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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:alpha-D-galactose
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Accession:CHEBI:28061 term browser browse the term
Definition:D-Galactopyranose having alpha-configuration at the anomeric centre.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: alpha-D-galactopyranose
 related_synonym: Formula=C6H12O6;   Gal-alpha;   InChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3+,4+,5-,6+/m1/s1;   InChIKey=WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PHYPRBDBSA-N;   SMILES=OC[C@H]1O[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O;   WURCS=2.0/1,1,0/[a2112h-1a_1-5]/1/;   alpha-D-Gal
 alt_id: CHEBI:10231;   CHEBI:22373;   CHEBI:42741
 xref: Beilstein:1281609;   CAS:26566-61-0;   CAS:3646-73-9;   CAS:59-23-4;   Drug_Central:1271;   GlyGen:G09546QO;   GlyTouCan:G09546QO;   Gmelin:648638;   KEGG:C00984;   KEGG:C01582;   KEGG:D04291;   KNApSAcK:C00001119
 xref_mesh: MESH:D005690
 xref: PDBeChem:GLA;   PMID:17991151;   PMID:19443021;   PMID:25568069;   PMID:31537530;   PMID:7521740;   PMID:8154046;   Reaxys:1281609
 cyclic_relationship: is_enantiomer_of CHEBI:42905



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alpha-D-galactose term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ache acetylcholinesterase increases activity
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in increased activity of ACHE protein
catalpol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased activity of ACHE protein]; theaflavin-3,3'-digallate inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased activity of ACHE protein]
CTD PMID:23612000 PMID:36638877 NCBI chr12:19,406,133...19,413,713
Ensembl chr12:19,407,360...19,413,651
JBrowse link
G Ager advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor increases expression
decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Galactose results in increased expression of AGER mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of AGER protein
Galactose results in decreased expression of AGER protein
[Ethanol co-treated with Galactose] results in decreased expression of AGER protein
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of AGER protein]
CTD PMID:22687555 PMID:33516661 PMID:34673010 NCBI chr20:4,148,150...4,151,361
Ensembl chr20:4,147,890...4,151,078
JBrowse link
G Aif1 allograft inflammatory factor 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Galactose results in increased expression of AIF1 protein
lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of AIF1 protein]
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of AIF1 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of AIF1 protein]
CTD PMID:28974442 PMID:34673010 NCBI chr20:3,646,784...3,652,670
Ensembl chr20:3,646,777...3,652,668
JBrowse link
G Akr1b1 aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of AKR1B1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22687555 NCBI chr 4:62,932,033...62,946,126
Ensembl chr 4:62,932,031...62,946,157
JBrowse link
G Aox1 aldehyde oxidase 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in increased expression of AOX1 mRNA
sodium bisulfide inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of AOX1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:23274001 NCBI chr 9:59,579,621...59,658,772
Ensembl chr 9:59,579,649...59,658,770
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO [Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of APP protein; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of APP protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of APP protein] CTD PMID:35537655 NCBI chr11:24,019,774...24,236,584
Ensembl chr11:24,019,778...24,236,561
JBrowse link
G Aqp4 aquaporin 4 multiple interactions ISO [Ethanol co-treated with Galactose] results in decreased expression of AQP4 protein CTD PMID:33516661 NCBI chr18:6,507,903...6,524,558
Ensembl chr18:6,507,903...6,524,856
JBrowse link
G Atf4 activating transcription factor 4 multiple interactions ISO [Galactose co-treated with Glucose deficiency] promotes the reaction [leflunomide results in increased expression of ATF4 protein] CTD PMID:29427785 NCBI chr 7:111,804,135...111,806,457
Ensembl chr 7:111,804,183...111,806,446
JBrowse link
G Atg5 autophagy related 5 decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in decreased expression of ATG5 mRNA
candesartan inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of ATG5 mRNA]
CTD PMID:34906534 NCBI chr20:47,798,217...47,889,216
Ensembl chr20:47,798,290...47,889,209
JBrowse link
G Atg7 autophagy related 7 decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
Galactose results in decreased expression of ATG7 protein
MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of ATG7 protein]
CTD PMID:28302704 NCBI chr 4:147,718,663...147,925,656
Ensembl chr 4:147,718,752...147,925,593
JBrowse link
G Atox1 antioxidant 1 copper chaperone decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in decreased expression of ATOX1 mRNA
sodium bisulfide inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of ATOX1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:23274001 NCBI chr10:39,564,855...39,579,892
Ensembl chr10:39,564,857...39,579,950
JBrowse link
G Atp5f1a ATP synthase F1 subunit alpha multiple interactions EXP [Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] results in increased expression of ATP5F1A protein CTD PMID:25997894 NCBI chr18:71,292,406...71,300,342
Ensembl chr18:71,292,374...71,300,794
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Phycocyanin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of BAX protein]
Galactose results in increased expression of BAX mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of BAX protein
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of BAX protein]; Galactose promotes the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of BAX mRNA]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of BAX protein]; Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of BAX protein]
CTD PMID:23036742 PMID:25892055 PMID:34673010 PMID:35259467 NCBI chr 1:95,940,001...95,945,407
Ensembl chr 1:95,938,808...95,945,368
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO
EXP
Phycocyanin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein]
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein]; Galactose promotes the reaction [sodium arsenite results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein]; Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein]
Galactose results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA; Galactose results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein
CTD PMID:23036742 PMID:25892055 PMID:34673010 PMID:35259467 NCBI chr13:22,689,783...22,853,920
Ensembl chr13:22,684,989...22,853,743
Ensembl chr13:22,684,989...22,853,743
JBrowse link
G Bdnf brain-derived neurotrophic factor decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in decreased expression of BDNF mRNA; Galactose results in decreased expression of BDNF protein
lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of BDNF mRNA]; lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of BDNF protein]
CTD PMID:28974442 NCBI chr 3:96,165,042...96,215,621
Ensembl chr 3:96,165,042...96,215,615
JBrowse link
G Becn1 beclin 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP [Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in decreased expression of BECN1 protein]; candesartan inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of BECN1 mRNA]
Galactose results in decreased expression of BECN1 mRNA; Galactose results in decreased expression of BECN1 protein
CTD PMID:25997894 PMID:28302704 PMID:34906534 NCBI chr10:86,231,387...86,246,742
Ensembl chr10:86,231,388...86,246,742
JBrowse link
G Casp12 caspase 12 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CASP12 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CASP12 protein] CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 8:2,642,296...2,669,549
Ensembl chr 8:2,642,434...2,674,037
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 increases cleavage
multiple interactions
increases activity
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Galactose results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein
Phycocyanin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]
Galactose results in increased activity of CASP3 protein
albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA]; Pioglitazone inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
[Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CASP3 protein]
CTD PMID:23036742 PMID:23795773 PMID:25997894 PMID:32295448 PMID:33761044 More... NCBI chr16:45,662,910...45,681,171
Ensembl chr16:45,662,910...45,684,648
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP
ISO
[Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased activity of CASP9 protein]
Galactose results in increased expression of CASP9 protein
albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CASP9 mRNA]
CTD PMID:25997894 PMID:32295448 PMID:33761044 NCBI chr 5:154,108,872...154,126,628
Ensembl chr 5:154,109,046...154,126,626
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase increases activity
multiple interactions
decreases activity
affects activity
EXP
ISO
Galactose results in increased activity of CAT protein
candesartan inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; Quercetin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased activity of CAT protein]
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of CAT protein; albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of CAT protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of CAT protein]
Galactose affects the activity of CAT protein
CTD PMID:17211565 PMID:32295448 PMID:33761044 PMID:34906534 PMID:35537655 NCBI chr 3:89,842,393...89,874,577
Ensembl chr 3:89,842,399...89,874,478
JBrowse link
G Ccn2 cellular communication network factor 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased expression of CCN2 protein
Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CCN2 protein]
CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr 1:20,802,199...20,805,315
Ensembl chr 1:20,802,199...20,805,734
JBrowse link
G Cdh5 cadherin 5 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO Ethanol promotes the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of CDH5 protein] CTD PMID:33516661 NCBI chr19:815,415...854,478
Ensembl chr19:815,411...854,368
JBrowse link
G Cdk5r1 cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in increased expression of CDK5R1 protein
gentiopicroside analog inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CDK5R1 protein]
CTD PMID:36878094 NCBI chr10:65,484,266...65,485,467
Ensembl chr10:65,483,941...65,488,456
JBrowse link
G Cdkn2a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP
ISO
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CDKN2A protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CDKN2A protein]
(1E,4E)-1,5-bis(2-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CDKN2A protein]; Chloroquine inhibits the reaction [(1E,4E)-1,5-bis(2-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CDKN2A protein]]
CTD PMID:34673010 PMID:36792013 NCBI chr 5:103,984,949...103,992,143
Ensembl chr 5:103,984,949...104,003,149
JBrowse link
G Chat choline O-acetyltransferase multiple interactions
decreases activity
ISO catalpol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased activity of CHAT protein] CTD PMID:23612000 NCBI chr16:7,657,362...7,717,093
Ensembl chr16:7,657,362...7,717,093
JBrowse link
G Chrm1 cholinergic receptor, muscarinic 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO catalpol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of CHRM1 protein] CTD PMID:23612000 NCBI chr 1:205,567,226...205,583,001
Ensembl chr 1:205,567,220...205,582,356
JBrowse link
G Ctnnb1 catenin beta 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO gentiopicroside analog inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of CTNNB1 protein] CTD PMID:36878094 NCBI chr 8:120,640,008...120,667,110
Ensembl chr 8:120,639,995...120,667,111
JBrowse link
G Cybb cytochrome b-245 beta chain increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased expression of CYBB protein
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CYBB protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of CYBB protein]
CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr  X:13,358,101...13,392,570
Ensembl chr  X:13,359,430...13,392,586
JBrowse link
G Ddit3 DNA-damage inducible transcript 3 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO
EXP
[Galactose co-treated with Glucose deficiency] promotes the reaction [leflunomide results in increased expression of DDIT3 protein]; Phycocyanin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of DDIT3 protein]
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of DDIT3 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of DDIT3 protein]
CTD PMID:23036742 PMID:29427785 PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 7:63,115,645...63,121,203
Ensembl chr 7:63,116,380...63,121,201
JBrowse link
G Dnm1l dynamin 1-like increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Galactose results in increased expression of DNM1L protein
MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of DNM1L protein]
CTD PMID:28302704 NCBI chr11:84,581,216...84,632,382
Ensembl chr11:84,581,216...84,631,482
JBrowse link
G Eif2ak3 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 3 multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
EXP agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of EIF2AK3 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of EIF2AK3 protein] CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 4:102,805,495...102,866,914
Ensembl chr 4:102,805,510...102,866,911
JBrowse link
G Ern1 endoplasmic reticulum to nucleus signaling 1 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of ERN1 protein
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of ERN1 protein]
CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr10:91,326,889...91,421,201
Ensembl chr10:91,330,654...91,421,029
JBrowse link
G Fgf2 fibroblast growth factor 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of FGF2 protein] CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr 2:120,236,328...120,290,673
Ensembl chr 2:120,236,328...120,291,221
JBrowse link
G Galk1 galactokinase 1 multiple interactions
increases metabolic processing
ISO [GALK1 protein results in increased metabolism of Galactose] which results in increased abundance of galactose-1-phosphate CTD PMID:20696150 NCBI chr10:101,243,146...101,247,323
Ensembl chr10:101,235,994...101,247,337
JBrowse link
G Gap43 growth associated protein 43 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in decreased expression of GAP43 mRNA
Quercetin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of GAP43 mRNA]
CTD PMID:16707173 NCBI chr11:58,376,371...58,470,047
Ensembl chr11:58,376,371...58,470,045
JBrowse link
G Gclc glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in decreased expression of GCLC mRNA
Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of GCLC mRNA]
CTD PMID:25892055 NCBI chr 8:78,629,899...78,668,547
Ensembl chr 8:78,630,127...78,668,544
JBrowse link
G Gdnf glial cell derived neurotrophic factor multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP candesartan inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of GDNF mRNA] CTD PMID:34906534 NCBI chr 2:56,894,022...56,919,935
Ensembl chr 2:56,895,010...56,917,209
JBrowse link
G Gfap glial fibrillary acidic protein multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GFAP protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GFAP protein] CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr10:87,852,891...87,861,631
Ensembl chr10:87,852,890...87,861,589
JBrowse link
G Glb1 galactosidase, beta 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in increased expression of GLB1 protein
(1E,4E)-1,5-bis(2-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GLB1 protein]; Chloroquine inhibits the reaction [(1E,4E)-1,5-bis(2-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GLB1 protein]]
CTD PMID:36792013 NCBI chr 8:114,085,508...114,158,127
Ensembl chr 8:114,085,508...114,158,127
JBrowse link
G Glo1 glyoxalase 1 multiple interactions ISO Galactose results in decreased expression of and results in decreased activity of GLO1 protein; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of and results in decreased activity of GLO1 protein] CTD PMID:22687555 NCBI chr20:8,663,617...8,681,661
