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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:gentiobiose
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Accession:CHEBI:28066 term browser browse the term
Definition:A glycosylglucose consisting of two D-glucopyranose units connected by a beta-(1->6)-linkage.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->6)-D-glucopyranose
 related_synonym: 6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose;   6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucose;   D-Glc(beta1->6)D-Glc;   Formula=C12H22O11;   InChI=1S/C12H22O11/c13-1-3-5(14)8(17)10(19)12(23-3)21-2-4-6(15)7(16)9(18)11(20)22-4/h3-20H,1-2H2/t3-,4-,5-,6-,7+,8+,9-,10-,11?,12-/m1/s1;   InChIKey=DLRVVLDZNNYCBX-CQUJWQHSSA-N;   SMILES=OC[C@H]1O[C@@H](OC[C@H]2OC(O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]2O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O;   beta-D-Glc-(1->6)-D-Glc;   beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)-D-Glcp;   beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->6)-D-glucose;   beta-D-glucosyl-(1->6)-D-glucose
 alt_id: CHEBI:24214;   CHEBI:5318;   CHEBI:60806
 xref: CAS:554-91-6;   KEGG:C08240;   PMID:24274485;   PMID:24338885;   PMID:4640505;   PMID:7536675;   Reaxys:4875396;   Wikipedia:Gentiobiose


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crocin-1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Acp5 acid phosphatase 5, tartrate resistant multiple interactions ISO crocin promotes the reaction [pyrazolanthrone inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased activity of ACP5 protein]] CTD PMID:30580027 NCBI chr 8:23,142,733...23,149,067
Ensembl chr 8:23,142,734...23,148,396
JBrowse link
G Akt2 AKT serine/threonine kinase 2 multiple interactions ISO crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of AKT2 mRNA] CTD PMID:30580027 NCBI chr 1:84,400,939...84,451,223
Ensembl chr 1:84,411,726...84,450,162
JBrowse link
G Bambi BMP and activin membrane-bound inhibitor multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in decreased expression of BAMBI mRNA] CTD PMID:32259551 NCBI chr17:56,905,419...56,909,675
Ensembl chr17:56,905,112...56,909,992
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in increased expression of BAX protein] CTD PMID:23523949, PMID:27353299 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bdnf brain-derived neurotrophic factor increases expression EXP crocin results in increased expression of BDNF mRNA; crocin results in increased expression of BDNF protein CTD PMID:24401376 NCBI chr 3:100,768,637...100,819,216
Ensembl chr 3:100,768,637...100,819,210
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
increases cleavage
EXP
ISO
crocin affects the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in increased expression of CASP3 protein modified form]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
MYCN protein inhibits the reaction [crocin results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]
CTD PMID:23523949, PMID:25637687, PMID:25899501, PMID:26807765, PMID:27353299, PMID:30672053 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in increased cleavage of CASP9 protein] CTD PMID:27353299 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP
ISO
crocin inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in decreased activity of CAT protein]
crocin inhibits the reaction [Patulin results in increased activity of CAT protein]
crocin results in increased activity of CAT protein
CTD PMID:25899501, PMID:26584762, PMID:29409856 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Ckm creatine kinase, M-type multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in increased activity of CKM protein] CTD PMID:23523949 NCBI chr 1:80,321,507...80,331,841
Ensembl chr 1:80,321,585...80,331,841
JBrowse link
G Col2a1 collagen type II alpha 1 chain multiple interactions EXP [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in decreased abundance of Amino Acids]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in decreased abundance of Pantothenic Acid]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in decreased abundance of phenylpyruvic acid]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Allantoin]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Amino Acids]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Carnitine]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Citric Acid]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Creatine]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Creatinine]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of phenylacetylglycine]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Succinic Acid]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Uric Acid]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased abundance of Uridine]; [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased secretion of IL1B protein] CTD PMID:24709313 NCBI chr 7:139,454,945...139,484,403
Ensembl chr 7:139,455,242...139,483,997
JBrowse link
G Creb1 cAMP responsive element binding protein 1 multiple interactions EXP crocin results in increased expression of and results in increased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein CTD PMID:24401376 NCBI chr 9:71,229,753...71,298,994
Ensembl chr 9:71,230,108...71,293,435
JBrowse link
G Cycs cytochrome c, somatic multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon affects the localization of CYCS protein] CTD PMID:23523949 NCBI chr 4:80,331,226...80,333,326
Ensembl chr 4:80,331,227...80,333,326
JBrowse link
