Genetic linkage of urinary albumin excretion in Dahl salt-sensitive rats: influence of dietary salt and confirmation using congenic strains.

Authors: Garrett, MR  Joe, B  Yerga-Woolwine, S 
Citation: Garrett MR, etal., Physiol Genomics. 2006 Mar 13;25(1):39-49.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16534143
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00150.2005

Previously, we reported a linkage analysis for urinary albumin excretion (UAE) from a backcross population derived from the Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rat and the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) raised on a low-salt diet. The present study sought to examine the effect of salt loading on the observation of UAE quantitative trait loci (QTL) using a F1(S x SHR) x S backcross population (n = 228) raised on a 2% NaCl diet. Parental strain data demonstrated that S rats have significantly higher blood pressure (BP) and UAE compared with either F1(S x SHR) or SHR at 8 wk of age, and this difference was exacerbated by 12 wk of age in response to a high-salt diet (2% NaCl). Genome scans done at 8, 12, and 16 wk of age yielded eight QTL for UAE. At week 8 (low salt), QTL for UAE were observed on rat chromosomes (RNO) 1, 2, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, and 19. Week 8 linkage analysis confirmed previous linkage data and provided a baseline to examine the effect of salt loading at subsequent time points. At weeks 12 and 16 (after salt- loading), QTL for UAE were observed on RNO1, -6, -8, -9, and -13. Surprisingly, UAE QTL were no longer observed on RNO2, -11, and -19 after salt loading, suggesting that these QTL are attenuated by increased salt intake. The effects of UAE QTL on RNO2, -6, -9, -11, and -13 were examined using congenic strains whereby the SHR alleles at each QTL were placed on the S background. These congenic strains demonstrated large and significant effects on UAE compared with the S rat, proving that QTL for UAE reside on these chromosomes.

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RGD ID: 1578520
Created: 2006-03-31
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-04-24
Status: ACTIVE