Ensembl chr20:8,662,801...8,681,649
JBrowse link
G Gpt glutamic--pyruvic transaminase multiple interactions ISO [Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of GPT protein; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of GPT protein] CTD PMID:34416243 NCBI chr 7:108,416,646...108,419,495
Ensembl chr 7:108,416,642...108,419,494
JBrowse link
G Gpx1 glutathione peroxidase 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO theaflavin-3,3'-digallate inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of GPX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:36638877 NCBI chr 8:109,026,905...109,028,031
Ensembl chr 8:109,026,905...109,028,024
JBrowse link
G Grin1 glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]
CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 3:8,103,680...8,130,603
Ensembl chr 3:8,103,680...8,130,603
JBrowse link
G Grin2b glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 2B increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased expression of GRIN2B protein
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GRIN2B protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of GRIN2B protein]
CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 4:168,580,824...169,044,110
Ensembl chr 4:168,599,546...169,042,279
JBrowse link
G Gsk3b glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta multiple interactions ISO Galactose results in increased expression of and results in decreased phosphorylation of GSK3B protein; gentiopicroside analog inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of and results in decreased phosphorylation of GSK3B protein] CTD PMID:36878094 NCBI chr11:62,498,997...62,648,665
Ensembl chr11:62,504,316...62,648,646
JBrowse link
G Gss glutathione synthetase multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO sodium bisulfide inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of GSS mRNA] CTD PMID:23274001 NCBI chr 3:144,047,849...144,078,197
Ensembl chr 3:144,047,850...144,078,198
JBrowse link
G Hes1 hes family bHLH transcription factor 1 multiple interactions ISO [Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of HES1 protein; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of HES1 protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of HES1 protein] CTD PMID:35537655 NCBI chr11:70,705,763...70,708,176
Ensembl chr11:70,705,764...70,708,192
JBrowse link
G Hif1a hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha multiple interactions ISO Galactose affects the reaction [Fusaric Acid affects the expression of HIF1A protein] CTD PMID:31654802 NCBI chr 6:92,624,059...92,669,262
Ensembl chr 6:92,624,390...92,669,261
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP
ISO
Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]
albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of HMOX1 protein]; Lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:25892055 PMID:28974442 PMID:33761044 NCBI chr19:13,466,287...13,474,082
Ensembl chr19:13,467,244...13,474,079
JBrowse link
G Hsf1 heat shock transcription factor 1 increases activity ISO Galactose results in increased activity of HSF1 protein CTD PMID:34170685 NCBI chr 7:108,196,040...108,223,011
Ensembl chr 7:108,196,056...108,223,011
JBrowse link
G Hspa5 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 5 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Phycocyanin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of HSPA5 protein]
Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of HSPA5 protein]
CTD PMID:23036742 PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 3:18,055,507...18,059,969
Ensembl chr 3:18,055,405...18,059,891
JBrowse link
G Ifnb1 interferon beta 1 multiple interactions ISO [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of IFNB1 protein; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of IFNB1 protein] CTD PMID:23535186 NCBI chr 5:103,020,758...103,021,595
Ensembl chr 5:103,020,969...103,021,523
JBrowse link
G Il10 interleukin 10 multiple interactions ISO [Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of IL10 protein; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of IL10 protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in decreased expression of IL10 protein] CTD PMID:35537655 NCBI chr13:42,472,625...42,477,308
Ensembl chr13:42,472,839...42,477,313
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta increases expression
increases secretion
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Galactose results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of IL1B protein
Galactose results in increased secretion of IL1B protein
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL1B protein; albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of IL1B mRNA]; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL1B protein]; catalpol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of IL1B protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL1B protein]; Lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of IL1B protein]; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL1B protein; thymoquinone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL1B protein]
CTD PMID:22687555 PMID:23612000 PMID:28974442 PMID:29405769 PMID:32295448 More... NCBI chr 3:116,577,005...116,583,386
Ensembl chr 3:116,577,010...116,583,415
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions
increases secretion
increases expression
ISO
EXP
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL6 protein; [Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of IL6 protein; [Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of IL6 protein; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL6 protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IL6 protein]; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of IL6 protein]; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of IL6 protein]
3-(4-methylphenylsulfonyl)-2-propenenitrile inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; ginsenoside F1 inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; ginsenoside M1 inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; ginsenoside Rh1 inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; ginsenoside Rh2 inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]
Galactose results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of IL6 protein
Galactose promotes the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA]
CTD PMID:22687555 PMID:23535186 PMID:29412148 PMID:32295448 PMID:34416243 More... NCBI chr 4:5,214,602...5,219,178
Ensembl chr 4:5,213,394...5,219,178
JBrowse link
G Irf3 interferon regulatory factor 3 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
[lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 co-treated with Galactose] results in increased phosphorylation of IRF3 protein; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 co-treated with Galactose] results in increased phosphorylation of IRF3 protein]
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IRF3 mRNA; thymoquinone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of IRF3 mRNA]
CTD PMID:23535186 PMID:29405769 NCBI chr 1:95,479,966...95,484,926
Ensembl chr 1:95,479,821...95,484,935
JBrowse link
G Itpr3 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor, type 3 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of ITPR3 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of ITPR3 protein] CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr20:5,136,968...5,202,339
Ensembl chr20:5,136,441...5,202,337
JBrowse link
G Jun Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit multiple interactions ISO [lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4 co-treated with Galactose] affects the localization of and results in increased expression of JUN protein modified form; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] affects the localization of and results in increased expression of JUN protein modified form] CTD PMID:23535186 NCBI chr 5:109,894,175...109,897,268
Ensembl chr 5:109,893,145...109,897,656
JBrowse link
G Keap1 Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in increased expression of KEAP1 mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of KEAP1 protein
albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of KEAP1 mRNA]; albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of KEAP1 protein]
CTD PMID:33761044 NCBI chr 8:19,768,375...19,777,862
Ensembl chr 8:19,768,375...19,777,862
JBrowse link
G Lct lactase increases hydrolysis EXP LCT protein results in increased hydrolysis of Galactose CTD PMID:14701853 NCBI chr13:39,781,929...39,824,456
Ensembl chr13:39,781,929...39,824,456
JBrowse link
G Lrp1 LDL receptor related protein 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO [Ethanol co-treated with Galactose] results in decreased expression of LRP1 protein
Galactose results in decreased expression of LRP1 protein
CTD PMID:33516661 NCBI chr 7:63,380,325...63,461,029
Ensembl chr 7:63,380,356...63,460,910
JBrowse link
G Lrp6 LDL receptor related protein 6 multiple interactions ISO [Galactose co-treated with gentiopicroside analog] results in increased expression of LRP6 protein CTD PMID:36878094 NCBI chr 4:167,269,856...167,400,364
Ensembl chr 4:167,270,353...167,400,497
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein
Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr11:83,957,813...84,023,629
Ensembl chr11:83,957,813...84,023,616
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein
Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr 1:181,366,646...181,372,863
Ensembl chr 1:181,366,637...181,372,863
JBrowse link
G Mapk8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Galactose promotes the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of MAPK8 mRNA]
Galactose results in increased expression of MAPK8 mRNA
CTD PMID:35259467 NCBI chr16:8,638,897...8,721,960
Ensembl chr16:8,638,924...8,721,981
JBrowse link
G Mapt microtubule-associated protein tau increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in increased expression of MAPT protein
gentiopicroside analog inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of MAPT protein]
CTD PMID:36878094 NCBI chr10:89,138,644...89,236,137
Ensembl chr10:89,138,627...89,236,129
JBrowse link
G Mfn2 mitofusin 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
Galactose results in increased expression of MFN2 protein
MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of MFN2 protein]
CTD PMID:28302704 NCBI chr 5:158,304,285...158,335,502
Ensembl chr 5:158,304,287...158,335,342
JBrowse link
G Mir34a microRNA 34a increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
Galactose results in increased expression of MIR34A mRNA
MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of ATG7 protein]; MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of DNM1L protein]; MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of MFN2 protein]; MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]
CTD PMID:28302704 NCBI chr 5:160,533,002...160,533,103
Ensembl chr 5:160,533,002...160,533,103
JBrowse link
G Mmp2 matrix metallopeptidase 2 multiple interactions
increases activity
EXP Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased activity of MMP2 protein] CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
Ensembl chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
JBrowse link
G Mmp9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of MMP9 protein]; Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of MMP9 protein]; Galactose results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of MMP9 protein; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of MMP9 protein] CTD PMID:30367734 PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 3:153,684,158...153,692,118
Ensembl chr 3:153,683,858...153,692,120
JBrowse link
G Mt-co1 mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I multiple interactions EXP [Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] results in increased expression of COX1 protein CTD PMID:25997894 NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
NCBI chr MT:5,323...6,867
Ensembl chr MT:5,323...6,867
JBrowse link
G Mt-nd4 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 4 affects metabolic processing ISO ND4 protein affects the metabolism of Galactose CTD PMID:8662757 NCBI chr MT:10,160...11,537
NCBI chr MT:10,160...11,537
NCBI chr MT:10,160...11,537
NCBI chr MT:10,160...11,537
NCBI chr MT:10,160...11,537
Ensembl chr MT:10,160...11,537
JBrowse link
G Mt-nd6 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 affects metabolic processing ISO ND6 protein affects the metabolism of Galactose CTD PMID:9707444 NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
Ensembl chr MT:13,543...14,061
JBrowse link
G Myd88 MYD88, innate immune signal transduction adaptor multiple interactions ISO
EXP
[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of MYD88 protein; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of MYD88 protein]
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of MYD88 mRNA; thymoquinone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of MYD88 mRNA]
CTD PMID:23535186 PMID:29405769 NCBI chr 8:119,074,439...119,078,508
Ensembl chr 8:119,074,437...119,079,415
JBrowse link
G Ndufb8 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit B8 multiple interactions EXP [Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] results in increased expression of NDUFB8 protein CTD PMID:25997894 NCBI chr 1:243,408,656...243,413,715
Ensembl chr 1:243,408,619...243,413,817
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 NFE2 like bZIP transcription factor 2 affects localization
multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP
ISO
Galactose affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein
albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA]; albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; theaflavin-3,3'-digallate inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA]
Galactose results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA; Galactose results in decreased expression of NFE2L2 protein
Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose affects the localization of NFE2L2 protein]
CTD PMID:25892055 PMID:33761044 PMID:36638877 NCBI chr 3:60,594,239...60,621,712
Ensembl chr 3:60,594,242...60,621,737
JBrowse link
G Nfkb1 nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
Galactose results in increased expression of NFKB1 mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of NFKB1 protein
Galactose promotes the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of NFKB1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:22687555 PMID:35259467 NCBI chr 2:224,016,214...224,132,135
Ensembl chr 2:224,016,214...224,110,404
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions
increases activity
increases expression
ISO Oligopeptides inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased activity of NOS2 protein]
Galactose results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA
CTD PMID:23796539 PMID:28974442 NCBI chr10:63,815,308...63,851,208
Ensembl chr10:63,815,308...63,851,210
JBrowse link
G Notch1 notch receptor 1 multiple interactions ISO [Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of NOTCH1 protein; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of NOTCH1 protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of NOTCH1 protein] CTD PMID:35537655 NCBI chr 3:9,277,955...9,323,531
Ensembl chr 3:9,278,086...9,323,531
JBrowse link
G Nox4 NADPH oxidase 4 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased expression of NOX4 protein
agomelatine inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of NOX4 protein]; Melatonin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of NOX4 protein]
CTD PMID:34673010 NCBI chr 1:140,900,886...141,078,844
Ensembl chr 1:140,901,097...141,077,406
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP
ISO
Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of NQO1 mRNA]
albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of NQO1 protein]; Lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of NQO1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:25892055 PMID:28974442 PMID:33761044 NCBI chr19:35,295,633...35,310,528
Ensembl chr19:35,295,573...35,310,557
JBrowse link
G Oat ornithine aminotransferase multiple interactions EXP Galactose inhibits the reaction [Cyclic AMP results in increased activity of OAT protein] CTD PMID:2827574 NCBI chr 1:187,347,862...187,367,644