G Cyp2e1 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily e, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions
decreases activity
EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased activity of CYP2E1 protein]
crocin results in decreased activity of CYP2E1 protein
CTD PMID:25899501 NCBI chr 1:213,511,892...213,522,195
Ensembl chr 1:213,511,874...213,535,542
JBrowse link
G Glo1 glyoxalase 1 multiple interactions ISO crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with Pyruvaldehyde] results in decreased activity of GLO1 protein] CTD PMID:30580027 NCBI chr20:9,273,589...9,291,608
Ensembl chr20:9,273,594...9,291,610
JBrowse link
G Gpt glutamic--pyruvic transaminase multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased activity of GPT protein] CTD PMID:32259551 NCBI chr 7:117,759,083...117,761,932
Ensembl chr 7:117,759,083...117,761,931
JBrowse link
G Hspa1l heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1 like multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of HSPA1L mRNA] CTD PMID:25637687 NCBI chr20:4,879,998...4,965,191
Ensembl chr20:4,959,294...4,964,963
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of IL10 protein] CTD PMID:26807765 NCBI chr13:47,738,933...47,743,392
Ensembl chr13:47,739,526...47,743,392
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions EXP [geniposide co-treated with phellodendrine co-treated with magnoflorine co-treated with Chlorogenic Acid co-treated with crocin co-treated with Flavonoids co-treated with Berberine Alkaloids] inhibits the reaction [[COL2A1 protein co-treated with Freund's Adjuvant] results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased expression of IL1B protein] CTD PMID:24709313, PMID:26807765 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased expression of IL6 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in decreased expression of IL6 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in increased expression of IL6 protein] CTD PMID:25637687, PMID:25899501, PMID:29409856 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Ldlr low density lipoprotein receptor multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in decreased expression of LDLR mRNA] CTD PMID:24132704 NCBI chr 8:22,750,425...22,773,305
Ensembl chr 8:22,750,336...22,774,903
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in decreased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:24132704, PMID:28689058 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions EXP
ISO
crocin inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Diazinon results in decreased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of MAPK3 mRNA]
CTD PMID:24132704, PMID:28689058, PMID:30580027 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Mir122 microRNA 122 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [bisphenol A results in increased expression of MIR122 mRNA] CTD PMID:28689058 NCBI chr18:60,755,285...60,755,369 JBrowse link
G Mir29b1 microRNA 29b-1 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP crocin results in increased expression of MIR29B1 mRNA
Cisplatin inhibits the reaction [crocin results in increased expression of MIR29B1 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in decreased expression of MIR29B1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:32259551 NCBI chr 4:58,344,310...58,344,390
Ensembl chr 4:58,344,310...58,344,390
JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased activity of MPO protein] CTD PMID:25637687 NCBI chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
Ensembl chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
JBrowse link
G Mycn MYCN proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor decreases response to substance
multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO MYCN results in decreased susceptibility to crocin
crocin results in decreased expression of and results in decreased stability of MYCN mRNA; MYCN protein inhibits the reaction [crocin results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; MYCN protein inhibits the reaction [crocin results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein]
crocin results in decreased expression of MYCN protein
CTD PMID:30672053 NCBI chr 6:38,222,554...38,228,419
Ensembl chr 6:38,222,555...38,228,379
JBrowse link
G Myd88 MYD88, innate immune signal transduction adaptor multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of MYD88 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of MYD88 protein] CTD PMID:32259551 NCBI chr 8:128,022,512...128,027,462
Ensembl chr 8:128,022,473...128,026,841
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 protein] CTD PMID:32259551 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Ostm1 osteoclastogenesis associated transmembrane protein 1 multiple interactions ISO [crocin co-treated with pyrazolanthrone co-treated with TNFSF11 protein] results in decreased expression of OSTM1 mRNA; crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of OSTM1 mRNA] CTD PMID:30580027 NCBI chr20:47,394,979...47,430,304
Ensembl chr20:47,395,014...47,430,284
JBrowse link
G Parp1 poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 multiple interactions
increases cleavage
ISO MYCN protein inhibits the reaction [crocin results in increased cleavage of PARP1 protein] CTD PMID:30672053 NCBI chr13:98,857,255...98,889,444
Ensembl chr13:98,857,177...98,889,716
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in increased expression of RELA protein] CTD PMID:29409856 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Smad2 SMAD family member 2 decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP crocin results in decreased expression of SMAD2 protein
