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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:heterobicyclic compound
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Accession:CHEBI:33672 term browser browse the term
Definition:A bicyclic compound in which at least one of the rings contains at least one skeletal heteroatom.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: heterobicyclic compounds



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1,3-benzothiazole-2-thiol term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G TPO thyroid peroxidase decreases activity EXP captax results in decreased activity of TPO protein CTD PMID:23959146 PMID:25953703 NCBI chr 3:132,384,677...132,409,750
Ensembl chr 3:132,384,583...132,408,943
JBrowse link
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AHR aryl hydrocarbon receptor decreases expression
increases expression
affects localization
EXP Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in decreased expression of AHR mRNA
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased expression of AHR protein
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin affects the localization of AHR protein
CTD PMID:16431846 PMID:16552988 NCBI chr 9:86,511,866...86,555,950
Ensembl chr 9:86,511,369...86,555,943
JBrowse link
G CCL2 chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 increases expression EXP Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased expression of CCL2 mRNA CTD PMID:19265715 NCBI chr12:40,798,109...40,800,013
Ensembl chr12:40,798,109...40,800,028
JBrowse link
G CTSB cathepsin B decreases expression EXP Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in decreased expression of CTSB mRNA CTD PMID:16291828 NCBI chr14:15,014,139...15,035,081
Ensembl chr14:15,011,711...15,034,737
JBrowse link
G CYP1A1 cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 1 increases expression EXP Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA; Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased expression of CYP1A1 protein CTD PMID:16291828 PMID:16431846 NCBI chr 7:58,802,887...58,809,155
Ensembl chr 7:58,780,105...58,809,755
JBrowse link
G ESR1 estrogen receptor 1 decreases expression EXP Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in decreased expression of ESR1 mRNA; Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in decreased expression of ESR1 protein CTD PMID:16431846 NCBI chr 1:14,217,032...14,604,906
Ensembl chr 1:14,217,036...14,493,363
JBrowse link
G SLC5A5 solute carrier family 5 member 5 decreases expression EXP Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in decreased expression of SLC5A5 mRNA CTD PMID:16291828 NCBI chr 2:59,869,157...59,885,086
Ensembl chr 2:59,869,154...59,885,265
JBrowse link
3',5'-cyclic AMP term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATP7B ATPase copper transporting beta multiple interactions EXP Cyclic AMP inhibits the reaction [Copper binds to ATP7B protein] CTD PMID:21084060 NCBI chr11:15,892,549...15,942,070 JBrowse link
G CALCB calcitonin-related polypeptide beta increases abundance EXP CALCA protein results in increased abundance of Cyclic AMP CTD PMID:18463244 NCBI chr 2:44,043,135...44,048,651 JBrowse link
G DUOX2 dual oxidase 2 increases expression EXP Cyclic AMP results in increased expression of DUOX2 mRNA CTD PMID:10601291 NCBI chr 1:126,620,468...126,641,406
Ensembl chr 1:126,620,477...126,641,419
JBrowse link
G GCG glucagon affects response to substance
increases abundance
EXP Cyclic AMP affects the susceptibility to GCG protein
GCG protein results in increased abundance of Cyclic AMP
CTD PMID:6253273 NCBI chr15:68,800,557...68,810,268
Ensembl chr15:68,800,561...68,810,244
JBrowse link
G GNRH1 gonadotropin releasing hormone 1 multiple interactions
increases abundance
EXP [Cobalt binds to GNRH1 protein] which results in increased abundance of Cyclic AMP
GNRH1 protein results in increased abundance of Cyclic AMP
CTD PMID:15833593 NCBI chr14:9,442,971...9,447,521
Ensembl chr14:9,442,971...9,447,521
JBrowse link
3',5'-cyclic GMP term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PDE5A phosphodiesterase 5A increases degradation EXP PDE5 protein results in increased degradation of Cyclic GMP CTD PMID:18669600 NCBI chr 8:104,270,858...104,420,955
Ensembl chr 8:104,270,881...104,420,947
JBrowse link
G PDE6C phosphodiesterase 6C increases degradation EXP PDE6C protein results in increased degradation of Cyclic GMP CTD PMID:18669600 NCBI chr14:105,010,974...105,122,628
Ensembl chr14:105,011,922...105,037,498
Ensembl chr14:105,011,922...105,037,498
JBrowse link
G PRKG1 protein kinase cGMP-dependent 1 increases activity EXP Cyclic GMP results in increased activity of PRKG1 protein CTD PMID:18037907 NCBI chr14:97,558,531...98,793,080
Ensembl chr14:97,560,785...98,793,318
JBrowse link
3-[3-(tert-butylsulfanyl)-1-(4-chlorobenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-1H-indol-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ALOX5AP arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase activating protein multiple interactions EXP MK-886 inhibits the reaction [aristolochic acid I results in increased expression of ALOX5AP protein] CTD PMID:21658425 NCBI chr11:7,371,328...7,438,111
