Studies on genetic determination of the insulin resistance syndrome in rat models revealed several susceptibility loci for features of this complex phenotype, i.e. dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and obesity. We analysed the influence of introgression of the RNO4, RNO20 segments of SHR origin and RNO8 segment of PD/Cub origin (all previously shown to be involved in (dys)regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism) onto the genetic background of a common progenitor, the Brown Norway (BN/Cub) rat. The differential segments were genetically characterized in the BN.PD-D8Rat39/D8Rat35 (BN-Lx, RNO8 congenic), BN.SHR-Il6/Cd36 (BN.SHR4, RNO4 congenic) and BN.PD-D8Rat39/D8Rat3, SHR-D4Mgh2/Cd36,SHR-D20Wox3/D20Mgh5 (BN-Lx 1K, RNO4, 8, 20 triple congenic) strains and their metabolic profiling was performed. After one week of high-sucrose diet, all congenic strains showed substantially higher levels of serum triglycerides and free fatty acids as well as impaired glucose tolerance in comparison with the BN/Cub progenitor strain. The BN-Lx 1K triple congenic strain displayed the most profound dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance and highest increase of triglyceridemia in response to high-sucrose diet overall, though accompanied with the significantly lowest adiposity index. These results further support the role of genes present within the studied chromosomal regions in observed metabolic disturbances. Furthermore, these findings point to the studied loci within the gene-gene and gene-environment interactions involved in pathogenesis of the insulin resistance syndrome. The set of defined congenic strains provides a possibility of assessing individual features of such a complex phenotype.