Cisplatin inhibits the reaction [crocin results in decreased expression of SMAD2 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of SMAD2 protein]
CTD PMID:32259551 NCBI chr18:72,550,107...72,612,078
Ensembl chr18:72,550,219...72,612,078
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TGFB1 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in increased expression of TGFB1 protein] CTD PMID:29409856, PMID:32259551 NCBI chr 1:82,480,875...82,497,196
Ensembl chr 1:82,480,195...82,497,199
JBrowse link
G Tgfbr1 transforming growth factor, beta receptor 1 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TGFBR1 protein] CTD PMID:32259551 NCBI chr 5:63,056,071...63,119,635
Ensembl chr 5:63,050,758...63,119,635
JBrowse link
G Tlr4 toll-like receptor 4 multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TLR4 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TLR4 protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in increased expression of TLR4 protein] CTD PMID:29409856, PMID:32259551 NCBI chr 5:82,587,424...82,601,056
Ensembl chr 5:82,587,420...82,601,052
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Carbon Tetrachloride results in increased expression of TNF protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased expression of TNF protein]; crocin inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in decreased expression of TNF protein] CTD PMID:25637687, PMID:25899501, PMID:26807765 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tnfsf11 TNF superfamily member 11 multiple interactions ISO [crocin co-treated with pyrazolanthrone co-treated with TNFSF11 protein] results in decreased expression of OSTM1 mRNA; crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of AKT2 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of MAPK3 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of OSTM1 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of TRAF6 mRNA]; crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with Pyruvaldehyde] results in decreased activity of GLO1 protein]; crocin promotes the reaction [pyrazolanthrone inhibits the reaction [TNFSF11 protein results in increased activity of ACP5 protein]] CTD PMID:30580027 NCBI chr15:60,482,527...60,512,704
Ensembl chr15:60,482,527...60,512,704
JBrowse link
G Tnnt2 troponin T2, cardiac type multiple interactions EXP crocin inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased expression of TNNT2 protein] CTD PMID:26807765 NCBI chr13:52,662,974...52,680,992
Ensembl chr13:52,662,996...52,680,990
JBrowse link
G Traf6 TNF receptor associated factor 6 multiple interactions ISO crocin inhibits the reaction [[TNFSF11 protein co-treated with pyrazolanthrone] results in increased expression of TRAF6 mRNA] CTD PMID:30580027 NCBI chr 3:91,252,829...91,271,607
Ensembl chr 3:91,252,829...91,271,607
JBrowse link
G Vgf VGF nerve growth factor inducible increases expression EXP crocin results in increased expression of VGF protein CTD PMID:24401376 NCBI chr12:22,677,302...22,680,630
Ensembl chr12:22,677,607...22,680,630
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19787
    role 19734
      biological role 19734
        biochemical role 19282
          metabolite 19263
            eukaryotic metabolite 18908
              plant metabolite 17360
                gentiobiose 40
                  alpha-D-Glcp-(1->6)-beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)-D-Glcp 0
                  beta-D-Glcp-(1->2)-[beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)]-D-Glcp 0
                  beta-D-Glcp-(1->3)-[beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)]-D-Glcp + 0
                  beta-D-gentiobiosyl crocetin + 40
                  crocin-1 40
                  kaempferol 3-beta-gentiobioside 0
                  quercetin 3-beta-gentiobioside 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19787
    subatomic particle 19784
      composite particle 19784
        hadron 19784
          baryon 19784
            nucleon 19784
              atomic nucleus 19784
                atom 19784
                  main group element atom 19672
                    p-block element atom 19672
                      carbon group element atom 19574
                        carbon atom 19563
                          organic molecular entity 19563
                            heteroorganic entity 19148
                              organochalcogen compound 18856
                                organooxygen compound 18778
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 12180
                                    carbohydrate 12180
                                      oligosaccharide 515
                                        disaccharide 425
                                          glycosylglucose 180
                                            gentiobiose 40
                                              alpha-D-Glcp-(1->6)-beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)-D-Glcp 0
                                              beta-D-Glcp-(1->2)-[beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)]-D-Glcp 0
                                              beta-D-Glcp-(1->3)-[beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)]-D-Glcp + 0
                                              beta-D-gentiobiosyl crocetin + 40
                                              crocin-1 40
                                              kaempferol 3-beta-gentiobioside 0
                                              quercetin 3-beta-gentiobioside 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.