Ensembl chr11:7,411,644...7,438,108
JBrowse link
G CASP3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP MK-886 inhibits the reaction [aristolochic acid I results in increased cleavage of and results in increased activity of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:21658425 NCBI chr15:45,744,320...45,753,252
Ensembl chr15:45,742,749...45,763,773
JBrowse link
3-\{1-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-1H-indol-3-yl\}-4-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HIF1A hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha multiple interactions EXP bisindolylmaleimide I inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of HIF1A mRNA] CTD PMID:15089098 NCBI chr 1:190,625,436...190,673,926
Ensembl chr 1:190,625,181...190,674,850
JBrowse link
G VEGFA vascular endothelial growth factor A multiple interactions EXP bisindolylmaleimide I inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of VEGFA mRNA] CTD PMID:15089098 NCBI chr 7:38,746,393...38,762,282
Ensembl chr 7:38,746,052...38,761,038
JBrowse link
3-methyladenine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G BAX BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP 3-methyladenine inhibits the reaction [Zinc Sulfate results in increased expression of BAX mRNA] CTD PMID:28803810 NCBI chr 6:54,222,341...54,228,150
Ensembl chr 6:54,187,260...54,228,144
JBrowse link
G BECN1 beclin 1 multiple interactions EXP 3-methyladenine inhibits the reaction [Zinc Sulfate results in increased expression of BECN1 protein] CTD PMID:28803810 NCBI chr12:20,041,914...20,054,249
Ensembl chr12:20,041,956...20,054,373
JBrowse link
G CASP3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP 3-methyladenine inhibits the reaction [Zinc Sulfate results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; 3-methyladenine promotes the reaction [ochratoxin A results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:28803810 PMID:30287338 NCBI chr15:45,744,320...45,753,252
Ensembl chr15:45,742,749...45,763,773
JBrowse link
G CASP8 caspase 8 multiple interactions EXP 3-methyladenine inhibits the reaction [Zinc Sulfate results in increased cleavage of CASP8 protein] CTD PMID:28803810 NCBI chr15:104,923,659...104,948,470
Ensembl chr15:104,923,953...104,948,470
JBrowse link
G CYCS cytochrome c, somatic multiple interactions EXP 3-methyladenine inhibits the reaction [Zinc Sulfate results in increased expression of CYCS mRNA] CTD PMID:28803810 NCBI chr18:47,169,921...47,172,212
Ensembl chr18:47,169,866...47,173,866
JBrowse link
G PARP1 poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 multiple interactions EXP 3-methyladenine promotes the reaction [ochratoxin A results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein] CTD PMID:30287338 NCBI chr10:14,203,157...14,241,164
Ensembl chr10:14,203,159...14,241,197
JBrowse link
G SQSTM1 sequestosome 1 multiple interactions EXP 3-methyladenine inhibits the reaction [Zinc Sulfate results in decreased expression of SQSTM1 protein] CTD PMID:28803810 NCBI chr 2:78,752,768...78,763,998
Ensembl chr 2:78,752,768...78,784,256
JBrowse link
4-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl)benzonitrile term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CYP19A3 cytochrome P450 19A3 multiple interactions EXP Fadrozole inhibits the reaction [2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether analog results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of CYP19A1 protein] CTD PMID:23146758 NCBI chr 1:120,476,890...120,556,103
Ensembl chr 1:120,367,667...120,695,899
JBrowse link
adenosine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MYL9 myosin light chain 9 decreases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Adenosine results in decreased phosphorylation of MYL9 protein
8-phenyltheophylline inhibits the reaction [Adenosine results in decreased phosphorylation of MYL9 protein]
CTD PMID:10942722 NCBI chr17:39,788,165...39,795,240
Ensembl chr17:39,788,199...39,795,296
JBrowse link
ageladine A term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CSNK1A1 casein kinase 1 alpha 1 decreases activity
affects activity
EXP Ageladine A analog results in decreased activity of CSNK1A1 protein
Ageladine A affects the activity of CSNK1A1 protein
CTD PMID:21413800 NCBI chr 2:150,612,845...150,662,431
Ensembl chr 2:150,612,844...150,662,351
JBrowse link
amoxicillin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLCO1A2 solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2 multiple interactions
increases uptake
EXP Amoxicillin inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of estrone sulfate]; Amoxicillin inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of Taurocholic Acid]
SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of Amoxicillin
CTD PMID:31287969 NCBI chr 5:52,020,303...52,133,132
Ensembl chr 5:52,037,218...52,131,789
JBrowse link
ATP term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CASP8 caspase 8 increases activity
multiple interactions
EXP Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased activity of CASP8 protein
tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridiniumyl)porphine manganese(III) complex inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased activity of CASP8 protein]
CTD PMID:17997382 NCBI chr15:104,923,659...104,948,470
Ensembl chr15:104,923,953...104,948,470
JBrowse link
G CYCS cytochrome c, somatic affects localization
multiple interactions
EXP Adenosine Triphosphate affects the localization of CYCS protein
[Calcium co-treated with Phosphates co-treated with Adenosine Triphosphate] affects the localization of CYCS protein; tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridiniumyl)porphine manganese(III) complex inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate affects the localization of CYCS protein]
CTD PMID:16489745 PMID:17997382 NCBI chr18:47,169,921...47,172,212
Ensembl chr18:47,169,866...47,173,866
JBrowse link
G KDSR 3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased expression of BCL2 protein
tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridiniumyl)porphine manganese(III) complex inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased expression of BCL2 protein]
CTD PMID:17997382 NCBI chr 1:158,337,403...158,518,214
Ensembl chr 1:158,288,544...158,518,879
JBrowse link
G MYL9 myosin light chain 9 decreases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Adenosine Triphosphate results in decreased phosphorylation of MYL9 protein
1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate promotes the reaction [calyculin A results in increased phosphorylation of MYL9 protein]]; Adenosine Triphosphate promotes the reaction [calyculin A results in increased phosphorylation of MYL9 protein]
CTD PMID:10942722 NCBI chr17:39,788,165...39,795,240
Ensembl chr17:39,788,199...39,795,296
JBrowse link
G TNF tumor necrosis factor increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased expression of TNF protein
tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridiniumyl)porphine manganese(III) complex inhibits the reaction [Adenosine Triphosphate results in increased expression of TNF protein]
CTD PMID:17997382 NCBI chr 7:23,699,635...23,702,393
Ensembl chr 7:23,699,636...23,703,655
JBrowse link
benazepril term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G KNG1 kininogen 1 increases activity EXP benazepril results in increased activity of KNG1 protein modified form CTD PMID:7890486 NCBI chr13:124,521,276...124,557,384
Ensembl chr13:124,521,277...124,557,376
JBrowse link
benzothiazole term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G TPO thyroid peroxidase decreases activity EXP benzothiazole results in decreased activity of TPO protein CTD PMID:25953703 NCBI chr 3:132,384,677...132,409,750
Ensembl chr 3:132,384,583...132,408,943
JBrowse link
brimonidine tartrate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CREB1 cAMP responsive element binding protein 1 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Brimonidine Tartrate results in increased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein
N-(2-(4-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide inhibits the reaction [Brimonidine Tartrate results in increased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]
CTD PMID:17680988 NCBI chr15:110,705,548...110,773,037
Ensembl chr15:110,697,408...110,771,755
JBrowse link
bucladesine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATP1A1 ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit alpha 1 increases expression EXP Bucladesine results in increased expression of ATP1A1 protein CTD PMID:28438630 NCBI chr 4:104,353,506...104,384,321
Ensembl chr 4:104,353,506...104,384,606
JBrowse link
caffeine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G RYR1 ryanodine receptor 1 increases activity
multiple interactions
EXP Caffeine results in increased activity of RYR1 protein; Caffeine results in increased activity of RYR1 protein mutant form
Caffeine promotes the reaction [Ryanodine binds to RYR1 protein mutant form]; Caffeine promotes the reaction [Ryanodine binds to RYR1 protein]; Dantrolene inhibits the reaction [Caffeine promotes the reaction [Ryanodine binds to RYR1 protein mutant form]]; Dantrolene inhibits the reaction [Caffeine promotes the reaction [Ryanodine binds to RYR1 protein]]; Dantrolene inhibits the reaction [Caffeine results in increased activity of RYR1 protein mutant form]; Dantrolene inhibits the reaction [Caffeine results in increased activity of RYR1 protein]
CTD PMID:11278295 NCBI chr 6:47,339,759...47,458,457 JBrowse link
capsazepine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G TRPV1 transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 multiple interactions EXP capsazepine inhibits the reaction [Sodium affects the reaction [TRPV1 protein results in increased abundance of Calcium]] CTD PMID:18230619 NCBI chr12:49,676,536...49,709,634
Ensembl chr12:49,677,291...49,701,325
JBrowse link
cefaloridine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CAT catalase decreases activity EXP Cephaloridine results in decreased activity of CAT protein CTD PMID:11039594 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
cocaine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G EDN1 endothelin 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Cocaine results in increased expression of EDN1 protein
