating factor receptor multiple interactions
increases expression
increases phosphorylation
affects binding
ISO
EXP
1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]; BN 50730 inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]; BN 50739 inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]; CMI 392 inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]; MK 287 inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]; zileuton inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]
Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of PTAFR mRNA
Platelet Activating Factor results in increased phosphorylation of PTAFR protein
bepafant inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of PTAFR mRNA]; Carbon Tetrachloride promotes the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor binds to PTAFR protein]; RGS4 protein inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased phosphorylation of PTAFR protein]; TNF protein affects the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of PTAFR mRNA]
CTD PMID:9065783 PMID:10447766 PMID:11297424 PMID:11529688 PMID:16386258 PMID:18205269 NCBI chr 5:150,746,284...150,775,675
Ensembl chr 5:150,754,021...150,775,672
JBrowse link
G Ptgs1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of PTGS1 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 3:15,560,685...15,582,339
Ensembl chr 3:15,560,712...15,582,344
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr13:67,351,230...67,356,920
Ensembl chr13:67,351,087...67,359,335
JBrowse link
G Rgs4 regulator of G-protein signaling 4 multiple interactions EXP RGS4 protein inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased phosphorylation of PTAFR protein] CTD PMID:11297424 NCBI chr13:88,054,817...88,061,108
Ensembl chr13:88,054,817...88,061,108
JBrowse link
G Sele selectin E increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of SELE mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr13:82,355,234...82,365,323
Ensembl chr13:82,355,471...82,365,341
JBrowse link
G Sell selectin L multiple interactions
increases secretion
ISO Isoproterenol promotes the reaction [Theophylline inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased secretion of SELL protein]]; Theophylline inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased secretion of SELL protein] CTD PMID:9762784 NCBI chr13:82,369,820...82,387,774
Ensembl chr13:82,369,493...82,387,631
JBrowse link
G Selp selectin P multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Foropafant inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of SELP protein] CTD PMID:11116075 NCBI chr13:82,428,914...82,464,629
Ensembl chr13:82,429,063...82,464,628
JBrowse link
G Timp4 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 4 increases expression ISO Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of TIMP4 mRNA CTD PMID:16386258 NCBI chr 4:147,156,948...147,163,467
Ensembl chr 4:147,156,948...147,163,467
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases secretion
multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Platelet Activating Factor results in increased secretion of TNF protein
TNF protein affects the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of PTAFR mRNA]
Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of TNF mRNA
Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; BN 50739 inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; pyrrolidine dithiocarbamic acid inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; Vitamin E inhibits the reaction [Platelet Activating Factor results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]
CTD PMID:9065783 PMID:10921504 PMID:16386258 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
2-O-acetyl-1-O-octadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases expression EXP platelet-activating factor increases expression of Tnf protein in portal stenosis rat plasma RGD PMID:10452877 RGD:38508900 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
3-dehydrocarnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 increases abundance
multiple interactions
ISO IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of 3-dehydrocarnitine
Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of 3-dehydrocarnitine]
CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Bbox1 gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase 1 multiple interactions ISO [BBOX1 protein co-treated with Ketoglutaric Acids] results in increased metabolism of gamma-butyrobetaine CTD PMID:21439360 NCBI chr 3:101,425,684...101,474,848
Ensembl chr 3:101,427,055...101,474,890
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of gamma-butyrobetaine] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
CAR(3:0(Me2)) term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Slc22a5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 affects binding
increases uptake
multiple interactions
increases transport
ISO
EXP
pivaloylcarnitine binds to SLC22A5 protein
SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of pivaloylcarnitine
Carnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of pivaloylcarnitine]; pivaloylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased transport of Carnitine]
CTD PMID:18762717 PMID:19539806 NCBI chr10:39,201,101...39,228,090
Ensembl chr10:39,201,107...39,323,853
JBrowse link
ergothioneine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ache acetylcholinesterase multiple interactions ISO Ergothioneine inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in decreased activity of ACHE protein] CTD PMID:20932872 NCBI chr12:22,472,358...22,477,052
Ensembl chr12:22,472,358...22,478,753
JBrowse link
glycine betaine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abi3bp ABI family member 3 binding protein increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of ABI3BP mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr11:46,206,932...46,422,791
Ensembl chr11:46,208,075...46,369,577
JBrowse link
G Acaca acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha multiple interactions EXP [Choline co-treated with Betaine co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Dietary Fats co-treated with Dietary Sucrose] results in increased expression of ACACA mRNA CTD PMID:22648174 NCBI chr10:71,519,392...71,719,910
Ensembl chr10:71,536,533...71,719,910
JBrowse link
G Adss adenylosuccinate synthase decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of ADSS mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr13:95,913,426...95,943,761
Ensembl chr13:95,913,426...95,943,761
JBrowse link
G Ahcy adenosylhomocysteinase decreases expression ISO
EXP
Betaine results in decreased expression of AHCY mRNA CTD PMID:22945834 PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:150,587,833...150,603,057
Ensembl chr 3:150,587,833...150,603,082
JBrowse link
G Akip1 A-kinase interacting protein 1 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of AKIP1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:174,330,628...174,339,494
Ensembl chr 1:174,330,695...174,339,494
JBrowse link
G Akr1b1 aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of AKR1B1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 4:61,706,866...61,720,959
Ensembl chr 4:61,706,864...61,720,956
JBrowse link
G Aldh2 aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 family member multiple interactions ISO [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Methionine co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Zinc Sulfate co-treated with Ethanol] results in increased expression of ALDH2 protein CTD PMID:20118189 NCBI chr12:40,466,418...40,498,813
Ensembl chr12:40,466,495...40,498,752
JBrowse link
G Apex1 apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of APEX1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr15:27,849,943...27,852,083
Ensembl chr15:27,849,979...27,852,082
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [Azacitidine results in decreased methylation of APP promoter]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Azacitidine results in increased expression of and results in increased cleavage of APP protein]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [S-Adenosylhomocysteine results in decreased methylation of APP promoter]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [S-Adenosylhomocysteine results in increased expression of and results in increased cleavage of APP protein] CTD PMID:19635394 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G Atp7b ATPase copper transporting beta multiple interactions ISO ATP7B protein mutant form promotes the reaction [Betaine results in increased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Copper]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr16:74,865,516...74,944,935
Ensembl chr16:74,865,516...74,945,286
JBrowse link
G Axin1 axin 1 multiple interactions ISO [Folic Acid co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Betaine co-treated with Choline] results in increased methylation of AXIN1 gene CTD PMID:16868943
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of BAX protein CTD PMID:25080425 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator affects binding
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Betaine analog binds to BCL2 protein
Betaine results in increased expression of BCL2 protein
CTD PMID:25080425 PMID:25765238 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Bhlhe40 basic helix-loop-helix family, member e40 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of BHLHE40 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 4:140,703,619...140,709,319
Ensembl chr 4:140,703,619...140,709,319
JBrowse link
G Bhmt betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase increases metabolic processing ISO BHMT protein results in increased metabolism of Betaine CTD PMID:18230605 NCBI chr 2:23,236,573...23,256,158
Ensembl chr 2:23,236,575...23,256,158
JBrowse link
G Brf1 BRF1, RNA polymerase III transcription initiation factor subunit multiple interactions ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of BRF1 mRNA]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of BRF1 protein] CTD PMID:32418914 NCBI chr 6:137,762,230...137,808,573
Ensembl chr 6:137,765,122...137,808,303
JBrowse link
G Cab39l calcium binding protein 39-like decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of CAB39L mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr15:39,745,124...39,849,022
Ensembl chr15:39,759,257...39,870,208
JBrowse link
G Casp1 caspase 1 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of CASP1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 8:2,605,743...2,614,637
Ensembl chr 8:2,604,962...2,614,631
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium Chloride results in increased activity of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:24632105 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions ISO
EXP
[Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Methionine co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Zinc Sulfate co-treated with Ethanol] results in increased activity of CAT protein
Betaine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium Chloride results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased activity of CAT protein]
CTD PMID:12893363 PMID:20118189 PMID:24632105 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Ccdc113 coiled-coil domain containing 113 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of CCDC113 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr19:9,912,124...9,932,183
Ensembl chr19:9,912,183...9,931,930
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 multiple interactions EXP [Choline co-treated with Betaine co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Dietary Fats co-treated with Dietary Sucrose] results in decreased expression of CCL2 mRNA CTD PMID:22648174 NCBI chr10:69,412,065...69,413,863
Ensembl chr10:69,412,017...69,413,870
JBrowse link
G Ccl5 C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of CCL5 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:70,739,764...70,744,303
Ensembl chr10:70,739,800...70,744,315
JBrowse link
G Ccl6 C-C motif chemokine ligand 6 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of CCL6 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:70,798,118...70,802,750
Ensembl chr10:70,797,124...70,802,782
JBrowse link
G Ccnb2 cyclin B2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of CCNB2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 8:76,847,972...76,861,165 JBrowse link
G Cd44 CD44 molecule (Indian blood group) decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of CD44 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:92,695,083...92,783,820
Ensembl chr 3:92,696,313...92,783,658
JBrowse link
G Cdc42ep2 CDC42 effector protein 2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of CDC42EP2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:221,272,349...221,281,252
Ensembl chr 1:221,272,353...221,281,180
JBrowse link
G Cdh13 cadherin 13 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of CDH13 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr19:50,848,793...51,971,618
Ensembl chr19:50,848,736...51,972,103
JBrowse link
G Cdkn2a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A multiple interactions EXP Betaine promotes the reaction [Diethylnitrosamine results in decreased expression of CDKN2A mRNA] CTD PMID:19642983 NCBI chr 5:107,823,323...107,832,405
Ensembl chr 5:107,823,330...107,841,175
JBrowse link
G Ces3a carboxylesterase 3a increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of CES3 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr19:37,070,705...37,079,411 JBrowse link
G Ckb creatine kinase B increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of CKB mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 6:136,142,956...136,145,838
Ensembl chr 6:136,142,956...136,145,837
JBrowse link
G Cks1b CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of CKS1B mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 2:188,740,564...188,745,144
Ensembl chr 2:188,740,573...188,745,144
JBrowse link
G Cotl1 coactosin-like F-actin binding protein 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of COTL1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr19:52,465,074...52,499,433
Ensembl chr19:52,465,087...52,499,433
JBrowse link
G Cpt1a carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [CPT1A protein mutant form results in decreased expression of DNMT1 mRNA]
Betaine results in decreased expression of CPT1A mRNA
CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 1:218,568,157...218,629,679
Ensembl chr 1:218,569,510...218,629,678
JBrowse link
G Cxcl16 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 16 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of CXCL16 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:57,060,005...57,064,600
Ensembl chr10:57,060,007...57,064,600
JBrowse link
G Cyp2e1 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily e, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions ISO [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Methionine co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Zinc Sulfate] inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of CYP2E1 protein]
Betaine promotes the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of CYP2E1]
CTD PMID:20118189 PMID:21352821 NCBI chr 1:213,511,892...213,522,195
Ensembl chr 1:213,511,874...213,535,542
JBrowse link
