Anti-CD26 monoclonal antibody-mediated G1-S arrest of human renal clear cell carcinoma Caki-2 is associated with retinoblastoma substrate dephosphorylation, cyclin-dependent kinase 2 reduction, p27(kip1) enhancement, and disruption of binding to the extracellular matrix.
Inamoto, T Yamochi, T Ohnuma, K Iwata, S Kina, S Inamoto, S Tachibana, M Katsuoka, Y Dang, NH Morimoto, C
Inamoto T, etal., Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Jun 1;12(11 Pt 1):3470-7.
PURPOSE: CD26 is a 110-kDa cell surface glycoprotein with a role in tumor development through its association with key intracellular proteins. In this report, we show that binding of soluble anti-CD26 monoclonal antibody (mAb) inhibits the growth of the human renal carcinoma cells in both in vitro and in vivo experiments. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Growth inhibition by anti-CD26 mAb was assessed using proliferation assay and cell cycle analysis. Anti-CD26 mAb, chemical inhibitors, dominant-negative, or constitutively active forms of specific signaling molecules were used to evaluate CD26-associated pathways. The in vivo growth-inhibitory effect of anti-CD26 mAb was also assessed in a human renal carcinoma mouse xenograft model. RESULTS: In vitro experiments show that anti-CD26 mAb induces G1-S cell cycle arrest associated with enhanced p27(kip1) expression, down-regulation of cyclin-dependent kinase 2, and dephosphorylation of retinoblastoma substrate. Moreover, our data show that enhanced p27(kip1) expression is dependent on the attenuation of Akt activity. Anti-CD26 mAb also internalizes cell surface CD26, leading to decreased binding to collagen and fibronectin. Experiments with a mouse xenograft model involving human renal carcinoma cells show that anti-CD26 mAb treatment drastically inhibits tumor growth in tumor-bearing mice, resulting in enhanced survival. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data strongly suggest that anti-CD26 mAb treatment may have potential clinical use for CD26-positive renal cell carcinomas.