1,3-ditolylguanidine inhibits the reaction [Cocaine results in increased expression of EDN1 protein]; Haloperidol inhibits the reaction [Cocaine results in increased expression of EDN1 protein]
CTD PMID:9714087 NCBI chr 7:8,752,018...8,758,354
Ensembl chr 7:8,751,695...8,758,348
JBrowse link
ebselen term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATP4A ATPase H+/K+ transporting subunit alpha multiple interactions EXP ebselen results in decreased activity of [ATP4A protein binds to ATP4B protein] CTD PMID:7590103 NCBI chr 6:44,984,014...45,057,796
Ensembl chr 6:44,983,934...45,057,772
JBrowse link
G ATP4B ATPase H+/K+ transporting subunit beta multiple interactions EXP ebselen results in decreased activity of [ATP4A protein binds to ATP4B protein] CTD PMID:7590103 NCBI chr11:78,780,013...78,785,143
Ensembl chr11:78,780,013...78,785,116
JBrowse link
fenbendazole term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCB1 ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B (MDR/TAP), member 1 affects expression EXP Fenbendazole affects the expression of ABCB1 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 9:93,049,955...93,146,469 JBrowse link
G CYP1A2 cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 2 affects expression EXP Fenbendazole affects the expression of CYP1A2 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 7:58,779,529...58,786,155
Ensembl chr 7:58,779,475...58,786,100
JBrowse link
G CYP2E1 cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily E member 1 affects expression EXP Fenbendazole affects the expression of CYP2E1 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr14:141,690,737...141,703,078
Ensembl chr14:141,690,426...141,736,818
JBrowse link
G CYP3A22 cytochrome P450 family 3 subfamily A member 22 affects expression EXP Fenbendazole affects the expression of CYP3A22 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 3:6,617,256...6,665,179
Ensembl chr 3:6,615,343...6,822,817
JBrowse link
G CYP3A29 cytochrome P450 family 3 subfamily A member 29 affects expression EXP Fenbendazole affects the expression of CYP3A29 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 3:6,738,502...6,778,121 JBrowse link
G SULT1A3 sulfotransferase family 1A member 3 affects expression EXP Fenbendazole affects the expression of SULT1A1 mRNA CTD PMID:26366864 NCBI chr 3:18,351,205...18,354,653
Ensembl chr 3:18,351,621...18,354,651
JBrowse link
folic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] promotes the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of CAT protein]; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of CAT protein CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
G CBS cystathionine beta-synthase multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased activity of CBS protein
Folic Acid deficiency results in increased activity of CBS protein
CTD PMID:16792574 NCBI chr13:206,205,942...206,231,363 JBrowse link
G CSF2 colony stimulating factor 2 multiple interactions EXP [Folic Acid co-treated with Glycine] results in decreased expression of CSF2 mRNA CTD PMID:14662146 NCBI chr 2:134,354,724...134,357,155
Ensembl chr 2:134,354,724...134,357,155
JBrowse link
G CTH cystathionine gamma-lyase multiple interactions EXP [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased activity of CTH protein CTD PMID:16792574 NCBI chr 6:142,454,922...142,486,352
Ensembl chr 6:142,435,690...142,486,367
JBrowse link
G DNMT1 DNA methyltransferase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 2:68,981,564...69,040,364
Ensembl chr 2:68,981,564...69,029,919
JBrowse link
G DNMT3A DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of DNMT3A mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of DNMT3A mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 3:113,501,972...113,609,148
Ensembl chr 3:113,528,926...113,609,139
JBrowse link
G GCLC glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit multiple interactions EXP [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased activity of GCLC protein; [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased expression of GCLC mRNA CTD PMID:16792574 NCBI chr 7:27,209,565...27,253,535
Ensembl chr 7:27,209,564...27,253,535
JBrowse link
G GPX1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA; [bisphenol A co-treated with [Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12]] results in increased expression of GPX1 mRNA CTD PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:31,916,269...31,917,337
Ensembl chr13:31,914,932...31,917,335
JBrowse link
G GSR glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions
increases activity
increases expression
EXP [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased activity of GSR protein; [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased expression of GSR mRNA
Folic Acid deficiency results in increased activity of GSR protein
Folic Acid deficiency results in increased expression of GSR mRNA
CTD PMID:16792574 NCBI chr15:54,382,564...54,433,989
Ensembl chr15:54,382,567...54,433,989
JBrowse link
