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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:citric acid
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Accession:CHEBI:30769 term browser browse the term
Definition:A tricarboxylic acid that is propane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid bearing a hydroxy substituent at position 2. It is an important metabolite in the pathway of all aerobic organisms.
Synonyms:related_synonym: 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid;   2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid;   2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid;   3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid;   Citronensaeure;   E330;   Formula=C6H8O7;   H3cit;   InChI=1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12);   InChIKey=KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N;   SMILES=OC(=O)CC(O)(CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
 alt_id: CHEBI:23322;   CHEBI:3727;   CHEBI:41523
 xref: BPDB:1359;   Beilstein:782061;   CAS:77-92-9;   DrugBank:DB04272;   Drug_Central:666;   Gmelin:4240;   HMDB:HMDB0000094;   KEGG:C00158;   KEGG:D00037;   KNApSAcK:C00007619
 xref_mesh: MESH:D019343
 xref: MetaCyc:CIT;   PDBeChem:CIT;   PMID:11762832;   PMID:11782123;   PMID:11857437;   PMID:14537820;   PMID:15311880;   PMID:15934243;   PMID:16232627;   PMID:17190852;   PMID:17357118;   PMID:17604395;   PMID:18298573;   PMID:18960216;   PMID:19288211;   PMID:22115968;   PMID:22192423;   PMID:22264346;   PMID:22373571;   PMID:22509852;   Reaxys:782061;   Wikipedia:Citric_Acid
 cyclic_relationship: is_conjugate_acid_of CHEBI:133748;   is_conjugate_acid_of CHEBI:35804


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citric acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Aco2 aconitase 2 multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in decreased activity of ACO2 protein CTD PMID:16624386 NCBI chr 7:123,102,493...123,145,608
Ensembl chr 7:123,102,468...123,145,635
JBrowse link
G Angptl3 angiopoietin-like 3 increases expression ISO Citric Acid results in increased expression of ANGPTL3 mRNA CTD PMID:27089845 NCBI chr 5:117,698,590...117,706,729
Ensembl chr 5:117,698,764...117,705,808
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in increased expression of BAX protein; [Silver analog co-treated with Citric Acid] results in increased expression of BAX mRNA CTD PMID:16624386, PMID:27021274 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein; [Silver analog co-treated with Citric Acid] results in increased expression of BCL2 mRNA CTD PMID:16624386, PMID:27021274 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Bcl2l1 Bcl2-like 1 multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in decreased expression of BCL2L1 protein CTD PMID:16624386 NCBI chr 3:148,259,594...148,314,191
Ensembl chr 3:148,259,596...148,313,810
JBrowse link
G Casp12 caspase 12 multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in increased activity of CASP12 protein CTD PMID:16624386 NCBI chr 8:2,658,892...2,686,160
Ensembl chr 8:2,659,865...2,686,160
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein CTD PMID:16624386 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase decreases activity
multiple interactions
ISO Citric Acid results in decreased activity of CAT protein
Quercetin inhibits the reaction [Citric Acid results in decreased activity of CAT protein]
CTD PMID:24745150 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 multiple interactions ISO [Silver analog co-treated with Citric Acid] results in increased secretion of CCL2 protein CTD PMID:27021274 NCBI chr10:69,412,065...69,413,863
Ensembl chr10:69,412,017...69,413,870
JBrowse link
G Ccnb1 cyclin B1 multiple interactions ISO [Silver analog co-treated with Citric Acid] results in decreased expression of CCNB1 mRNA CTD PMID:27021274 NCBI chr 2:30,782,133...30,791,106
Ensembl chr 2:30,783,915...30,791,221
JBrowse link
G Cd86 CD86 molecule multiple interactions ISO Citric Acid inhibits the reaction [Dinitrochlorobenzene results in increased expression of CD86 protein]; Citric Acid inhibits the reaction [imidazolidinyl urea results in increased expression of CD86 protein] CTD PMID:29743441 NCBI chr11:67,060,305...67,117,990
Ensembl chr11:67,082,193...67,118,795
JBrowse link
