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The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

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Accession:CHEBI:16244 term browser browse the term
Definition:An amino-acid betaine gamma-aminobutyric acid zwitterion in which all of the hydrogens attached to the nitrogen are replaced by methyl groups.
Synonyms:related_synonym: 3-Dehydroxycarnitine;   4-(N-trimethylamino)butyrate;   4-(trimethylamino)butanoate;   4-butyrobetaine;   Actinine;   Formula=C7H15NO2;   InChI=1S/C7H15NO2/c1-8(2,3)6-4-5-7(9)10/h4-6H2,1-3H3;   InChIKey=JHPNVNIEXXLNTR-UHFFFAOYSA-N;   SMILES=C[N+](C)(C)CCCC([O-])=O;   butyrobetaine;   deoxycarnitine;   gamma-Butyrobetain;   gamma-butyrobetaine
 alt_id: CHEBI:12047;   CHEBI:20484
 xref: Beilstein:3538300;   CAS:407-64-7;   ECMDB:ECMDB21336;   HMDB:HMDB0006831
 xref_mesh: MESH:C002889
 xref: MetaCyc:GAMMA-BUTYROBETAINE;   PMID:3148329;   PMID:398096;   Reaxys:3538300
 cyclic_relationship: is_conjugate_base_of CHEBI:1941

show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Bbox1 gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase 1 multiple interactions ISO [BBOX1 protein co-treated with Ketoglutaric Acids] results in increased metabolism of gamma-butyrobetaine CTD PMID:21439360 NCBI chr 3:101,425,684...101,474,848
Ensembl chr 3:101,427,055...101,474,890
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of gamma-butyrobetaine] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19787
    role 19734
      biological role 19734
        biochemical role 19282
          metabolite 19263
            butyrate 80
              gamma-aminobutyrate 2
                4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate 2
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19787
    subatomic particle 19784
      composite particle 19784
        hadron 19784
          baryon 19784
            nucleon 19784
              atomic nucleus 19784
                atom 19784
                  main group element atom 19672
                    main group molecular entity 19672
                      s-block molecular entity 19430
                        hydrogen molecular entity 19420
                          hydrides 18686
                            inorganic hydride 17411
                              pnictogen hydride 17383
                                nitrogen hydride 17224
                                  ammonium 8213
                                    ammonium ion derivative 8209
                                      quaternary ammonium ion 5079
                                        quaternary nitrogen compound 560
                                          ammonium betaine 275
                                            amino-acid betaine 190
                                              4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate 2
paths to the root


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