G GSS glutathione synthetase multiple interactions EXP [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased activity of GSS protein; [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased expression of GSS mRNA CTD PMID:16792574 NCBI chr17:38,316,199...38,342,253
Ensembl chr17:38,312,720...38,342,304
JBrowse link
G GYS1 glycogen synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in decreased expression of GYS1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased methylation of GYS1 promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 6:54,234,600...54,250,211
Ensembl chr 6:54,233,050...54,250,261
JBrowse link
G LDHA lactate dehydrogenase A multiple interactions EXP [bisphenol A co-treated with Choline co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Betaine] results in decreased methylation of LDHA promoter CTD PMID:29065941 NCBI chr 2:40,814,163...40,827,284
Ensembl chr 2:40,812,453...40,826,715
JBrowse link
G MTHFR methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of MTHFR mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr 6:71,863,637...71,882,118
Ensembl chr 6:71,863,636...71,881,820
JBrowse link
G PTGS1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 multiple interactions EXP [Folic Acid co-treated with Glycine] results in decreased expression of PTGS1 CTD PMID:14662146 NCBI chr 1:262,456,106...262,482,159
Ensembl chr 1:262,456,155...262,483,035
JBrowse link
G PTGS2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP [Folic Acid co-treated with Glycine] results in increased expression of PTGS2 CTD PMID:14662146 NCBI chr 9:127,850,164...127,858,866
Ensembl chr 9:127,850,013...127,858,884
JBrowse link
G SI sucrase-isomaltase multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SI mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr13:104,296,281...104,379,558
Ensembl chr13:104,296,283...104,379,478
JBrowse link
G SLC15A1 solute carrier family 15 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in decreased methylation of SLC15A1 promoter]; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC15A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr11:67,652,808...67,690,457
Ensembl chr11:67,652,193...67,710,933
JBrowse link
G SLC5A1 solute carrier family 5 member 1 multiple interactions EXP [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with bisphenol A] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA; [Betaine co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12 co-treated with Folic Acid] results in increased expression of SLC5A1 mRNA CTD PMID:28445388 NCBI chr14:48,566,400...48,704,145
Ensembl chr14:48,566,343...48,705,841
JBrowse link
G SOD1 superoxide dismutase 1 decreases activity
multiple interactions
EXP Folic Acid deficiency results in decreased activity of SOD1 protein
[Betaine co-treated with Folic Acid co-treated with Choline co-treated with Vitamin B 12] results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA; [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in decreased activity of SOD1 protein
CTD PMID:16792574 PMID:29129240 NCBI chr13:195,326,573...195,335,273
Ensembl chr13:195,326,649...195,337,749
JBrowse link
G SOD2 superoxide dismutase 2 multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP [Ethanol co-treated with Folic Acid deficiency] results in increased activity of SOD2 protein
Folic Acid deficiency results in increased activity of SOD2 protein; Folic Acid results in increased activity of SOD2 protein
CTD PMID:16792574 PMID:22889112 NCBI chr 1:7,679,352...7,689,564
Ensembl chr 1:7,651,280...7,691,723
JBrowse link
gefitinib term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G FES FES proto-oncogene, tyrosine kinase multiple interactions
decreases phosphorylation
EXP Gefitinib inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of FES protein]; Gefitinib inhibits the reaction [VEGFA protein results in increased phosphorylation of FES protein]
Gefitinib results in decreased phosphorylation of FES protein
CTD PMID:19885553 NCBI chr 7:53,472,947...53,485,084
Ensembl chr 7:53,472,946...53,485,082
JBrowse link
G FGF2 fibroblast growth factor 2 multiple interactions EXP Gefitinib inhibits the reaction [FGF2 protein results in increased phosphorylation of FES protein] CTD PMID:19885553 NCBI chr 8:101,278,877...101,344,084
Ensembl chr 8:101,278,878...101,343,916
JBrowse link
G VEGFA vascular endothelial growth factor A multiple interactions EXP Gefitinib inhibits the reaction [VEGFA protein results in increased phosphorylation of FES protein] CTD PMID:19885553 NCBI chr 7:38,746,393...38,762,282
Ensembl chr 7:38,746,052...38,761,038
JBrowse link
hypoxanthine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP CAT protein inhibits the reaction [[Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] results in increased chemical synthesis of Carbon Monoxide]; CAT protein results in decreased activity of [Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] CTD PMID:21984542 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
