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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:amifostine
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Accession:CHEBI:2636 term browser browse the term
Definition:An organic thiophosphate that is the S-phospho derivative of 2-[(3-aminopropyl)amino]ethanethiol. A prodrug for the free thiol, WR-1065, which is used as a cytoprotectant in cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: S-{2-[(3-aminopropyl)amino]ethyl} dihydrogen thiophosphate
 related_synonym: Ethyol;   Formula=C5H15N2O3PS;   InChI=1S/C5H15N2O3PS/c6-2-1-3-7-4-5-12-11(8,9)10/h7H,1-6H2,(H2,8,9,10);   InChIKey=JKOQGQFVAUAYPM-UHFFFAOYSA-N;   SMILES=NCCCNCCSP(O)(O)=O;   amifostina;   amifostinum
 xref: Beilstein:2088122;   CAS:20537-88-6;   DrugBank:DB01143;   Drug_Central:156;   HMDB:HMDB0015274;   KEGG:C06819;   LINCS:LSM-4721
 xref_mesh: MESH:D004999
 xref: PMID:10553165;   PMID:10942928;   PMID:11013273;   PMID:11201306;   PMID:11984063;   PMID:12005544;   PMID:12433814;   PMID:12499421;   PMID:12561384;   PMID:12751907;   PMID:14980067;   PMID:15380592;   PMID:15698860;   PMID:15875769;   PMID:16465691;   PMID:17602063;   PMID:18072151;   PMID:18549666;   PMID:19712749;   PMID:20334641;   PMID:21347716;   PMID:21646919;   PMID:22267539;   PMID:22402174;   PMID:22440042;   PMID:22456378;   PMID:22496587;   PMID:22643562;   PMID:22844290;   PMID:22878481;   PMID:22885239;   PMID:22989457;   PMID:23040218;   PMID:23052919;   PMID:23092832;   PMID:23401928;   PMID:8612469;   PMID:8683243;   Patent:US3892824;   Reaxys:2088122;   Wikipedia:Amifostine


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amifostine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO [Amifostine co-treated with Doxorubicin] results in increased expression of BAX mRNA CTD PMID:15985719 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO [Amifostine co-treated with Doxorubicin] results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA CTD PMID:15985719 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO [Amifostine co-treated with Doxorubicin] results in increased activity of CASP3 protein; Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Idarubicin results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; Amifostine promotes the reaction [Idarubicin results in increased activity of CASP3 protein] CTD PMID:15985719 PMID:18438337 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cdk1 cyclin-dependent kinase 1 decreases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
ISO Amifostine results in decreased phosphorylation of CDK1 protein
olomoucine inhibits the reaction [TP53 protein promotes the reaction [Amifostine results in decreased phosphorylation of CDK1 protein]]; TP53 protein promotes the reaction [Amifostine results in decreased phosphorylation of CDK1 protein]
CTD PMID:16628227 NCBI chr20:20,576,341...20,591,510
Ensembl chr20:20,576,377...20,591,549
JBrowse link
G Cdkn1a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A decreases expression
increases expression
ISO Amifostine results in decreased expression of CDKN1A mRNA
Amifostine results in increased expression of CDKN1A protein
CTD PMID:12618886 PMID:14555708 NCBI chr20:6,348,422...6,358,864
Ensembl chr20:6,351,458...6,358,864
JBrowse link
G Ei24 EI24, autophagy associated transmembrane protein decreases expression ISO Amifostine results in decreased expression of EI24 mRNA CTD PMID:14555708 NCBI chr 8:39,254,883...39,271,238
Ensembl chr 8:39,254,889...39,266,959
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions ISO Amifostine inhibits the reaction [IL6 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MYL2 protein] CTD PMID:19010997 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Mapk14 mitogen activated protein kinase 14 multiple interactions ISO Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased activity of and results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK14 protein] CTD PMID:19010997 NCBI chr20:5,933,290...5,995,137
Ensembl chr20:5,933,303...5,995,137
JBrowse link
G Mdm2 MDM2 proto-oncogene decreases expression ISO Amifostine results in decreased expression of MDM2 mRNA CTD PMID:14555708 NCBI chr 7:60,719,060...60,743,618
Ensembl chr 7:60,719,066...60,743,328
JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase multiple interactions ISO Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased activity of MPO protein] CTD PMID:19010997 NCBI chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
Ensembl chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
JBrowse link
G Myc MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor multiple interactions ISO [Amifostine co-treated with TP53] results in increased expression of MYC mRNA CTD PMID:14555708 NCBI chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
Ensembl chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
JBrowse link
G Myl2 myosin light chain 2 multiple interactions ISO Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of MYL2 protein]
Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MYL2 protein]; Amifostine inhibits the reaction [IL6 protein results in increased phosphorylation of MYL2 protein]
CTD PMID:19010997 NCBI chr12:39,951,863...39,959,065
Ensembl chr12:39,951,987...39,958,239
JBrowse link
G Nfkbia NFKB inhibitor alpha decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Amifostine results in decreased expression of NFKBIA protein
Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of NFKBIA protein]
CTD PMID:10590050 PMID:19010997 NCBI chr 6:76,267,227...76,270,457
Ensembl chr 6:76,267,228...76,270,457
JBrowse link
G Pcna proliferating cell nuclear antigen multiple interactions ISO Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Benzene results in decreased expression of PCNA protein] CTD PMID:17661222 NCBI chr 3:124,880,698...124,884,570
Ensembl chr 3:124,880,698...124,884,570
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit multiple interactions
increases localization
ISO Amifostine inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of RELA protein]
Amifostine results in increased localization of RELA protein
CTD PMID:10590050 PMID:19010997 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions
increases expression
affects response to substance
increases activity
ISO [Amifostine co-treated with TP53] results in increased expression of MYC mRNA; olomoucine inhibits the reaction [TP53 protein promotes the reaction [Amifostine results in decreased phosphorylation of CDK1 protein]]; TP53 protein promotes the reaction [Amifostine results in decreased phosphorylation of CDK1 protein]
Amifostine results in increased expression of TP53 protein
TP53 affects the susceptibility to Amifostine
Amifostine results in increased activity of TP53 protein
CTD PMID:12618886 PMID:14555708 PMID:16628227 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Tp53i3 tumor protein p53 inducible protein 3 decreases expression ISO Amifostine results in decreased expression of TP53I3 mRNA CTD PMID:14555708 NCBI chr13:75,101,759...75,145,967
Ensembl chr13:75,105,615...75,143,441
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19767
    role 19714
      chemical role 19255
        antioxidant 14274
          amifostine 17
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19767
    subatomic particle 19766
      composite particle 19766
        hadron 19766
          baryon 19766
            nucleon 19766
              atomic nucleus 19766
                atom 19766
                  main group element atom 19657
                    main group molecular entity 19657
                      s-block molecular entity 19421
                        hydrogen molecular entity 19414
                          hydrides 18754
                            inorganic hydride 17459
                              pnictogen hydride 17434
                                nitrogen hydride 17281
                                  azane 17016
                                    ammonia 17015
                                      organic amino compound 17014
                                        primary amino compound 7920
                                          primary amine 5706
                                            primary aliphatic amine 138
                                              ethylamine 45
                                                cysteamine 44
                                                  amifostine 17
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