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ONTOLOGY REPORT - ANNOTATIONS


Term:carbohydrate
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Accession:CHEBI:16646 term browser browse the term
Definition:Any member of the class of organooxygen compounds that is a polyhydroxy-aldehyde or -ketone or a lactol resulting from their intramolecular condensation (monosaccharides); substances derived from these by reduction of the carbonyl group (alditols), by oxidation of one or more hydroxy groups to afford the corresponding aldehydes, ketones, or carboxylic acids, or by replacement of one or more hydroxy group(s) by a hydrogen atom; and polymeric products arising by intermolecular acetal formation between two or more such molecules (disaccharides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides). Carbohydrates contain only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; prior to any oxidation or reduction, most have the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. Compounds obtained from carbohydrates by substitution, etc., are known as carbohydrate derivatives and may contain other elements. Cyclitols are generally not regarded as carbohydrates.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: carbohydrates
 related_synonym: Kohlenhydrat;   Kohlenhydrate;   carbohidrato;   carbohidratos;   glucide;   glucides;   glucido;   glucidos;   hydrates de carbone;   saccharide;   saccharides;   saccharidum
 alt_id: CHEBI:15131;   CHEBI:23008;   CHEBI:9318
 xref: Wikipedia:Carbohydrate


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Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19790
    chemical entity 19789
      atom 19788
        nonmetal atom 19662
          oxygen atom 19339
            oxygen molecular entity 19339
              organooxygen compound 18776
                carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 12164
                  carbohydrate 12164
                    D-apiofuranose + 0
                    alditol + 1831
                    apulose + 0
                    carbohydrate acid + 753
                    carbohydrate derivative + 11789
                    deoxy sugar + 105
                    monosaccharide + 4023
                    nucleoside + 5188
                    oligosaccharide + 509
                    polygalacturonide + 0
                    polysaccharide + 3030
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19790
    subatomic particle 19788
      composite particle 19788
        hadron 19788
          baryon 19788
            nucleon 19788
              atomic nucleus 19788
                atom 19788
                  main group element atom 19674
                    p-block element atom 19674
                      carbon group element atom 19572
                        carbon atom 19561
                          organic molecular entity 19561
                            heteroorganic entity 19158
                              organochalcogen compound 18859
                                organooxygen compound 18776
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 12164
                                    carbohydrate 12164
                                      D-apiofuranose + 0
                                      alditol + 1831
                                      apulose + 0
                                      carbohydrate acid + 753
                                      carbohydrate derivative + 11789
                                      deoxy sugar + 105
                                      monosaccharide + 4023
                                      nucleoside + 5188
                                      oligosaccharide + 509
                                      polygalacturonide + 0
                                      polysaccharide + 3030
paths to the root

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