G Cysltr1 cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of CYSLTR1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr  X:77,671,028...77,700,491
Ensembl chr  X:77,674,150...77,700,269
JBrowse link
G Dapk1 death associated protein kinase 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of DAPK1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr17:4,297,038...4,454,941
Ensembl chr17:4,297,224...4,454,778
JBrowse link
G Dlx2 distal-less homeobox 2 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of DLX2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:58,180,088...58,181,971
Ensembl chr 3:58,180,088...58,181,971
JBrowse link
G Dnmt1 DNA methyltransferase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [CPT1A protein mutant form results in decreased expression of DNMT1 mRNA]
Betaine results in increased expression of DNMT1 mRNA
CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 8:21,922,515...21,968,495
Ensembl chr 8:21,922,515...21,968,495
JBrowse link
G Dnmt3b DNA methyltransferase 3 beta decreases expression ISO Betaine results in decreased expression of DNMT3B mRNA CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 3:149,131,541...149,170,061
Ensembl chr 3:149,131,785...149,208,786
JBrowse link
G Ect2 epithelial cell transforming 2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of ECT2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 2:112,769,385...112,831,476
Ensembl chr 2:112,769,385...112,831,476
JBrowse link
G Eef2k eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of EEF2K mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:190,780,211...190,839,926
Ensembl chr 1:190,780,236...190,842,324
JBrowse link
G Egr1 early growth response 1 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of EGR1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr18:27,657,903...27,660,101
Ensembl chr18:27,657,628...27,661,429
JBrowse link
G Elf3 E74 like ETS transcription factor 3 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of ELF3 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr13:52,083,873...52,088,798
Ensembl chr13:52,083,859...52,088,780
JBrowse link
G Emc9 ER membrane protein complex subunit 9 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of EMC9 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr15:34,258,940...34,263,156
Ensembl chr15:34,256,374...34,263,224
JBrowse link
G Ephb6 Eph receptor B6 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of EPHB6 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 4:70,903,253...70,918,514
Ensembl chr 4:70,903,253...70,918,514
JBrowse link
G F8 coagulation factor VIII multiple interactions
increases secretion
ISO Betaine affects the localization of and results in increased secretion of F8 protein; Betaine affects the localization of and results in increased secretion of F8 protein mutant form
Betaine results in increased secretion of F8 protein; Betaine results in increased secretion of F8 protein mutant form
CTD PMID:22973456 NCBI chr18:367,862...399,242
Ensembl chr18:367,862...399,242
JBrowse link
G F9 coagulation factor IX increases secretion ISO Betaine results in increased secretion of F9 protein CTD PMID:22973456 NCBI chr  X:143,097,507...143,141,791
Ensembl chr  X:143,097,525...143,141,794
JBrowse link
G Fasn fatty acid synthase multiple interactions EXP [Choline co-treated with Betaine co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] affects the reaction [[Dietary Fats co-treated with Dietary Sucrose] affects the methylation of FASN promoter] CTD PMID:22648174 NCBI chr10:109,987,735...110,005,901
Ensembl chr10:109,987,735...110,005,901
JBrowse link
G Flrt3 fibronectin leucine rich transmembrane protein 3 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of FLRT3 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:134,684,446...134,696,586
Ensembl chr 3:134,683,065...134,696,654
JBrowse link
G Fxyd2 FXYD domain-containing ion transport regulator 2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of FXYD2 mRNA; Betaine results in decreased expression of FXYD2 mRNA alternative form CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 8:49,710,334...49,717,492
Ensembl chr 8:49,710,477...49,716,955
JBrowse link
G Gal galanin and GMAP prepropeptide multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Isoproterenol results in decreased activity of GAL protein]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Isoproterenol results in increased activity of GAL protein] CTD PMID:19294532 NCBI chr 1:218,653,059...218,657,922
Ensembl chr 1:218,652,917...218,657,925
JBrowse link
G Gpcpd1 glycerophosphocholine phosphodiesterase 1 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of GPCPD1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:125,169,131...125,213,598
Ensembl chr 3:125,169,135...125,213,607
JBrowse link
G Gusb glucuronidase, beta multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Isoproterenol results in decreased activity of GUSB protein]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [Isoproterenol results in increased activity of GUSB protein] CTD PMID:19294532 NCBI chr12:30,202,066...30,215,583
Ensembl chr12:30,198,822...30,227,771
JBrowse link
G H2az1 H2A.Z variant histone 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of H2AZ1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 2:243,105,224...243,107,333
Ensembl chr 2:243,105,674...243,106,956
JBrowse link
G Hip1 huntingtin interacting protein 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of HIP1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr12:24,180,795...24,315,373
Ensembl chr12:24,180,937...24,315,373
JBrowse link
G Hmgb2 high mobility group box 2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of HMGB2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr16:36,077,615...36,080,191
Ensembl chr16:36,077,617...36,080,191
Ensembl chr11:36,077,617...36,080,191
JBrowse link
G Hspa5 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 5 decreases expression ISO Betaine results in decreased expression of HSPA5 mRNA CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 3:13,838,304...13,842,763
Ensembl chr 3:13,838,304...13,842,762
JBrowse link
G Id2 inhibitor of DNA binding 2 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of ID2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 6:44,360,077...44,361,908
Ensembl chr 6:44,348,501...44,363,915
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 increases abundance
multiple interactions
ISO IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Betaine
Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Betaine]
CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
G Irx4 iroquois homeobox 4 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of IRX4 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:32,634,774...32,645,151
Ensembl chr 1:32,634,796...32,643,771
JBrowse link
G Jun Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of JUN mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 5:114,011,184...114,014,277
Ensembl chr 5:114,011,189...114,014,277
JBrowse link
G Khdrbs3 KH RNA binding domain containing, signal transduction associated 3 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of KHDRBS3 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 7:110,031,819...110,179,475
Ensembl chr 7:110,031,696...110,179,468
JBrowse link
G Kif1b kinesin family member 1B increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of KIF1B mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 5:165,994,803...166,133,497
Ensembl chr 5:165,938,576...166,133,491
JBrowse link
G Kif22 kinesin family member 22 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of KIF22 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:198,461,406...198,476,430
Ensembl chr 1:198,461,169...198,476,476
JBrowse link
G Klf10 Kruppel-like factor 10 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of KLF10 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 7:77,156,010...77,162,096
Ensembl chr 7:77,156,006...77,162,148
JBrowse link
G Krt2 keratin 2 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of KRT2 mRNA; Betaine results in increased expression of KRT2 protein CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 7:143,412,858...143,420,463
Ensembl chr 7:143,412,858...143,420,027
JBrowse link
G Lars1 leucyl-tRNA synthetase 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of LARS mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr18:36,524,013...36,579,471
Ensembl chr18:36,524,007...36,579,403
JBrowse link
G Lin9 lin-9 DREAM MuvB core complex component decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of LIN9 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr13:98,924,728...98,969,051
Ensembl chr13:98,924,962...98,967,735
JBrowse link
G Marchf6 membrane associated ring-CH-type finger 6 multiple interactions
decreases stability
ISO Cholesterol inhibits the reaction [Betaine results in decreased stability of MARCHF6 protein] CTD PMID:30545937 NCBI chr 2:84,533,546...84,608,743
Ensembl chr 2:84,536,669...84,608,712
JBrowse link
G Mcm3 minichromosome maintenance complex component 3 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of MCM3 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 9:26,914,057...26,932,201
Ensembl chr 9:26,914,057...26,932,201
JBrowse link
G Mcm4 minichromosome maintenance complex component 4 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of MCM4 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr11:89,511,191...89,524,892
Ensembl chr11:89,511,191...89,524,892
JBrowse link
G Mcm7 minichromosome maintenance complex component 7 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of MCM7 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr12:19,306,615...19,313,877
Ensembl chr12:19,306,607...19,314,016
JBrowse link
G Mthfd1l methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (NADP+ dependent) 1-like decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of MTHFD1L mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:40,529,092...40,719,232
Ensembl chr 1:40,529,045...40,719,391
JBrowse link
G Mthfd2 methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (NADP+ dependent) 2, methenyltetrahydrofolate cyclohydrolase decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of MTHFD2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 4:115,004,433...115,015,965
Ensembl chr 4:115,004,448...115,015,965
JBrowse link
G Myc MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Diethylnitrosamine results in increased expression of MYC mRNA] CTD PMID:19642983 NCBI chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
Ensembl chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
JBrowse link
G Nbl1 NBL1, DAN family BMP antagonist increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of NBL1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 5:157,524,569...157,535,701
Ensembl chr 5:157,524,513...157,535,664
JBrowse link
G Nckipsd NCK interacting protein with SH3 domain decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of NCKIPSD mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 8:117,601,035...117,612,302
Ensembl chr 8:117,600,749...117,611,922
JBrowse link
G Ndrg4 NDRG family member 4 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of NDRG4 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr19:9,766,439...9,802,396
Ensembl chr19:9,766,439...9,801,942
JBrowse link
G Nupr1 nuclear protein 1, transcriptional regulator decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of NUPR1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:194,767,484...194,769,519
Ensembl chr 1:194,767,474...194,769,524
JBrowse link
G Ogg1 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase multiple interactions ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [S-Adenosylhomocysteine results in decreased expression of OGG1 protein]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [S-Adenosylhomocysteine results in decreased methylation of OGG1 promoter] CTD PMID:22064374 NCBI chr 4:145,282,828...145,289,367
Ensembl chr 4:145,282,797...145,289,326
JBrowse link
G Pcp4 Purkinje cell protein 4 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of PCP4 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr11:36,851,035...36,912,272
Ensembl chr11:36,851,038...36,912,229
JBrowse link
G Pctp phosphatidylcholine transfer protein decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of PCTP mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:77,491,445...77,537,268
Ensembl chr10:77,491,454...77,512,032
JBrowse link
G Pola2 DNA polymerase alpha 2, accessory subunit decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of POLA2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:221,297,417...221,321,601
Ensembl chr 1:221,273,538...221,321,570
JBrowse link
G Pole2 DNA polymerase epsilon 2, accessory subunit decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of POLE2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 6:91,494,348...91,532,355
Ensembl chr 6:91,494,393...91,518,996
JBrowse link
G Ppara peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Methionine co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Zinc Sulfate co-treated with Ethanol] results in increased expression of PPARA protein
Betaine results in decreased expression of PPARA mRNA
CTD PMID:20118189 PMID:22945834 NCBI chr 7:126,618,872...126,687,282
Ensembl chr 7:126,619,196...126,681,752
JBrowse link
G Prss23 serine protease 23 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of PRSS23 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:153,732,528...153,742,111
Ensembl chr 1:153,732,532...153,752,541
JBrowse link
G Psen1 presenilin 1 multiple interactions ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [Azacitidine results in decreased methylation of PSEN1 promoter]; Betaine inhibits the reaction [S-Adenosylhomocysteine results in decreased methylation of PSEN1 promoter] CTD PMID:19635394 NCBI chr 6:107,169,514...107,221,000
Ensembl chr 6:107,169,528...107,216,798
JBrowse link
G Ptgs1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of PTGS1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:15,560,685...15,582,339
Ensembl chr 3:15,560,712...15,582,344
JBrowse link
G Ranbp3l RAN binding protein 3-like decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of RANBP3L mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 2:58,221,773...58,458,072
Ensembl chr 2:58,448,917...58,458,517
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions EXP Betaine inhibits the reaction [Fructose results in decreased activity of RELA protein] CTD PMID:25559852 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G RGD1564040 similar to methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (NAD) (EC 1.5.1.15)/methenyltetrahydrofolate cyclohydrolase (EC 3.5.4.9) precursor decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of RGD1564040 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 5:120,869,141...120,870,270 JBrowse link
G Rgs2 regulator of G-protein signaling 2 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of RGS2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr13:60,846,458...60,849,061
Ensembl chr13:60,846,308...60,849,094
JBrowse link
G Rrm2 ribonucleotide reductase regulatory subunit M2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of RRM2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 6:43,884,627...43,890,818
Ensembl chr 6:43,884,678...43,889,515
JBrowse link
G Scd stearoyl-CoA desaturase decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of SCD1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 1:264,159,966...264,173,061