G XDH xanthine dehydrogenase multiple interactions EXP [Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] results in increased chemical synthesis of Carbon Monoxide; [Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] results in increased chemical synthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide; [Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] results in increased chemical synthesis of Superoxides; CAT protein inhibits the reaction [[Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] results in increased chemical synthesis of Carbon Monoxide]; CAT protein results in decreased activity of [Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein]; tempol inhibits the reaction [[Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] results in increased chemical synthesis of Carbon Monoxide]; tempol results in decreased activity of [Hypoxanthine co-treated with XDH protein] CTD PMID:21984542 NCBI chr 3:107,987,060...108,052,043
Ensembl chr 3:107,986,528...108,080,151
JBrowse link
indometacin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AGT angiotensinogen affects activity EXP Indomethacin affects the activity of AGT protein CTD PMID:21127344 NCBI chr14:59,643,030...59,656,835
Ensembl chr14:59,643,292...59,672,428
JBrowse link
G DDIT3 DNA damage inducible transcript 3 increases expression EXP Indomethacin results in increased expression of DDIT3 mRNA CTD PMID:18799549 NCBI chr 5:22,785,441...22,789,867
Ensembl chr 5:22,785,441...22,791,134
JBrowse link
G HSPA5 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 5 increases expression EXP Indomethacin results in increased expression of HSPA5 mRNA CTD PMID:18799549 NCBI chr 1:265,930,044...265,934,959
Ensembl chr 1:265,930,045...265,934,904
JBrowse link
lapatinib term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G FSHB follicle stimulating hormone subunit beta decreases activity
multiple interactions
EXP Lapatinib results in decreased activity of FSHB protein
Lapatinib inhibits the reaction [FSHB protein results in increased abundance of Progesterone]
CTD PMID:23375200 NCBI chr 2:30,395,769...30,399,282
Ensembl chr 2:30,395,018...30,399,274
JBrowse link
G LHB luteinizing hormone subunit beta decreases activity
multiple interactions
EXP Lapatinib results in decreased activity of LHB protein
Lapatinib inhibits the reaction [LHB protein results in increased abundance of Progesterone]
CTD PMID:23375200 NCBI chr 6:54,263,574...54,269,286 JBrowse link
melatonin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CASP3 caspase 3 decreases expression EXP Melatonin results in decreased expression of CASP3 mRNA CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr15:45,744,320...45,753,252
Ensembl chr15:45,742,749...45,763,773
JBrowse link
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Malathion results in decreased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
G GPX4 glutathione peroxidase 4 increases expression EXP Melatonin results in increased expression of GPX4 mRNA CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr 2:77,321,568...77,323,931
Ensembl chr 2:77,320,464...77,323,886
JBrowse link
G KDSR 3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Malathion results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA]
Melatonin results in increased expression of BCL2 mRNA
CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr 1:158,337,403...158,518,214
Ensembl chr 1:158,288,544...158,518,879
JBrowse link
G PLIN2 perilipin 2 multiple interactions EXP Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Malathion results in decreased expression of PLIN2 mRNA]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Malathion results in decreased expression of PLIN2 protein] CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr 1:203,683,867...203,709,277
Ensembl chr 1:203,683,862...203,709,274
JBrowse link
G PPARG peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma multiple interactions EXP Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Malathion results in decreased expression of PPARG mRNA]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Malathion results in decreased expression of PPARG protein] CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr13:68,301,566...68,433,951
Ensembl chr13:68,302,655...68,433,947
JBrowse link
G SOD2 superoxide dismutase 2 increases expression EXP Melatonin results in increased expression of SOD2 mRNA CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr 1:7,679,352...7,689,564
Ensembl chr 1:7,651,280...7,691,723
JBrowse link
G TP53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Malathion results in increased expression of TP53 mRNA]
Melatonin results in decreased expression of TP53 mRNA
CTD PMID:31535366 NCBI chr12:52,939,643...52,953,786
Ensembl chr12:52,939,643...52,953,819
JBrowse link
monobromobimane term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G LOC100739508 glutathione S-transferase P-like decreases activity
multiple interactions
EXP monobromobimane results in decreased activity of GSTP1 protein
GSTP1 protein affects the metabolism of [monobromobimane co-treated with Glutathione]
CTD PMID:14573868 NCBI chr 2:5,005,498...5,009,247 JBrowse link
monocrotaline term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ODC1 ornithine decarboxylase 1 increases activity
increases expression
EXP Monocrotaline results in increased activity of ODC protein
