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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:ginkgolide
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Accession:CHEBI:136909 term browser browse the term
Definition:Organic heterohexacyclic compounds that are diterpenoid trilactones found in the ginkgo tree (also known as the maidenhair tree, Ginkgo biloba). They have a cage skeleton consisting of six 5-membered rings (a spiro[4.4]nonane carbobicyclic ring, three lactones and a tetrahydrofuran ring) which includes a tert-butyl substituent. The ginkolides vary only in the number and positions of their hydroxy substituents.
Synonyms:related_synonym: ginkgolides
 xref: PMID:15038029;   PMID:15993092;   PMID:18179689;   PMID:20707065;   PMID:21614751;   PMID:23922456;   PMID:27562518;   PMID:27743504;   PMID:27915195;   Wikipedia:Ginkgolide


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ginkgolide B term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abcb1a ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1A increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO ginkgolide B results in increased expression of ABCB1 mRNA
NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B results in increased expression of ABCB1 mRNA]; sulforafan inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B results in increased expression of ABCB1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:19034627, PMID:26775663 NCBI chr 4:22,339,829...22,517,642
Ensembl chr 4:22,133,521...22,425,515
JBrowse link
G Abcc2 ATP binding cassette subfamily C member 2 increases expression ISO ginkgolide B results in increased expression of ABCC2 mRNA CTD PMID:19034627 NCBI chr 1:263,554,426...263,612,556
Ensembl chr 1:263,554,453...263,613,252
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of AKT1 protein] CTD PMID:19464278 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased abundance of Reactive Oxygen Species]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased cleavage of and results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of AKT1 protein]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK8 protein] CTD PMID:19464278 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased cleavage of and results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Doxorubicin results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Staurosporine results in increased cleavage of CASP3 protein]
ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
CTD PMID:19464278, PMID:21704112, PMID:26775663 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cybb cytochrome b-245 beta chain multiple interactions EXP ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of NOX2 protein] CTD PMID:21704112 NCBI chr  X:14,578,330...14,610,049
Ensembl chr  X:14,578,264...14,612,547
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions ISO [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] affects the activity of CYP1A1 protein; [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] inhibits the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein]; [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] inhibits the reaction [Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein] CTD PMID:21329749 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a2 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP ginkgolide B results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of CYP1A2 protein
ginkgolide B results in increased expression of CYP1A2 mRNA
CTD PMID:18421621 NCBI chr 8:62,451,360...62,458,244
Ensembl chr 8:62,451,329...62,458,301
JBrowse link
G Cyp2b3 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily b, polypeptide 3 increases expression ISO ginkgolide B results in increased expression of CYP2B6 mRNA CTD PMID:19034627 NCBI chr 1:83,163,103...83,236,615
Ensembl chr 1:83,163,079...83,236,615
JBrowse link
G Fcer1g Fc fragment of IgE receptor Ig decreases expression EXP ginkgolide B results in decreased expression of FCER1G protein CTD PMID:1834581 NCBI chr13:89,601,894...89,606,326
Ensembl chr13:89,601,896...89,606,326
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:19464278 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:19464278 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Mapk8 mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in increased phosphorylation of and results in increased activity of MAPK8 protein] CTD PMID:19464278 NCBI chr16:9,620,854...9,709,342
Ensembl chr16:9,625,177...9,709,347
JBrowse link
G Ncf1 neutrophil cytosolic factor 1 multiple interactions EXP ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Ethanol results in increased expression of NCF1 protein] CTD PMID:21704112 NCBI chr12:25,497,104...25,506,300
Ensembl chr12:25,497,104...25,506,300
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in increased activity of NOS2 protein] CTD PMID:9006340 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
G Nox4 NADPH oxidase 4 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to NOX4 promoter]]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of NOX4 mRNA]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of NOX4 protein]; MIR214 mRNA affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of NOX4 mRNA]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to NOX4 promoter]]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of NOX4 mRNA]] CTD PMID:26768586 NCBI chr 1:150,796,359...150,976,186
Ensembl chr 1:150,797,084...150,976,194
JBrowse link
G Nr1i2 nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group I, member 2 increases activity
multiple interactions
affects localization
ISO ginkgolide B results in increased activity of NR1I2 protein
NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE mRNA]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE protein]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 mRNA]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 protein]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B results in increased expression of ABCB1 mRNA]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B results in increased expression of CYP3A4 mRNA]
ginkgolide B affects the localization of NR1I2 protein
CTD PMID:19034627, PMID:26775663 NCBI chr11:65,022,100...65,058,546
Ensembl chr11:65,022,100...65,058,545
JBrowse link
G Sele selectin E multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE mRNA]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE protein]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE mRNA]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE protein]] CTD PMID:26775663 NCBI chr13:82,355,234...82,365,323