Ensembl chr 1:264,160,129...264,172,729
JBrowse link
G Sectm1b secreted and transmembrane 1B increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of SECTM1A mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:110,251,363...110,260,577
Ensembl chr10:110,251,363...110,259,985
JBrowse link
G Serinc2 serine incorporator 2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of SERINC2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 5:148,470,060...148,492,232
Ensembl chr 5:148,470,061...148,492,232
JBrowse link
G Serpina3n serine (or cysteine) peptidase inhibitor, clade A, member 3N decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of SERPINA3N mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 6:128,073,344...128,080,878
Ensembl chr 6:127,941,526...128,080,889
JBrowse link
G Slc16a6 solute carrier family 16, member 6 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of SLC16A6 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:97,733,701...97,758,723
Ensembl chr10:97,735,548...97,756,521
JBrowse link
G Slc22a5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 multiple interactions ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of Carnitine] CTD PMID:16928358 NCBI chr10:39,201,101...39,228,090
Ensembl chr10:39,201,107...39,323,853
JBrowse link
G Slc36a1 solute carrier family 36 member 1 increases uptake ISO SLC36A1 protein results in increased uptake of Betaine CTD PMID:18845132 NCBI chr10:40,538,013...40,573,304
Ensembl chr10:40,543,288...40,574,444
JBrowse link
G Slc6a12 solute carrier family 6 member 12 multiple interactions ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of SLC6A12 mRNA] CTD PMID:22053950 NCBI chr 4:153,921,199...153,941,333
Ensembl chr 4:153,921,115...153,941,391
JBrowse link
G Slc6a9 solute carrier family 6 member 9 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of SLC6A9 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 5:136,669,674...136,703,702
Ensembl chr 5:136,669,674...136,703,697
JBrowse link
G Snx10 sorting nexin 10 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of SNX10 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 4:81,311,490...81,375,248
Ensembl chr 4:81,311,490...81,374,158
JBrowse link
G Sostdc1 sclerostin domain containing 1 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of SOSTDC1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 6:55,812,820...55,816,994
Ensembl chr 6:55,812,747...55,817,066
JBrowse link
G Spc25 SPC25 component of NDC80 kinetochore complex decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of SPC25 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:55,438,534...55,451,961
Ensembl chr 3:55,438,536...55,451,798
JBrowse link
G Ssr4 signal sequence receptor subunit 4 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of SSR4 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr  X:156,995,763...156,999,702
Ensembl chr  X:156,995,779...156,999,650
JBrowse link
G Stat3 signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 multiple interactions EXP Betaine promotes the reaction [Isoproterenol results in increased phosphorylation of STAT3 protein] CTD PMID:25080425 NCBI chr10:88,790,401...88,842,263
Ensembl chr10:88,790,408...88,842,233
JBrowse link
G Stmn1 stathmin 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of STMN1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 5:152,680,412...152,686,807
Ensembl chr 5:152,680,407...152,686,806
JBrowse link
G Stxbp1 syntaxin binding protein 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of STXBP1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 3:11,823,779...11,885,479
Ensembl chr 3:11,823,785...11,885,417
JBrowse link
G Tgfb2 transforming growth factor, beta 2 increases expression EXP Betaine results in increased expression of TGFB2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr13:105,039,639...105,142,010
Ensembl chr13:105,039,853...105,141,030
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO Betaine inhibits the reaction [ATP7B protein mutant form results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Trib2 tribbles pseudokinase 2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of TRIB2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr 6:41,016,722...41,040,972
Ensembl chr 6:41,016,730...41,039,437
JBrowse link
G Upk3bl1 uroplakin 3B like 1 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of UPK3BL1 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr12:23,654,996...23,661,009
Ensembl chr12:23,654,996...23,661,009
JBrowse link
G Wnk4 WNK lysine deficient protein kinase 4 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of WNK4 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:89,181,139...89,198,213
Ensembl chr10:89,181,165...89,198,213
JBrowse link
G Ybx2 Y box binding protein 2 decreases expression EXP Betaine results in decreased expression of YBX2 mRNA CTD PMID:26391144 NCBI chr10:56,546,689...56,552,339
Ensembl chr10:56,546,710...56,551,863
JBrowse link
L-proline betaine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Adamts4 ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 4 multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of ADAMTS4 protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr13:89,622,996...89,632,485
Ensembl chr13:89,622,632...89,634,419
JBrowse link
G Adamts5 ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 5 multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of ADAMTS5 protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr11:25,411,174...25,456,639
Ensembl chr11:25,410,975...25,456,836
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of NOS2 protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of PTGS2 protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased phosphorylation of NFKBIA protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of ADAMTS4 protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of ADAMTS5 protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of MMP13 protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of MMP3 protein]; stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of TNF protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Mmp13 matrix metallopeptidase 13 multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of MMP13 protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr 8:5,522,739...5,533,018
Ensembl chr 8:5,522,739...5,533,018
JBrowse link
G Mmp3 matrix metallopeptidase 3 multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of MMP3 protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr 8:5,676,608...5,698,579
Ensembl chr 8:5,676,665...5,698,579
JBrowse link
G Nfkbia NFKB inhibitor alpha multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased phosphorylation of NFKBIA protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr 6:76,267,227...76,270,457
Ensembl chr 6:76,267,228...76,270,457
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of NOS2 protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased expression of PTGS2 protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr13:67,351,230...67,356,920
Ensembl chr13:67,351,087...67,359,335
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO stachydrine inhibits the reaction [IL1B protein results in increased secretion of TNF protein] CTD PMID:32417162 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
meldonium term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Acadl acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, long chain increases expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in increased expression of ACADL mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr 9:73,833,368...73,871,857
Ensembl chr 9:73,833,388...73,871,888
JBrowse link
G Acadm acyl-CoA dehydrogenase medium chain decreases expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in decreased expression of ACADM mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr 2:260,124,418...260,148,589
Ensembl chr 2:260,124,418...260,148,589
JBrowse link
G Acadvl acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, very long chain affects expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate affects the expression of ACADVL mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr10:56,619,321...56,624,468
Ensembl chr10:56,619,303...56,624,526
JBrowse link
G Acox1 acyl-CoA oxidase 1 affects expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate affects the expression of ACOX1 mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr10:104,724,534...104,748,003
Ensembl chr10:104,722,958...104,748,050
JBrowse link
G Cpt1b carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1B decreases expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in decreased expression of CPT1B mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr 7:130,395,211...130,404,731
Ensembl chr 7:130,395,194...130,405,347
JBrowse link
G Cpt1c carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1c decreases expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in decreased expression of CPT1C mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr 1:100,955,094...100,970,579
Ensembl chr 1:100,955,095...100,969,560
JBrowse link
G Hk1 hexokinase 1 increases expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in increased expression of HK1 mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr20:31,911,460...31,979,780
Ensembl chr20:31,912,262...31,956,649
JBrowse link
G Pdk1 pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 increases expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in increased expression of PDK1 mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr 3:58,530,870...58,561,494
Ensembl chr 3:58,530,870...58,558,027
JBrowse link
G Ppara peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha affects expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate affects the expression of PPARA mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr 7:126,618,872...126,687,282
Ensembl chr 7:126,619,196...126,681,752
JBrowse link
G Ppargc1a PPARG coactivator 1 alpha decreases expression EXP
ISO
3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in decreased expression of PPARGC1A mRNA CTD PMID:27559315 PMID:32389661 NCBI chr14:63,095,291...63,190,688
Ensembl chr14:63,095,720...63,187,009
JBrowse link
G Ppargc1b PPARG coactivator 1 beta affects expression EXP 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate affects the expression of PPARGC1B mRNA CTD PMID:27559315 NCBI chr18:56,626,725...56,650,524
Ensembl chr18:56,626,712...56,728,968
JBrowse link
G Slc22a5 solute carrier family 22 member 5 increases uptake ISO
EXP
SLC22A5 protein results in increased uptake of 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate CTD PMID:18981167 NCBI chr10:39,201,101...39,228,090
Ensembl chr10:39,201,107...39,323,853
JBrowse link
G Slc2a4 solute carrier family 2 member 4 increases expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in increased expression of SLC2A4 mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr10:56,552,921...56,558,562
Ensembl chr10:56,552,983...56,558,487
JBrowse link
G Slc5a2 solute carrier family 5 member 2 affects expression ISO 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate affects the expression of SLC5A2 mRNA CTD PMID:32389661 NCBI chr 1:199,682,688...199,688,809
Ensembl chr 1:199,682,688...199,688,809
JBrowse link
G Tfam transcription factor A, mitochondrial decreases expression EXP 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazine)propionate results in decreased expression of TFAM mRNA CTD PMID:27559315 NCBI chr20:18,594,057...18,606,106
Ensembl chr20:18,594,037...18,606,151
JBrowse link
N-methylnicotinate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atg7 autophagy related 7 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in decreased expression of ATG7 protein]
ATG7 protein affects the reaction [trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of PPARG protein]]; ATG7 protein affects the reaction [trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of SREBF1 protein]]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in decreased expression of ATG7 protein]
CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr 4:146,570,113...146,777,093
Ensembl chr 4:146,598,413...146,777,124
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in increased expression of BAX protein] CTD PMID:31935362 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein] CTD PMID:31935362 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Becn1 beclin 1 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in decreased expression of BECN1 protein]
trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Cholesterol, Dietary co-treated with Dietary Fats] results in decreased expression of BECN1 protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in decreased expression of BECN1 protein]
CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr10:89,209,944...89,225,297
Ensembl chr10:89,209,940...89,225,297
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 increases activity
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
trigonelline results in increased activity of CASP3 protein
2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
CTD PMID:26593444 PMID:31935362 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cd36 CD36 molecule multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Cholesterol, Dietary co-treated with Dietary Fats] results in increased expression of CD36 protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of CD36 protein] CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr 4:14,150,309...14,191,498
Ensembl chr 4:14,001,761...14,249,749
JBrowse link
G Ddit3 DNA-damage inducible transcript 3 multiple interactions ISO [trigonelline co-treated with ferric citrate] results in increased expression of DDIT3 mRNA CTD PMID:29959986 NCBI chr 7:70,578,564...70,585,074
Ensembl chr 7:70,580,198...70,585,084
JBrowse link
G Eif2s1 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased phosphorylation of EIF2S1 protein] CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr 6:102,048,372...102,073,041
Ensembl chr 6:102,048,372...102,073,041
JBrowse link
G Fth1 ferritin heavy chain 1 multiple interactions ISO [trigonelline co-treated with ferric citrate] results in increased expression of FTH1 mRNA CTD PMID:29959986 NCBI chr 1:226,030,940...226,033,228
Ensembl chr 1:226,030,938...226,033,228
JBrowse link
G Ftl1 ferritin light chain 1 multiple interactions ISO [trigonelline co-treated with ferric citrate] results in increased expression of FTL mRNA CTD PMID:29959986 NCBI chr 1:101,448,190...101,450,034
Ensembl chr 1:101,448,346...101,449,829
JBrowse link
G Gclc glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA] CTD PMID:24015256 NCBI chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,471
Ensembl chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,468
JBrowse link
G Hspa5 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 5 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of HSPA5 protein] CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr 3:13,838,304...13,842,763
Ensembl chr 3:13,838,304...13,842,762
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions EXP trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in increased expression of IL1B protein] CTD PMID:31935362 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in increased expression of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:31935362 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Keap1 Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 multiple interactions ISO [trigonelline co-treated with ferric citrate] results in decreased expression of KEAP1 mRNA CTD PMID:29959986 NCBI chr 8:22,250,518...22,259,868
