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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:violacein
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Accession:CHEBI:131914 term browser browse the term
Definition:A member of the class of hydroxyindoles resulting from the formal oxidative coupling between the 3-position of 1,3-dihydro-2H-indol-2-one and the 3-position of 1,3-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-one, which is substituted at the 5 position by a 5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl group, where the newly-formed double bond has E configuration. It is a purple chromobacterial pigment that has antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoan, and anticancer properties.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (3E)-3-[5-(5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-3H-pyrrol-3-ylidene]-1,3-dihydro-2H-indol-2-one
 related_synonym: Formula=C20H13N3O3;   InChI=1S/C20H13N3O3/c24-10-5-6-15-12(7-10)14(9-21-15)17-8-13(19(25)23-17)18-11-3-1-2-4-16(11)22-20(18)26/h1-9,21,24H,(H,22,26)(H,23,25)/b18-13+;   InChIKey=XAPNKXIRQFHCHN-QGOAFFKASA-N;   SMILES=OC1=CC=C2NC=C(C3=C\\C(C(=O)N3)=C3/C(=O)NC4=CC=CC=C34)C2=C1
 xref: CAS:548-54-9;   KEGG:C21136
 xref_mesh: MESH:C063155
 xref: MetaCyc:VIOLACEIN;   PMID:21779844;   PMID:25592762;   PMID:25652759;   PMID:26339614;   PMID:26428920;   PMID:26521020;   PMID:26916415;   Reaxys:49923


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violacein term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Casp2 caspase 2 increases activity ISO violacein results in increased activity of CASP2 protein CTD PMID:20416285 NCBI chr 4:71,652,358...71,670,228
Ensembl chr 4:71,652,354...71,670,239
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 increases activity ISO violacein results in increased activity of CASP3 protein CTD PMID:20416285 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 increases activity ISO violacein results in increased activity of CASP9 protein CTD PMID:20416285 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19810
    role 19758
      biological role 19758
        antimicrobial agent 17329
          antibacterial agent 13028
            violacein 3
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19810
    subatomic particle 19808
      composite particle 19808
        hadron 19808
          baryon 19808
            nucleon 19808
              atomic nucleus 19808
                atom 19808
                  main group element atom 19696
                    p-block element atom 19696
                      carbon group element atom 19599
                        carbon atom 19588
                          organic molecular entity 19588
                            organic group 18527
                              organic divalent group 18520
                                organodiyl group 18520
                                  carbonyl group 18427
                                    carbonyl compound 18427
                                      carboxylic acid 18108
                                        carboacyl group 17369
                                          univalent carboacyl group 17369
                                            carbamoyl group 17156
                                              carboxamide 17156
                                                lactam 8032
                                                  gamma-lactam 6267
                                                    oxindoles 5829
                                                      violacein 3
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