Monocrotaline results in increased expression of ODC mRNA
CTD PMID:9812344 NCBI chr 3:126,087,013...126,095,644
Ensembl chr 3:126,078,418...126,132,577
JBrowse link
G TNC tenascin C multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP 1,3-dimethylthiourea inhibits the reaction [Monocrotaline results in increased expression of TNC mRNA] CTD PMID:9251245 NCBI chr 1:255,533,235...255,630,381
Ensembl chr 1:255,532,449...255,630,377
JBrowse link
panobinostat term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HDAC1 histone deacetylase 1 multiple interactions EXP Panobinostat inhibits the reaction [ochratoxin A results in increased expression of HDAC1 mRNA]; Panobinostat inhibits the reaction [ochratoxin A results in increased expression of HDAC1 protein] CTD PMID:29080797 NCBI chr 6:88,749,611...88,785,220
Ensembl chr 6:88,749,634...88,785,412
JBrowse link
raloxifene term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AKT1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 decreases phosphorylation EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in decreased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein CTD PMID:17348974
G CAV1 caveolin 1 increases expression EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in increased expression of CAV1 protein CTD PMID:16680078 NCBI chr18:29,648,120...29,682,451
Ensembl chr18:29,649,992...29,682,465
JBrowse link
G EIF4EBP1 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 decreases phosphorylation EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in decreased phosphorylation of EIF4EBP1 protein CTD PMID:17348974 NCBI chr15:48,423,001...48,443,373
Ensembl chr15:48,422,816...48,443,399
JBrowse link
G ESR1 estrogen receptor 1 decreases expression
affects expression
affects binding
EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in decreased expression of ESR1 protein alternative form
Raloxifene Hydrochloride affects the expression of ESR1 protein
Raloxifene Hydrochloride metabolite binds to ESR1 protein
CTD PMID:15653758 PMID:16680078 PMID:16790557 PMID:17348974 NCBI chr 1:14,217,032...14,604,906
Ensembl chr 1:14,217,036...14,493,363
JBrowse link
G ESR2 estrogen receptor 2 affects expression EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride affects the expression of ESR2 protein CTD PMID:15653758 PMID:16680078 NCBI chr 1:193,823,666...193,907,330
Ensembl chr 1:193,722,164...193,906,565
JBrowse link
G F3 coagulation factor III, tissue factor affects expression EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride affects the expression of F3 protein CTD PMID:15964915 NCBI chr 4:122,827,018...122,837,673
Ensembl chr 4:122,826,992...122,837,672
JBrowse link
G MMP2 matrix metallopeptidase 2 affects secretion EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride affects the secretion of MMP2 protein CTD PMID:15653758 NCBI chr 6:30,059,247...30,087,031
Ensembl chr 6:30,058,594...30,086,982
JBrowse link
G NOS3 nitric oxide synthase 3 increases phosphorylation
affects expression
multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in increased phosphorylation of NOS3 protein
Raloxifene Hydrochloride affects the expression of NOS3 mRNA
Fulvestrant inhibits the reaction [Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in increased phosphorylation of NOS3 protein]
Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in decreased expression of NOS3 protein
CTD PMID:15653758 PMID:16680078 PMID:17618301 NCBI chr18:6,209,218...6,228,912
Ensembl chr18:6,209,156...6,228,938
JBrowse link
G PDGFB platelet derived growth factor subunit B multiple interactions EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride affects the secretion of [PDGFB protein binds to PDGFB protein] CTD PMID:15653758 Ensembl chr 5:8,986,461...9,007,446 JBrowse link
G SELP selectin P affects expression EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride affects the expression of SELP protein CTD PMID:15964915 NCBI chr 4:81,376,804...81,401,240
Ensembl chr 4:81,365,740...81,406,203
JBrowse link
G TNFRSF11B TNF receptor superfamily member 11b increases expression EXP Raloxifene Hydrochloride results in increased expression of TNFRSF11B protein CTD PMID:15713688 NCBI chr 4:19,850,212...19,879,132 JBrowse link
Riluzole term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CS citrate synthase decreases activity EXP Riluzole analog results in decreased activity of CS protein CTD PMID:33359020 NCBI chr 5:21,669,778...21,700,737
Ensembl chr 5:21,666,510...21,700,736
JBrowse link
G MAOA monoamine oxidase A decreases activity EXP Riluzole analog results in decreased activity of MAOA protein; Riluzole results in decreased activity of MAOA protein CTD PMID:33359020 NCBI chr  X:38,930,452...39,006,220 JBrowse link
G MAOB monoamine oxidase B decreases activity EXP Riluzole analog results in decreased activity of MAOB protein CTD PMID:33359020 NCBI chr  X:39,025,973...39,144,389
Ensembl chr  X:39,025,971...39,144,345
JBrowse link
serotonin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G FOS Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Serotonin results in increased expression of FOS mRNA; Serotonin results in increased expression of FOS protein