Ensembl chr 8:22,250,518...22,259,779
JBrowse link
G Lepr leptin receptor affects abundance ISO LEPR affects the abundance of trigonelline CTD PMID:20567778 NCBI chr 5:120,503,475...120,682,281
Ensembl chr 5:120,564,645...120,682,221
JBrowse link
G Mtor mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased phosphorylation of MTOR protein] CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr 5:165,263,813...165,373,967
Ensembl chr 5:165,263,800...165,373,967
JBrowse link
G Myc MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor decreases expression ISO trigonelline results in decreased expression of MYC mRNA CTD PMID:26593444 NCBI chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
Ensembl chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [ferric citrate affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased expression of and affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein] CTD PMID:24015256 PMID:29959986 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [ferric citrate results in increased expression of NQO1 protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA] CTD PMID:24015256 PMID:29959986 NCBI chr19:38,422,210...38,437,103
Ensembl chr19:38,422,164...38,437,180
JBrowse link
G Parp1 poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein] CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr13:98,857,255...98,889,444
Ensembl chr13:98,857,177...98,889,716
JBrowse link
G Plin1 perilipin 1 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of PLIN1 protein] CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr 1:141,458,907...141,470,927
Ensembl chr 1:141,458,181...141,471,010
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma multiple interactions ISO ATG7 protein affects the reaction [trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of PPARG protein]]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of PPARG protein]
trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Cholesterol, Dietary co-treated with Dietary Fats] results in increased expression of PPARG protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of PPARG protein]
CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr 4:147,274,055...147,399,383
Ensembl chr 4:147,274,107...147,399,380
JBrowse link
G Sqstm1 sequestosome 1 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Cholesterol, Dietary co-treated with Dietary Fats] results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein] CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr10:35,704,728...35,716,316
Ensembl chr10:35,704,730...35,716,294
JBrowse link
G Srebf1 sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 multiple interactions ISO trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Cholesterol, Dietary co-treated with Dietary Fats] results in increased expression of SREBF1 protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of SREBF1 protein]
ATG7 protein affects the reaction [trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of SREBF1 protein]]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Palmitic Acid results in increased expression of SREBF1 protein]
CTD PMID:30208301 NCBI chr10:46,570,996...46,593,021
Ensembl chr10:46,570,996...46,593,009
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions EXP 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in increased expression of TNF protein]]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [[Oxygen deficiency co-treated with Glucose deficiency] results in increased expression of TNF protein] CTD PMID:31935362 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
O-acetyl-L-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ache acetylcholinesterase multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Dexamethasone results in decreased activity of ACHE protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased activity of ACHE protein] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr12:22,472,358...22,477,052
Ensembl chr12:22,472,358...22,478,753
JBrowse link
G Apex1 apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of APEX1 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr15:27,849,943...27,852,083
Ensembl chr15:27,849,979...27,852,082
JBrowse link
G Atp6v1f ATPase H+ transporting V1 subunit F increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of ATP6V1F mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 4:56,744,563...56,747,657
Ensembl chr 4:56,744,561...56,747,656
JBrowse link
G C1qa complement C1q A chain decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of C1QA mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 5:155,261,254...155,264,101
Ensembl chr 5:155,261,250...155,264,143
JBrowse link
G C4b complement C4B (Chido blood group) decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of C4B mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr20:4,302,344...4,316,752
Ensembl chr20:4,302,344...4,316,715
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 PMID:29278859 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased activity of CASP9 protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in decreased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 PMID:26349760 PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in decreased abundance of Acetylcarnitine CTD PMID:24709313 NCBI chr 7:139,454,945...139,484,403
Ensembl chr 7:139,455,242...139,483,997
JBrowse link
G Ctss cathepsin S decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of CTSS mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 2:197,655,780...197,679,768
Ensembl chr 2:197,655,786...197,679,458
JBrowse link
G Cxcl14 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14 decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of CXCL14 mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr17:9,109,731...9,117,754
Ensembl chr17:9,109,731...9,117,750
JBrowse link
G Egr1 early growth response 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in increased expression of EGR1 mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 NCBI chr18:27,657,903...27,660,101
Ensembl chr18:27,657,628...27,661,429
JBrowse link
G Gfap glial fibrillary acidic protein decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of GFAP mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr10:90,990,762...90,999,435
Ensembl chr10:90,990,762...90,999,506
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions ISO Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in decreased expression of GSR protein] CTD PMID:26265018 NCBI chr16:62,197,617...62,239,987
Ensembl chr16:62,197,617...62,241,361
JBrowse link
G Gstp1 glutathione S-transferase pi 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in decreased expression of GSTP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr 1:219,291,679...219,294,147
Ensembl chr 1:219,291,679...219,294,147
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Hmox2 heme oxygenase 2 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of HMOX2 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr10:10,990,034...11,035,493
Ensembl chr10:10,990,034...11,035,484
JBrowse link
G Hspb1 heat shock protein family B (small) member 1 decreases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of HSPB1 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr12:23,839,390...23,841,051
Ensembl chr12:23,839,399...23,841,049
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 increases abundance
multiple interactions
ISO IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Acetylcarnitine
Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Acetylcarnitine]
CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of IL1B protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Mgst1 microsomal glutathione S-transferase 1 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of MGST1 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 4:172,119,382...172,134,609
Ensembl chr 4:172,119,331...172,134,607
JBrowse link
G Mt-co1 mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Sodium Selenite results in decreased expression of COX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:20067779 NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
Ensembl chr MT:5,323...6,867
JBrowse link
G Ngf nerve growth factor multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in decreased expression of NGF protein] CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 2:204,886,158...204,939,523
Ensembl chr 2:204,886,202...204,940,453
JBrowse link
G Nos1 nitric oxide synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of NOS1 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr12:44,214,949...44,405,530
Ensembl chr12:44,213,943...44,520,341
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine affects the reaction [Dexamethasone results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:21986892 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
G Pah phenylalanine hydroxylase decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of PAH mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 7:28,066,639...28,129,772
Ensembl chr 7:28,066,635...28,129,769
JBrowse link
G Pink1 PTEN induced kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium results in increased expression of PINK1] CTD PMID:25464205 NCBI chr 5:156,677,146...156,689,258
Ensembl chr 5:156,677,146...156,689,415
JBrowse link
G Ppargc1a PPARG coactivator 1 alpha increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of PPARGC1A protein
[Acetylcarnitine co-treated with Thioctic Acid] results in increased expression of PPARGC1A protein
CTD PMID:20414966 NCBI chr14:63,095,291...63,190,688
Ensembl chr14:63,095,720...63,187,009
JBrowse link
G Prkn parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase multiple interactions ISO Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium results in increased expression of PRKN] CTD PMID:25464205 NCBI chr 1:48,880,015...50,069,998 JBrowse link
G Psmb6 proteasome 20S subunit beta 6 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of PSMB6 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr10:57,131,339...57,133,685
Ensembl chr10:57,131,386...57,133,637
JBrowse link
G Ptma prothymosin alpha increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of PTMA mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 9:93,545,396...93,549,436
Ensembl chr 9:93,545,396...93,549,436
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of RELA protein] CTD PMID:29278859 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Rps17 ribosomal protein S17 increases expression EXP Acetylcarnitine results in increased expression of RPS17 mRNA CTD PMID:14654561 NCBI chr 1:143,167,329...143,169,915
Ensembl chr 1:143,167,362...143,169,657
JBrowse link
G Skap2 src kinase associated phosphoprotein 2 decreases expression ISO Acetylcarnitine results in decreased expression of SKAP2 mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 4:81,816,778...81,968,832
Ensembl chr 4:81,818,569...81,968,832
JBrowse link
G Slc25a20 solute carrier family 25 member 20 multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased activity of SLC25A20 protein] CTD PMID:23402788 NCBI chr 8:117,455,308...117,476,762
Ensembl chr 8:117,455,262...117,476,734
JBrowse link
G Snca synuclein alpha multiple interactions ISO [Acetylcarnitine co-treated with Thioctic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Rotenone results in increased expression of SNCA protein]; Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Rotenone results in increased expression of SNCA protein] CTD PMID:20414966 NCBI chr 4:90,782,412...90,883,236
Ensembl chr 4:90,782,374...90,882,285
JBrowse link
G Tnni3 troponin I3, cardiac type multiple interactions EXP Acetylcarnitine inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TNNI3 protein] CTD PMID:21034734 NCBI chr 1:72,882,806...72,886,490
Ensembl chr 1:72,882,806...72,886,488
JBrowse link
O-butanoyl-L-carnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of butyrylcarnitine] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
O-octanoylcarnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Crot carnitine O-octanoyltransferase increases chemical synthesis ISO CROT protein results in increased chemical synthesis of octanoylcarnitine CTD PMID:6838215 NCBI chr 4:22,079,837...22,116,265
Ensembl chr 4:22,081,604...22,116,265
JBrowse link
O-palmitoylcarnitine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in decreased abundance of Palmitoylcarnitine CTD PMID:24709313 NCBI chr 7:139,454,945...139,484,403
Ensembl chr 7:139,455,242...139,483,997
JBrowse link
G Gls glutaminase increases chemical synthesis ISO GLS protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Palmitoylcarnitine CTD PMID:31040181 NCBI chr 9:54,212,622...54,284,879
Ensembl chr 9:54,212,767...54,284,872
JBrowse link
G Ppp3r1 protein phosphatase 3, regulatory subunit B, alpha decreases metabolic processing ISO PPP3R1 gene mutant form results in decreased metabolism of Palmitoylcarnitine CTD PMID:19700627 NCBI chr14:100,311,224...100,360,879
Ensembl chr14:100,311,173...100,360,879
JBrowse link
G Prkaa1 protein kinase AMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha 1 increases chemical synthesis ISO PRKAA1 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Palmitoylcarnitine CTD PMID:31040181 NCBI chr 2:54,857,688...54,893,404
Ensembl chr 2:54,857,688...54,893,404
JBrowse link
perifosine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Aifm1 apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondria associated 1 multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in increased secretion of AIFM1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in increased secretion of AIFM1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in increased secretion of AIFM1 protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr  X:135,304,063...135,343,062
Ensembl chr  X:135,304,066...135,343,087
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions
decreases phosphorylation
ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in decreased activity of AKT1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in decreased activity of AKT1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with Vorinostat] results in decreased activity of AKT1 protein; AKT1 protein modified form results in decreased activity of [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates]; AKT1 protein modified form results in decreased activity of [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A]; AKT1 protein modified form results in decreased activity of [perifosine co-treated with Vorinostat]; perifosine inhibits the reaction [cyadox results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]
perifosine results in decreased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein
[perifosine co-treated with temsirolimus] results in decreased activity of AKT1 protein
CTD PMID:15781658 PMID:21267448 PMID:30265530 PMID:31445927 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G Bak1 BCL2-antagonist/killer 1 multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in decreased expression of BAK1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in decreased expression of BAK1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in decreased expression of BAK1 protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr20:5,609,620...5,618,899