G Cdk2 cyclin dependent kinase 2 multiple interactions ISO [Silver analog co-treated with Citric Acid] affects the expression of CDK2 mRNA CTD PMID:27021274 NCBI chr 7:3,124,953...3,132,533
Ensembl chr 7:3,124,954...3,132,457
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in increased expression of CDKN1A protein CTD PMID:16624386 NCBI chr20:6,348,422...6,358,864
Ensembl chr20:6,351,458...6,358,864
JBrowse link
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Citric Acid; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Citric Acid]; Dexamethasone inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Citric Acid]; huang-lien-chieh-tu-tang inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Citric Acid] CTD PMID:24709313 NCBI chr 7:139,454,945...139,484,403
Ensembl chr 7:139,455,242...139,483,997
JBrowse link
G Dlg4 discs large MAGUK scaffold protein 4 multiple interactions EXP [Citric Acid co-treated with Silver analog] results in decreased expression of DLG4 protein CTD PMID:25447321 NCBI chr10:56,625,845...56,655,543
Ensembl chr10:56,627,411...56,653,599
JBrowse link
G Ercc6 ERCC excision repair 6, chromatin remodeling factor decreases abundance ISO ERCC6 gene mutant form results in decreased abundance of Citric Acid CTD PMID:25440059 NCBI chr16:8,734,028...8,804,610
Ensembl chr16:8,734,035...8,804,610
JBrowse link
G Glud1 glutamate dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions ISO Citric Acid inhibits the reaction [aluminum chloride binds to and results in decreased activity of GLUD1 protein] CTD PMID:14625697 NCBI chr16:10,661,486...10,695,557
Ensembl chr16:10,662,021...10,695,557
JBrowse link
G Hlcs holocarboxylase synthetase decreases activity ISO Citric Acid results in decreased activity of HLCS protein CTD PMID:26303405 NCBI chr11:34,357,372...34,537,798
Ensembl chr11:34,352,287...34,526,931
JBrowse link
G Icam1 intercellular adhesion molecule 1 multiple interactions ISO Citric Acid inhibits the reaction [Dinitrochlorobenzene results in increased expression of ICAM1 protein]; Citric Acid inhibits the reaction [imidazolidinyl urea results in increased expression of ICAM1 protein] CTD PMID:29743441 NCBI chr 8:22,035,287...22,047,049
Ensembl chr 8:22,035,256...22,047,059
JBrowse link
G Klk5 kallikrein related-peptidase 5 increases activity ISO Citric Acid results in increased activity of KLK5 protein CTD PMID:16517595 NCBI chr 1:99,781,291...99,793,745
Ensembl chr 1:99,781,237...99,786,330
JBrowse link
G Lepr leptin receptor affects abundance ISO LEPR affects the abundance of Citric Acid CTD PMID:20567778 NCBI chr 5:120,503,475...120,682,281
Ensembl chr 5:120,564,645...120,682,221
JBrowse link
G Mt1 metallothionein 1 multiple interactions EXP [Silver analog co-treated with Citric Acid] results in increased expression of MT1A mRNA CTD PMID:25194297 NCBI chr19:11,301,991...11,303,007
Ensembl chr17:78,793,336...78,793,724
JBrowse link
G Muc5ac mucin 5AC, oligomeric mucus/gel-forming multiple interactions
increases secretion
ISO Capsaicin promotes the reaction [Citric Acid results in increased secretion of MUC5AC protein]; capsazepine inhibits the reaction [Citric Acid results in increased secretion of MUC5AC protein] CTD PMID:22566028 NCBI chr 1:214,725,482...214,756,653 JBrowse link
G Nr1h4 nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group H, member 4 multiple interactions ISO [[NR1H4 protein co-treated with Dietary Fats] results in increased susceptibility to caffeic acid phenethyl ester] which results in increased abundance of Citric Acid CTD PMID:28223344 NCBI chr 7:30,003,429...30,162,095
Ensembl chr 7:30,003,429...30,162,056
JBrowse link
G Pfkm phosphofructokinase, muscle multiple interactions ISO Citric Acid promotes the reaction [resveratrol results in decreased activity of PFKM protein] CTD PMID:23454376 NCBI chr 7:139,702,066...139,722,132
Ensembl chr 7:139,685,573...139,722,132
JBrowse link
G Slc13a2 solute carrier family 13 member 2 increases uptake
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
SLC13A2 protein results in increased uptake of Citric Acid
Lithium inhibits the reaction [SLC13A2 protein results in increased uptake of Citric Acid]
Lithium promotes the reaction [SLC13A2 protein results in increased uptake of Citric Acid]
CTD PMID:12826022 NCBI chr10:65,664,665...65,692,046
Ensembl chr10:65,664,667...65,692,023
JBrowse link
G Slc13a5 solute carrier family 13 member 5 affects uptake ISO SLC13A5 protein affects the uptake of Citric Acid CTD PMID:30054523 NCBI chr10:58,806,581...58,835,549
