We recently reported that c-Myc represses the transcription of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) beta-receptor (Izumi, H., Molander, C., Penn, L. Z., Ishisaki, A., Kohno, K., and Funa, K. (2001) J. Cell Sci. 114, 1533-1544). We demonstrate here that the p53 family protein p73alpha represses PDGF beta-receptor transcription essentially by the same mechanism. p73alpha but not p73beta or p53 represses the transcription in concordance with its ability to bind NF-YC and NF-YB. None of other p73 isoforms (i.e. p73beta, p73gamma, p73epsilon), C-terminal deletion mutants of p73alpha, and p53 is able to bind NF-Y with the exception of p63alpha. This finding suggests that the sterile alpha-motif domain present only in p73alpha and p63alpha is the interaction site. For the repression, the N-terminal transactivation domain of p73alpha is also indispensable, arguing for the importance of the activity of p73alpha in the mechanism. p73alpha binds the C-terminal HAP domain of NF-YC previously found to be the interaction site with c-Myc and TBP. Because c-Myc induces and activates p73alpha (Zaika, A., Irwin, M., Sansome, C., and Moll, U. M. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 11310-11316) and they bind each other (Uramoto, H., Izumi, H., Ise, T., Tada, M., Uchiumi, T., Kuwano, M., Yasumoto, K., Funa, K., and Kohno, K. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, in press), we examined whether the repression by p73 is dependent on c-Myc. However, Myc-null rat fibroblasts are also susceptible to p73alpha-induced repression. Serum stimulation of NIH3T3 cells gradually decreased the amount of endogenous NF-Y binding to the PDGF beta-receptor promoter, whereas NF-YA expression in the nuclear extracts remains unchanged. Our results indicate that serum stimulation induces c-Myc and p73alpha, leading to the down-regulation of PDGF beta-receptor expression by repressing its transcription.