Ensembl chr20:5,609,625...5,618,260
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in increased activity of BAX protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in increased activity of BAX protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in increased activity of BAX protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein
perifosine results in decreased expression of CASP3 protein
CTD PMID:15781658 PMID:25416439 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp8 caspase 8 multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in increased activity of CASP8 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in increased activity of CASP8 protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in increased activity of CASP8 protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr 9:65,614,142...65,662,624
Ensembl chr 9:65,614,142...65,662,106
JBrowse link
G Cycs cytochrome c, somatic multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] affects the localization of CYCS protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] affects the localization of CYCS protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] affects the localization of CYCS protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr 4:80,331,226...80,333,326
Ensembl chr 4:80,331,227...80,333,326
JBrowse link
G Egf epidermal growth factor multiple interactions ISO perifosine inhibits the reaction [cyadox results in increased expression of EGF]; perifosine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of EGF] CTD PMID:30265530 NCBI chr 2:68,820,616...68,895,537 JBrowse link
G Fas Fas cell surface death receptor affects response to substance ISO perifosine affects the susceptibility to FAS protein CTD PMID:31445927 NCBI chr 1:252,589,785...252,624,790
Ensembl chr 1:252,589,785...252,624,790
JBrowse link
G Foxo1 forkhead box O1 multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with cyadox] results in increased expression of FOXO1 mRNA; [perifosine co-treated with Hydrogen Peroxide] results in increased expression of FOXO1 mRNA
perifosine inhibits the reaction [cyanoginosin LR results in increased phosphorylation of FOXO1 protein]
CTD PMID:30265530 PMID:33078829 NCBI chr 2:141,451,234...141,527,016
Ensembl chr 2:141,451,234...141,527,016
JBrowse link
G Lat2 linker for activation of T cells family, member 2 multiple interactions
decreases response to substance
decreases expression
ISO ixazomib inhibits the reaction [perifosine results in decreased expression of LAT2 protein]
LAT2 protein results in decreased susceptibility to perifosine
CTD PMID:23001822 NCBI chr12:25,114,099...25,128,381
Ensembl chr12:25,119,355...25,125,749
JBrowse link
G Map2k1 mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO MAP2K1 protein mutant form results in decreased activity of [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates]; MAP2K1 protein mutant form results in decreased activity of [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A]; MAP2K1 protein mutant form results in decreased activity of [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr 8:69,134,218...69,722,573
Ensembl chr 8:69,134,223...69,164,758
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in decreased activity of MAPK1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in decreased activity of MAPK1 protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in decreased activity of MAPK1 protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in decreased activity of MAPK3 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in decreased activity of MAPK3 protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in decreased activity of MAPK3 protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Mapk8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with Butyrates] results in increased activity of MAPK8 protein; [perifosine co-treated with trichostatin A] results in increased activity of MAPK8 protein; [perifosine co-treated with vorinostat] results in increased activity of MAPK8 protein CTD PMID:15781658 NCBI chr16:9,620,854...9,709,342
Ensembl chr16:9,625,177...9,709,347
JBrowse link
G Mtor mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase multiple interactions ISO [perifosine co-treated with temsirolimus] results in decreased activity of MTOR protein CTD PMID:21267448 NCBI chr 5:165,263,813...165,373,967
Ensembl chr 5:165,263,800...165,373,967
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases response to substance ISO perifosine results in increased susceptibility to TNF protein CTD PMID:31445927 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions ISO perifosine inhibits the reaction [cyadox results in increased expression of TP53 mRNA]; perifosine inhibits the reaction [cyadox results in increased expression of TP53 protein]; perifosine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased expression of TP53 mRNA] CTD PMID:30265530 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
phosphatidylcholine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abcb11 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 11 increases secretion ISO ABCB11 protein results in increased secretion of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:14570929 NCBI chr 3:55,480,024...55,587,946
Ensembl chr 3:55,480,024...55,587,946
JBrowse link
G Abcb1a ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1A affects export
affects transport
ISO ABCB1 protein affects the export of Phosphatidylcholines
ABCB1 protein affects the transport of Phosphatidylcholines
CTD PMID:11147995 PMID:11745043 NCBI chr 4:22,339,829...22,517,642
Ensembl chr 4:22,133,521...22,425,515
JBrowse link
G Abcb4 ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 4 affects transport
affects export
ISO ABCB4 protein affects the transport of Phosphatidylcholines
ABCB4 protein affects the export of Phosphatidylcholines
CTD PMID:11745043 PMID:15696852 NCBI chr 4:22,133,984...22,192,687
Ensembl chr 4:22,133,521...22,425,515
JBrowse link
G Acat1 acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase 1 decreases activity EXP Phosphatidylcholines results in decreased activity of ACAT1 protein CTD PMID:12559476 NCBI chr 8:58,166,990...58,195,884
Ensembl chr 8:58,166,990...58,195,884
JBrowse link
G Adipoq adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing decreases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in decreased expression of ADIPOQ mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr11:81,330,845...81,344,488
Ensembl chr11:81,330,293...81,344,488
JBrowse link
G Ahr aryl hydrocarbon receptor multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO PEMT protein promotes the reaction [AHR protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines] CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr 6:54,963,990...55,001,806
Ensembl chr 6:54,963,990...55,001,464
JBrowse link
G Aifm1 apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondria associated 1 multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in increased expression of AIFM1 protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr  X:135,304,063...135,343,062
Ensembl chr  X:135,304,066...135,343,087
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO [[[APP protein modified form binds to Copper] which co-treated with Ascorbic Acid] results in increased oxidation of Phosphatidylcholines] which results in increased chemical synthesis of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide; [[APP protein modified form binds to Copper] which co-treated with Ascorbic Acid] results in increased oxidation of Phosphatidylcholines; Edetic Acid inhibits the reaction [[[[APP protein modified form binds to Copper] which co-treated with Ascorbic Acid] results in increased oxidation of Phosphatidylcholines] which results in increased chemical synthesis of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide]; Penicillamine inhibits the reaction [[[[APP protein modified form binds to Copper] which co-treated with Ascorbic Acid] results in increased oxidation of Phosphatidylcholines] which results in increased chemical synthesis of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide]; Trientine inhibits the reaction [[[[APP protein modified form binds to Copper] which co-treated with Ascorbic Acid] results in increased oxidation of Phosphatidylcholines] which results in increased chemical synthesis of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide] CTD PMID:17964426 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G Arntl aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-like increases abundance ISO ARNTL gene mutant form results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:27056296 NCBI chr 1:178,039,002...178,137,469
Ensembl chr 1:178,039,063...178,137,465
JBrowse link
G As3mt arsenite methyltransferase affects metabolic processing ISO AS3MT gene mutant form affects the metabolism of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:27591999 NCBI chr 1:266,482,787...266,514,570
Ensembl chr 1:266,482,858...266,514,569
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in increased expression of BAX protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in increased expression of CASP3 protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp8 caspase 8 multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in increased expression of CASP8 protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr 9:65,614,142...65,662,624
Ensembl chr 9:65,614,142...65,662,106
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in increased expression of CASP9 protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 increases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of CCL2 mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr10:69,412,065...69,413,863
Ensembl chr10:69,412,017...69,413,870
JBrowse link
G Ccnd1 cyclin D1 multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in decreased expression of CCND1 protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr 1:218,090,750...218,100,447
Ensembl chr 1:218,090,750...218,100,325
JBrowse link
G Ccne1 cyclin E1 multiple interactions ISO Phosphatidylcholines promotes the reaction [rubitecan results in decreased expression of CCNE1 protein] CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr 1:94,485,830...94,495,112
Ensembl chr 1:94,485,832...94,494,980
JBrowse link
G Cdk2 cyclin dependent kinase 2 multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in decreased expression of CDK2 protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr 7:3,124,953...3,132,533
Ensembl chr 7:3,124,954...3,132,457
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in increased expression of CDKN1A protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr20:6,348,422...6,358,864
Ensembl chr20:6,351,458...6,358,864
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1b cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B multiple interactions ISO [rubitecan co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines] results in increased expression of CDKN1B protein CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr 4:168,689,043...168,694,159
Ensembl chr 4:168,689,163...168,693,964
JBrowse link
G Ces1d carboxylesterase 1D decreases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in decreased expression of CES1D mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr19:15,195,514...15,239,827
Ensembl chr19:15,033,108...15,239,821
JBrowse link
G Col1a1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [silybin co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines co-treated with Vitamin E] inhibits the reaction [Dimethylnitrosamine results in increased expression of COL1A1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16169303 NCBI chr10:82,745,801...82,762,790
Ensembl chr10:82,745,801...82,762,789
JBrowse link
G Crp C-reactive protein affects binding
decreases activity
ISO CRP protein binds to Phosphatidylcholines
Phosphatidylcholines results in decreased activity of CRP protein
CTD PMID:16962105 NCBI chr13:91,080,448...91,081,358
Ensembl chr13:91,054,974...91,093,713
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a2 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 2 affects activity ISO Phosphatidylcholines affects the activity of CYP1A2 protein CTD PMID:15966743 NCBI chr 8:62,451,360...62,458,244
Ensembl chr 8:62,451,329...62,458,301
JBrowse link
G Cyp7a1 cytochrome P450 family 7 subfamily A member 1 increases activity EXP Phosphatidylcholines results in increased activity of CYP7A1 protein CTD PMID:12559476 NCBI chr 5:19,358,734...19,368,431
Ensembl chr 5:19,358,734...19,368,431
JBrowse link
G Enpp7 ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 7 increases hydrolysis ISO ENPP7 protein results in increased hydrolysis of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:12885774 NCBI chr10:108,095,131...108,099,483
Ensembl chr10:108,095,131...108,099,483
JBrowse link
G Fasn fatty acid synthase multiple interactions ISO [orlistat results in decreased activity of FASN protein] which results in decreased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:18723500 NCBI chr10:109,987,735...110,005,901
Ensembl chr10:109,987,735...110,005,901
JBrowse link
G Fgf19 fibroblast growth factor 19 decreases abundance ISO FGF19 protein results in decreased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr 1:218,058,405...218,061,693
Ensembl chr 1:218,058,405...218,061,693
JBrowse link
G Gpx4 glutathione peroxidase 4 multiple interactions ISO GPX4 mutant form promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite]; GPX4 protein inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite] CTD PMID:22433871 NCBI chr 7:12,516,357...12,519,154
Ensembl chr 7:12,516,352...12,519,154
JBrowse link
G Hmgcr 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase increases activity EXP Phosphatidylcholines results in increased activity of HMGCR protein CTD PMID:12559476 NCBI chr 2:27,480,224...27,500,654
Ensembl chr 2:27,480,226...27,500,654
JBrowse link
G Igf1 insulin-like growth factor 1 increases degradation ISO IGF1 protein results in increased degradation of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:2120207 NCBI chr 7:28,412,123...28,491,815
Ensembl chr 7:28,412,198...28,486,609
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 increases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of IL10 mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr13:47,738,933...47,743,392
Ensembl chr13:47,739,526...47,743,392
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA
Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of and results in increased secretion of IL1B protein
CTD PMID:23911798 PMID:30958839 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 increases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Lep leptin decreases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in decreased expression of LEP mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr 4:56,337,695...56,351,818
Ensembl chr 4:56,337,695...56,351,818
JBrowse link
G Lipc lipase C, hepatic type multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO [LIPC gene mutant form co-treated with LIPG gene mutant form] results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines
LIPC gene mutant form results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines
CTD PMID:24777581 NCBI chr 8:77,272,582...77,398,485
Ensembl chr 8:77,272,570...77,398,248
JBrowse link