Ensembl chr10:58,810,058...58,834,538
JBrowse link
G Slco1a4 solute carrier organic anion transporter family, member 1a4 affects abundance ISO SLCO1A4 protein affects the abundance of Citric Acid CTD PMID:21561886 NCBI chr 4:175,969,549...176,026,227
Ensembl chr 4:175,969,549...176,026,163
JBrowse link
G Syn1 synapsin I multiple interactions EXP [Citric Acid co-treated with Silver analog] results in decreased expression of SYN1 protein CTD PMID:25447321 NCBI chr  X:1,321,315...1,379,202
Ensembl chr  X:1,321,315...1,379,198
JBrowse link
G Syp synaptophysin multiple interactions EXP [Citric Acid co-treated with Silver analog] results in decreased expression of SYP protein CTD PMID:25447321 NCBI chr  X:15,694,699...15,709,244
Ensembl chr  X:15,695,566...15,707,436
JBrowse link
G Tert telomerase reverse transcriptase multiple interactions ISO [Citric Acid co-treated with zinc chloride] results in decreased activity of TERT protein CTD PMID:16624386 NCBI chr 1:32,250,876...32,275,330
Ensembl chr 1:32,251,714...32,272,476
JBrowse link
G Tf transferrin multiple interactions ISO Citric Acid promotes the reaction [Chromium binds to TF protein] CTD PMID:1375080 NCBI chr 8:111,694,570...111,721,275
Ensembl chr 8:111,673,547...111,721,333
JBrowse link
G Trpv1 transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO capsazepine inhibits the reaction [Citric Acid results in increased activity of TRPV1 protein] CTD PMID:22566028 NCBI chr10:59,799,123...59,824,208
Ensembl chr10:59,799,123...59,824,679
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A affects binding ISO VEGFA protein binds to Citric Acid analog CTD PMID:22154009 NCBI chr 9:17,340,341...17,355,681
Ensembl chr 9:17,340,341...17,355,681
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    role 19732
      biological role 19732
        antimicrobial agent 17309
          citric acid 34
            (3S)-citryl-CoA 0
            2-[(L-alanin-3-ylcarbamoyl)methyl]-2-hydroxybutanedioate(2-) 0
            2-methylcitric acid + 0
            Anaerocult(TM) 0
            N(alpha)-citryl-N(epsilon)-acetyl-N(epsilon)-hydroxylysine 0
            beta-citryl-Glu-Glu 0
            beta-citrylglutamic acid 0
            iron(III) dicitrate(3-) 0
            rhizobactin 1021 0
            schizokinen 0
            staphyloferrin A + 0
            staphyloferrin B 0
            vibrioferrin 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    subatomic particle 19782
      composite particle 19782
        hadron 19782
          baryon 19782
            nucleon 19782
              atomic nucleus 19782
                atom 19782
                  main group element atom 19670
                    p-block element atom 19670
                      carbon group element atom 19572
                        carbon atom 19561
                          organic molecular entity 19561
                            organic group 18493
                              organic divalent group 18486
                                organodiyl group 18486
                                  carbonyl group 18389
                                    carbonyl compound 18389
                                      carboxylic acid 18060
                                        tricarboxylic acid 2430
                                          citric acid 34
                                            (3S)-citryl-CoA 0
                                            2-[(L-alanin-3-ylcarbamoyl)methyl]-2-hydroxybutanedioate(2-) 0
                                            2-methylcitric acid + 0
                                            Anaerocult(TM) 0
                                            N(alpha)-citryl-N(epsilon)-acetyl-N(epsilon)-hydroxylysine 0
                                            beta-citryl-Glu-Glu 0
                                            beta-citrylglutamic acid 0
                                            iron(III) dicitrate(3-) 0
                                            rhizobactin 1021 0
                                            schizokinen 0
                                            staphyloferrin A + 0
                                            staphyloferrin B 0
                                            vibrioferrin 0
paths to the root

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