Ensembl chr13:82,355,471...82,365,341
JBrowse link
G Shc1 SHC adaptor protein 1 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to SHC1 promoter]]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of SHC1 mRNA]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of SHC1 protein]; MIR214 mRNA affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of SHC1 mRNA]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to SHC1 promoter]]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of SHC1 mRNA]] CTD PMID:26768586 NCBI chr 2:188,745,503...188,757,066
Ensembl chr 2:188,745,503...188,757,066
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE mRNA]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE protein]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 mRNA]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 protein]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE mRNA]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of SELE protein]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 mRNA]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 protein]] CTD PMID:26775663 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to NOX4 promoter]]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to SHC1 promoter]]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TRP53 mRNA]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TRP53 protein]; MIR214 mRNA affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of TRP53 mRNA]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to NOX4 promoter]]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin promotes the reaction [TRP53 protein binds to SHC1 promoter]]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of NOX4 mRNA]]; TRP53 protein inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in increased expression of SHC1 mRNA]] CTD PMID:26768586 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Ugt1a1 UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 increases expression ISO ginkgolide B results in increased expression of UGT1A1 mRNA CTD PMID:19034627 NCBI chr 9:95,295,701...95,302,822
Ensembl chr 9:95,161,157...95,302,822
JBrowse link
G Vcam1 vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 multiple interactions ISO ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 mRNA]; ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 protein]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 mRNA]]; NR1I2 protein affects the reaction [ginkgolide B inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of VCAM1 protein]] CTD PMID:26775663 NCBI chr 2:219,071,193...219,090,931
Ensembl chr 2:219,071,193...219,097,619
JBrowse link
Ginkgolide C term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO 1H-(1,2,4)oxadiazolo(4,3-a)quinoxalin-1-one inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]]; 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]]; ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]; KT 5823 inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]] CTD PMID:18001288 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G Creb1 cAMP responsive element binding protein 1 multiple interactions ISO 1H-(1,2,4)oxadiazolo(4,3-a)quinoxalin-1-one inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]]; 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]]; ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]; KT 5823 inhibits the reaction [ginkgolide C inhibits the reaction [APP protein results in decreased phosphorylation of CREB1 protein]] CTD PMID:18001288 NCBI chr 9:71,229,753...71,298,994
Ensembl chr 9:71,230,108...71,293,435
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions ISO [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] affects the activity of CYP1A1 protein; [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] inhibits the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein]; [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] inhibits the reaction [Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein] CTD PMID:21329749 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
Ginkgolide J term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions ISO [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] affects the activity of CYP1A1 protein; [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] inhibits the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein]; [Quercetin co-treated with kaempferol co-treated with 3-methylquercetin co-treated with ginkgolide A co-treated with ginkgolide B co-treated with ginkgolide C co-treated with ginkgolide J co-treated with bilobalide] inhibits the reaction [Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein] CTD PMID:21329749 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    role 19732
      biological role 19732
        biochemical role 19281
          metabolite 19262
            eukaryotic metabolite 18906
              plant metabolite 17359
                ginkgolide 24
                  Ginkgolide C 3
                  Ginkgolide J 1
                  Ginkgolide M 0
                  ginkgolide B 23
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    subatomic particle 19782
      composite particle 19782
        hadron 19782
          baryon 19782
            nucleon 19782
              atomic nucleus 19782
                atom 19782
                  main group element atom 19670
                    p-block element atom 19670
                      carbon group element atom 19572
                        carbon atom 19561
                          organic molecular entity 19561
                            organic group 18493
                              organic divalent group 18486
                                organodiyl group 18486
                                  carbonyl group 18389
                                    carbonyl compound 18389
                                      carboxylic ester 14073
                                        lactone 5978
                                          terpene lactone 1770
                                            diterpene lactone 226
                                              ginkgolide 24
                                                Ginkgolide C 3
                                                Ginkgolide J 1
                                                Ginkgolide M 0
                                                ginkgolide B 23
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.