G Lipe lipase E, hormone sensitive type increases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of LIPE mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr 1:82,248,031...82,266,727
Ensembl chr 1:82,248,046...82,266,727
JBrowse link
G Lipg lipase G, endothelial type multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO [LIPC gene mutant form co-treated with LIPG gene mutant form] results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines
LIPG gene mutant form results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines
CTD PMID:24777581 NCBI chr18:70,903,528...70,924,434
Ensembl chr18:70,901,710...70,924,708
JBrowse link
G Ltf lactotransferrin multiple interactions ISO [LTF protein co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines co-treated with Phytosterols] inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF protein] CTD PMID:16141546 NCBI chr 8:119,290,416...119,313,261
Ensembl chr 8:119,290,416...119,313,261
JBrowse link
G Mmp2 matrix metallopeptidase 2 multiple interactions EXP [silybin co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines co-treated with Vitamin E] inhibits the reaction [Dimethylnitrosamine results in increased expression of MMP2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16169303 NCBI chr19:15,542,771...15,570,589
Ensembl chr19:15,542,765...15,570,611
JBrowse link
G Nox4 NADPH oxidase 4 multiple interactions ISO NOX4 mutant form inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite] CTD PMID:22433871 NCBI chr 1:150,796,359...150,976,186
Ensembl chr 1:150,797,084...150,976,194
JBrowse link
G Nr0b2 nuclear receptor subfamily 0, group B, member 2 decreases abundance ISO NR0B2 protein results in decreased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr 5:151,776,004...151,779,319
Ensembl chr 5:151,776,004...151,779,319
JBrowse link
G Nr5a2 nuclear receptor subfamily 5, group A, member 2 multiple interactions ISO [NR5A2 gene mutant form results in increased susceptibility to Dietary Fats] which results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:29515023 NCBI chr13:53,750,470...53,870,288
Ensembl chr13:53,750,473...53,870,428
JBrowse link
G Pafah1b1 platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 1b, regulatory subunit 1 multiple interactions
increases secretion
EXP PAFAH1B1 protein promotes the reaction [Terbutaline results in increased secretion of Phosphatidylcholines]; PAFAH1B1 protein promotes the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased secretion of Phosphatidylcholines]
PAFAH1B1 protein results in increased secretion of Phosphatidylcholines
CTD PMID:12013527 NCBI chr10:61,456,144...61,577,412
Ensembl chr10:61,456,145...61,577,412
JBrowse link
G Pafah2 platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 2 multiple interactions ISO PAFAH2 inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite] CTD PMID:22433871 NCBI chr 5:152,606,850...152,635,956
Ensembl chr 5:152,606,847...152,634,803
JBrowse link
G Pcyt1a phosphate cytidylyltransferase 1, choline, alpha multiple interactions ISO PCYT1A protein promotes the reaction [PLPP6 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Phosphatidylcholines] CTD PMID:18930839 NCBI chr11:71,547,865...71,592,037
Ensembl chr11:71,548,222...71,591,502
JBrowse link
G Pemt phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase multiple interactions ISO PEMT protein promotes the reaction [AHR protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines] CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr10:46,339,821...46,404,640
Ensembl chr10:46,339,821...46,404,642
JBrowse link
G Plin1 perilipin 1 increases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of PLIN1 mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr 1:141,458,907...141,470,927
Ensembl chr 1:141,458,181...141,471,010
JBrowse link
G Plpp6 phospholipid phosphatase 6 multiple interactions
increases chemical synthesis
ISO PCYT1A protein promotes the reaction [PLPP6 protein results in increased chemical synthesis of Phosphatidylcholines] CTD PMID:18930839 NCBI chr 1:247,084,228...247,087,080
Ensembl chr 1:247,084,228...247,087,077
JBrowse link
G Pnpla2 patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 2 decreases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in decreased expression of PNPLA2 mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr 1:214,434,638...214,439,720
Ensembl chr 1:214,434,626...214,439,720
JBrowse link
G Pon2 paraoxonase 2 increases activity
increases expression
ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased activity of PON2 protein
Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of PON2 mRNA
CTD PMID:12615656 NCBI chr 4:30,344,705...30,380,119
Ensembl chr 4:30,344,709...30,380,119
JBrowse link
G Pon3 paraoxonase 3 multiple interactions ISO Phosphatidylcholines inhibits the reaction [PON3 protein results in increased metabolism of Lovastatin] CTD PMID:12615656 NCBI chr 4:30,311,981...30,338,679
Ensembl chr 4:30,311,982...30,338,679
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma increases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of PPARG mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr 4:147,274,055...147,399,383
Ensembl chr 4:147,274,107...147,399,380
JBrowse link
G Ppargc1b PPARG coactivator 1 beta increases abundance ISO PPARGC1B results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines CTD PMID:17932310 NCBI chr18:56,626,725...56,650,524
Ensembl chr18:56,626,712...56,728,968
JBrowse link
G Pten phosphatase and tensin homolog affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO PTEN protein binds to Phosphatidylcholines
[TXN protein binds to PTEN protein] inhibits the reaction [PTEN protein binds to Phosphatidylcholines]
CTD PMID:15313215 NCBI chr 1:251,421,814...251,487,634
Ensembl chr 1:251,421,596...251,487,832
JBrowse link
G Retn resistin decreases expression ISO Phosphatidylcholines results in decreased expression of RETN mRNA CTD PMID:23911798 NCBI chr12:2,201,909...2,203,649
Ensembl chr12:2,201,891...2,204,249
JBrowse link
G Sftpa1 surfactant protein A1 multiple interactions ISO [SFTPA1 protein polymorphism binds to SFTPA2 protein polymorphism] inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased secretion of Phosphatidylcholines]; Ozone inhibits the reaction [[SFTPA1 protein polymorphism binds to SFTPA2 protein polymorphism] inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased secretion of Phosphatidylcholines]]; Ozone inhibits the reaction [SFTPA1 protein polymorphism inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased secretion of Phosphatidylcholines]] CTD PMID:15065867 NCBI chr16:18,716,019...18,719,404
Ensembl chr16:18,716,019...18,719,403
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions EXP [silybin co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines co-treated with Vitamin E] inhibits the reaction [Dimethylnitrosamine results in increased expression of TGFB1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16169303 NCBI chr 1:82,480,875...82,497,196
Ensembl chr 1:82,480,195...82,497,199
JBrowse link
G Timp1 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1 multiple interactions EXP [silybin co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines co-treated with Vitamin E] inhibits the reaction [Dimethylnitrosamine results in increased expression of TIMP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16169303 NCBI chr  X:1,364,771...1,369,451
Ensembl chr  X:1,364,786...1,369,384
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions
increases expression
increases abundance
ISO GPX4 mutant form promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite]; GPX4 protein inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite]; NOX4 mutant form inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite]; PAFAH2 inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased abundance of Phosphatidylcholines metabolite]
Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of TNF mRNA
[LTF protein co-treated with Phosphatidylcholines co-treated with Phytosterols] inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF protein]; Phosphatidylcholines results in increased expression of and results in increased secretion of TNF protein
CTD PMID:16141546 PMID:22433871 PMID:23911798 PMID:30958839 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions ISO Phosphatidylcholines inhibits the reaction [rubitecan results in increased expression of TP53 protein] CTD PMID:21695227 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Txn1 thioredoxin 1 multiple interactions ISO [TXN protein binds to PTEN protein] inhibits the reaction [PTEN protein binds to Phosphatidylcholines] CTD PMID:15313215 NCBI chr 5:75,049,735...75,057,731
Ensembl chr 5:75,049,747...75,057,752
JBrowse link
pyocyanine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ahr aryl hydrocarbon receptor increases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of AHR mRNA CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr 6:54,963,990...55,001,806
Ensembl chr 6:54,963,990...55,001,464
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
ISO Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein]; RTKI cpd inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:24015256 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 increases activity EXP Pyocyanine results in increased activity of ATF6 protein CTD PMID:27613716 NCBI chr13:89,053,457...89,242,531
Ensembl chr13:89,055,983...89,242,443
JBrowse link
G Ccl5 C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 decreases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in decreased expression of CCL5 mRNA; Pyocyanine results in decreased expression of CCL5 protein CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr10:70,739,764...70,744,303
Ensembl chr10:70,739,800...70,744,315
JBrowse link
G Ctnnb1 catenin beta 1 increases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of CTNNB1 mRNA CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr 8:129,601,511...129,628,378
Ensembl chr 8:129,617,812...129,627,372
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 increases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
G Egfr epidermal growth factor receptor increases phosphorylation ISO Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of EGFR protein CTD PMID:24015256 NCBI chr14:99,919,485...100,104,136
Ensembl chr14:99,919,485...100,098,796
JBrowse link
G Fabp4 fatty acid binding protein 4 decreases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in decreased expression of FABP4 mRNA CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr 2:93,792,666...93,797,267
Ensembl chr 2:93,792,601...93,797,305
JBrowse link
G Gclc glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA
[Pyocyanine results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein] which results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA]
CTD PMID:24015256 NCBI chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,471
Ensembl chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,468
JBrowse link
G Hsf1 heat shock transcription factor 1 increases activity EXP Pyocyanine results in increased activity of HSF1 protein CTD PMID:27613716 NCBI chr 7:117,538,523...117,565,478
Ensembl chr 7:117,538,523...117,565,478
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 increases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of IL10 protein CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr13:47,738,933...47,743,392
Ensembl chr13:47,739,526...47,743,392
JBrowse link
G Il13 interleukin 13 decreases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in decreased expression of IL13 protein CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr10:38,982,909...38,985,466
Ensembl chr10:38,982,909...38,985,466
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 increases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of IL6 protein CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Map2k1 mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 1 increases phosphorylation ISO Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K1 protein CTD PMID:24015256 NCBI chr 8:69,134,218...69,722,573
Ensembl chr 8:69,134,223...69,164,758
JBrowse link
G Map2k2 mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 2 increases phosphorylation ISO Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAP2K2 protein CTD PMID:24015256 NCBI chr 7:11,458,971...11,478,520
Ensembl chr 7:11,458,967...11,478,489
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
ISO Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; RTKI cpd inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; U 0126 inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:24015256 PMID:24316274 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
ISO Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein
Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; RTKI cpd inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; U 0126 inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
CTD PMID:24015256 PMID:24316274 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO
EXP
1,3-dihydro-1-(1-((4-(6-phenyl-1H-imidazo(4,5-g)quinoxalin-7-yl)phenyl)methyl)-4-piperidinyl)-2H-benzimidazol-2-one inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]; 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]; [2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one co-treated with RTKI cpd] inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]; [Pyocyanine results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein] which results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA; [Pyocyanine results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein] which results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA; Pyocyanine results in increased expression of and affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein; RTKI cpd inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased expression of and affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]
Pyocyanine results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein
CTD PMID:24015256 PMID:27613716 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
[Pyocyanine results in increased localization of NFE2L2 protein] which results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA; trigonelline inhibits the reaction [Pyocyanine results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:24015256 NCBI chr19:38,422,210...38,437,103
Ensembl chr19:38,422,164...38,437,180
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma decreases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in decreased expression of PPARG mRNA CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr 4:147,274,055...147,399,383
Ensembl chr 4:147,274,107...147,399,380
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor increases expression ISO Pyocyanine results in increased expression of TNF mRNA CTD PMID:31078726 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
S-adenosyl-L-methioninate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Adgre4 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor E4 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of ADGRE4 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 9:8,056,034...8,200,262
Ensembl chr 9:8,052,210...8,198,800
JBrowse link
G Adgre5 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor E5 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of ADGRE5 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr19:24,854,981...24,875,712
