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The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

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Accession:CHEBI:16244 term browser browse the term
Definition:An amino-acid betaine gamma-aminobutyric acid zwitterion in which all of the hydrogens attached to the nitrogen are replaced by methyl groups.
Synonyms:related_synonym: 3-Dehydroxycarnitine;   4-(N-trimethylamino)butyrate;   4-(trimethylamino)butanoate;   4-butyrobetaine;   Actinine;   Formula=C7H15NO2;   InChI=1S/C7H15NO2/c1-8(2,3)6-4-5-7(9)10/h4-6H2,1-3H3;   InChIKey=JHPNVNIEXXLNTR-UHFFFAOYSA-N;   SMILES=C[N+](C)(C)CCCC([O-])=O;   butyrobetaine;   deoxycarnitine;   gamma-Butyrobetain;   gamma-butyrobetaine
 alt_id: CHEBI:12047;   CHEBI:20484
 xref: Beilstein:3538300;   CAS:407-64-7;   ECMDB:ECMDB21336;   HMDB:HMDB0006831
 xref_mesh: MESH:C002889
 xref: MetaCyc:GAMMA-BUTYROBETAINE;   PMID:3148329;   PMID:398096;   Reaxys:3538300
 cyclic_relationship: is_conjugate_base_of CHEBI:1941

show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Bbox1 gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase 1 multiple interactions ISO [BBOX1 protein co-treated with Ketoglutaric Acids] results in increased metabolism of gamma-butyrobetaine CTD PMID:21439360 NCBI chr 3:96,822,654...96,871,786
Ensembl chr 3:96,822,655...96,871,458
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of gamma-butyrobetaine] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:134,038,644...134,057,969
Ensembl chr 1:134,029,772...134,058,025
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19808
    role 19757
      biological role 19757
        biochemical role 19377
          metabolite 19352
            butyrate 84
              gamma-aminobutyrate 2
                4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate 2
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19808
    subatomic particle 19807
      composite particle 19807
        hadron 19807
          baryon 19807
            nucleon 19807
              atomic nucleus 19807
                atom 19807
                  main group element atom 19704
                    main group molecular entity 19704
                      s-block molecular entity 19489
                        hydrogen molecular entity 19484
                          hydrides 18841
                            inorganic hydride 17688
                              pnictogen hydride 17669
                                nitrogen hydride 17542
                                  ammonium 8232
                                    ammonium ion derivative 8228
                                      quaternary ammonium ion 5110
                                        quaternary nitrogen compound 620
                                          ammonium betaine 337
                                            amino-acid betaine 242
                                              4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate 2
paths to the root