Ensembl chr 1:187,347,865...187,367,682
JBrowse link
G Ocln occludin decreases expression ISO Galactose results in decreased expression of OCLN protein CTD PMID:33516661 NCBI chr 2:31,657,217...31,707,466
Ensembl chr 2:31,657,220...31,764,150
JBrowse link
G Pdk1 pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO Galactose affects the reaction [Fusaric Acid results in increased expression of PDK1 protein] CTD PMID:31654802 NCBI chr 3:56,705,824...56,733,040
Ensembl chr 3:56,705,871...56,733,038
JBrowse link
G Pkm pyruvate kinase M1/2 multiple interactions ISO Galactose affects the reaction [Fusaric Acid results in increased expression of PKM mRNA] CTD PMID:31654802 NCBI chr 8:60,057,629...60,079,600
Ensembl chr 8:60,057,402...60,079,599
JBrowse link
G Plau plasminogen activator, urokinase increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP Galactose results in increased expression of PLAU protein
Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of PLAU protein]
CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr15:3,456,230...3,462,732
Ensembl chr15:3,456,232...3,462,775
JBrowse link
G Ppargc1a PPARG coactivator 1 alpha decreases expression EXP Galactose results in decreased expression of PPARGC1A protein CTD PMID:28302704 NCBI chr14:58,860,752...59,516,525
Ensembl chr14:58,861,144...59,512,656
JBrowse link
G Prdx2 peroxiredoxin 2 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO theaflavin-3,3'-digallate inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of PRDX2 mRNA] CTD PMID:36638877 NCBI chr19:23,180,927...23,186,217
Ensembl chr19:23,180,930...23,186,194
JBrowse link
G Psenen presenilin enhancer gamma secretase subunit multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO gentiopicroside analog inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of PSENEN protein] CTD PMID:36878094 NCBI chr 1:85,814,905...85,816,654
Ensembl chr 1:85,814,905...85,816,192
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Galactose results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of PTGS2 protein; lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA]; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA]; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of PTGS2 protein] CTD PMID:22687555 PMID:28974442 NCBI chr13:62,163,936...62,172,193
Ensembl chr13:62,163,932...62,172,188
JBrowse link
G Rbpj recombination signal binding protein for immunoglobulin kappa J region multiple interactions ISO [Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of RBPJ protein; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of RBPJ protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of RBPJ protein] CTD PMID:35537655 NCBI chr14:57,338,493...57,523,330
Ensembl chr14:57,338,507...57,523,353
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions
affects localization
increases expression
ISO [Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of and results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein; [Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] affects the localization of and results in increased expression of RELA protein; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of and results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of and results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein]; Galactose results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of RELA protein; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of RELA protein]; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of RELA mRNA]; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of RELA protein]; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] affects the localization of and results in increased expression of RELA protein]
ginsenoside F1 inhibits the reaction [Galactose affects the localization of RELA protein]; SB 203580 inhibits the reaction [Galactose affects the localization of RELA protein]
Galactose results in increased expression of RELA mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of RELA protein
CTD PMID:22687555 PMID:23535186 PMID:29412148 PMID:35537655 NCBI chr 1:202,925,001...202,935,484
Ensembl chr 1:202,924,945...202,935,484
JBrowse link
G Rest RE1-silencing transcription factor multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO gentiopicroside analog inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of REST protein] CTD PMID:36878094 NCBI chr14:30,859,109...30,879,828
Ensembl chr14:30,862,553...30,894,354
JBrowse link
G Rnf31 ring finger protein 31 multiple interactions ISO [Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of RNF31 protein; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of GPT protein]; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of IL6 protein]; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of TNF protein]; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of TNFAIP3 protein] CTD PMID:34416243 NCBI chr15:29,083,047...29,095,328
Ensembl chr15:29,083,631...29,101,915
JBrowse link
G Sirt1 sirtuin 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP
ISO
Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of SIRT1 protein]
[Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Amino Acids co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] inhibits the reaction [resveratrol results in increased expression of SIRT1 protein]
CTD PMID:25892055 PMID:27358235 PMID:29426000 NCBI chr20:25,307,225...25,329,273
Ensembl chr20:25,306,917...25,329,260
JBrowse link
G Slc2a2 solute carrier family 2 member 2 increases transport ISO SLC2A2 protein results in increased transport of Galactose CTD PMID:8457197 NCBI chr 2:111,609,798...111,639,930
Ensembl chr 2:111,611,774...111,639,933
JBrowse link
G Slc2a3 solute carrier family 2 member 3 increases transport
multiple interactions
ISO SLC2A3 protein results in increased transport of Galactose
Galactose inhibits the reaction [SLC2A3 protein results in increased transport of Deoxyglucose]; Glucose inhibits the reaction [SLC2A3 protein results in increased transport of Galactose]; Maltose inhibits the reaction [SLC2A3 protein results in increased transport of Galactose]
CTD PMID:8457197 NCBI chr 4:155,960,944...156,026,000
Ensembl chr 4:155,960,946...156,025,472
JBrowse link
G Slc5a1 solute carrier family 5 member 1 multiple interactions
affects transport
ISO Galactose inhibits the reaction [[Sodium co-treated with SLC5A1 protein] results in increased uptake of methylglucoside]
SLC5A1 protein affects the transport of Galactose
CTD PMID:16300400 PMID:17288452 NCBI chr14:77,553,990...77,618,589
Ensembl chr14:77,553,843...77,618,547
JBrowse link
G Sod1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
ISO theaflavin-3,3'-digallate inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of SOD1 mRNA] CTD PMID:36638877 NCBI chr11:29,456,673...29,462,249
Ensembl chr11:29,456,558...29,462,249
JBrowse link
G Sod2 superoxide dismutase 2 decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
Galactose results in decreased expression of SOD2 mRNA
Saponins inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of SOD2 mRNA]
albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of SOD2 protein]
CTD PMID:25892055 PMID:33761044 NCBI chr 1:47,638,318...47,645,163
Ensembl chr 1:47,636,528...47,645,189
JBrowse link
G Sord sorbitol dehydrogenase increases expression ISO Galactose results in increased expression of SORD mRNA CTD PMID:22687555 NCBI chr 3:109,184,697...109,216,133
Ensembl chr 3:109,184,676...109,216,133
JBrowse link
G Sp1 Sp1 transcription factor multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of SP1 protein] CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr 7:133,541,302...133,571,961
Ensembl chr 7:133,541,491...133,571,961
JBrowse link
G Sqstm1 sequestosome 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Hydroxychloroquine inhibits the reaction [Metformin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]]; Metformin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]; MIR34A mRNA promotes the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]
(1E,4E)-1,5-bis(2-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]; Chloroquine inhibits the reaction [(1E,4E)-1,5-bis(2-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of SQSTM1 protein]]
CTD PMID:28302704 PMID:29426000 PMID:36792013 NCBI chr10:34,525,517...34,536,670