Ensembl chr19:24,855,299...24,875,137
JBrowse link
G Afp alpha-fetoprotein multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Dicarbethoxydihydrocollidine results in increased expression of AFP mRNA]
S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of AFP mRNA
CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr14:19,141,755...19,159,919
Ensembl chr14:19,141,755...19,159,923
JBrowse link
G Ahr aryl hydrocarbon receptor decreases abundance
multiple interactions
ISO AHR protein results in decreased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine
PEMT protein promotes the reaction [AHR protein results in decreased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine]
CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr 6:54,963,990...55,001,806
Ensembl chr 6:54,963,990...55,001,464
JBrowse link
G Alad aminolevulinate dehydratase increases activity ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in increased activity of ALAD protein CTD PMID:9559101 NCBI chr 5:78,368,867...78,379,206
Ensembl chr 5:78,368,867...78,379,346
JBrowse link
G Alas2 5'-aminolevulinate synthase 2 multiple interactions ISO [S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with Hemin] results in increased expression of ALAS2 mRNA; catechol inhibits the reaction [[S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with Hemin] results in increased expression of ALAS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:24141029 NCBI chr  X:23,167,576...23,187,356
Ensembl chr  X:23,167,696...23,187,341
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein increases secretion ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in increased secretion of APP protein modified form CTD PMID:22906069 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G As3mt arsenite methyltransferase multiple interactions
affects binding
ISO Cysteine promotes the reaction [AS3MT protein binds to S-Adenosylmethionine]; Glutathione promotes the reaction [AS3MT protein binds to S-Adenosylmethionine]; S-Adenosylmethionine promotes the reaction [AS3MT protein binds to and results in increased methylation of arsenite]; tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine promotes the reaction [AS3MT protein binds to S-Adenosylmethionine] CTD PMID:22955273 PMID:25349987 NCBI chr 1:266,482,787...266,514,570
Ensembl chr 1:266,482,858...266,514,569
JBrowse link
G Atf3 activating transcription factor 3 increases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in increased expression of ATF3 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr13:109,817,892...109,849,632
Ensembl chr13:109,817,728...109,849,632
JBrowse link
G Atp7b ATPase copper transporting beta multiple interactions ISO ATP7B protein mutant form promotes the reaction [Betaine results in increased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine] CTD PMID:22945834 NCBI chr16:74,865,516...74,944,935
Ensembl chr16:74,865,516...74,945,286
JBrowse link
G Bhmt2 betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 2 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [BHMT2 protein results in increased metabolism of Vitamin U] CTD PMID:18230605 NCBI chr 2:23,272,320...23,289,266
Ensembl chr 2:23,272,328...23,289,266
JBrowse link
G Casp12 caspase 12 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of CASP12 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 8:2,658,892...2,686,160
Ensembl chr 8:2,659,865...2,686,160
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
decreases activity
ISO
EXP
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased activity of CASP3 protein
CTD PMID:17869084 PMID:18571630 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in decreased activity of CAT protein] CTD PMID:22683606 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Col1a1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of COL1A1 mRNA
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [LEP protein results in increased expression of COL1A1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:15983038 PMID:16996477 NCBI chr10:82,745,801...82,762,790
Ensembl chr10:82,745,801...82,762,789
JBrowse link
G Col1a2 collagen type I alpha 2 chain multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO
EXP
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased expression of COL1A2 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [SP1 protein binds to COL1A2 promoter]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein binds to COL1A2 promoter]
S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of COL1A2 mRNA
CTD PMID:8878782 PMID:15983038 NCBI chr 4:31,534,225...31,569,152
Ensembl chr 4:31,534,225...31,569,151
JBrowse link
G Comt catechol-O-methyltransferase multiple interactions ISO [tolcapone results in decreased activity of COMT protein] inhibits the reaction [Levodopa results in increased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine] CTD PMID:16758261 NCBI chr11:86,715,981...86,735,630
Ensembl chr11:86,715,981...86,735,622
JBrowse link
G Cycs cytochrome c, somatic multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen affects the localization of CYCS protein] CTD PMID:22683606 NCBI chr 4:80,331,226...80,333,326
Ensembl chr 4:80,331,227...80,333,326
JBrowse link
G Cyp2e1 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily e, polypeptide 1 decreases activity
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased activity of CYP2E1 protein
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [CYP2E1 protein results in increased metabolism of 4-nitrophenol]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [CYP2E1 protein results in increased metabolism of Dimethylnitrosamine]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [CYP2E1 protein results in increased metabolism of Ethanol]
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in decreased expression of CYP2E1 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine promotes the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in decreased expression of and results in decreased activity of CYP2E1 protein]
CTD PMID:15763544 PMID:15983038 PMID:22683606 NCBI chr 1:213,511,892...213,522,195
Ensembl chr 1:213,511,874...213,535,542
JBrowse link
G Ddc dopa decarboxylase multiple interactions ISO [Levodopa co-treated with DDC] results in increased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine CTD PMID:11445284 NCBI chr14:91,905,919...91,996,816
Ensembl chr14:91,905,919...91,996,774
JBrowse link
G Dlg4 discs large MAGUK scaffold protein 4 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in decreased expression of DLG4 protein] CTD PMID:27624276 NCBI chr10:56,625,845...56,655,543
Ensembl chr10:56,627,411...56,653,599
JBrowse link
G Dnmt1 DNA methyltransferase 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide inhibits the reaction [DNMT1 protein binds to ESR1 promoter]]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in decreased expression of DNMT1 protein] CTD PMID:22558281 NCBI chr 8:21,922,515...21,968,495
Ensembl chr 8:21,922,515...21,968,495
JBrowse link
G Dnmt3a DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in decreased expression of DNMT3A protein]
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Dicarbethoxydihydrocollidine results in increased expression of DNMT3A mRNA]
CTD PMID:18098314 PMID:22558281 NCBI chr 6:28,205,375...28,346,052
Ensembl chr 6:28,235,695...28,340,577
JBrowse link
G Esr1 estrogen receptor 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [[arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of ESR1 protein] which results in increased expression of GREB1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [[arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of ESR1 protein] which results in increased expression of TFF1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide inhibits the reaction [DNMT1 protein binds to ESR1 promoter]]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in decreased methylation of ESR1 promoter]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of ESR1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of ESR1 protein] CTD PMID:22558281 NCBI chr 1:41,192,029...41,594,799
Ensembl chr 1:41,192,824...41,594,796
JBrowse link
G Fcgr1a Fc fragment of IgG receptor Ia decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of FCGR1 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 2:198,430,536...198,439,453
Ensembl chr 2:198,430,530...198,458,041
JBrowse link
G Fgf19 fibroblast growth factor 19 increases abundance ISO FGF19 protein results in increased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr 1:218,058,405...218,061,693
Ensembl chr 1:218,058,405...218,061,693
JBrowse link
G Fgl2 fibrinogen-like 2 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of FGL2 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 4:10,323,598...10,329,241
Ensembl chr 4:10,323,607...10,329,241
JBrowse link
G Gbp2 guanylate binding protein 2 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of GBP2 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 2:248,276,795...248,293,784
Ensembl chr 2:248,276,709...248,293,784
JBrowse link
G Gclc glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid affects the expression of GCLC mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine promotes the reaction [Ursodeoxycholic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid affects the expression of GCLC mRNA]] CTD PMID:20146260 NCBI chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,471
Ensembl chr 8:85,059,051...85,097,468
JBrowse link
G Greb1 growth regulating estrogen receptor binding 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [[arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of ESR1 protein] which results in increased expression of GREB1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of GREB1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22558281 NCBI chr 6:41,932,941...42,002,770
Ensembl chr 6:41,932,244...42,002,819
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in decreased activity of GSR protein] CTD PMID:22683606 NCBI chr16:62,197,617...62,239,987
Ensembl chr16:62,197,617...62,241,361
JBrowse link
G Gss glutathione synthetase multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid affects the expression of GSS mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine promotes the reaction [Ursodeoxycholic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid affects the expression of GSS mRNA]] CTD PMID:20146260 NCBI chr 3:151,076,254...151,106,557
Ensembl chr 3:151,076,254...151,106,557
JBrowse link
G Gstm2 glutathione S-transferase mu 2 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Dicarbethoxydihydrocollidine results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA] CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 2:210,778,041...210,782,807
Ensembl chr 2:210,720,704...210,782,856
JBrowse link
G Hand2 heart and neural crest derivatives expressed 2 multiple interactions ISO [Progesterone co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased methylation of HAND2 promoter; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Progesterone results in increased expression of HAND2 mRNA] CTD PMID:30892605 NCBI chr16:36,371,489...36,373,551
Ensembl chr16:36,371,489...36,373,546
JBrowse link
G Hbb hemoglobin subunit beta multiple interactions ISO [S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with Hemin] results in increased expression of HBB mRNA; catechol inhibits the reaction [[S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with Hemin] results in increased expression of HBB mRNA] CTD PMID:24141029 NCBI chr 1:168,971,269...168,972,680
Ensembl chr 1:168,971,274...168,972,725
JBrowse link
G Hdac9 histone deacetylase 9 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Dicarbethoxydihydrocollidine results in increased expression of HDAC9 mRNA] CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 6:53,487,367...54,358,694
Ensembl chr 6:53,488,883...54,059,119
JBrowse link
G Hmbs hydroxymethylbilane synthase multiple interactions ISO [S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with Hemin] results in increased expression of HMBS mRNA; catechol inhibits the reaction [[S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with Hemin] results in increased expression of HMBS mRNA] CTD PMID:24141029 NCBI chr 8:48,667,278...48,674,673
Ensembl chr 8:48,667,275...48,674,748
JBrowse link
G Ifi44l interferon-induced protein 44-like decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of IFI44L mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 2:256,948,722...256,979,573
Ensembl chr 2:256,964,860...256,978,668
JBrowse link
G Ifng interferon gamma multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [fumonisin B1 results in increased expression of IFNG mRNA] CTD PMID:17080400 NCBI chr 7:61,337,383...61,341,419
Ensembl chr 7:61,337,381...61,341,419
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions EXP
ISO
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Thioacetamide results in increased expression of IL1B protein]
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [fumonisin B1 results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA]
CTD PMID:17080400 PMID:19822164 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il2 interleukin 2 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [fumonisin B1 results in increased expression of IL2 mRNA] CTD PMID:17080400 NCBI chr 2:123,847,150...123,851,854
Ensembl chr 2:123,847,150...123,851,854
JBrowse link
G Il2rg interleukin 2 receptor subunit gamma decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of IL2RG mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr  X:71,165,378...71,169,078
Ensembl chr  X:71,162,585...71,169,865
JBrowse link
G Il36g interleukin 36, gamma decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of IL36G mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 3:1,285,658...1,291,836
Ensembl chr 3:1,285,664...1,291,865
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP
ISO
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Thioacetamide results in increased expression of IL6 protein]
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [fumonisin B1 results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA]
CTD PMID:17080400 PMID:19822164 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Klf6 Kruppel-like factor 6 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of KLF6 mRNA
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Dicarbethoxydihydrocollidine results in increased expression of KLF6 mRNA]
CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr17:67,887,939...67,945,052
Ensembl chr17:67,887,939...67,945,037
JBrowse link
G Lep leptin multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [LEP protein results in increased expression of COL1A1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Vitamin K 3 results in increased expression of LEP mRNA] CTD PMID:16996477 NCBI chr 4:56,337,695...56,351,818
Ensembl chr 4:56,337,695...56,351,818
JBrowse link
G LOC103694381 lymphotoxin-beta multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [fumonisin B1 results in increased expression of LTB mRNA] CTD PMID:17080400 NCBI chr20:4,861,343...4,863,513
Ensembl chr20:4,861,335...4,863,198
JBrowse link
G Maf MAF bZIP transcription factor multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid results in increased expression of MAF protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine promotes the reaction [Ursodeoxycholic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid results in increased expression of MAF protein]] CTD PMID:20146260 NCBI chr19:48,179,826...48,200,995