sarpogrelate inhibits the reaction [Serotonin results in increased expression of FOS mRNA]; sarpogrelate inhibits the reaction [Serotonin results in increased expression of FOS protein]
CTD PMID:11426759 NCBI chr 7:98,449,508...98,451,971
Ensembl chr 7:98,449,349...98,455,554
JBrowse link
G JUN Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP sarpogrelate inhibits the reaction [Serotonin results in increased expression of JUN mRNA]; sarpogrelate inhibits the reaction [Serotonin results in increased expression of JUN protein]
Serotonin results in increased expression of JUN mRNA; Serotonin results in increased expression of JUN protein
CTD PMID:11426759 NCBI chr 6:153,686,425...153,687,635 JBrowse link
G MAPK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Serotonin results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein
sarpogrelate inhibits the reaction [Serotonin results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
CTD PMID:11426759 NCBI chr14:50,083,079...50,165,528
Ensembl chr14:50,082,896...50,165,523
JBrowse link
G MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP sarpogrelate inhibits the reaction [Serotonin results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:11426759 NCBI chr 3:18,291,444...18,299,410
Ensembl chr 3:18,291,445...18,299,567
JBrowse link
sinefungin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase decreases activity EXP sinefungin results in decreased activity of COMT protein CTD PMID:26577531 NCBI chr14:51,384,729...51,403,997
Ensembl chr14:51,385,133...51,403,998
JBrowse link
skatole term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CYP1A1 cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 1 increases oxidation EXP CYP1A1 protein results in increased oxidation of Skatole CTD PMID:30599194 NCBI chr 7:58,802,887...58,809,155
Ensembl chr 7:58,780,105...58,809,755
JBrowse link
G CYP2A19 cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily A member 19 increases hydroxylation
multiple interactions
EXP CYP2A19 protein results in increased hydroxylation of Skatole
Skatole inhibits the reaction [[CYP2A19 protein results in increased hydroxylation of coumarin] which results in increased chemical synthesis of 7-hydroxycoumarin]; Skatole inhibits the reaction [CYP2A19 protein results in increased hydroxylation of coumarin]
CTD PMID:30599194 NCBI chr 6:49,056,579...49,064,111
Ensembl chr 6:49,056,578...49,064,107
JBrowse link
G CYP2E1 cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily E member 1 multiple interactions
increases hydroxylation
EXP Skatole inhibits the reaction [[CYP2E1 protein results in increased hydroxylation of 4-nitrophenol] which results in increased chemical synthesis of 4-nitrocatechol]; Skatole inhibits the reaction [CYP2E1 protein results in increased hydroxylation of 4-nitrophenol]
CYP2E1 protein results in increased hydroxylation of Skatole
CTD PMID:30599194 NCBI chr14:141,690,737...141,703,078
Ensembl chr14:141,690,426...141,736,818
JBrowse link
G CYP2G2 cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily G member 2 increases abundance
increases metabolic processing
EXP CYP2A6 gene polymorphism results in increased abundance of Skatole
CYP2A6 protein results in increased metabolism of Skatole
CTD PMID:10828259 PMID:15265071 NCBI chr 6:49,069,613...49,084,953 JBrowse link
sunitinib term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G GJA1 gap junction protein alpha 1 decreases expression EXP Sunitinib results in decreased expression of GJA1 protein CTD PMID:32877659 NCBI chr 1:40,988,818...41,002,129
Ensembl chr 1:40,988,515...41,002,137
JBrowse link
G TNNT2 troponin T2, cardiac type decreases expression EXP Sunitinib results in decreased expression of TNNT2 protein CTD PMID:32877659 NCBI chr10:23,749,528...23,759,696
Ensembl chr10:23,749,335...23,763,396
JBrowse link
zileuton term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ALOX5 arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase decreases activity EXP zileuton results in decreased activity of ALOX5 protein CTD PMID:11509739 NCBI chr14:90,859,209...90,907,084
Ensembl chr14:90,858,975...90,907,094
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 925
    chemical entity 925
      molecular entity 923
        polyatomic entity 892
          molecule 763
            cyclic compound 668
              bicyclic compound 115
                heterobicyclic compound 104
                  3beta-hydroxycostunolide 0
                  costunolide + 0
                  organic heterobicyclic compound + 104
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 925
    subatomic particle 910
      composite particle 910
        hadron 910
          baryon 910
            nucleon 910
              atomic nucleus 910
                atom 910
                  group 892
                    polyatomic entity 892
                      molecule 763
                        cyclic compound 668
                          bicyclic compound 115
                            heterobicyclic compound 104
                              3beta-hydroxycostunolide 0
                              costunolide + 0
                              organic heterobicyclic compound + 104
paths to the root