Ensembl chr10:34,525,519...34,536,673
JBrowse link
G Srebf1 sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 increases expression ISO Galactose results in increased expression of SREBF1 mRNA CTD PMID:10913129 NCBI chr10:45,007,637...45,029,650
Ensembl chr10:45,007,637...45,029,650
JBrowse link
G Tfam transcription factor A, mitochondrial multiple interactions EXP [Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] results in increased expression of TFAM protein CTD PMID:25997894 NCBI chr20:17,356,243...17,368,293
Ensembl chr20:17,356,197...17,368,292
JBrowse link
G Tfeb transcription factor EB multiple interactions
affects localization
ISO (1E,4E)-1,5-bis(2-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one inhibits the reaction [Galactose affects the localization of TFEB protein] CTD PMID:36792013 NCBI chr 9:13,198,890...13,254,726
Ensembl chr 9:13,198,891...13,254,714
JBrowse link
G Tgfb1 transforming growth factor, beta 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP Alpinia oxyphylla fruit extract inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TGFB1 protein] CTD PMID:30367734 NCBI chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,848
Ensembl chr 1:81,196,532...81,212,847
JBrowse link
G Ticam1 TIR domain containing adaptor molecule 1 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of TICAM1 protein; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of TICAM1 protein]
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TICAM1 mRNA; thymoquinone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TICAM1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:23535186 PMID:29405769 NCBI chr 9:1,102,559...1,111,023
Ensembl chr 9:1,102,366...1,123,147
JBrowse link
G Tjp1 tight junction protein 1 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in decreased expression of TJP1 protein
Ethanol promotes the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of TJP1 protein]
CTD PMID:33516661 NCBI chr 1:118,849,838...119,094,492
Ensembl chr 1:118,849,838...119,094,432
JBrowse link
G Tlr2 toll-like receptor 2 multiple interactions EXP [Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TLR2 mRNA; thymoquinone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TLR2 mRNA] CTD PMID:29405769 NCBI chr 2:169,200,620...169,206,819
Ensembl chr 2:169,197,419...169,206,630
JBrowse link
G Tlr4 toll-like receptor 4 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of TLR4 protein; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of TLR4 protein]
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TLR4 mRNA; thymoquinone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TLR4 mRNA]
CTD PMID:23535186 PMID:29405769 NCBI chr 5:80,145,867...80,159,501
Ensembl chr 5:80,145,826...80,159,628
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions
increases secretion
increases expression
ISO
EXP
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TNF protein; [Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of TNF protein; [Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of TNF protein; albicanol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; astragalin inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TNF protein]; catalpol inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TNF protein]; Estradiol inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TNF protein]; Lycopene inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TNF protein]; protocatechuic acid inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased secretion of TNF protein]; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of TNF protein]; scoparone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with lipopolysaccharide, Escherichia coli O111 B4] results in increased expression of TNF protein]
Galactose results in increased expression of TNF mRNA; Galactose results in increased expression of TNF protein
[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TNF protein; candesartan inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; Galactose promotes the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased expression of TNF mRNA]; thymoquinone inhibits the reaction [[Galactose co-treated with Aluminum Chloride] results in increased expression of TNF protein]
CTD PMID:22687555 PMID:23535186 PMID:23612000 PMID:28974442 PMID:29405769 More... NCBI chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
Ensembl chr20:3,622,011...3,624,629
JBrowse link
G Tnfaip3 TNF alpha induced protein 3 multiple interactions ISO [Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of TNFAIP3 protein; RNF31 protein affects the reaction [[Lipopolysaccharides co-treated with Galactose] results in increased expression of TNFAIP3 protein] CTD PMID:34416243 NCBI chr 1:13,709,211...13,724,291
Ensembl chr 1:13,709,206...13,725,282
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO
EXP
Phycocyanin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TP53 protein]
[Glucose deficiency co-treated with Galactose co-treated with Pyruvic Acid] inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased expression of TP53 protein]
CTD PMID:23036742 PMID:25997894 PMID:29426000 NCBI chr10:54,300,070...54,311,525
Ensembl chr10:54,300,048...54,311,524
JBrowse link
G Txnip thioredoxin interacting protein multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO Hydroxychloroquine inhibits the reaction [Metformin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TXNIP protein]]; Metformin inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in increased expression of TXNIP protein] CTD PMID:29426000 NCBI chr 2:184,093,079...184,096,882
Ensembl chr 2:184,092,991...184,096,886
JBrowse link
G Txnrd1 thioredoxin reductase 1 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Galactose results in decreased expression of TXNRD1 mRNA
sodium bisulfide inhibits the reaction [Galactose results in decreased expression of TXNRD1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:23274001 NCBI chr 7:20,830,042...20,914,990
Ensembl chr 7:20,830,045...20,907,863
JBrowse link
1-O-(alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cxcl10 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 increases expression ISO KRN 7000 results in increased expression of CXCL10 protein CTD PMID:15867097 NCBI chr14:15,704,772...15,706,969
Ensembl chr14:15,704,758...15,706,975
JBrowse link
G Il12b interleukin 12B increases expression ISO KRN 7000 results in increased expression of IL12B protein CTD PMID:15867097 NCBI chr10:28,888,832...28,903,802
Ensembl chr10:28,893,008...28,902,903
JBrowse link
alpha-D-galactose 1-phosphate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Galk1 galactokinase 1 multiple interactions ISO [Enzyme Inhibitors binds to and results in decreased activity of GALK1 protein] which results in decreased abundance of galactose-1-phosphate; [GALK1 protein results in increased metabolism of Galactose] which results in increased abundance of galactose-1-phosphate CTD PMID:20696150 NCBI chr10:101,243,146...101,247,323
Ensembl chr10:101,235,994...101,247,337
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19860
    role 19832
      biological role 19830
        biochemical role 19538
          metabolite 19525
            fundamental metabolite 14447
              galactose 211
                D-galactose 211
                  D-galactopyranose 211
                    alpha-D-galactose 118