Ensembl chr19:48,194,804...48,196,748
JBrowse link
G Mafg MAF bZIP transcription factor G multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid results in increased expression of MAFG protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine promotes the reaction [Ursodeoxycholic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid results in increased expression of MAFG protein]] CTD PMID:20146260 NCBI chr10:109,802,877...109,811,476
Ensembl chr10:109,806,159...109,811,323
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
[1,2-linoleoylphosphatidylcholine co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] inhibits the reaction [Vitamin K 3 results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein promotes the reaction [SP1 protein binds to MAPK1 protein modified form]]
CTD PMID:15983038 PMID:16996477 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
[1,2-linoleoylphosphatidylcholine co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] inhibits the reaction [Vitamin K 3 results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein promotes the reaction [SP1 protein binds to MAPK3 protein modified form]]
CTD PMID:15983038 PMID:16996477 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Mat1a methionine adenosyltransferase 1A affects abundance
increases chemical synthesis
ISO MAT1A affects the abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine
MAT1A protein results in increased chemical synthesis of S-Adenosylmethionine
CTD PMID:8373829 PMID:12060674 NCBI chr16:18,690,649...18,709,135
Ensembl chr16:18,690,246...18,709,133
JBrowse link
G Mat2a methionine adenosyltransferase 2A increases chemical synthesis ISO MAT2A protein results in increased chemical synthesis of S-Adenosylmethionine CTD PMID:8373829 NCBI chr 4:100,297,478...100,303,047
Ensembl chr 4:100,296,075...100,303,080
JBrowse link
G Mbd2 methyl-CpG binding domain protein 2 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of MBD2 protein] CTD PMID:22558281 NCBI chr18:65,814,026...65,885,115
Ensembl chr18:65,814,026...65,885,114
JBrowse link
G Mthfd1 methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, cyclohydrolase and formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase 1 increases abundance ISO MTHFD1 protein results in increased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine CTD PMID:19033438 NCBI chr 6:99,282,850...99,350,367
Ensembl chr 6:99,282,850...99,350,340
JBrowse link
G Mtr 5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase affects binding
multiple interactions
ISO S-Adenosylmethionine binds to MTR protein
[glutathionylcobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form; [Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form; Aluminum inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]; Arsenic inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]; Buthionine Sulfoximine inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Buthionine Sulfoximine inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]]; Glutathione inhibits the reaction [Thimerosal inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]]; Glutathione promotes the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]; Lead inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]; mecobalamin inhibits the reaction [Buthionine Sulfoximine inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]]; Mercury inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]; Thimerosal inhibits the reaction [[Hydroxocobalamin co-treated with S-Adenosylmethionine] results in increased activity of MTR protein alternative form]
CTD PMID:17477549 PMID:26989453 NCBI chr17:66,210,444...66,295,014
Ensembl chr17:66,210,461...66,295,014
JBrowse link
G Ndrg1 N-myc downstream regulated 1 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of NDRG1 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 7:107,734,326...107,775,701
Ensembl chr 7:107,734,323...107,775,714
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine promotes the reaction [Ursodeoxycholic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lithocholic Acid results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 protein]] CTD PMID:20146260 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nfkbia NFKB inhibitor alpha multiple interactions EXP S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [[Diethylnitrosamine co-treated with 2-Acetylaminofluorene] results in increased phosphorylation of NFKBIA protein] CTD PMID:18404532 NCBI chr 6:76,267,227...76,270,457
Ensembl chr 6:76,267,228...76,270,457
JBrowse link
G Nlgn3 neuroligin 3 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased expression of NLGN3 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased methylation of NLGN3 promoter]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in decreased expression of NLGN3 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in decreased expression of NLGN3 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in increased methylation of NLGN3 promoter] CTD PMID:27624276 NCBI chr  X:71,199,390...71,227,460
Ensembl chr  X:71,199,491...71,222,732
JBrowse link
G Nr0b2 nuclear receptor subfamily 0, group B, member 2 increases abundance ISO NR0B2 protein results in increased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr 5:151,776,004...151,779,319
Ensembl chr 5:151,776,004...151,779,319
JBrowse link
G Nrxn1 neurexin 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased expression of NRXN1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased methylation of NRXN1 promoter]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in decreased expression of NRXN1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in decreased expression of NRXN1 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in increased methylation of NRXN1 promoter] CTD PMID:27624276 NCBI chr 6:13,886,757...15,191,660
Ensembl chr 6:13,886,740...15,191,660
JBrowse link
G Pde4b phosphodiesterase 4B multiple interactions ISO [[S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of PDE4B mRNA]] which results in increased abundance of Cyclic AMP] inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF protein]; [S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of PDE4B mRNA]] which results in increased abundance of Cyclic AMP; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of PDE4B mRNA] CTD PMID:21266552 NCBI chr 5:121,759,236...122,136,814
Ensembl chr 5:121,952,977...122,136,814
JBrowse link
G Pemt phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase multiple interactions ISO PEMT protein promotes the reaction [AHR protein results in decreased abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine] CTD PMID:29416063 NCBI chr10:46,339,821...46,404,640
Ensembl chr10:46,339,821...46,404,642
JBrowse link
G Pfn2 profilin 2 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of PFN2 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 2:147,953,858...147,959,692
Ensembl chr 2:147,955,196...148,050,438
JBrowse link
G Psmb8 proteasome 20S subunit beta 8 increases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in increased expression of PSMB8 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr20:3,990,809...3,993,772
Ensembl chr20:3,990,613...3,993,769
JBrowse link
G Ptgs1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of PTGS1 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr 3:15,560,685...15,582,339
Ensembl chr 3:15,560,712...15,582,344
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased activity of RELA protein] CTD PMID:21266552 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Rnasel ribonuclease L decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of RNASEL mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr13:71,188,712...71,202,636
Ensembl chr13:71,192,142...71,202,625
JBrowse link
G RT1-Db1 RT1 class II, locus Db1 decreases expression ISO S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of H2-EB1 mRNA CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr20:4,087,621...4,097,190
Ensembl chr20:4,087,618...4,097,190
JBrowse link
G Slc19a1 solute carrier family 19 member 1 affects abundance ISO SLC19A1 protein affects the abundance of S-Adenosylmethionine CTD PMID:15705887 NCBI chr20:12,334,675...12,354,517
Ensembl chr20:12,334,676...12,352,377
JBrowse link
G Smyd2 SET and MYND domain containing 2 affects binding ISO S-Adenosylmethionine binds to SMYD2 protein CTD PMID:21782458 NCBI chr13:108,642,156...108,686,293
Ensembl chr13:108,642,156...108,686,290
JBrowse link
G Sod1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in decreased activity of SOD1 protein] CTD PMID:22683606 NCBI chr11:30,363,282...30,368,858
Ensembl chr11:30,363,280...30,368,862
JBrowse link
G Sod2 superoxide dismutase 2 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Acetaminophen results in decreased activity of SOD2 protein] CTD PMID:22683606 NCBI chr 1:47,914,757...47,921,587
Ensembl chr 1:47,914,759...47,921,587
JBrowse link
G Sp1 Sp1 transcription factor multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein promotes the reaction [SP1 protein binds to MAPK1 protein modified form]]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein promotes the reaction [SP1 protein binds to MAPK3 protein modified form]]
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [SP1 protein binds to COL1A2 promoter]
CTD PMID:15983038 NCBI chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,635
Ensembl chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,629
JBrowse link
G Syn1 synapsin I multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Particulate Matter results in decreased expression of SYN1 protein] CTD PMID:27624276 NCBI chr  X:1,321,315...1,379,202
Ensembl chr  X:1,321,315...1,379,198
JBrowse link
G Tf transferrin multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP [S-Adenosylmethionine results in increased expression of TF protein] which affects the abundance of Iron CTD PMID:18571630 NCBI chr 8:111,694,570...111,721,275
Ensembl chr 8:111,673,547...111,721,333
JBrowse link
G Tff1 trefoil factor 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [[arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of ESR1 protein] which results in increased expression of TFF1 mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in increased expression of TFF1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22558281 NCBI chr20:9,892,124...9,895,984
Ensembl chr20:9,892,124...9,895,984
JBrowse link
G Tfrc transferrin receptor decreases expression EXP S-Adenosylmethionine results in decreased expression of TFRC mRNA CTD PMID:18571630 NCBI chr11:71,397,423...71,419,263
Ensembl chr11:71,397,383...71,419,223
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein promotes the reaction [SP1 protein binds to MAPK1 protein modified form]]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein promotes the reaction [SP1 protein binds to MAPK3 protein modified form]]
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased expression of TGFB1 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein binds to COL1A2 promoter]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [TGFB1 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
CTD PMID:15983038 NCBI chr 1:82,480,875...82,497,196
Ensembl chr 1:82,480,195...82,497,199
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO
EXP
[[S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of PDE4B mRNA]] which results in increased abundance of Cyclic AMP] inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF protein]
S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Thioacetamide results in increased expression of TNF protein]
CTD PMID:19822164 PMID:21266552 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tpmt thiopurine S-methyltransferase multiple interactions ISO [S-Adenosylmethionine analog co-treated with TPMT protein] results in increased methylation of 4-methylbenzenethiol; [S-Adenosylmethionine analog co-treated with TPMT protein] results in increased methylation of 4-nitrobenzenthiol; [S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with TPMT protein] results in increased methylation of 4-methylbenzenethiol; [S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with TPMT protein] results in increased methylation of 4-nitrobenzenthiol; S-Adenosylmethionine analog inhibits the reaction [[S-Adenosylmethionine co-treated with TPMT protein] results in increased methylation of 4-nitrobenzenthiol]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [[S-Adenosylmethionine analog co-treated with TPMT protein] results in increased methylation of 4-nitrobenzenthiol] CTD PMID:20196537 NCBI chr17:18,029,090...18,047,716
Ensembl chr17:18,029,124...18,047,714
JBrowse link
G Ubd ubiquitin D multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [Dicarbethoxydihydrocollidine results in increased expression of UBD mRNA] CTD PMID:18098314 NCBI chr20:1,876,175...1,878,126
Ensembl chr20:1,876,173...1,897,814
JBrowse link
G Vim vimentin multiple interactions ISO S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [monobutyl phthalate results in increased expression of VIM mRNA]; S-Adenosylmethionine inhibits the reaction [monobutyl phthalate results in increased expression of VIM protein] CTD PMID:26745512 NCBI chr17:80,882,715...80,891,200
Ensembl chr17:80,882,666...80,891,212
JBrowse link
serpentine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cyp2d4 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily d, polypeptide 4 decreases activity
multiple interactions
ISO serpentine (alkaloid) results in decreased activity of CYP2D6 protein
serpentine (alkaloid) inhibits the reaction [CYP2D6 protein affects the metabolism of Dextromethorphan]
CTD PMID:15930738 NCBI chr 7:123,599,264...123,608,436
Ensembl chr 7:123,599,266...123,608,436
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19875
    chemical entity 19875
      molecular entity 19872
        polyatomic entity 19786
          molecule 19618
            organic molecule 19586
              dipolar compound 1024
                zwitterion 1023
                  onium betaine 364
                    ammonium betaine + 285
                    diazonium betaine + 0
                    iminium betaine + 42
                    nitrilium betaine + 0
                    oxonium betaine + 0
                    sulfonium betaine + 84
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19875
    subatomic particle 19873
      composite particle 19873
        hadron 19873
          baryon 19873
            nucleon 19873
              atomic nucleus 19873
                atom 19873
                  main group element atom 19763
                    p-block element atom 19763
                      carbon group element atom 19668
                        carbon atom 19657
                          organic molecular entity 19657
                            organic molecule 19586
                              dipolar compound 1024
                                zwitterion 1023
                                  onium betaine 364
                                    ammonium betaine + 285
                                    diazonium betaine + 0
                                    iminium betaine + 42
                                    nitrilium betaine + 0
                                    oxonium betaine + 0
                                    sulfonium betaine + 84
paths to the root