                      1-O-(4-O-\{3-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]propyl\}-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(4-O-allyl-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(4-O-benzyl-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(4-O-propyl-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(6-acetamido-6-deoxy-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-[(15Z)-tetracos-15-enoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(10-phenyldecanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(11-phenylundecanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(21-phenylhenicosanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(25-phenylpentacosanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(6-phenylhexanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(7-phenylheptanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(8-phenyloctanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(9-phenylnonanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[11-(4-fluorophenyl)undecanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[11-(4-methoxyphenyl)undecanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[6-(4-methoxyphenyl)hexanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[8-(4-fluorophenyl)octanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[8-(4-methoxyphenyl)octanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[8-(4-trifluoromethyl)phenyloctanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-\{11-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]undecanoyl\}phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-\{6-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexanoyl\}phytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-dodecanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-hexacosanoylsphinganine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-icosa-11,14-dienoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-nonanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-octanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-pamitoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-tetracosanyl-2-aminononane-1,3,4-triol 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-tetracosanylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-tetradecanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-decanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine + 2
                      1-O-(alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-undecanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(2-adamantylethyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(3,4-difluorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(3-phenylpropyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(4-chlorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(4-fluorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(4-methylbenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(4-phenylbutyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(4-tert-butylbenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(5-phenylpentyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(6-phenylhexyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(cyclobutylmethyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[4-O-(cyclopropylmethyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-[6-O-(3-phenylpropanoyl)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl]-N-hexacosanoylsphinganine 0
                      1-O-[6-O-(3-phenylpropanoyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-\{4-O-[3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-fluorophenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-methylphenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      1-O-\{4-O-[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                      2-deoxy-2-fluoro-alpha-D-galactose 0
                      GlcpN-(1->1)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-11-phenylundecan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                      N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-13-phenyltridecan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                      N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-phenylhexan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                      N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-8-phenyloctan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                      N-[11-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)undecanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      N-[6-(4-fluorophenyl)hexanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      N-[6-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)hexanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      N-[8-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)octanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                      alpha-D-Gal-(1->3)-alpha-D-Gal-OMe 0
                      alpha-D-Gal-(1->4)-alpha-D-Gal-OMe 0
                      alpha-D-Galf-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Glcp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Manp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-beta-D-Glcp-(1->4)-beta-D-Glcp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-beta-D-Manp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-D-GalNAc-OH 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-D-Glcp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-alpha-D-GlcpNAc 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Manp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-beta-D-GlcpNAc + 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-D-Gal-OH 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-alpha-D-Glcp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-alpha-L-Fucp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-beta-D-Glcp + 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-D-Glc-OH 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Glcp 0
                      alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-beta-D-Manp 0
                      alpha-D-GalpNAc-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                      alpha-D-Glcp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                      alpha-D-Glcp-(1->6)-D-Gal-OH 0
                      alpha-D-Glcp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                      alpha-D-GlcpN-(1->1)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      alpha-D-Manp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      alpha-D-galactose 1-phosphate 1
                      alpha-D-galactoside + 0
                      alpha-D-galactosyl group + 0
                      alpha-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1<->1')-ceramide 0
                      alpha-L-Fucp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      alpha-L-Fucp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                      alpha-L-Fucp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      beta-D-Galf-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      beta-D-Glcp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      beta-D-GlcpNAc-(1->2-)alpha-D-Galp 0
                      beta-L-Fucp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      beta-L-Fucp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                      beta-L-Fucp-(1->4)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                      penta-O-acetyl-alpha-D-galactose 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19860
    subatomic particle 19858
      composite particle 19858
        hadron 19858
          baryon 19858
            nucleon 19858
              atomic nucleus 19858
                atom 19858
                  main group element atom 19804
                    p-block element atom 19804
                      carbon group element atom 19745
                        carbon atom 19741
                          organic molecular entity 19741
                            heteroorganic entity 19494
                              organochalcogen compound 19257
                                organooxygen compound 19173
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 15291
                                    carbohydrate 15291
                                      monosaccharide 4811
                                        aldose 3227
                                          aldohexose 2878
                                            D-aldohexose 2870
                                              D-galactose 211
                                                D-galactopyranose 211
                                                  alpha-D-galactose 118
                                                    1-O-(4-O-\{3-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]propyl\}-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(4-O-allyl-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(4-O-benzyl-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(4-O-propyl-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(6-acetamido-6-deoxy-alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-[(15Z)-tetracos-15-enoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(10-phenyldecanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(11-phenylundecanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(21-phenylhenicosanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(25-phenylpentacosanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(6-phenylhexanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(7-phenylheptanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(8-phenyloctanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-(9-phenylnonanoyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[11-(4-fluorophenyl)undecanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[11-(4-methoxyphenyl)undecanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[6-(4-methoxyphenyl)hexanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[8-(4-fluorophenyl)octanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[8-(4-methoxyphenyl)octanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-[8-(4-trifluoromethyl)phenyloctanoyl]phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-\{11-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]undecanoyl\}phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-\{6-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]hexanoyl\}phytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-dodecanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-hexacosanoylsphinganine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-icosa-11,14-dienoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-nonanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-octanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-pamitoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-tetracosanyl-2-aminononane-1,3,4-triol 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-tetracosanylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-N-tetradecanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-decanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine + 2
                                                    1-O-(alpha-D-galactosyl)-N-undecanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(2-adamantylethyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(3,4-difluorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(3-phenylpropyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(4-chlorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(4-fluorobenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(4-methylbenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(4-phenylbutyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(4-tert-butylbenzyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(5-phenylpentyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(6-phenylhexyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(cyclobutylmethyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[4-O-(cyclopropylmethyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-[6-O-(3-phenylpropanoyl)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl]-N-hexacosanoylsphinganine 0
                                                    1-O-[6-O-(3-phenylpropanoyl)-alpha-D-galactosyl]-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-\{4-O-[3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-fluorophenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-methylphenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-\{4-O-[3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)propyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    1-O-\{4-O-[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]-alpha-D-galactosyl\}-N-hexacosanoylphytosphingosine 0
                                                    2-deoxy-2-fluoro-alpha-D-galactose 0
                                                    GlcpN-(1->1)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-11-phenylundecan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                                                    N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-13-phenyltridecan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                                                    N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-phenylhexan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                                                    N-[(2S,3S,4R)-1-(alpha-D-galactosyloxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-8-phenyloctan-2-yl]hexacosanamide 0
                                                    N-[11-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)undecanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    N-[6-(4-fluorophenyl)hexanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    N-[6-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)hexanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    N-[8-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)octanoyl]-1-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)phytosphingosine 0
                                                    alpha-D-Gal-(1->3)-alpha-D-Gal-OMe 0
                                                    alpha-D-Gal-(1->4)-alpha-D-Gal-OMe 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galf-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Glcp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Manp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-beta-D-Glcp-(1->4)-beta-D-Glcp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->2)-beta-D-Manp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-D-GalNAc-OH 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-D-Glcp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-alpha-D-GlcpNAc 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Manp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->3)-beta-D-GlcpNAc + 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-D-Gal-OH 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-alpha-D-Glcp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-alpha-L-Fucp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-beta-D-Glcp + 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->4)-beta-D-GlcpNAc 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-D-Glc-OH 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Glcp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-beta-D-Manp 0
                                                    alpha-D-GalpNAc-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                                                    alpha-D-Glcp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                                                    alpha-D-Glcp-(1->6)-D-Gal-OH 0
                                                    alpha-D-Glcp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                                                    alpha-D-GlcpN-(1->1)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    alpha-D-Manp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    alpha-D-galactose 1-phosphate 1
                                                    alpha-D-galactoside + 0
                                                    alpha-D-galactosyl group + 0
                                                    alpha-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-galactosyl-(1<->1')-ceramide 0
                                                    alpha-L-Fucp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    alpha-L-Fucp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                                                    alpha-L-Fucp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    beta-D-Galf-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    beta-D-Glcp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    beta-D-Glcp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    beta-D-GlcpNAc-(1->2-)alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    beta-L-Fucp-(1->2)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    beta-L-Fucp-(1->3)-alpha-D-Galp 0
                                                    beta-L-Fucp-(1->4)-alpha-D-Galp + 0
                                                    penta-O-acetyl-alpha-D-galactose 0
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